Armar Iii

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Copil89
Words 514
Pages 3
ARMAR III – un robot care învaţă prin atingere

ARMAR III este opera unui grup de cercetători europeni, iar proiectul lor se numeşte PACO-PLUS. Sistemul cognitiv de învăţare prin coordonarea senzorilor din mâini cu ochii (cameră video) şi procesorul dă roade neaşteptat de bune, iar cercetătorii nu au avut nevoie de baze de date cu obiecte create în prealabil. ARMAR III le învaţă treptat şi le adaugă în propria bază de date.
Robotul recunoaşte vocea stăpânului şi deja poate executa diverse operaţii simple precum prinderea diverselor obiecte, deschis uşi, dar şi unele mai complicate. De pildă, dacă nu poate apuca un obiect de pe masă, îl împinge în aşa fel încât să depăşească marginea mesei, atât cât să-l poată prinde. A învăţat singur, pentru că a încercat de câteva ori să-l apuce direct de pe masă, iar treaba asta nu prea a mers.
ARMAR a invatat sa recunoasca obiecte comune din bucatarie, precum pahare de diverse culori, farfurii si cutii de cereale si raspunde la comenzi precum aducerea sau plasarea lor in spalatorul de vase. Un exemplu al sarcinilor pe care ARMAR a invatat sa le execute este asezarea mesei si este capabil sa o faca si in cazul in care un pahar este plasat in calea sa. Robotul si-a dat seama ca paharul este in cale,poate fi mutat si va fi rasturnat daca este lasat in cale si astfel a mutat paharul din calea sa inainte de a-si continua sarcina.
Cum s-a mai spus, principal realizare stiintifica a cercetarii a fost construirea unui sistem capabil sa realizeze reprezentari ale obiectelor la nivel sensorial si sa combine aceasta cu planificarea si comunicarea verbala.
In filmuletul de mai jos este aratat cum ARMAR este capabil sa ridice o cutie de cereale de pe masa. Un robot humanoid invata mai intai actiunea de a impinge. In stadiul de invatare robotul experimenteaza diverse actiuni de impingere si…...

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