Balinese Architecture

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sien67
Words 1540
Pages 7
The Journal of Asian Studies http://journals.cambridge.org/JAS Additional services for The

Journal of Asian Studies:

Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints: Click here Terms of use : Click here

Architecture of Bali: A Source Book of Traditional and Modern Forms. By Made (Michael White) Wijaya. Honolulu: University of Hawai Press, 2002. 224 pp. \$50.00(cloth).
Mary-Louise Totton
The Journal of Asian Studies / Volume 63 / Issue 02 / May 2004, pp 566 - 568 DOI: 10.1017/S0021911804001615, Published online: 26 February 2007

Link to this article: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0021911804001615 How to cite this article: Mary-Louise Totton (2004). Review of Made (Michael White) Wijaya 'Architecture of Bali: A Source Book of Traditional and Modern Forms' The Journal of Asian Studies, 63, pp 566-568 doi:10.1017/S0021911804001615 Request Permissions : Click here

Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/JAS, IP address: 192.43.227.18 on 22 Mar 2014

566

THE JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES

undoubtedly agree that the great strength of his scholarship lies in his vision. At his best, although he may not footnote every thought, each paragraph contains the seeds of a PhD dissertation. So, graduate students and Wang Gungwu fans take note: at times in this volume, he is indeed at his very best! L IAM C. K ELLEY University of Hawai‘i at Manoa

Architecture of Bali: A Source Book of Traditional and Modern Forms. By M ADE W IJAYA (M ICHAEL W HITE ). Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2002. 224 pp. $50.00 (cloth). Made Wijaya, also known as Michael White, has put together a gorgeous visual experience. The photographs of architectural details are organized in the spirit of Balinese compounds, which imbues a lush gardenlike openness to this book’s design. The book’s author and designers may also be highly praised for…...

Similar Documents

Architecture

...Republic of the Philippines MINDANAO UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Lapasan, Cagayan De Oro City COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE B.S. in Architecture Major in Architecture BSARCH SY 2007-2008 SUBJECT CODE DESCRIPTIVE TITLE LAB LEC H O U R LAB U LEC CREDIT N I T PRE-REQUISITE CO-REQUISITE 1ST YEAR -1ST SEMESTER ARCH10 Architectural Design 1 (Introduction to Design) 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 ARCH20 Graphics 1 (Mechanical Drawing) 1.0 6.0 2.0 1.0 3.0 ARCH30 Visual Tech 1 (Monochromatic & Freehand 0.0 6.0 2.0 0.0 2.0 Drawing) ARCH50 Theory of Architecture 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ENGL11 Study & Thinking Skills 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 PD10 Essence of Personality 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 MATH 17 Algebra & Trigonometry 6.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 6.0 NSTP10 ROTC/CWTS/LTS 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 18.0 15.0 5.0 18.0 23.0 1ST YEAR -2ND SEMESTER ARCH11 Architectural Design 2 (Creative Design & 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 ARCH10 Fundamentals) ARCH21 Graphics 2 (Perspective Shades & Shadows) 1.0 6.0 2.0 1.0 3.0 ARCH20 ARCH31 Visual Tech 2 (Color Rendering & Still Life) 0.0 6.0 2.0 0.0 2.0 ARCH30 ARCH40 History of Architecture 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ARCH51 Theory of Architecture 2 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ARCH50 ENGL20 Writing Across Disciplines 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ENGL11 PD20 Social Graces & Social Relations 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 PD10 MATH32b Differential Calculus w/ Analytic Geometry 5.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 5.0 MATH 17 NSTP20 ROTC/CWTS/LTS 2 3.0......

Words: 1472 - Pages: 6

Architecture

...History of Architecture Final Buildings Louvre east Facade, Paris 1670 pg 365 LeVau, LeBrun, Perrault Baroque * Originally a palace, now serves as an art museum * Updated with Baroque themes: ballistrate on top, double spaced columns lining the facade * There are 2 pavilions on the ends, and one in the middle * 330ft between pavilions * Architects won the chance to design the Facade in a contest Louis XIV made * Facade composition distinctly French: end pavilions, central pedimented unit and connecting stoalike wings Karlskirche (ext), Vienna 1725 pg 359 Fisher von Erlach Baroque * Church, dedicated to St. Charles Borromeo * Broad facade dominated by a dome on a drum above a pedimented portico, flanked by columns * Many historical influences: * Dome and drum from papal Rome * Columned portico from Roman temples like the Pantheon * Trajan’s Columns from Imperial Rome are repeated on both sides of the rotunda * Overall composition reminiscing the dome and minarets of Hagia Sophia * Ceiling embellished with frescoes depicting Charles Borromeo appealing to Virgin Mary as intercessor for relief from the plague St. Paul’s Cathedral (ext), London 1700 pg 372 Wren Gothic * Church * Triple shell dome includes a conical intermediate shell that supports the lantern and timber superstructure * Cathedral’s basilican structure comprised of saucer domes in the nave and aisles * Buttresses...

Words: 1535 - Pages: 7

Architecture

...difícil está lidiando con las tácticas de los teléfonos que tienen que emplearse provisionalmente a través de una ética activos. En el ámbito creativo de la arquitectura esta ética está en la planta . Admite la contingencia de los problemas cotidianos y considera las preocupaciones tripartitas del medio ambiente, las relaciones sociales y las nuevas subjetividades , y cómo están íntimamente entremezclados estas tres fuerzas . 1 Rosalyn Diprose, “A ‘Genethics’ that Makes Sense: Take Two” in Margit Shildrick and Roxanne Mykitiuk, eds, Ethics of the Body: Postconventional Challenges (MIT Press, 2005), p. 21. 2 Diprose, p. 238. 3 Neil Leach, “Less Aesthetics, More Ethics” in Nicholas Ray, ed., Architecture and its Ethical Dilemmas (Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 141....

Words: 2006 - Pages: 9

Architecture

...Architecture Paper HUM/266 Architecture Paper Even though Classical Greek and medieval Gothic architectures takes place in different time periods, they still share similarities in that they built architecture for the means of worshiping. Medieval Gothic architecture is primarily found in cathedrals of Western Europe dating back to the 16th century, whereas classical Greek architectures are commonly found in the temples of Greece dating back to the 7th century BC. Supportive columns made of stone were used in both Gothic and Greek architecture, but the style of the building catered to environment where the building is located. In Greece, architecture favored open spaces and buildings that were at least partly open to the elements while the Gothic style necessitated closed windows and small exterior doorways that could be closed against the cold (Allen, n.d.). This paper will compare and give information on the architectures of the Parthenon Classical Greek Temple and the Salisbury medieval Gothic cathedral. Both were unique and brought innovative ideas to architecture for its specific era. The Parthenon construction began in 447 BC, but finished in 438 BC. It was built to replace an earlier temple that was destroyed in battle by the Persians in 490 BC. The Parthenon was built as a dedication to the goddess Athena and served the purpose to store the chryselephantine statue of Athena. According to "Odysseus" (2012), “Parthenon was designed by architects Iktinos and......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Architecture

...Victorian Architecture from 123.com During the Victorian period, there was a revival of classical (Greek and Roman), Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Romantic architects replicated Greek and Roman buildings, which were revered as the ultimate examples of beauty (Sporre 487; Tansey 932). Increased nationalism in England also sparked a revival of Gothic architecture. After the Houses of Parliament burnt down in London (1834), the task of redesign the new building was assigned to Charles A. Barry and Augustus W. N. Pugin. Their Gothic design of the new Houses of Parliament make it a prime example of Victorian architecture today (Tansey 955). It is important to recognize that Romantic architecture was not only a return to the past. Modern technologies and materials, as well as non-European influences, also played a role. (Sporre 495-98; Tansey 956). One example is the Crystal Palace designed by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition in London (1851). Made of iron and glass, it was designed to be rapidly put together and taken apart. Another noted architectural example of this period was John Nash’s Royal Pavilion in Brighton (1815-18). The design of this palace was greatly influenced by Islamic and Eastern architecture (Flynn; Sporre 495-98; Tansey 956, 1014). Victorian architecture was both a rediscovery of the past and the precursor of Modern architecture. Some buildings embodied both of these characteristics. The Houses of Parliament and the Crystal...

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

It Architecture

...Why do we need architecture? Architecture is needed in all sorts of creative projects. Of course we know architecture used in the context of building houses or other buildings. A clear structure for the building must be laid out by the architect so that different professional disciplines are on the same line on what should be built. For example there are bricklayers, electricians, plumbers and roof makers who all have to know what the building should be like. In this case its mostly done with a structured map of the building. For a skyscraper a different pattern is used then when building a house. Architectural patterns in software development are much like these structured maps. What is an architectural pattern? A "pattern" has been defined as “an idea that has been useful in one practical context and will probably be useful in others. An Architectural Pattern expresses a fundamental structural organization or schema for software systems. It provides a set of predefined subsystems, specifies their responsibilities, and includes rules and guidelines for organizing the relationships between them. A distributed system is a software system in which components located on networked computers communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages Adaptive architecture is a system which changes its structure, behaviour or resources according to demand. The adaptation made is usually [always?] to non-functional characteristics rather than functional......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Architecture

...Architecture Roman Batterberry Arts/100 January 22, 2013 Lisa Turner Architecture The Daniels & Fisher Tower in Denver, Colorado is 5 Elements of Architecture The Daniels & Fisher Tower uses five of the ten elements of architecture to create quite a notable building. These five elements are expressed in the buildings materials, the architect’s use of lines and repetition, how the building balances astatically, and the tower’s scale. Material This tower is constructed on top of a 24 foot thick concrete base. The tower is erected by a steel skeleton and is faced with “blond brick and creamy terra-cotta”. This healthy base and firm skeleton contribute to the firmness of this building. The four faces of the tower have Seth Thomas clocks, all with arms measuring six feet long. There is, finally, a 2.5 ton bell in the top two stories of the tower. Line As with any tower, the majority of the lines draw the audience’s eyes up from the bottom to the top. The majority of the tower’s lines are vertical, with a subtle horizontal contrast from the lines of windows on the faces. Just below the clock, the architect constructed a prominate horizontal line. This horizontal line appears due to an observation deck like platform. This floor only stops the vertical sides of the building for only 2 or 3 stories before another horizontal line. These two parallel horizontal lines create a box-like shape that dramatically stopping the eye’s move upward to draw attention...

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Analyses on Balinese Cockfighting

...Summary, Concepts & Main points. Bibliography Clifford Geertz (1972): Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight. Daedalus, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 1-37 Summary The article by Clifford Geertz describes the explicit procedure and context in which Balinese cockfighting is performed. His first established presence in this unfamiliar country exposed him to an unwelcoming depiction of how the Balinese ignored foreigners. When fleeing with the locals upon a police raid from a cockfight, they overcame the biased expectations of the Balinese and were finally able to engage with the locals. His studies comprised primarily on cockfighting due to its diverse analogies associated to the Balinese every day life. The symbolic representation of the cock as an extension to the man, the importance of betting as a representation of their status and their approach to village rivalries through birds tearing each other apart demonstrates cockfighting is as significant a cultural expression to the Balinese as is baseball to Americans. Main Concepts Anthropological fieldwork is information collection outside of an office or laboratory where research on given subjects are conducted (Geertz, 1972, p. 2). Visitor status is social standing or perception on someone who does not come from their “home” (Geertz, 1972, p. 2). Narcissistic ego is the excessive interest in self-importance and status (Geertz, 1972, p. 3). Platonic love is a none sexual but intimate relationship with something or......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Architects Architecture or Users Architecture

...ARCHITECTS ARCHITECTURE OR USERS ARCHITECTURE The construction industry is based around projects. Each project is every time different and unique on its own design, management and construction. Nevertheless a project is not only made out of concrete, wood or any of the materials used on it, a project is a lot more and a lot deeper than that. It is not a quick sketch on a napkin. A project is influenced by its atmosphere which is the location, the client or the user, and even the contractor hired for the project. Architecture is influenced by anything happening around it, which is why it changes every time its atmosphere changes. Böhme states that  to experience space in its complete entirety. By inhabiting space individuals can sense the character that surrounds them. Inhabitants sense its atmosphere. Photography, written articles and the interpretation of other viewers of a space cannot compare to individual experience and interaction in interior spaces. Recently this way of interaction has become an important discussion between architects and designers. The process of a project is not anymore unique, and it becomes something functional. It is thought that a template can be followed even when the client or the factors involving the project change every time. For example many architects choose the same sub-contractors for each project as they believe they are trustful and successful, even when the clients have their specific needs and......

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

Architecture

...of a manifesto by architects Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki and Sachio Otaka, and architectural critic Noboru Kawazoe. Japanese cities have repeatedly experienced huge amounts of destruction as a result of earthquakes and air raids. While by the 1960s the city had rapidly recovered, it was still relatively unsustainable and fragile. Against this backdrop, the Metabolists group established a new concept of the urban environment as a changing and dynamic city. This was a historical value-shift in the realm of urban and architectural theory. In a sense, Metabolist thinking gave Japanese society an understanding of where it was, and a direction as to where it should go. The Metabolists produced a vast amount of visionary architectures and urban designs, with two elements in particular characterising their projects: a permanent infrastructural core that integrated circulation, as well as the capsules that represented the individual parts of the system. These types of large-scale, urban architectural creations can only occur in relation to the concentration of political power and capital. As a result, the real city has not been developed in the manner in which the Metabolists assumed and imagined. The reconstruction of Japanese cities after the 90 Core Metabolism versus Void Metabolism below: The form of contemporary Tokyo is quite different from what was envisioned by the Metabolist movement of the 1960s. Land subdivision in residential areas above: As......

Words: 1892 - Pages: 8

It Architecture

...Enterprise Architecture Vol. 11, No. 10 10 Key Skills Architects Must Have to Deliver Value by Michael Rosen, Director, Cutter Consortium Enterprise Architecture Practice As the complexity of IT grows, more and more organizations are realizing the need for architecture. But the definition of what architecture is, the titles that architects have, and the role of an architect vary widely from one organization to another. Business, IT, management, and even architects don’t necessarily know what a good architect does to add value in his or her organization. This Executive Report discusses the role of the architect and describes 10 activities that architects should perform to add value to projects. ABOUT CUTTER CONSORTIUM Access to the Experts Cutter Consortium is a unique IT advisory firm, comprising a group of more than 100 internationally recognized experts who have come together to offer content, consulting, and training to our clients. These experts are committed to delivering top-level, critical, and objective advice. They have done, and are doing, groundbreaking work in organizations worldwide, helping companies deal with issues in the core areas of software development and agile project management, enterprise architecture, business technology trends and strategies, innovation, enterprise risk management, metrics, and sourcing. Cutter offers a different value proposition than other IT research firms: We give you Access to the Experts....

Words: 11157 - Pages: 45

Architecture

...2. What, in your opinion, is the difference between a decentralized architecture and a centralized architecture? What is an example of a business decision that would be affected by the choice of the architecture? Centralization implies having one center of control. One may have two DNS servers in each bureau of an organization, yet they all may be controlled by a solitary element. Then again, decentralized frameworks appropriate control to numerous parts. In our DNS case, each of those offices may keep up and control its own particular DNS server, being in charge of keeping up the ability set to keep focused of the innovation as it changes, to modeler the frameworks as it sees fit, and to screen the administration. Organizations can structure IT in a centralized or decentralized way. Centralization is an attempt to enhance proficiency by taking advantages of potential economies like enhancing the average; it might also reduce the occurrences of any mistakes. Decentralization is an attempt to enhance speed and adaptability by redesigning to build neighborhood control and execution of an administration. Decentralization implies splitting against the disappointing bureaucratic methods of old and giving access to everyone. For example, it implies somebody has turned out to be so disappointed with an incorporated administration that "do it yourself" has the capability of being better. In the current environment decentralization is regularly an intentional reaction to the......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Architecture

... B.ARCH/F/001 Social responsibilities of an architect Architecture is a subject that is completely dealing with the built environment and the buildings and designs being created with the exceptional cases of interior designs, most of the designs have a vivid interaction with the environment and the society as a whole. Hence this essay signifies the social responsibilities of architects towards the shaping a more suitable environment to live in. Architecture constantly deals with the term ‘spirit of the place’ that means alterations to the natural environment should be of a minimalistic level and it should complement very well the environment. And the buildings that is designed should be economically sustainable as it should contribute least to any form of environmental pollution of any sort. When considering the social impacts of buildings the designs should be user friendly and proper building services such as the correct pipework should be installed so that the people residing in it wholly benefited and discharge process of waste has been safely done. This way the impact on society could be done properly. Architects are the people dealing with the clients’ money and it is necessary for the architect to satisfy client requirement up to a certain extent. In the modern day green sustainable architecture is the way through and society should be made aware of its benefits and advantages, hence events such as public...

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Symbolic Interactionism: Balinese Cockfighting

...Symbolic Interactionism: Balinese Cockfighting Observable behavior is the pivot upon which symbolic interactionism revolves around. However, it is not the behavior per se but the covert and overt aspects and the interactions that utilize these behaviors that carry the symbolisms and meanings. In the article, cockfighting is the observed behavior and through it, a whole cultural identity is revealed. Cockfighting could very much be the physical manifestation of an otherwise subdued strain of culture which glorifies men and their masculinity in the Balinese society. The interaction of the men with their cocks highlights the cock as the physical object as the center of a dynamic display of symbolic interactionism. For example, as foreshadowed by the obvious double entendre, the cocks in Bali villages are masculine symbols. Moreover, its metaphorical uses run in the lines of “hero” and “tough guy”. The big event that is cockfighting shows the importance that the society places upon these masculine concepts. Therefore, the Balinese men show utmost reverence for their cocks not only because they are pried fighters, but also because of the symbolism it carries for them. This, in turn, reflects a core principle of the theory wherein behavior is based on the meaning given to the object receiving the behavior and action. With the object being the cocks and the symbolism being their masculinity and ego, there have been practices as frequent grooming, bathing and even......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Architecture

...Architecture and the Environment Architecture is an art and above others, combines expression, technology, and the satisfaction of human needs into the structures that are designed and built (Moore, 1979). Physical structures tend to have a significant effect on human behavior based on its design. As people began to spend more time inside, it is valuable to design structures that integrate features from the natural environment and structural landscape features in the man-made environment (Joye, 2007). It is important to understand the full aspect of how architecture affects humans, controls behavior, and supports sustainable development. Researchers often suggest that the design of residential and commercial space has pervasive effects on its inhabitants and is an important consideration in architectural design. Physical Structure and the Effects on Human Behavior Architecture as an art is a symbolic and intentional design that seems to reflect the psychology of its designers regardless of time, culture, and perhaps even gender. The space, form, and light are main elements generally incorporated purposely or unconsciously for aesthetic and practical reasons that give the creations meaning, purpose, and stability among an ever changing physical universe (Papow, 2000). Some people perceive architecture as functional and all designs are not esthetically pleasing, similar to the effect of any other art form. Architecture also can be an expression of cultural pride,......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6