Banking Project

In: Business and Management

Submitted By vimalv
Words 13149
Pages 53
What is Management?

The concept of management has acquired special significance in the present competitive and complex business world. Efficient and purposeful management is absolutely essential for the survival of a business unit. Management concept is comprehensive and covers all aspects of business. In simple words, management means utilising available resources in the best possible manner and also for achieving well defined objectives. It is a distinct and dynamic process involving use of different resources for achieving well defined objectives. The resources are: men, money, materials, machines, methods and markets. These are the six basic inputs in management process (six M's of management) and the output is in the form of achievement of objectives. It is the end result of inputs and is available through efficient management process.

The term 'management' is used extensively in business. It is the core or life giving element in business. We expect that a business unit should be managed efficiently. This is precisely what is done in management. Management is essential for the conduct of business activity in an orderly manner. It is a vital function concerned with all aspects of working of an enterprise.

Definitions of Management

1. According to George R. Terry, "Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish stated objectives by the use of human beings and other resources".
2. According to Henry Fayol, "To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organise, to command, to coordinate and to control".
3. According to Peter Drucker, "Management is a multi-purpose organ that manages business and manages managers and manages workers and work".
4. According to Harold Koontz, "Management is the art of getting things done through and with people in formally organized…...

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