Benzodiazepines Effects on Anxiety

In: Psychology

Submitted By savlatimer
Words 1191
Pages 5
Savannah Latimer
Due Aug 8
Benzodiazepines Effects on Anxiety Benzodiazepines are classified as a family of depressant drugs and that means they slow down the activity and excitability of the central nervous system (1). These drugs are often used to treat a variety of conditions, because they have a variety of effects on the individual using them. When a person takes this type of medication they will most likely feel sedation, a reduced state of anxiety, increased muscle relaxation, and they may also experience an induced state of sleep (1). The effects caused by this family of depressants causes them to be widely used treatment for anxiety (1). There are several different benzodiazepines out in the world today and are also one of the most widely prescribed types of drugs in the world (2). The most common ones prescribed for the treatment of anxiety are diazepam, which is Valium, and alprazolam, which is Xanax (2). Most benzodiazepines have slightly different properties, but they all have a very similar effect on the brain (2). Benzodiazepines work on the GABA receptors in the brain to produce their effects (3). They work as GABA agonists in the brain, and that means they have the same effect as the neurotransmitter GABA (3). The effect of GABA in the brain is to slow down brain activity and reduce brain excitability, so as a GABA agonist benzodiazepines mimic GABA and do the same things to the brain (3). This is why benzodiazepines are able to produce sedation, muscle relaxation, a reduced state of anxiety, and are able to induce sleep (3). Benzodiazepines are prescribed very readily in most countries to treat acute to chronic anxiety (4). Many benzodiazepines work fairly quickly on the brain and some last for a very long time (4). The benzodiazepines that last a very long time are often prescribed to those who show signs of chronic anxiety (4). These…...

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