Chinese Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By fransiskahuang
Words 1510
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Chinese Philosophy (Confusisus) by Abraham Timothy on Saturday, December 13, 2008 at 3:18pm
Confusius membagi manusia menjadi seorang gentleman (jun zi - 君子) yaitu orang yang memiliki karakter agung, jiwa yang besar, pengertian, serta warisan tata krama yang baik dan orang kecil (xiao ren - 小人). Seorang gentleman adalah orang yang bertanggung jawab atas segala sesuatu yang dia kerjakan dan dia betul-betul meneliti dan menjalankan kebajikan sejauh yang dia tahu, sedangkan orang kecil selalu sembunyi-sembunyi, tidak pernah terbuka atau jujur.

Confusius mengajarkan perbedaan antara seorang gentleman dan orang kecil:
1. Jun zi yu yu yi, xiao ren yu yu li (君子俞於義, 小人俞於利)
Seorang gentleman mementingkan kebenaran dan keadilan, sedangkan orang kecil mementingkan keuntungan semata. Di dunia ini untung-rugi seringkali menutupi benar-salah. Kita perlu tahu kebenaran untuk membentuk kita menjadi orang yang lebih bertanggung jawab. Yesus berkata, "Kalau kebenaranmu tidak melampaui kebenaran orang Farisi, engkau tidak bisa masuk kerajaan Surga." Apakah kita mengutamakan keuntungan atau kebenaran?

2. Jun zi shang da, xiao ren xia da (君子上達, 小人下達)
Seorang gentleman selalu berjuang untuk maju, sedangkan orang kecil selalu melihat ke bawah, yang dipikirkan selalu hal yang remeh dan kecil. Seorang gentleman memiliki hasrat untuk maju walaupun banyak kesulitan. Walaupun membutuhkan banyak tenaga dan pengorbanan, hal ini justru membentuk karakter yang semakin baik. Janganlah kita menjatuhkan diri dalam hal yang tidak beres hanya karena lebih enak dan lancar. Meluncur ke bawah itu gampang, mendaki gunung itu sulit.

3. Jun zi you san wei (君子有三畏)
Seorang gentleman mempunyai perasaan takut akan 3 hal, yaitu:
• Wei tian ming 畏天命) artinya takut kepada mandat surgawi. Kehendak Tuhan harus dilakukan, mandat surgawi tidak boleh ditunda.
• Wei ta ren (畏大人) artinya takut dan hormat…...

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