Competition

In: Business and Management

Submitted By GottGott
Words 373
Pages 2
Albert Heijn could take over scrapped Delhaize locations
Jun 13, 2014
0
supermarketscostjobs
Alan Hope

Representatives of Delhaize staff are due to meet prime minister Elio Di Rupo today to discuss the company’s announcement of 2,500 jobs losses and the closure of 14 stores across Belgium.
Meanwhile, Dutch supermarket chain Albert Heijn (AH) opened a new location in Bruges yesterday, the 21st in Flanders, amid talk that they could take over some of the Delhaize outlets. Delhaize plans to close eight stores in Flanders, including in Genk, Kortrijk and Turnhout.
“We’re always on the lookout for locations,” said AH spokesperson Sally Herygers. The supermarket chain, the biggest in the Netherlands, opened its first store in Belgium in 2011. It now has 21 stores across Flanders, including Antwerp, Turnhout, Lier, Sint-Truiden, Kortrijk, Ghent and Aalst. The company employs 1,370 people. According to the company, the stores “always perform beyond expectations”.
Meanwhile, Alvo, the organisation for independent supermarket owners, has said it can provide a takeover candidate for all of the stores Delhaize wants to close. Alvo is also interested in the eight stores in Flanders, according to director-general Etienne Vanbosseghem. “We are always looking for opportunities to increase our growth. But let’s be clear: we’re not interested in taking over the Delhaize stores. But we do have a number of interested independent operators for them, which are members of Alvo.”
Whether taken over by Alvo or Albert Heijn, the consequences for Delhaize staff are likely to be the same: the loss of the preferential pay and conditions they have built up over the years. Delhaize management intends to wipe out a difference of between 15% and 30% between what staff cost to Delhaize and what they cost to its competitors.
Even if all the threatened stores remain open under new…...

Similar Documents

The Competition

...The morality of Competition Summary about competition often take the form of: Is competition good or bad? This is indeed the way the main contemporary researchers deal with the problem. Is competition good? They answer: No. Is it bad? Yes, in every way, bad psychologically, developmentally, physically, socially, educationally, and productively. But is this really the case? Surely competition is sometimes bad, but is it always bad, or always as bad as it sometimes is? Consider the following vignette: Jane and Tom lived in a small town. Married with five children, Tom was a carpenter and Jane a homemaker. When Tom lost his job and couldn't find another, Jane offered to go to work to make ends meet. Tom felt threatened. At that time, the carpenter's union was under a federal court mandate and offered an apprenticeship program to women. Jane decided to sign up. After some initial adjustment, and with the encouragement of a woman instructor who had pioneered the entrance of women into the trades, she learned quickly and in a couple of years became a master carpenter, a higher skill level than her husband's. Jane felt guilty about making her husband look bad. But she also knew that without her help her family would have nothing but temporary unemployment insurance to live on. She was also proud of her accomplishment. She became angry when she thought that her husband had for so long belittled her, and enjoyed now demonstrating to him that she could work......

Words: 2894 - Pages: 12

Competition

...[E] In a competition, people will experience the thrill of victory or the agony of defeat. [P] The winners may instead be complacent and gloat over their success whereas the losers may lose hope and faith in themselves. Winning does not build one’s character as one may feel a sense of superiority and the desire to triumph over others in order to feel good about himself. [E] Similarly, losing, especially in a public event, can be psychologically detrimental even for the healthiest among us and will inevitably cause self-doubt. [E] For example, when a person experiences failure, instead of having greater determination to achieve greater heights, he simply gives up on himself. [L] Even though this may only apply to a few individuals, it will clearly tell us that competition will not always bring out the best in them and in fact, the worst in people. [P] Competition is a recipe for dishonesty. [E] If one wins, another cannot. This means that each person comes to regard others as obstacles to his success. This may lead people to envy winners and dismiss losers. People may eventually resort to underhand means to outdo the other participants which lead to outright aggression as they compete for glory, money, popularity, and sometimes even survival. [E] For instance, Marion Jones, a United States track star, admitted that she had used anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs before the 2000 Olympics. She was stripped of all of her medals and arrested and......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Competition

...How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy* By Michael E. Porter The essence of strategy formulation is coping with competition. Yet it is easy to view competition too narrowly and too pessimistically. While one sometimes hears execu-tives complaining to the contrary, intense competition in an industry is neither coinci-dence nor bad luck. Moreover, in the fight for market share, competition is not manifested only in the other players. Rather, competition in an industry is rooted in its underlying economics, and competitive forces exist that go well beyond the established combatants in a partic-ular industry. Customers, suppliers, potential entrants, and substitute products are all competitors that may be more or less prominent or active depending on the industry. The state of competition in an industry depends on five basic forces, which are di-agrammed in Figure 1. The collective strength of these forces determines the ultimate profit potential of an industry. It ranges from intense in industries like tires, metal cans, and steel, where no company earns spectacular returns on investment, to mild in indust-ries like oil field services and equipment, soft drinks, and toiletries, where there is room for quite high returns. In the economists’ “perfectly competitive” industry, jockeying for position is un-bridled and entry to the industry very easy. This kind of industry structure, of course, offers the worst prospect for long-run profitability. The weaker the......

Words: 4294 - Pages: 18

Competition

...fifth largest automaker in Europe. Ford is the eighth-ranked overall American-based company in the 2010 Fortune 500 list, based on global revenues in 2009 of $118.3 billion. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million automobiles. And employed about 213,000 employees at around 90 plants and facilities worldwide. Competition Factor Between the 20th century 80s to 90s, the growth of automobile industry is very slow, and many American companies try to use discount and some preferential policy to attract customers. At the same time, more and more Japanese cars were preferred by customer cause of their high quality and attractive price, like Honda, Toyota and Nissan. Compared with Ford, Japanese cars used higher technology and control the price at the same time. So how to prevent it? Before the umbrella break, Ford should have a good discernment, not only focus on itself or American competitors, but also the whole world. Let’s see the picture: When the problem was almost happening, I would try to know how did they do that, nothing is prefect, everything has its defect. So find out the defect and strong myself to catch up with competitors. With the high competition in the U.S, I think Ford can expand its global market, like China. Nowadays, China has a high quantity demanded good chance for Ford to get more profit back. Most Chinese people like American brand, because they just think the quality is much better than Japanese car. Japanese car’s material quality......

Words: 3987 - Pages: 16

Competition

...ON COMPETITION Strategy and the Internet 97 Some companies, for example, have used Internet technology to shift the basis of competition away from quality, featurs, and service and toward price, making it harder for anyone in their industries to turn a profit. 98 When seen with fresh eyes, it becomes clear that the Internet is not necessarily a blessing. It tends to alter industry structures in ways that dampen overall profitability, and it has a leveling effect on business practices, reducing the ability of any company to establish an operational advantage that can be sustained. 103 Internet Technology provides buyers with easier access to information about products and suppliers, thus bolstering buyer bargaining power. 105 With more competitors selling largely undifferentiated products, the basis for competition shifts ever more toward price. 107 On the Internet, buyers can often switch suppliers with just a few mouse clicks, and new Web technologies are systematically reducing switching costs even further. ON COMPETITION Strategy and the Internet 97 Some companies, for example, have used Internet technology to shift the basis of competition away from quality, featurs, and service and toward price, making it harder for anyone in their industries to turn a profit. 98 When seen with fresh eyes, it becomes clear that the Internet is not necessarily a blessing. It tends to alter industry structures in ways that dampen overall...

Words: 10834 - Pages: 44

Competition in Healthcare

...Presence of Competition in the Healthcare Industry Gina Ruggiero HCA 421 Instructor Celya Tilley August 23, 2013 The driving force of any business is that of competition; the healthcare industry is no different. The presence of competition provides a need to grow and continually offer quality services or products; however, the competition in the healthcare industry can be a very daunting at times. The cost of medical care is rising and patients are expecting a certain level of high-quality care due to the vast amount of information available to them. Patients are now armed with knowledge; they are true consumers who look for the best quality care for the very best price. This paper will discuss the different forms of competition that takes place in health care, evaluate the benefits and pitfalls of competition while suggesting alternatives given competition were not the prime driver of operations in the healthcare industry, explain the essence of successful competition and the use of competitive intelligence and describe the influence competition has on the services offered by health care organizations and the choices patients have. Competition drives businesses to work at their full potential and forces them to constantly evaluate their business strategy and make changes when necessary. Competition also has the ability to force health care organizations to compete for business by lowering their costs of services provided; this competition takes......

Words: 1662 - Pages: 7

Competition

... THE COMPETITION ACT, 2002 No. 12 OF 2003 as amended by The Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 2007 THE COMPETITION ACT, 2002 1 No. 12 OF 2003 [13th January, 2003.] An Act to provide, keeping in view of the economic development of the country, for the establishment of a Commission to prevent practices having adverse effect on competition, to promote and sustain competition in markets, to protect the interests of consumers and to ensure freedom of trade carried on by other participants in markets, in India, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:— CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY Short title, extent and commencement 1. (1) This Act may be called the Competition Act, 2002. (2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint: Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision. Definitions 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) "acquisition" means, directly or indirectly, acquiring or agreeing to acquire— (i) (ii) 1 shares, voting rights or assets of any enterprise; or control over management or control over......

Words: 35018 - Pages: 141

Competition

...Competition as an economic concept is as old as the history of economic thought itself, with its place in economic theory firmly entrenched early on. However, during the past decade which ushered in the age of globalization, new and increasing attention has been focused on competition in policy discussions around the world. “Competition” then became coupled as a matter of course with “policy.” It is not that radically new concepts are being formulated. Rather, a growing need for new approaches in “competition policy” is being felt because of its linkages with international trade that have become highlighted with the reduction of trade barriers around the globe. From the Philippine perspective, however, there also arises a growing need to understand its implications more fully, brought about not just by what is happening in the global arena but even more importantly by various comprehensive policy reforms that have been implemented by the government during the past decade or so. The reforms starting in the mid 1980s have done much to move the economy toward a more market friendly policy environment. Trade reforms, banking reforms, foreign investment policy reforms, deregulation, privatization, and the policy thrusts in general have explicitly and implicitly recognized the benefits from competition. It is thus timely to take stock of where we are and examine the state of competition and competition policy in the Philippines to help sustain and maximize benefits from the......

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Competition

...“Survival of the fittest” – Competition or Cooperation? Among the most damaging myths and metaphors in business talk are those macho 'Darwinian' concepts of 'survival of the fittest' and 'it's a jungle out there'. The underlying idea, of course, is that life in business is competitive and it isn't always fair. But that obvious pair of points is very different from the 'dog-eat-dog', 'every [man] for [him]self' imagery that is routine in the business world. It is true that business is and must be competitive, but it is not true that it is cut-throat or cannibalistic or that 'one does whatever it takes to survive'. However competitive a particularly industry may be, it often rests on a foundation of shared interests and mutually agreed-upon rules of conduct. The competition takes place not in a jungle but in a community which it presumably both serves and depends upon. Business life is first of all fundamentally co- operative. It is only within the bounds of mutually shared concerns that competition is possible. And quite the contrary of the ‘every animal for itself’ jungle metaphor, business almost always involves large co-operative and mutually trusting groups, not only corporations themselves but networks of suppliers, service people, customers and investors. Competition is essential to capitalism, but to misunderstand this as 'unbridled' competition is to undermine ethics and misunderstand the nature of competition too. The most persistent metaphor, which seems to......

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Competition

...Rauchenberger Five Forces Industry Analysis Michael Porter explains in detail the largest factors influencing profitability in any industry in the article The Five Competitive Forces that Shape Strategy and gives his opinion on what to do once they are identified. These five factors can be evaluated with respect to the Personal Computer (PC) industry based off of a 2012 case study of Apple Inc. Rivalry among existing competitors, the first and most obvious of the five competitive forces, is a strong force in the PC industry with great impact on profitability. Rivalry is high because the competition in the computer industry is very intense among very few serious competitors. The top four PC vendors (Hewlett-Packard, Dell, Lenovo, and Acer) accounted for 53.6% of worldwide shipments in 2011. Leadership in the industry has shifted numerous times, leading to slight differentiation and price competition by each company in an attempt to get ahead. Threat of new entrants is a weak competitive force for the PC industry. The presence of the four existing dominant players and significant barriers to entry deter new competitors from seriously entering the market. A new company would need to heavily invest in research and development and quickly generate brand recognition, and therefore would be unlikely to cause a large threat. Bargaining power of buyers Michael Porter explains in detail the largest factors influencing profitability in any industry in the article......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Competition

...COMPETITION Introduction The umbrella market in India is extremely vibrant (Gulati & Jain, 2010). Umbrellas are commonly, as well as, extensively utilized in India to protect against rain and sun. The drastic growth in India’s population, changes in climatic conditions and social outlook, as well as an increasing income has led to an increased demand for umbrellas. The most common types of umbrellas in the Indian market are the straight (ordinary), as well as, folding umbrellas that are utilized by children, gents, and ladies. The intensity of the market in India is what made my company (Umbswift Company) to explore the Indian Umbrella market. However, entry into this market does not go without competition from large and established umbrella sellers in India. Competition There are numerous umbrella sellers and manufacturers in India. These sellers and manufacturers pose a significant threat of competition to any individual or company intending to enter in this market. Among the sellers in India include, Delhi Tripal House, Minitec Systems, Anchor Umbrella and Awning, Bamotra Industries and many other small and large industries (Roy, 2012). Nonetheless, Delhi Tripal House poses the greatest threat of competition since it manufactures umbrellas of different types which it exports and sells directly to consumers without the use of middle men. Other industries do not sell directly to consumers. External competition may not be a key threat owing to the numerous......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Competition

...John Johnson Abstract: Competition between various species can differ on the amount of abundant or limited resource availability and the rate at which resources can be consumed. The competitive exclusion principle is that two organisms cannot occupy the same niche. However if two species do not completely overlap, then we see instances of coexistence between each species. However, competition variability is seen between same specie organisms and among differing species. Competition between two of the same species is known as intraspecific competition while competition seen between different species is referred to as interspecific competition. Our competitive study models the two types of competition previously stated while measuring the results to show the effects of each. Our study hoped to show that if there were no intraspecific interaction between species A then there would be no difference in the amount of survivors nor a difference in the average mass of survivors. We show how intraspecific competition is more important than interspecific competition based on the fact that each individual in a population of the same species has a higher need for limited resource availability. Introduction: The purpose of our experiment was to compare competition interactions between (interspecific) and among (intraspecific) species at various density levels. Competition can be defined as any impact of one species over another that results in an adverse reaction or impact of......

Words: 2328 - Pages: 10

Competition

...Life is a gift but living is a battle. Different parties competing for one goal, winning. A competition is an event wherein the best of the best is tested in a particular skills proving their self and God given talents. Preparation for such events is a matter of hard work, honesty and loyalty to the job. Upon preparing a competition, a feeling between excitement, nervousness and joy comes to those participants, organizers and all the parties involved. Excitement for everyone that they will be able to gain experiences that can be shared and something they can be proud of,nervousness for the expectations of everyone and joy for another set of camaraderie between participants that no one can take. In every competition there will be always a winning and a losing team. Therefore, once you've entered to a competition you should know the meaning of "sportsmanship" which explains that you should accept whatever the result is and never forget that it's just a game. Competing will be more worthy if everyone will follow the rules and regulations knowing what is right from wrong and keeping it honest. Joining events like this will teach you how to be patient, hard working, honest and of course how to gain friends. Proving yourself will not just only make yourself proud but also all the people around you. Win or lose, a lesson is learned. Always remember that a competition is not just always winning the gold nor leading the game but it's also about proving yourself, winning......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Ipr and Competition

...Contents List of abbreviations 2 Index of Authorities 3 List of Statutes 3 List of Cases 3 Aim of the study 4 Review of literature 4 Research Methodology: 4 Hypothesis: 4 INTRODUCTION 5 Intellectual Property Rights and policy 6 Competition Law and Policy 7 CONFLICT BETWEEN IPR AND COMPETITION LAW 9 INDIAN SCENARIO 14 Analysis of Judgments 16 CONCLUSION 20 BIBLIOGRAPHY 21 List of abbreviations AIR - All India Reporter CCI – Competition Commission of India US – United States of America Del – Delhi Bom - Bombay SC – Supreme Court IPR – Intellectual Property Rights GI – Geographical Indication Index of Authorities List of Statutes * The Competition Act; 2002. * The Copyright Act, 1957. * The Patents Act, 1970. * The Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958 or the Trade Marks Act, 1999. * The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. * The Designs Act, 2000. * The Semi-conductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Act, 2000. List of Cases * FICCI Multiplex Association of India v United Producers/Distributers Forum (case No 1 of 2009, CCI) * Reliance Big entertainment Ltd v Karnataka Film Chamber of Commerce, Case No 25 2010. * Microfibres Inc v Giridhar, 128 (2006) DLT 238. * Amir Khan Production Pvt Ltd v Union of India, 2010(112) Bom L R 3778 * Kingfisher v CCI writ petition no 1785 of 2009. * Manju Bharadwaj v ZEE Telefilms Ltd (1996) 20 CLA 229. ...

Words: 6824 - Pages: 28

Competition

...In America competition is in our everyday lives. Even if it is competing with someone else or yourself it is still considered competition. People are always trying to be the better person. Take politics for example when America is trying to pick a new president there is a competition to see who can win the people’s votes. What makes competition happen every day is because it is in our blood, competition can improve who we are, and competitions defines winners and losers. First of all it is actually in our blood and as humans we like to make ourselves be number one or the best of the best. As Catherine Latterell wrote in her essay “ Competition is part of human nature”(204). There is a saying for it and it is Survival of the fittest. The strongest will be the one to survive if they are more suitable to their environment then their opponents. Here is a good example and it is about an American sport called football. If we had the Miami Dolphins flying to somewhere like New York to play the Jets in the snow most likely the Dolphins are going to lose because they do not normally play in snow because of Florida’s environment is mostly tropical climates. In the story “ We Can Work It Out: The Beatles’ Creative Competition” written by Bruce Glassman says “The major dynamic of this early partnership was now becoming clear.” It was, more than anything, creativity based on competition. Neither writer wanted to be outdone by the others.”(223). These two song composers worked together......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5