Courts Purpose

In: Science

Submitted By zjones
Words 549
Pages 3
Zahkia Jones

* -Describe a court and its purpose
The court represents the collective conscience of society, serving as an instrument for expressing the revulsion people feel for those who commit particularly heinous crimes. courts serve as an agency of social control, determining which behaviors may be acceptable and which deserve severe sanction. The courts are a critical component of American criminal justice, determine what should happen to people charged with violating the law. private parties, businesses, government officials, and the like are brought to court in order to ensure that they are heard, ideally, in a neutral forum.
- court
“[A]n agency or unit of the judicial branch of government, authorized or established by statute or constitution, and consisting of one or more judicial officers, which has the authority to decide upon cases, controversies in law, and disputed matters of fact brought before it.”
-Courts uphold the law; protect individuals, resolving disputes, reinforcing social norms.

Define the dual court system. * -separates the federal and state courts - parallels federalism - requires that laws are made by the central governing authority and by the constituent units.

* Describe the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played in the development of courts

-as the book states that the formal written code was the Code of Hammurabi, assembled by the 6th Babylonian king in 1760b.c- code expressed “eye for an eye” philosophy. This played in the development in of the courts because as stated in the book the legal codes signaled the emergence of formalized law. Although throughout the years the law changes the authority to enforce those written laws are still to this day consistent.

-Common law developed from English Court findings and was costumed to fit the laws of the…...

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