Dinosaurs

In: Business and Management

Submitted By EddieMaher
Words 738
Pages 3
Prior to writing the book, Steinbeck took a “four week journey from Bakersfield to Needles in which he lived and worked with Depression migrants.”(Reuben, Paul P)

During World War I, wheat prices were high so most farmers plowed the grassland and planted dry land wheat as “bushel of wheat sold for $1 in 1929.”(The Farmers Plight)

Because of over production, wheat dropped to “$.30 cents in 1932” and farmers were not prepared for the phenomenon of the Dust Bowl. (The Farmers Plight)

Steinbeck’s novel begins by detailing the dust bowl that hit Oklahoma, "Houses were shut tight, and cloth wedged around doors and windows, but the dust came in so thinly that it could not be seen in the air, and it settled like pollen on the chairs and tables, on the dishes."(Steinbeck pg. 3)

Drought and soil erosion brought on by over farming turned the agricultural land of the Great Plains into a giant dust bowl during the 1930’s.

The once rich grassland turned into a giant dust bowl during the 1930’s “due to drought and soil erosion brought on by over farming” (Divine, APP).

Herman Goertzen, a Midwestern farmer experienced one of the most devastating storms first hand, “It was like a black wall that went over that area, south of us, there. It went through and it was just like shutting a barn door.”(Goetzen)

He states, “The iron guard bit into the house corner, crumbled the wall and wrenched the little house from its foundations so that it fell sideways, crushed like a bug.”(Chapter 5, pp. 31 to 32 )

“We all of us climbed into an old Chevy that my dad had. And then we were in California, and migratory workers…”(Rap Chapter 24 216)
Steinbeck details the account, “They streamed over the mountains, hungry and restless – restless as ants, scurrying to find work to do – to lift, to push, to pull, to pick, to cut – anything, any burden to bear, for food.…...

Similar Documents

Evolution and Extinction of Dinosaurs

...living things. I decided to write about the evolution and extinction of dinosaurs because the whole idea of a species so majestic, large and powerful getting completely wiped out is somewhat of a disturbance to me. I felt that if something had wiped out an entire race of living things, then, it is a possibility that it could happen again, maybe to our own species. Dinosaurs, being one of the most exciting creatures to roam the earth are a part of what we call ‘evolution’. It is a simple and obvious fact that Dinosaurs did not suddenly come into existence two hundred million years ago. Like all living things, they evolved, slowly and gradually, from creatures that roamed the earth before them. These former creatures were primitive reptiles known as the Archosaurs. Archosaurs were not so different from dinosaurs except for the large difference in size, etc. Some Paleontologists believe that all dinosaurs evolved from one kind of Achosaur, the Lagosuchus, a quick but small reptile that lived in the forests of the early Triassic period. The Permian Extinction opened up huge swaths of evolutionary territory for the Archosaurs, some of which evolved over tens of millions of years into the dinosaurs we know and love today. As is the case with all species, the slow, winding path taken by dinosaur evolution depended on a variety of factors, including climate, competition, and the availability of food. Dinosaurs, although being extremely interesting, are but one group of animals......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Do Dinosaurs Take Care of Their Young?

...I believe that some dinosaurs definitely did take care of their young. One of the prime examples to suggest that dinosaurs took care of their young was the Maiasaura Peeblesorum. There are many pieces of evidence that suggest that these dinosaurs took care of their young. One of these examples is the fact that mothers would cover and stay close to their eggs until they were ready to hatch. This suggests that the mothers would protect their young before they were even born. Another piece of evidence that supports this theory is that there is wearing on the teeth of some baby Maiasaura Peeblesorum, this could mean that the babies were fed by their mothers until they were ready to go and find food all on their own. The third reason to support the idea that dinosaurs took care of their young is the fact that some baby Maiasaura Peeblesorum would stay in the nest for as long as two months, which meant that they would have to be getting food from their mothers, otherwise they would not be able to survive for two months in a nest. Another reason that I believe dinosaurs took care of their young is the fact that Maiasaura Peeblesorum were not able to walk when they are first hatched which would suggest that the babies would be completely dependent on their mothers. Lastly I believe that Maiasaura Peeblesorum dinosaurs support the theory that dinosaurs took care of their young because they laid their eggs close together. By laying their eggs close together it made it easier......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Dinosaur Extinction

...Dinosaur extinction is still a major mystery of earth history. In this review article, extinctions in the geological record will be briefly mentioned. Many of the imaginative theories for the extinction of the dinosaurs will also be presented. Within the uniformitarian paradigm, the meteorite impact theory, once considered ‘outrageous’, now is the dominant theory. However, the volcanic theory is still believed by a majority of paleontologists. Both theories have their strengths and weaknesses. The unscientific behavior of those involved in the meteorite paradigm change will be briefly explored. Evidence that the dinosaurs died in a cataclysm of global proportions will be presented, such as the huge water-laid dinosaur graveyards found over the earth. Occasional nonspecific bone-beds and the rarity of fossils of very young dinosaurs suggest a catastrophic death and burial. The billions of dinosaur tracks recently discovered provide testimony to unusual, stressful conditions. Nests, eggs, and babies are a challenge to a Flood model, but there are enough unknowns associated with the data that solid conclusions are difficult to draw. The part that impacts and volcanism play in a Flood paradigm will be briefly discussed. The question of whether the K/T boundary and the extinction of the dinosaurs should be considered a synchronous event within the Flood will be considered. Introduction Dinosaurs bring wonder to children and adults alike. That such great beasts once roamed the......

Words: 16556 - Pages: 67

Dream

...had not seen that animal before. When it came to me, I asked him his name. He said that his name was dinosaur. Still I could not believe my eyes. Because dinosaurs as a species are already extinct from the world. It was a baby dinosaur. So it did not harm me. Then I took care of the baby dinosaur. It grew up. It became my friend. It was indeed an admirable friendship. Once a drought affected our locality. We got little rain. There was no crop. People were starving. The dinosaur also could not get water and food. Still it did not break the friendship. It went wherever I went. One day it narrated its sufferings and cried. I realised that the dinosaur was really on the verge of death. But I was helpless. It was a desert where water was impossible to be found. After a moment, the dinosaur forgot the friendship and began to yawn. He tried to satisfy his hunger by swallowing me. I was afraid of the large mouth of the dinosaur. Then I began to run and save my life. The dinosaur too ran after me. I shouted for help. Then my mother woke up and splashed water on me. I got up. The dream was suddenly broken. At that time I was sweating and trembling. My mother said that it was only a dream. Then I resumed my sense and realised that I was just dreaming. This dream as imaginary. The next evening, we saw the film "The Jurassic Park" and through it I got rid of my fear of the dinosaur which is really a dead species. I told my friends all about my dream. They laughed and enjoyed it.......

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

The Allosaurus Dinosaur

...Name: Tutor: Course: Date: The Allosaurus dinosaur The Allosaurus dinosaur is a member of the dinosaur group called the Theropods.The Theropods were meat eating dinosaurs that walked on their two back legs. The name Allosaurus means ‘different lizard’. The Allosaurus is believed to have lived about 163 to 144 million years ago (Britannica 86).This period is referred to as the late Jurassic period. It had a life span of 25 years. Most of the fossils of the Allosaurus where found in North America, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Montana, south Dacota and Wyoming (Britannica 86). The Allosaurus reached up to 39 feet (12 meters) in length, stood about 15 feet (4.5 meters) tall, and weighed up to 2 tones. It had a massive head that measured about 3 feet (1 meter) long with it being supported by a short thick neck together with two horns sticking out of its head. It possessed sharp teeth that were curved and had saw like edges. The Allosaurus had sharp claws on the three toes of each hind foot and long grasping claws on the three toes of each front foot. To cap it all it had along, strong and heavy tail that was mainly used to maintain balance. The Allosaurus is believed to be a meat-eating dinosaur that preyed on the plant eating dinosaurs. Its sharp teeth made it fit for meat eating. Its main pray is believed to be the Stegosaurus dinosaur. The Allosaurus hunted in cooperative packs according to some scientists. By hunting in packs they would bring down very large pray.......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Dinosaurs and Bible

...Dinosaurs and the Bible There is widespread controversy about dinosaurs: When did they roam the earth? Did they coexist with humans? Why did they go extinct? These are common questions that evolutionists and creationists alike try to explain. In the article “Dinosaurs and the Bible” Ken Ham tries to explain biblically these common questions about dinosaurs. He explains that in the school systems today, we are taught that dinosaurs lived millions of year ago and went extinct before humans were even on the earth. Ham then refutes this by explaining that dinosaurs did in fact exist with humans, and using the bible as his reference proves his point. According to the language of this article, it seems that this article is aimed at a reader who isn’t knowledgeable on the subject. He uses simple language, and gives additional explanations for certain concepts of evolution, and ideas that he uses. This aids in the comprehension of the beliefs that Ham proposes. Ham certainly proves his credibility throughout by giving multiple scripture passages, and using the evolutionist theories to strengthen his statements. He clearly explains his beliefs in a convincing way. He also raises many common questions, and then gives a logical answer that fits perfectly with his ideas. However, there could have been more counter arguments to further back up the statements made by Ham. In the conclusion of the article, Ham gives the gospel message, which could possibly be viewed...

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction

...Reading section measure your ability to understand academic passages in English. You will read one passage and answer questions about it. In a real test, you would have 20 minutes to read the passage and answer the questions. Candidates with disabilities may request a time extension. Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction There is increasing evidence that the impacts of meteorites have had important effects on Earth, particularly in the field of biological evolution. Such impacts continue to pose a natural hazard to life on Earth. Twice in the twentieth century, large meteorite objects are known to have collided with Earth. 5 If an impact is large enough, it can disturb the environment of the entire Earth and cause an ecological catastrophe. The best-documented such impact took place 65 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period of geological history. This break in Earth’s history is marked by a mass extinction, when as many as half the species on the planet became extinct. While there are a dozen or more mass extinctions in the geological record, the Cretaceous mass extinction has always intrigued paleontologists because it marks the end of the age of the dinosaurs. For tens of millions of years, those great creatures had flourished. Then, suddenly, they disappeared. The body that impacted Earth at the end of the Cretaceous period was a meteorite with a mass of more than a trillion tons and a diameter of at least 10 kilometers. Scientists first identified this......

Words: 9073 - Pages: 37

Dinosaurs

...aursdinosaur dinosaursdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosaursdinosa ursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosa ursdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaursdinosaurs di nosaursdinosaursdino saursdinosaursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdin osa ursdinosa ursdinosau rsdinosa urs inosaursdino saursd inosaursdinosaursdinosaursdino saursdin os aursdinosaur dinosaursdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosaursdinosa ursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosa ursdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaursdinosaurs di nosaursdinosaursdino saursdinosaursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdin osa ursdinosa ursdinosau rsdinosa urs inosaursdino saursd inosaursdinosaursdinosaursdino saursdin os aursdinosaur dinosaursdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosaursdinosa ursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosa ursdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaursdinosaurs di nosaursdinosaursdino saursdinosaursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdin osa ursdinosa ursdinosau rsdinosa urs inosaursdino saursd inosaursdinosaursdinosaursdino saursdin os aursdinosaur dinosaursdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosau rsdinosaurs dinosaursdinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaur sdinosaurs dinosaursd inosaursdinosaursdinosa ursdinosaursdinosaursdinosau......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Dinosaurs in Alaska

...Dinosaurs In Alaska? When you hear a place about Alaska, we think of snow, polar bears, glaciers, and cold weather. When you think of dinosaurs, we think of tropical places and hot climates. You would probably doubt dinosaurs could have ever lived here in Alaska. But about 65 million years ago they not only lived here, they thrived! There are a lot of information about dinosaurs, but what this paper will cover is how dinosaurs directly relate to Alaska. After reading this paper, you will find out how dinosaur research started and how long ago dinosaurs lived in Alaska. Plus find out the type of dinosaurs that lived Alaska, and the type of climate and which parts of Alaska that they lived in. You will also find out what type of evidence they found, if dinosaurs are related to the oil industry, who is still studying dinosaurs, and how this topic is introduced to the public. How it all began Dinosaurs strolled the earth over 245 million years ago. So it would only be fair to go all the way back to the beginning and quickly summarize how it all happened. Earth’s history is categorized into two eras, and then categorized by periods. The two eras are Paleozoic era, and Mesozoic era. Paleozoic era - (560 to 276 million years ago): This is the period where the first fish, corals, shellfish, insects, spiders, and swamp forests appeared. Mesozoic era - (350 to 65 million years ago)We are most interested in this era. This era contained 3 periods: Triassic period,......

Words: 3781 - Pages: 16

Dinosaurs

...2014 ESSAY CONTEST NAME PHONE GRADE SCHOOL ESSAY TOPIC: How is technology helping you to learn as a high school student? (Type approximately 250 words) If you were to compare today’s learning environment to the environment that today’s adults where taught in you would find more differences than you would similarities. One of the biggest differences that you would find is the technology. For instance, if you asked a third grader to do something as simple as changing the wall paper on their parent’s Iphone they would do it without a problem. But if you asked an adult to perform the same task the adult would have more difficulties than the child. Not only is the child already more technologically rounded than the adult, but the child possesses more knowledge in the technology field. By the year of nineteen ninety-five, twenty-six years after the internet was first introduced, only one in ten adults found the internet helpful to everyday life. This number has significantly gotten higher due to technology used in schools. If you ask an elder between the ages of twenty-seven to eighty-five they will tell you that learning today is much easier than it was when they attended school. These adults could not be more right. Because of features like Google, Microsoft, and several other extremely important technical inventions, I have been able to work more efficiently and been able to connect with my teachers and class mates more than what I......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Dinosaurs of the Jurassic Period

...Dinosaurs of the Jurassic Period Jurassic Period- 206-144 mya • Took place roughly 210 million years ago. • Lasted around 70 million years • This was the second(middle) period of the three divisions of the Mesozoic era. • Age of the Dinosaurs, first bird life. Bower proclaimed that the "Triassic period began about 20 million years ago, and the Jurassic period began 210 million years ago"(1986). During the Mesozoic, or "Middle Life" Era, life diversified rapidly and giant reptiles, dinosaurs and other monstrous beasts roamed the Earth. The period, which spans from about 252 million years ago to about 66 million years ago, was also known as the age of reptiles (Ghose 2013). There is little supporting evidence that plant life is truly from the early Jurassic time frame, however, Brannan's research suggests "At the beginning of the Jurassic period the Earth saw the disappearance of seed-fern floras but the gymnosperms and true ferns were thriving"(Brannan 2012). Early Jurassic- The Liassic Epoch (176 to 200 mya) • Brought much warmer/wetter rainforest climate • Marine reptiles evolved such as, Ichthyosaurus, Temnodontosaurus, Euycleidus. • Terrestrial animals made an appearance such as the Stegosaurs, Tetanurae, Berberosaurus, Heterdonosaurids. In the Early Jurassic, the Colorado Plateau region again became arid and the eolian sandstones record zonal as well as monsoonal circulation (Parrish 1993). Following the dramatic decline, ichthyosaur diversity......

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5

Research Paper on Evolution and Extinction of Dinosaurs

...Answers • Store • Outreach • Media • Kids • Education • Donate • Answers in Genesis • Answers • Animals • Dinosaurs • Dinosaur Extinction • The Extinction of the Dinosaurs The Extinction of the Dinosaurs by Michael J. Oard on August 1, 1997 Share: • • • • Originally published in Journal of Creation 11, no 2 (August 1997): 137-154. Shop Now First published: TJ (now Journal of Creation) 11(2):137–154 August 1997 by Michael J. Oard Dinosaur extinction is still a major enigma of earth history. In this review article, extinctions in the geological record will be briefly mentioned. Many of the imaginative theories for the extinction of the dinosaurs will also be presented. Within the uniformitarian paradigm, the meteorite impact theory, once considered ‘outrageous’, now is the dominant theory. However, the volcanic theory is still believed by a majority of palaeontologists. Both theories have their strengths and weaknesses. The unscientific behaviour of those involved in the meteorite paradigm change will be briefly explored. Evidence that the dinosaurs died in a cataclysm of global proportions will be presented, such as the huge water-laid dinosaur graveyards found over the earth. Occasional monospecific bone-beds and the rarity of fossils of very young dinosaurs suggest a catastrophic death and burial. The billions of dinosaur tracks recently discovered provide testimony to unusual, stressful conditions. Nests, eggs, and babies are a......

Words: 16770 - Pages: 68

Dinosaurs

...Dinosaurs, contrary to what many people think, are not just big lizards. While it is true that the name dinosaur (coined by Sir Richard Owen in 1842) means "terrible lizard" in Greek, dinosaurs are quite a distinct group from lizards. The first dinosaur bones were discovered in 1822 in Sussex, England, by Gideon Mantell. It was a herbivore (plant eating) dinosaur later given the name Iguanodon. Shortly after the Sussex discovery the first carnivorous dinosaur, a Megalosaurus, was found. It is believed that from about 230 million years ago, to 65 million years ago (The Mesozoic Era) dinosaurs were the dominant form of life on Earth. At the end of the Mesozoic, dinosaurs, and many other species of life, went extinct. The cause of this extinction is a mystery. Dinosaurs are considered to be reptiles. Unlike most reptiles dinosaurs all walked with their legs directly below their hips. This is different than a lizard or a crocodile where the top section of the limb is splayed out horizontally from the body and the lower section goes from the "knee" joint straight down to the ground. Because of this lizards and crocodiles move low to the ground and almost appear to be dragging themselves around on their bellies. In contrast, dinosaurs walked in an upright manner (Though a few species, like Triceratops, did retain the lizard-like sprawl on it's front legs as it lumbered about). We can tell dinosaurs walked with their feet under their hips by carefully examining the way their...

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Extinction of the Dinosaurs

...Controversy surrounds the extinction of the dinosaurs. According to one theory, dinosaurs were slowly driven to extinction by environmental changes linked to the creeping withdrawal of shallow seas from the continents at the end of the dinosaur era. Proponents of this theory propose that dinosaurs dwindled in number and variety over several million years. An opposing theory proposes that the impact of asteroid or comet caused catastrophic destruction of the environment, leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Evidence to support this theory includes the discovery of a buried impact crater (thought to be the result of a large comet striking the earth) that is 200 km (124 mi.) in diameter in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The spray of debris was blown from the edge of the crater. The debris has been found over large regions of North America. Comet enriched material from the impact's fiery explosion was spread all over the world. With radiometric dating, scientists have used the decay rates of certain atoms to date the crater, spray of debris, and fireball layer. Using similar techniques to date the dramatic changes in the record of microscopic fossils, they have found that the impact and the dinosaur extinction occurred nearly simultaneously. Although great amounts of ash suggest that most of North and South America was devastated by fire from the impact, the longer-term environmental effects of the impact were ultimately more deadly to life than the fire. Dust......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Dinosaurs in the Bible

...DINOSAURS IN THE BIBLE There are a number of places where it appears that dinosaurs or other similar creatures are mentioned in the scriptures. Remember that the Bible was translated into English long before the word "dinosaur" was coined. However, the word "dragon" appears 21 times in the Old Testament alone. "You shall tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shall you trample under feet" (Psalm 91:13). From the context it is clearly speaking about a real creature that it would be impressive and intimidating to step on! Jeremiah 51:34 tells, "he has swallowed me up like a dragon..." which brings to mind the way many carnivorous reptiles swallow their prey whole. Both dragons of the sea (Psalm 74:13) and field (Isaiah 43:20) are mentioned. Indeed, Genesis 1:21 can best be translated: "And God created great sea monsters..." One such sea monster became sufficiently well-known to the ancients to be given the special name "Rahab" (Isaiah 51:9). The prophet Ezekiel likens Pharaoh to a sea monster that invaded the Nile river and stirred up the mud (32:2). The Hebrew word, "Tannin," is from the root meaning "to extend." The language conjures up an image of a long-necked plesiosaur-like creature paddling up the river and stirring up mud from the Nile delta with its flippers. Just such a creature is depicted by the ancient Egyptians who may have netted one just as Ezekiel describes in verse 3. Job is the oldest book in the Bible. This book is very......

Words: 1353 - Pages: 6