Economic and Social Change in the Late 20th Century

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Chapter 30: Economic and Social Change in the Late 20th Century

Economic, cultural, and social changes have affected America greatly in the late twentieth century.
The population since 1980 has become increasingly older, urban, diverse, southern, and western.
Declining birth rates and rising life expectancy combined to produce an aging population.
Between 1970 and 1990 most American financial and industrial growth occurred in the South and West, the Sunbelt.
The Sunbelt also proved attractive to large numbers of new immigrants from Latin America and Asia.
Lyndon Johnson's 1965 Immigration Act laid the basis for an increased volume and diversity of immigrants.
Modern legislation has attempted to limit immigration to political refugees, and also to curb illegal immigration, while raising the number of immigrants with specific skills.
Continued flight of businesses and individuals to the suburbs brought transformation and crisis in the nation's urban areas, but the 1990s witnessed a revival and renewal in some major cities.
Technological change has ushered in amazing economic transformations.
The most noteworthy new technologies are those in biotechnology, high-performance computing, and communications systems.
Innovations in credit, electronic banking, franchising, and globalization, especially through the widespread use of computers, have affected business.
Employment in traditional manufacturing areas declined while unions saw their membership and political power dissipate, as America entered an occasionally turbulent period of postindustrial restructuring.
Emerging from the conservation and preservation movements of the early twentieth century, a movement to protect the environment gained momentum in the 1970s.
Environmental activism arose in the 1970s in response to concerns over air and water pollution, fears of nuclear radiation and toxic…...

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