Ehr-Business Ethic

In: Business and Management

Submitted By zhenhong1108
Words 5809
Pages 24
EHR_C02.qxd 6/6/07 3:55 PM Page 27

CHAPTER 2

Ethics and Human Resource Management
By Amanda Rose

Chapter outline
Standards, values, morals and ethics have become increasingly complex in a postmodern society where absolutes have given way to tolerance and ambiguity. This particularly affects managers in HR, where decisions will affect people’s jobs and their future employment. This chapter explores some of the ethical dilemmas encountered in the workplace, discussing ethical behaviour and values that relate to HR. It looks at relevant ethical tools, such as utilitarianism and relativism in order to examine current practices in the workplace and their links to corporate social responsibility.

Learning outcomes
By the end of this chapter, you should be able to: u u u u

Critically explore and evaluate the ethical nature of human resource management; Identify and define current ethical and moral issues confronting HR managers; Compare, contrast and critically appraise a range of approaches to ethical analysis; Critically appraise the relevance and usefulness of philosophical analysis to HR practice.

Introduction
Human Resource Management is a business function that is concerned with managing relations between groups of people in their capacity as employees, employers and managers. Inevitably, this process may raise questions about what the respective responsibilities and rights of each party are in this relationship, and about what constitutes fair treatment. These questions are ethical in nature, and this chapter will focus on debates about the ethical basis of human resource management.

EHR_C02.qxd 6/6/07 3:55 PM Page 28

28

CHAPTER 2 ETHICS AND HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

The ethical nature of HRM
‘All HR practices have an ethical foundation. HR deals with the practical consequences of human behaviour’. (Johnson, 2003) ‘The entire…...

Similar Documents

Business Ethics

... Business Research Ethics David Taylor III Res/351 8/31/2012 Erica Mitchell Business Research Ethics Ethics in business research is analogous with the structure of variables in a construct. The onus of the burden of proof does not reside in proving the existence of ethics in business research, rather, in identifying the relationship between ethics and research and how ethics impinges on research. Ethics is typically conceptualized as making the right choice, however, because “right” is an abstract value, the definition and consequences of ethical choices is far reaching A customary unethical practice in business research is the falsifying of data. The ethical repercussions of falsifying data are substantial. Unethical Research The University of Minnesota heads one of the top stem cell research facilities. Their rise to prominence in 2002 was the result of falsification of data by one of the Ph students on the research team. The research indicated that new evidence reveals a stem cell that can generate body tissues. Tampered images and plagiarism was also revealed by a panel of scientists. The student used patented images in her presentation to illustrate a seemingly new discover although it had already been patented. The tampered images were the same images presented at different angles to attempt to appear as different results. The behavior of skewed results has on-going consequences. One of the unique aspects of falsifying data is the impact is has on parties other than......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Business Ethics

...BUSINESS ETHICS: COMPARE AND CONTRAST PAPER By: Karla Powell North Central University What is business ethics? The word business can mean different things, but in this context it means a commercial or industrial endeavor to make/sell products or services. The word ethics is defined as a set of principles of right conduct or a system of moral values. So what does business ethics mean? Used together it means for a commercial/industrial endeavor to form a set of principles or rules to follow while they are making or selling products or services. The word business ethics is frequently heard as it relates to social responsibility. According to the dictionary social responsibility is “an ethical ideology or theory that an entity, be it an organization or individual has an obligation to act to benefit society at large” (the freedictionary.com). Three notable management authorities: Patrick Murphy, Milton Friedman, and Peter Drucker, have different opinions on what business ethics and social responsibility are and what is should mean to the business world. According to Patrick Murphy (2009) responsibility is a key principle of business ethics which implies a moral obligation to act. The word act is used as a verb and means to “do something.” Murphy points out that one is to not only act but to act in a certain way based on the persons extent of the freedom they have, meaning the bigger the space of freedom the bigger the obligation or responsibility one has. So, the higher...

Words: 2022 - Pages: 9

Business Ethics

...For the modern business ethics are a priori questions of corporate social responsibility. Opinion that the financial well-being of the least compels her to ethical behavior, is fundamentally wrong, the very life and business practice postulated the following statement: "Good ethics is good business." Otherwise, a negative reaction on the part of customers and partners will inevitably lead to a significant reduction in the profitability of the company, and widely disseminated by the media unsavory reputation will lead to a lack of any credibility. Nobel Prize winner Milton Friedman wrote that "the true role of business! "PICs in its use of energy and resources in activities designed to increase profits, provided that it adheres to the rules of the game ... participate in an open competition, without resorting to fraud and deception." Ethics imposes restrictions on the business system, being the moral rules and practices of a given society. Business Ethics - Business ethics based on honesty, openness, fidelity to one's word, the ability to function effectively in the market s compliance with applicable laws, rules and established traditsiyami.22 Experience confirms the importance of international business to business ethics in shaping the success of the company. So, dishonest behavior of the firm Coca-Cola, cases of bribery of competitors as compensation in lawsuits with them cost the company market share, given away Pepsico, as the latter had evidence information about the...

Words: 2749 - Pages: 11

Business Ethics in a Hospital Setting

...Business Ethics in a Hospital Setting Darlene V Nickerson Columbia Southern University Abstract Business ethics in a hospital setting includes a review of many areas. Ethical considerations include the areas of patient care, nursing ethics, physician ethics, patient privacy, and medical billing practices. This paper will touch on ethical concerns for each of these topics. Keywords: hospitals, ethics, patient care, nursing, physicians Business Ethics in a Hospital Setting When beginning a discussion of business ethics in a hospital setting it is important to take a broad approach. Because a hospital is a business and also a treatment facility, the ethical concerns must be considered not only for areas such as billing and privacy but also for ethics related to the appropriate care of patients, nursing ethics, and physician ethics. The ethics of the treatment methods employed based on the patient’s condition must also be considered. Ethics and Patient Care I believe that when discussing the ethical implications of patient care it is helpful to review a real-world scenario. One highly publicized case involved Terri Schiavo and her husband’s fight to stop her tube feedings as there was no hope for her recovery (VandeKieft, 2005). One reason for the high visibility of this case in the media occurred because the patient's husband and the patient's family disagreed on the diagnosis (VandeKieft, 2005). Terri suffered a cardiac arrest due to severe hypokalemia (low......

Words: 3684 - Pages: 15

Business Ethics

...Running head: Code of ethics Code of ethics within businesses Saif Mustafa Ali Monash University Ethics relate to an individual's moral judgements about right and wrong. Decisions taken within a corporation may be made by individuals or groups, but whoever makes them will be influenced by the culture of the company. The decision to act ethically is a moral one; employees must choose what they think is the right course of action. This may require declining the route that would lead to the largest short-term profit. Ethical behavior and corporate social responsibility can bring considerable advantages to a business. Ethics and ethical behavior are very high priorities for companies today (Davis 2004; Weber 2006). Although codes of ethics are tools that are frequently used as one of the efforts to promote ethical behavior, research suggests that there may be a great deal of room for enhancement of existing codes (Kitson 1996; Blodgett and Carlson 1997; Moyes and Park 1997; Hume, Larkins and Iyer 1999; Schwartz 2001). The aim of this paper is to recognize and discuss ways to improve the code of ethics of an corporation. Blodgett and Carlson reviewed twenty-nine business codes of ethics and concluded that "the codes often contained unclear references to acting ethically, then give widespread compliance lists which operate mainly to forbid breach of current laws"(1997, 1369). Schwartz (2001) in his research based on fifty-seven in detail interviews at four large Canadian......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Wgu Rwt1 Business Research Report Benefits of an Ehr

...Business Research Report Benefits of an Electronic Health Record Assessment Code: RWT1 Student Name: Student ID: Date: Mentor Name: Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Introduction 5 Research Findings 5 Opportunity for Financial Incentives 5 Improved Quality of Patient Care 6 Increased Productivity and Efficiency 7 Recommendations 8 Conclusion 9 References 11 Executive Summary The benefits of successfully implementing an electronic health record are both vital to the future of our business as well as rewarding. The purpose of this report is to clearly demonstrate the need for implementation of an electronic health record and provide explanation of the benefits available to us with successful implementation. . The three main benefits I will be presenting research on are the financial benefits of an electronic health record, the ability to provide better quality patient care and the opportunity to increase productivity and efficiency through implementing an electronic health record. There are significant financial incentives for implementing an electronic health record and meeting Medicare and Medicaid’s requirements for meaningful use. Eligible providers can earn up to $44,000 through the Medicare EHR Incentive Program and up to $63,750 through the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program. There are three stages involved in meeting meaningful use the first stage consists of data capture and sharing, the second involves advanced......

Words: 3353 - Pages: 14

Business Ethics

...previous editions, changes to current editions, and alternate formats, please visit www.cengage.com/highered to search by ISBN#, author, title, or keyword for materials in your areas of interest. Copyright 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Licensed to: CengageBrain User Business Ethics, Ninth Edition O.C. Ferrell, John Fraedrich, and Linda Ferrell Vice President of Editorial/Business: Jack W. Calhoun Publisher: Erin Joyner Senior Acquisition Editor: Michele Rhoades Managing Developmental Editor: Joanne Dauksewicz Editorial Assistant: Tamara Grega Marketing Manager: Jon Monahan Senior Marketing Communications Manager: Jim Overly Marketing Coordinator: Julia Tucker Content Project Manager: Joseph Malcolm Production Manager: Kim Kusnerak Media Editor: Rob Ellington Rights Acquisition Director: Audrey Pettengill Rights Acquisition Specialist, Text and Image: Deanna Ettinger Manufacturing Planner: Ron Montgomery Senior Art Director: Tippy McIntosh Internal Designer, Production Management, and Composition: PreMediaGlobal Cover Designer: Red Hangar Design Ltd......

Words: 16800 - Pages: 68

Business Ethics

.......................................................................................................6 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.............................................................................................7 QUESTION…………………………………………………………………………………8 CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION...............................................................…..............10 1.1 Introduction………..……………………………...……..….................................10 CHAPTER 2: BUSINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS..……………….….…12 2.1 Definition of Business………………….. .........................................................12 2.2 Definition of Business Ethics………….. .........................................................13 2.3 Definition of Environmental Ethics..….. .........................................................15 2.4 Conflict between Business and Environmental Ethics………………………..15 2.5 The Relationship between Business and Environmental Ethics…………….24 2.6 Benefits of Ethics for Business………………………………………………….25 2.7 Problems of Business Ethics……………………………………………………25 CHAPTER 3: SUPER CHEM COMPANY…............................................................27 3.1 Introduction to Super Chem……………………………...................................27 3.2 Product Ranges………………………………………………………………….27 3.3 Process Development Services……………………………………………......28 3.4 The Issues………………………………………………………………………..29 3.5 Possible Solution………………………………………………………………...29 3.6 The Pollution Cause by Super......

Words: 8415 - Pages: 34

Business Ethics

...Running head: Ethical and Moral Issues in Business * Ethical and Moral Issues in Business MGT/216 * Ethical and Moral Issues in Business * In this paper I will address the following topics: the differences between moral and ethical issues, the differences between business ethics and personal ethics and list some examples of ethical issues in today’s business environment. The line between morals and ethics may seem blurred; however, some differences between the two do exist. Morals are defined as one’s personal values or beliefs. These values are typically established by religious beliefs or family influences. Ethics are defined as guidelines for behavioral standards. These guidelines are usually set in place by a specific group or groups of people. For example, businesses usually have a specific code of ethics that may differ from a religious group’s code of ethics. What is acceptable for one group or organization may be unacceptable to others. Business ethics are defined as codes or guidelines used to govern behaviors and practices within any given company. Typically all companies abide by a written code of ethics. These codes are used to ensure that employees understand and practice acceptable behaviors in the workplace. Usually a company’s code of ethics is influenced by the culture surrounding that business. In the business world, personal ethics will sometimes be put aside for the greater gain of......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Business Ethics

...Business Ethics * Business ethics (also corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations. * Business ethics has normative and descriptive dimensions. As a corporate practice and a career specialization, the field is primarily normative. Academics attempting to understand business behavior employ descriptive methods. * The range and quantity of business ethical issues reflects the interaction of profit-maximizing behavior with non-economic concerns. Interest in business ethics accelerated dramatically during the 1980s and 1990s, both within major corporations and within academia. * For example, most major corporations today promote their commitment to non-economic values under headings such as ethics codes and social responsibility charters. Adam Smith said, "People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices."  * Governments use laws and regulations to point business behavior in what they perceive to be beneficial directions. * Ethics implicitly regulates areas and details of behavior that lie beyond government control. The emergence of large corporations with limited relationships......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Business Ethics

...BUSINESS ETHICS Name Institution of Affiliation Introduction The business environment is changing to embrace ethical conduct in the performance of duties and activities of individuals in professional setting. Nowadays, companies are exposed to public scrutiny where their corporate social responsibility and social accountability are assessed. A shift towards rethinking the various functions of a business entity to encompass ethics into their daily management activities has been undertaken as entities seek to be market leaders. Business ethics encompasses the relationship the company has with the employees, customers, shareholders and the community. Business ethics is the analysis of business activities and situations where issues pertaining what constitute a right or wrong act are dealt with through institutional processes (Jennings, 2011). Consequently, ethics involves ascertaining good practices from bad practices based on the context of morals. On the other hand, moral conduct is the behaviour exhibited by human beings that can either be right or wrong depending on the context whereas business ethics. Business ethics can be viewed from two distinct perspectives; descriptive ethics and normative ethics. Normative ethics ascribes to the justification of moral systems whereas descriptive ethics depicts what ethical practices are. Ideally, the paper will delve into more details concerning what business ethics entails and the importance of business......

Words: 1492 - Pages: 6

Business Ethics

...The success of modern business is apparent, but recently there is much concern in the business-and-society literature and in the general press on whether business fulfils its social role responsibly. Business ethics, corporate social responsibility and corporate governance movements have been developed in recent decades as responses to a growing sense of corporate wrongdoing. This paper attempts to explain why the three movements seem yet to have generated little in the form of widely accepted prescriptions for improvement of business behaviour to the satisfaction of the “constituents” of business, i.e. the major stakeholders. Without denying the usefulness of any of the three movements, the paper suggests that there are weaknesses in all three, especially concerning the way they conceive modern business operation. To this end business pluralism, responsive codes of practice and re-examination of the assumptions (conditions) of business operation could be helpful. In the business literature there is a major strand that celebrates business strength and seeks formulae for success. This strand was manifested in the Scientific Management tradition dating from Frederic Taylor’s work in the early twentieth century (Taylor, 1911) and continued through the Human Relations studies of Elton Mayo that sought to find growth through taking care of the “people dimension” (Roethlisberger and Dickson, 1939). The tradition was further developed following the publication by Peters and......

Words: 1693 - Pages: 7

Business Ethics

...Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business Ethics Business ethics Business Ethics Business......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Business Ethics

...on ethics by the Santa Clara University, a number of years ago sociologist Raymond Baumhart conducted a survey asking people about what they think of ethics. The results showed many people linking ethics to their feelings, their religion and standards set by the society (Manuel et al, para. 2). Manuel Velasquez and other authors of an article published by the Santa Clara University on business ethics pointed out flaws in the responses. They believed that feelings sometimes deviate from ethics because a person may feel to do something that is not right (Manuel et al, para. 4). Moreover, they argued that most religions advocate high ethical standards, yet these standards cannot be identified with religion because if they were, they would have only applied to religious people (Manuel et al, para. 5). Finally, saying that ethics are standards that a society set was proved wrong as the standards of behavior in a society can diverge from ethics, considering Nazi Germany which was a society that became morally corrupt (Manuel et al.). This was what ethics are not. Then, what are ethics? Ethics are the well founded standards that are backed up by consistent and well founded reasons. These standards include rights, obligations, honesty, fairness, benefit to society or specific virtues. For example, the rights may include right to life and right to freedom whereas reasonable obligations may include abstaining from stealing and fraud (Manuel et al, para 7). The application of ethics is......

Words: 3013 - Pages: 13

Business Ethics and Virttue Ethics

...Business Ethics and Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics is “a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences” (Athanassoulis, 2010). Virtue ethics are certain principles, such as merit or loyalty in which we should make every effort to consent to the full development in our organizations; these ideals are a reflection of what we ultimately have the potential to become. According to Velasquez, et.al, (1998), “Virtues are attitudes, dispositions, or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop this potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues”. Virtue ethics also does not provide guidance on how we should act, as there are no clear principles for guiding action other than “act as a virtuous person would act given the situation.” (2010). In this paper, I will address and define three of these virtues, apply each virtue respectively to the Mattel: GMP case, and describe which normative ethic was the most useful in evaluating the case. Courage, Fairness and Honesty According to Dictionary.com, courage is the quality of mind or spirit that enables a person to face difficulty, danger, pain, etc., without fear. Courage is being brave in the face of adversity. Dictionary.com......

Words: 1544 - Pages: 7