Elements of an Essay/Research Paper

In: English and Literature

Submitted By deadman23
Words 6328
Pages 26
Elements of an Essay/Research Paper
Writing Process
The series of steps that most writers follow in producing a piece of writing. The five major stages in the writing process are finding a topic and generating ideas (discovering), focusing on a main or controlling idea and mapping out an approach (organizing), preparing a rough draft (drafting), reworking and improving the draft (revising), and proofreading and correcting errors.
Discovering – The first stage in the writing process. It may include finding a topic, exploring the topic, determining purpose and audience, probing ideas, doing reading and research, planing and organizing material. Discovery usually involves writing and is aided considerably by putting preliminary thought and plans in writing.
Organizing – The sequence in which the information or ideas in an essay are presented.
Drafting – The stage in the writing process during which the writer puts ideas into complete sentences, connects them, and organizes them into a meaningful sequence.
Revising – The stage in the writing process during which the author makes changes in focus, organization, development, style, and mechanics to make the writing more effective.
Editing – The last stage in the writing process during which the writer focuses on the details of mechanics and correctness.
Discovering
Audience – The readers for whom a piece of writing is intended. Many essays are aimed at a general audience, but a writer can focus on a specific group of readers.
Topic or Subject - The particular issue or idea that serves as the subject of a paragraph, essay, report, or speech. The primary topic of a paragraph may be expressed in a thesis statement. The main topic of an essay, report, or speech may be expressed in a thesis statement.
Purpose – The writer's reasons for writing; what the writer wants to accomplish in an essay.
Attitude – The attitude…...

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