In: Religion Topics

Submitted By EllisonGito
Words 2092
Pages 9
Bishop Patteson Theological College

Eschatology and Soteriology
Assignment One
(What cultural module you would use to explain Eschatology to your congregation)

Name: Ellison Gito
Semester: One
Diploma: Three
Year: 2013
Due date: March,

Lecturer: Rev. Fox Mark


1) Introduction 1

2) Definition of Eschatology 1

3) Traditional Belief to Eschatology in Isabel 2

4) Biblical Foundation to Eschatology in the Old Testament 3

5) Biblical Foundation from the New Testament 3
a) Eschatology from Saint Paul
b) Eschatology from the Gospels 4

6) Theological Reflection to Eschatology 4

7) Conclusion 5

8) Bibliography 6

1) Introduction
In this 21st century people continue to wonder what their destiny will be after death; perhaps people have many definitions and explanation about it. Hence, people are struggling to reconcile to one common understanding. This questions I believe remain their and our question today. Now, having this understanding in mind I believe there is a great need for a clear and coherent explanation of Eschatology to my people. Therefore, in this essay I will begin to explore and try to instil to my people a clear understanding of eschatology by looking into our traditional belief about the last day. Then, later I will align this understanding to the Biblical texts of eschatology and my Theological reflection. Through these, I certainly believe that it will enrich the minds of my people to fully understand; what eschatology mean to them?
Definition of Eschatology
Perhaps it is appropriate for me to begin by defining; what Eschatology really mean? Well, According to the New Bible Dictionary; “Eschatology comes from the word eschata in Greek, which refer to the…...

Similar Documents


...A. Introduction Eschatology is a Christian Doctrine that refers to the end times of the universe as in general or death of a person as singular. The diverse cultures therein the Melanesian realm also employs diverse philosophies of life in relation to death and related aspects to it. This work seeks to identify a cultural model to compare and contrast with the Christian Doctrine of Eschatology, one that could be useful to explain eschatology to its relevant congregation. It is a wide topic of discussion which does not fall within the scope of this work. It will only present an overview of the Christian Doctrine and my traditional culture of North Pentecost. This is to clarify why it could be possible to use that cultural model to explain eschatology to its relevant congregation. Therefore it will elaborate on these viewpoints; * What is Eschatology * Pentecost Model * Life * Environment/Space * Comparison and Contrast * Similarities * Differences * Reason why it is a possible model A. What is Eschatology Eschatology means the science or teachings concerning the last things derive from the Greek word eschatos which means last and eschata which means the last things. It is a study that specifically concerns with the end times. What it is to come at the end of one’s life or the destiny of humanity. Therefore, Christianity views history or time as linear not cyclical. At the very early stage of Christian community, they interpreted it......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Life of Christ

...without the support of many people. I would like to thank the LORD for giving me the will and strength to complete this assignment. Secondly I would like to thank my friends and family for their small input. Thank you all for your participation to the completion and success of this School Based Assessment. Introduction The topic I chose was the beliefs of Pentecostals . The Pentecostal denomination believes in salvation , Baptism with the Holy Spirit , Divine healing , Eschatology and the Spiritual Gifts . My intent is for the reader to come into a deeper understanding of what the Pentecostal denomination is like. Salvation is simply the accepting of Jesus into your life as your saviour and believing that he died for our sins on the cross, and as such we will be resurrected with him in a newness of life (born again). Baptism in Pentecostals take place in 3 different ways ( Water baptism , Baptism into the body of Christ and Baptism with the Holy Spirit. Pentecostals believe in Eschatology which is simply the belief that Jesus can return at anytime so we have to be ready. Lastly they believe in the Spiritual Gifts which are special abilities given to certain persons in the Body of Christ in which they use to cause persons to experience God . So as you read through this project I hope that you will be very informed on Pentecostal beliefs. Statement of Aims Topic : Pentecostals and their Beliefs It is my intention for the researcher to : 1. Find out......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2


...THE SYNOPTIC APOCALYPSE (MARK 13 PAR): A DOCUMENT FROM THE TIME OF BAR KOCHBA Hermann Detering* he thirteenth chapter of the Gospel of Mark belongs to those texts of the New Testament which have been examined particularly often in recent times. Despite many differences in detail, a certain consensus is apparent between exegeses in so far as they all assume that the text in question, the so-called “Synoptic Apocalypse” (hereafter abbreviated as the SynApoc), arose either in the first or the second half of the first century. This investigation, however, will show that there are a number of factors which exclude such a dating and that numerous of clues indicate rather an origin in the time of the Bar Kochba uprising (132-135 CE). To be sure, the possibility of assigning such a date, which diverges considerably from what is usually taken for granted, does not even occure to most scholars, since the conclusion of their investigation is clearly determined by a prior methodological assumption: since the common assumption is that both Mark and Matthew were written in the second half of the first century, the SynApoc must also belong to this period or even precede it. In my opinion, however, for various reasons, it is highly questionable whether the customary and generally accepted dating of Mark's gospel around 70 CE is correct. Whoever concerns himself with the question of when the Synoptic Gospels arose quickly notices that he has hit upon a genuine weak point in the scholarly......

Words: 20760 - Pages: 84


...PREMILLENNIALISM by John Wolf A paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course Eschatology Bob Jones University March 9, 2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………….ii INTRODUCTION…………………….……………………………………..1 ISRAEL AND THE CHURCH……………………………………………………………………2-4 SIGNS OF THE RETURN OF CHRIST………………………………………….…………………………..4-6 THE MILLENNIAL REIGN OF CHRIST………………………………………………………………………7-10 CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………...10 BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………………………………….11 ii PREMILLENNIALISM There are three main interpretations of the millennium and they are amillennialism, postmillennialism, and premillennialism. According to New Ungers Bible Dictionary, amillennialism is defined as follows Advocates of this view maintain that no Millennium is to be looked for except that which, it is claimed, is in progress now in this gospel age. This theological interpretation spiritualizes or, rather, gives a mystical meaning to the vast kingdom promises in the OT.1 Postmillennialism as defined by the New Unger’s Bible Dictionary This interpretation maintains that present gospel agencies will root evils until Christ will have a spiritual reign over the earth…then the second advent of Christ will initiate judgment and bring to an end the present order. 2 I believe that the premillennial interpretation is the most Biblical and represents the teachings of scripture more accurately than the other views. Post & amillennial are confused on their......

Words: 3410 - Pages: 14


...that the world will be converted. Premillennialism – believes that Christ will return in person and body to commence the millennium. Amillennialism – believes that there will be no earthly reign of Christ. What are the 3 tribunal views and what distinguishes each? Pretribulationism – 2 phases in Christ’s coming and 3 resurrections. Posttribulationism – 2 resurrections; the resurrection of believers at the end of the tribulation and the resurrection of the ungodly at the end of the millennium. Midtribulationism – the church will experience tribulation, but will be removed before the wrath of God is poured out. The basis of the final judgment? Those who appear will be judged in terms of their earthly lives. Identify 5 reasons to study eschatology? It is a major topic and systematic theology. Does not pertain to the future. We have to live with an openness and an anticipation of the future. Should arouse in us an alertness of the signs of the time. 4 functions of the church. Evangelism – called to go and make disciples. Edification – to equip believers to do the work of ministry. Worship – reserved for concentration solely upon the Lord. Social Concern –acts of Christian love and compassion for believers and non-believers. 3 forms of church government. Episcopal – authority resides in the Bishop. Presbyterian – authority resides in the Elders. Congregational – authority resides in the congregation. The proper subjects of baptism. Baptism serves as a form of......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Eschatology, the Study of Last Things

...of Last Things Question. Can someone tell us this morning what the word “eschatology” means? 1. Any system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state. 2. The branch of theology dealing with such matters. There are several branches of theology found in Scripture. 1. The first is “Bibliology.” The Bible is the starting point, or the source, of our religion. Without it, we may as well be at home it the bed this morning, or perhaps on the golf coarse, fishing, maybe lying out at the beach. The Bible is the foundation for Christianity. Without the Bible, how would we know about God? The Bible is the standard, the criterion for everything we as believers do. It is simply put, how God speaks to mankind. 2. Theology Proper: The study of God. Without it, we would have no way to view God. To understand His nature. We would not know who God is. We would not understand the personality of God. The wisdom of God, the love of God, and so on. 3. Christology: The doctrine of Jesus Christ. Need I say more about this? 4. Pneumatology: The study of the Holy Spirit. 5. Angelology: The study of angels. 6. Satanology: Yelp, the study of Satan. There are more, but you get the idea of how much theology is in Scripture. The last study of systematic theology is Eschatology, which means the study of last things. The study of eschatology is the study of last things, however, like the underlying theme of all......

Words: 1925 - Pages: 8

Dispensational Error

...Table of Contents Introduction 2 History of Eschatology 3 Eschatology in Antiquity 3 Modern Developments in Eschatology 4 Contemporary Eschatology 4 Scripture 8 Support for Dispensational Premillennialism 8 Refutation of Dispensational Premillennialism 8 Theological Implications of Dispensationalism 10 Conclusions 11 Bibliography 13 Introduction Within the past few decades the interest in eschatology has shattered all previous interest in the subject. This has been in part to greater interest in Scriptural literature and also due to popularization of biblical dramatization. The modern push of interest is based on books and movies like The Late Great Planet Earth, or The Left Behind series. These publications are themselves based on theological arguments but place them in emotionally driven drama’s that attune people to want to relate to them, and in many cases believe these renditions without any critical evaluation. In the developing twenty centuries of the Christian faith there have been many disagreements on theology, doctrine, practice, and canon of scripture which were settled time and again by coming together and debating the issues and measuring those controversies and made a decisions on what was within the boundaries of acceptability of Christianity, it has been within the last few centuries that the time tested definitions of Christian theology have been razed to the ground and new systems have been rebuilt. Under the new schematics of......

Words: 3884 - Pages: 16

Religious Studies

...How far were the teachings of jesus regarding the kingdom of god to be consistent with his background? The proclamation of the kingdom is a major feature of the teaching of Jesus in the Synoptic Gospels, e.g. Mark 1 : 15, as against the epistles, where Jesus and his return are preached. But is this an already present or future kingdom? What does it mean to say that the Kingdom of God is ‘at hand’? Many scholars, particularly CH Dodd, would argue that in Jesus’ teaching he is showing us that the Kingdom of God has already arrived with no future crisis. This interpretation is called realised or present eschatology. It can be argued that through the gospels Jesus is shown to fulfil (OT)prophecies relating to the coming of the Kingdom of God. “the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raise and the poor have good news brought to them.” (Matt. 11 : 5) Here Jesus appears to make a direct reference back to Isaiah 35 which looks forward to the Kingdom of God when “the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped; the lame shall leap like deer and the tongue of the speechless sing for joy” (vs5-6). It can be seen from this that the Kingdom of God had arrived; Jesus appeared to be saying that these were si gns that the prophecies had been fulfilled and the kingdom was present. The parables, a central source of eschatological teaching, also can interpreted by such scholars to show that the Kingdom had......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

“Eschatology: the Destiny of the Unsaved”

...“Eschatology: The Destiny of the Unsaved” Reconciling a good, loving God with the idea of eternal punishment is one of the most difficult things I have had to do in my Christian life. How can a God who loves us enough to shed His own blood for us then, at the end of our lives, send some of us away from Him to be punished forever? There are some different theories about what happens to us after we die. Eternal punishment is the idea that sin must be punished and those who have not received the gift of salvation will be punished forever for their sins. Annihilationism is the idea that, rather than eternal punishment, some souls will simply cease to exist. There are three main forms of this. The first says that all human beings simply cease to exist at death. The second says that God imparts immorality to the redeemed human beings and allows the rest of humankind to cease to exist at death. The third says that humankind is immortal and fulfills its destiny in salvation. In this third form of annihilationism, reprobates cease to exist, either by a direct act of God or by the corrosive effect of evil. Universalism claims that all will be saved. The Bible uses some different words when referring to a place of torment. Sheol is the word used in the Hebrew texts to describe a place where all souls go after death. Hades is the Greek equivalent. Sheol is a much broader word referring simply to the place where souls go upon death. Hades narrows the concept somewhat and separates...

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Interpretive Essay 3

...shock and awe as it is descriptive of the brutal suffering this Servant would endure. This Servant is perfect and without sin but was found numbered among the transgressors (Isaiah 53:12, Luke 22:37). This principle and description of the Messiah is distinctively presented in Isaiah and specifically quoted in Luke showing the fulfillment of the prophecy. Isaiah 53 emphasizes the redemptive work done through the Servant as He is the perfect sacrifice to pay the price and ultimately atone for the sins of the world. Eschatology of Isaiah The eschatology of Isaiah is climaxed in the promise of salvation to all peoples through God’s Suffering Servant. It was the Lord’s will for the Servant to suffer demonstrating all would happen in His divine plan. God also gave prophecies through His prophets to give man a sneak peak into the future, which also proves that God is ultimately in control. The objective and climax of Isaiah is in the redemption of man. While eschatology of Isaiah is continually themed throughout the book, the hope is in the restoration of a nation that was once in dissonance with God, taken captive by its enemies, hearing a word of hope from the Lord, and given a vision of restoration from their sins and the sins of the world. Conclusion The Book of Isaiah is love story, full of prophecy that focuses on the mercy and grace of the Holy One of Israel. This Holy is also the Suffering Servant that has been prophesied by Isaiah as the Messiah that......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7


... (Name) (Instructors’ name) (Course) (Date) Influence of Zoroastrian Eschatology Having faith in things that happens after life in this world is one of the teachings that are brought out in the Zoroastrian scriptures as from the beginning. This faith that started during the ancient times continued growing and finally it became the pillar of the later Zoroastrian hence the basis of almost all the aspects of human religious life. As a result of this faith other religions also felt its impact more specifically on Judaism then later on Christianity and Islam. Zoroastrian eschatology basically brings to conclusion the creation story, how the world exists as is depicted in the sources from the later Zoroastrian and this formed the basis for Ohrmazd and Ahriman’s battle. Contrary to this, monotheism brings out the existence of only one supreme that has control over everything. This paper will discuss the influence of the Zoroastrian eschatology and the impact it had on religious life afterwards. Conclusion of human existence comes when life on this world comes to an end; this eschatological period brings to an end the cosmic struggle and brings out the fruits of the efforts of Ohrmazd, having the assistance of other humanities hence bringing out the notion that there is victory in the good deeds (Faith 19). On the other hand eschatology is used to reflect the moral life and religion on earth, this has been compare to the justice courts where motivation and punishments are rewarded...

Words: 1227 - Pages: 5

The Kingdom Anticipated

...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Journal Article Critique of Mosert, Christiann “The Kingdom Anticipated: The Church and Eschatology” Vol. 13, No 1 (Jan 2011): 25-37 Submitted to Dr. Lee Mitchell in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of THEO 510 Survey of Theology by Willie E. Kilpatrick August 1, 2015 Contents Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………1 Brief Summary…………………………………………………………………………………1 Critical Interaction……………………………………………………………………………..1 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………3 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………….4 Introduction The purpose of this article was to show how the church is an eschatological community that is closely connected to the kingdom of God; however, that understanding of the church’s role hasn’t been prominent in recent ecclesiology. The contents of the article contain the central features that characterize the eschatological concept of ‘anticipation’; the church is seen as an anticipatory symbol of the forth coming kingdom of God. Those characteristics are found in the celebration of the Eucharist, its pastoral services, mission and political associations. Christiaan Mostert argues that “the early Christian community understood its own existence in eschatological terms, as the vestibule of God’s reign.” Brief summary Mosert asserts that the initial development of the......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4


...What is Christian Eschatology? Subscribe to our Question of the Week: Christian Eschatology Question: "What is Christian Eschatology?" Answer: Eschatology is the study of what the Bible says is going to happen in the end times. Many treat Eschatology as an area of theology to be avoided. Of course, Eschatology is not as crucial as Christology or Soteriology. That does not mean, though, that it is unimportant to a Biblical worldview. How we understand Eschatology has an impact on how we should live our lives and what we are to expect to occur in God's plan. Some important issues in Eschatology are these: What is the Rapture? The word "rapture" does not occur in the Bible. The concept of the Rapture, though, is clearly taught in Scripture. The Rapture of the church is the event in which God removes all believers from the earth in order to make way for His righteous judgment to be poured out on the earth during the Tribulation period. When is the Rapture going to occur in relation to the Tribulation? Will the Rapture occur before the Tribulation, at the middle of the Tribulation, or at the end of the Tribulation? What is the Second Coming and why is it important? Why is it so important for Jesus Christ to return? When is Christ going to return? What will be the signs of Christ's return? Is the millennium literal or figurative? The fulfillment of many of God’s covenants and promises rest on a literal, physical, future kingdom. There is no......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Examine He Main Religious and Secular Eschatological and Apocalyptic Teachings. (45)

...Examine the main religious and secular eschatological and apocalyptic teachings. (45) Introduction: * Eschatology literally means ‘the study of the end things’ and it is a part of the theology or philosophy concerned with the final events in the history of the world and the ultimate destiny of humanity. * Apocalypse means ‘lifting of the veil’ and apocalyptic teaching focuses on revealing or ‘unveiling future events’. Paragraph 1: * In Christianity, eschatological teaching focuses on teaching humans about the values of living a good moral life whilst on earth and the rewards that humans will reap in heaven as a result. * Matthew 25 contains 3 parables of eschatological literature: 1. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish bridesmaids (1-13) – the five virgins who are prepared for the bridegroom's arrival are rewarded, while the five who are not prepared are disowned. The parable has a clear eschatological theme: be prepared for the Day of Judgment 2. The Parable of the Talents (14-30) - the overall theme is end-time events, warning, and parables. "The direct cautions and warnings must be for the disciples (his audience)—warnings to be watchful and to be ready for Christ’s coming". 3. The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats (21-46) - The common futurist explanation of the discourse is that it tells of the Last Judgment, and the division of all the world'speople into the blessed, on the Right Hand of God, who are welcomed by the Father to inherit......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Theology Essay

...Josh Colvin THEO 202-B06 Professor Marshall Wicks Eschatology: Is this the end? 7/7/16 Although there are several areas within theology that spark immense interest, eschatology seems to be the most intriguing. Concerning the majority of the Bible, things have already come to pass, history has already been written. However, with eschatology, this is not the case. Because so much is known about the past and so little regarding the future, eschatology is nonetheless a mystery; When will the end begin? What is to be expected once it happens? Is this the end? Such questioning and wonder surround this ominous and looming subject that I undoubtedly and inevitably had to write about it. Throughout the entirety of eschatology’s longevity, philosophical presuppositions, historical indications, biblical evidence, and theological structure consistently unravel certain aspects of this topic, yielding distorted or modified views of this intense and difficult subject. Interestingly enough, because of its unidentified occurrence, suspicion and speculation arise concerning exactly how and when the demise of the entire planet will take place. As expected with any form of speculation or interpretation, eschatology obviously has some intense critique and competition. In other words, other sciences continuously challenge the integrity of theology, specifically philosophy, and propose substantial and significant arguments. Ultimately, it......

Words: 1910 - Pages: 8