Ethical Issues Relating to Marketing and Advertising, Intellectual Property, and Regulation of Product Safety

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Herb 502 Module 3 Discussion
Laura Susan Johns
ACHS
Herbal Materia Medica
Herb 502
Catrina Mianecki
February 09, 2014

Herb 502 Module 3 Discussion
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) is a perennial that grows in my area of Central Florida, and is one of the Foxglove types that produces the cardiac glycosides, known as digitalis. The plant produces flowering stalks, with the flowers growing on only one side of the stalk and having a long, tubular shape that hangs downward, similar to the fingers of a glove. Its name comes from the Latin, “digitus”, meaning finger, and purpurea, which means purple. Foxglove comes in colors ranging from purple to pink to yellow to white with purple and white spots or streaks on the inside. (Christman, 2000)
(Robertson, 2014)
The cardiac glycosides from this plant are positive inotropes, meaning that they increase the contractility of the heart, improving cardiac output, and controlling heart rate. It has a very narrow therapeutic window, and the adverse effects from too much of the drug are very similar to effects seen with too little of the drug. The plant itself is extremely poisonous, and, therefore, is not a safe choice for self-treatment. (Foster, 1998)
The oleander (Nerium oleander) is a very commonly used ornamental shrub in my area of Central Florida. It is an evergreen plant that grows quickly, able to attain heights of 20 feet, which can cause it to be quite “leggy” if not kept pruned. It produces flowers of various colors, including white, pink, and salmon, in the summer months (Scheper, 1996). The scented varieties have a wonderful, sweet, floral scent. Cardiac glycosides, such as nerioside, oleandrin, neriin, oleandroside, and digitoxigenin, are obtained from this decorative plant. Toxicities similar to digitalis intoxication are a hallmark of these cardiac glycosides, and the same specific antidote used for reversal…...

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