In: English and Literature

Submitted By ddi39digncp0i0ns
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Pages 2
1. How is the history of European and Arabic cultural contact revealed through musical characteristics in places such as Spain and Bulgaria?
In Spain, the history of European and Arabic cultural contact is revealed through the use of the instrument known as the Flamenco which is originally from Andalusia. The Flamenco is a Spanish musical tradition, accompanied by a guitar and passionate singing an d vibrant rhythm. The Flamenco brings together the strained timbre and heavy use of melisma which is typically in Arabic vocal traditions. Arabic influence is also revealed in the vibrant rhythmic activity of the style. The guitar became the standard instrument in the flamenco showing both Arabic emphasis on intricate melodic passages and the European taste for harmony.
In Bulgaria, the history of European and Arabic cultural contact is revealed as a result of its location. It is in Turkish Ottaman empire and gets style influences from Western Asia.
2. What defines a music as classical as opposed to folk in the European context. How has classical music influenced folk music style and performance and vice versa?
Classical music is generally considered European music. This is because classical music can only be successful where there wealthy patron and courts and is considered sophisticated. Folk music is often identified with the ills of the modern world. Folk music originated from classical music.
3. Drone is especially prominent in many European music traditions. What are some specific manifestations and how does drone relate to the overall sound?
The drone is used in Bulgarian women`s choruses. Each group in the chorus performs a low drone and melody. The drone serves as a low lying support to the melody.
4. Some folk instruments are designed to be easy to play but others require advanced techniques. Discuss examples of European instruments that typify both ends…...

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