Evolved

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Bluebelle09
Words 412
Pages 2
Associate Program Material-

Genetics Worksheet

Review the images below and answer the follow-up questions.

Questions:

1. According to the pedigree, is cystic fibrosis inherited as a dominant or as a recessive trait? Explain how you made your conclusion using evidence from the pedigree and the principles of genetics.

The disease, Cystic fibrosis is an inherited recessive trait. Each child of 2 carriers has a about a fourth of a chance of inheriting 2 recessive alleles. Any person with 2 duplicates of this allele will have cystic fibrosis.

2. What would a Punnett square that shows how the son in generation IV (marked with an A) inherited cystic fibrosis look like?

| |A |a | |A |AA |Aa | |a |Aa |aa |

Questions:

1. According to the pedigree, is Huntington’s disease inherited as a dominant or as a recessive trait? Explain how you made your conclusion using evidence from the pedigree and the principles of genetics.

The inherent dominant gene of Huntington’s disease appears in any child born to a parent with the allele and they have a 50 percent chance or better of inheriting both the allele and the disease. While it is dominant it is fatal when it is inherited in two copies of that allele.

2. What would a Punnett square that shows how the first daughter in generation II (marked with a B) did not inherit Huntington’s disease look like?

| |B |b | |b |Bb |bb | |b |Bb |bb |

3. What is the role of chromosomes in the inheritance of genetic traits, such as cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease?

It is the chromosomes that enable the transportation of the genetic traits thus carry the traits that can be disorders as well as the usual ones for eye color or weight…...

Similar Documents

4. Yes, the Company's Strategy Had Evolved from Their Vision Statement. Any Company Should Have a Goal, Only Then It Could Move Towards Their Aim Point, Which Is Nothing but Their Strategy.

...have recommended that Netflix make? 12. Would you buy stock in Netflix at this time? Why or why not? Starbucks 1. What are the key elements of Starbucks’ strategy as of 2004? 2. What grade would you give Howard Schultz for the job he has done as CEO of Starbucks? Be prepared to support your answer based on how well (or not so well) he has performed the five tasks of strategic management discussed in Chapter 2. 3. What was Howard Schultz’s original strategic vision for Starbucks? Is his present strategic vision for Starbucks different from the one he had in the 1980s? How many times has his strategic vision changed? Is his present strategic vision likely to undergo further evolution? 4. Has Starbuck’s strategy evolved as the strategic vision has evolved? 5. What are the key policies, practices, and procedures that underlie how Howard Schultz and Starbucks’ management have implemented and executed the chosen strategy? 6. What is your assessment of Starbucks’ financial performance during fiscal years 1998-2003 period? Does the company’s performance indicate that Starbuck’s strategy is working well? 7. What issues confront the company as of 2004? What should Starbuck’s management be worried about? 8. What recommendations would you make to Howard Schultz to sustain the company’s growth and support continued strong financial performance in the years ahead? eBay 1. What is competition like in the online auction industry? What......

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Describe How Computing Has Evolved

...The first computers were people! "Computer" was originally a job title: it was used to describe those human beings (predominantly women) whose job it was to perform the repetitive calculations required to compute such things as navigational tables, tide charts, and planetary positions for astronomical almanacs. The first computational device was the abacus. This has been in continuous use for thousands of years. First Generation Computers - 1940-1956: Vacuum Tubes The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. Input was based on punched cards and paper tape, and output was displayed on printouts. The UNIVAC and ENIAC computers are examples of first-generation computing devices. Second Generation - 1956-1963: Transistors Just after the first electronic computer was built; the transistor was invented, enabling the birth of vastly less expensive, more reliable computers. Transistors replaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. The transistor was far superior to the vacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, faster, cheaper, more energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generation predecessors. Though the transistor still generated a great deal of heat that subjected the computer to damage, it was a vast improvement over the vacuum tube. Second-generation computers still relied on punched cards for input and printouts for output. Even with......

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

How Hunting Evolved over Time

...Hunting and fishing have been a part of the past and present of America and all around the world for as far back as the world dates. As far back as we can date, people have always hunted and fished. Back then they needed to because people need food to survive. Now hunting and fishing are starting to become sports. You may think that hunting and fishing can harm the environment, but there are many positive things about them. Hunting and fishing can have some positive effects and negative effects on the environment and economy, so if you don’t really agree with hunting and fishing maybe these facts will change your mind. Hunting nowadays is becoming more popular around the world. There are many different types of animals that you can hunt. In Pennsylvania most people hunt for white-tailed deer, moose, grouse, pheasants, turkeys, ducks, and geese. It is more of a sport now than a necessity. Hunting can have some negative effects and also many positive effects on the environment. Here are a few of the positive effects of hunting. Hunting provides large economic benefit to wild life conservation through hunting equipment taxes, hunting license sales, and usage fees not to mention all the money spent yearly by hunters on equipment, hunting trips, and guide services. Hunters also contribute to making the environment better by contributing large amounts of time and money to hunter run conservation groups that work to increase wildlife habitat and population. Hunting also helps......

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Reflect on How Historical, Political and Ideological Influence Have Had an Impact on How ‘Childhood Has Evolved Throughout History.

...Reflect on how historical, political and ideological influence have had an impact on how ‘childhood has evolved throughout history. Section 2. “Childhood – The period of human life intermediate between the idiocy of infancy and the folly of youth.” (www.thedevilsdictionary.com) Over the last 200 years childhood has change radically. I look at my own children and wonder how they would have survived the suffering and distress children in the early 19th century endured in fact, I wondered if I would have. Child labour was a common practice in the early part of the 19th century, children worked long hours in factories and because they were small they often had the most dangerous jobs, like climbing into jammed machines or scrambling up narrow factory chimneys. Children as young as 6 could be working 10 – 14 hour days. The industrial revolution saw many hundreds of people leave the country side in search of paid work in the towns and cities. This influx of people, more people than jobs available, created ‘slum type’ areas full of disease crime and poverty. In desperation parents sent their children to work or quite simply abandoned the child as she was too expensive to keep. Robert Owen, a wealthy mill owner strived to improve the lives of poor children. Owen refused to employ children in his New Lanark mill and offered them an education instead, so determined in his ideals, he took his views to parliament and managed to convince MPs that children employed in......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Humann Origins

...primates. Homo sapiens evolved in Africa more than 150,000 years ago. To understand the history on how did human evolved and how they adapt to their setting. Scientist relies on evidence including fossils, artifacts, and DNA analysis. By understanding these clues and exploring the data it is clear how much we are evolved from one period to the next. In the exbiht Human Origins at the Natural History Museum fossils and DNA gave clues about the earliest members of the human family. Humans were thought to be most related to chimpanzees and bonobos. But the DNA of humans and chimpanzees is 98% the same and 2% different. Many scientists believed the 2% occurred when hominids evolved from living in trees to adapted living on the ground. DNA is considered the identifying mark of a living system such as the human evolution tree. The DNA code is complex in its basic structure. DNA is a double helix structure molecule. It’s like a long ladder and twisted into a spiral structure. DNA molecules are sugar and phosphate forms the sides of the ladder. DNA has four bases: adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine that makes up various sequences. Only one out of every thousand bits of DNA information differs between any two people. This information shapes the development and function of nearly everything about the human body. A few million years ago, scientists found a half ape known as Lucy appeared in Africa. Lucy was an Australopithecus afarensis, a species that evolved from living......

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Task 1: Describe How the Debt Collection Industry Has Evolved and Evaluate the Impact This Sector Has on the Uk Economy.

...TASK 1: Describe how the Debt Collection Industry has evolved and evaluate the impact this sector has on the UK economy. The debt collection industry has evolved dramatically and it has a strong impact on the UK’s economy. One of the earliest examples of credit goes back to 1572 when moneylenders and pawnbrokers provided ‘survival’ credit however it was not until the late 19th century that instalment credit became available and this was the start of the debt collection industry. Initially the debt collection industry was local based field collectors who would make personal visits to overdue customers. ‘In the early days of merchandising, the proprietor was his own credit manager. His customers were not numerous, and he knew most of them personally. To each applicant of credit accommodation he applied a threefold test. Can he pay? Will he pay? When will he pay? If the answers to these questions were satisfactory, the customer got the goods and the charge went “on book.”’ (Effective collection Methods). The tactics employed at this stage were very much by way of threat and intimidation towards the debtor. These were the early days of debt collection therefore no legislation or guidelines were published therefore the debt collection industry really did work on ‘bullying tactics’ and even threat of exposure to other people and the threat of bankruptcy. However the evolution of tactics employed by the debt collection industry is only a recent change in comparison to the......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Gjdlforgksgjjg

...ATOMIC WEIGHT OF MAGNESIUM LAB Introduction: The purpose of this lab experiment is to determine the atomic weight of magnesium by measuring the amount of hydrogen gas evolved when hydrochloric acid reacts with magnesium. The reaction is as followed: Mg + 2HCL  H2 + Mg2+(aq) + 2Cl-(aq) This can be demonstrated by measuring the hydrogen gas evolved by performing a chemical experiment when hydrochloric acid reacts with the magnesium. The formulated reaction includes; Mg + 2HCl → H2 + Mg2+(aq) + 2Cl- (aq) The major findings contributing to the experiment is being able to determine and distinguish what moles have evolved thus being the hydrogen moles evolved allowing the magnesium to be consumed within the reaction. Procedure: 1st. Obtain a 600ml beaker, add 300ml of water 2nd. add 30ml of HCl (2M) to the beaker and stir 3rd. add 10mg of Magnesium metal to the beaker 4th. Allow hydrogen gas to evolve, all of the magnesium should be consumed. 6th. Record the amount of hydrogen gas evolved using the chemical property dialog. <Include information that the reader would need to repeat your experimental procedure. Do not include any observations or results in this section.> Observations and Results Moles of hydrogen evolved: 0.000829g (8.29 x 10-4)/ 0.000411 moles, (4.11 x 10-4) Moles of H2 evolved = moles of Mg consumed Atomic weight of Mg= /0.000411moles During my observation I noticed that when 10mg of magnesium metal was added to the beaker a shaded......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Big One

...Write a 400- to 700-word paper explaining how the organism in the diagram has evolved physiologically to become suited to its environment. Make connections between physiology and the advantages that physiology lends the organism in its environment. Include at least two examples of the organism's physiological traits and the selective pressure in the environment for which it has adapted.Write a 400- to 700-word paper explaining how the organism in the diagram has evolved physiologically to become suited to its environment. Make connections between physiology and the advantages that physiology lends the organism in its environment. Include at least two examples of the organism's physiological traits and the selective pressure in the environment for which it has adapted.Write a 400- to 700-word paper explaining how the organism in the diagram has evolved physiologically to become suited to its environment. Make connections between physiology and the advantages that physiology lends the organism in its environment. Include at least two examples of the organism's physiological traits and the selective pressure in the environment for which it has adapted.Write a 400- to 700-word paper explaining how the organism in the diagram has evolved physiologically to become suited to its environment. Make connections between physiology and the advantages that physiology lends the organism in its environment. Include at least two examples of the organism's physiological traits and the......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

How Has Federalism Evolved

...How has federalism evolved? Federalism is defined as state and federal governments sharing power meaning that the exercise of power is by at least two levels of government within the same country. In the case of the United States of America, power is shared between the national government and the subsidiary government. Federalism has been constantly changing especially through the twentieth century until the present day with power shifting between state and the national government. Such free-flowing shifts of power is often critically debated as some states may resist national policy that does not affect their citizens favourably. For example, people living in mountainous and extremely rural areas often blame the federal government for their economic woes as national economic policy is not flexible enough to cater for the great diversity across the country and so would prefer for more power to lie with the state. The argument against more state power however is the case of ensuring civil rights for all, as in the 1960s the national government introduced civil rights for blacks which was heavily resisted by the Southern states. A positive feature of federalism is that constant shifts allows more pragmatic policy making. If proposers of a policy feel it will not be accepted at state level it will be decided at a national level and similarly the opposers of a policy may prefer using state veto to prevent it being passed. This explains why throughout the twentieth century,......

Words: 1546 - Pages: 7

How Do You Think Mobile Marketing Has Evolved and What Are the Expectations in the Future on How It Helps in Building a Brand's Name?

...Basically cell phones are electronic devices that can be contrasted to a radio, it communes to the world by broadcasting and receiving tone of voice all the way through cell towers setup throughout gigantic areas. (Uses of Cell Phones, 2011) Cell phones in these contemporary world have become more and more popular and also one of the most desirable things for humans beings to have always in possession on the grounds that it has the capability to keeps in touch with family and friends from far of places, these days due to the development of advanced technologies cell phones are not accomplished only for receiving and talking phone calls, but can also stores important data, takings cameras, stores songs amongst other uses. Moreover, the moderns cell phones are capable of internets access, savings data and files and also it can be used to indulge into business and marketing. (Uses of Cell Phones, 2011) Mobile marketing has basically two definitions due to its evolution from the past. The first one which is relatively a recent one, is meant to describe marketing on or with a mobile device, such as a mobile phone whereas the second describes a more conventional marketing which is marketing in moving fashion, for example, technology road shows, moving billboards, or advertising on vehicles. (Mobile Marketing, 2009) Even if there are various definitions for the concept of mobile marketing, there are actually no commonly accepted definitions for it and hence......

Words: 2127 - Pages: 9

Land and Plant Evolution

...the ground. They also needed water to survive and were found most commonly in wet habitats. With the emergence of these basic plants, they were then able to provide more of a food source for early amphibians which evolved shortly after. Amphibians and insects evolved close in the same time-frame, along with early vascular land plants. The first vascular plants fossils appeared about 425 million years ago in rocks from middle Silurian. These plants had a few features that made them able to adapt well to life on land. First, the vascular systems abled them to transport water, nutrients and sugars much more efficiently. Also, they were able to synthesize lignin which made their cell walls very supportive. Therefore, these features abled them to grow larger and away from moist habitats. They include ferns, club mosses, horsetails, etc, and have true roots, stems, and leaves! One phylum of seedless vacular plants, progymnosperms, is believed to be what gymnsosperms evolved from about 380 million years ago. These are vascular plants with seeds. Gymnosperms were/are vascular with naked seeds. Many were (and are) large and tall trees, such as the conifers. The earliest had slender stems, sometimes branched, with leaves not borne close together, and then evolved to having leaves densely crowded together. The oldest TRUE gymnosperms, which produce seeds (not spores), first appeared about 365 million years ago. They also now had pollen grains to protect and transport......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Biology Essay

...Lee, Cynthia. “Walking fish reveal how our ancestors evolved onto land” Biology News Net Aug. 2014. http://www.biologynews.net/archives/2014/08/27/walking_fish_reveal_how_our_ancestors_evolved_onto_land.html This article was about how fish evolved onto land, which could have led to how our ancestors evolved onto land. About 400 million years ago, fish began exploring the land around them and soon, they evolved into tetrapods. Tetrapods are today’s reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals. A fish called Polypterus can breathe air, walk on land, and they look a lot similar to ancient fish that evolved the same way. For example, when the fish walked on land, they would place their fins close to their bodies and lift their heads. Soon, their skeleton changed to become more elongate to adapt with how the fish walked by supporting their head and neck. The scientists have hypothesized that the behavioural changes reflect what may have occurred when fossil fish first started walking. One of the main issues in this article was how the scientists were going to compare fish walking and our ancestors walking on land today. The main question the author was investigating was how fish walking on land could have led our ancestors in the same direction. The evidence that supports the findings is found in old fossils of fish. By examining the fossils, they can see that the fish adapted to their environment by adapting their skeletons to walk on land. Often, there was controversy about how......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Consumer Behavior - Analyze the Buying Behavior of This Organization with Respect to Your Product Discuss as to How the Consumer Behavior Has Evolved Post 1950

...Japanese women. Several teens have died after tripping over their shoes and fracturing their skulls. However, followers of the style claim they are willing to risk twisted ankles, broken bones, bruised faces, and other dangers associated with the platform shoes. One teenager said, “ I’ve fallen and twisted my ankle many times, but they are so cute that I won’t give them up until they go out of fashion.” Many consumers around the world seem to be willing to suffer for the sake of fashion. Others argue that we are merely pawns in the hands of designers, who conspire to force unwieldy fashions down our throats. 1 Analyze the buying behavior of this organization with respect to your product. 1. Discuss as to how the consumer behavior has evolved post 1950? WE PROVIDE CASE STUDY ANSWERS, ASSIGNMENT SOLUTIONS, PROJECT REPORTS AND THESIS aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND - 09901366442 – 09902787224...

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

How Computers Have Evolved

...How Computers Have Evolved Computers have drastically changed throughout the years. Comparing the first computers to computers of today would probably give you a good laugh. When computers were invented, the average person didn't use them. In fact, the average person would have had a very difficult time understanding how one operates. When computers were first invented you had to know very complex commands to operate them. The internet wasn't what it is today. Most of the information found on the internet today like shopping, games, and facebook wasn't around when it first came out. In the following paragraphs I will explain how computers have evolved. User interfaces have made some of the biggest changes. The very first computers were command driven. You had to know commands in order to do what you wanted it to. That is no longer true today. Today's computers use a graphical user interface called a GUI. You simply point and click. This makes it so people who don't know much about the way a computer operates can still use it. Using DOS commands was a very difficult process to learn. The invention of GUI interfaces such as Windows and Mac OS has made DOS commands obsolete. The size of computers have changed greatly over the years. Some bigger computer systems still exist but most computers are smaller and easier to handle. What once filled a room is now found in small cell phones. This is made possible by the discovery of new technologies and higher......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Humanities Today

...became of existence and evolve over time. Humanities can assist people in different cultures and ethnic backgrounds to recognize, understand, and establish the meaningful modifications of American history. It seems as if society has become entirely dependent on visible consumption and leisure and is being denied of how we truly evolved into the existence of today. The lessons that we learn throughout our lives are taught so that we can learn about the creation of humanity. The cultures throughout the world have been molded by historical events. Items such as technology set distinct areas that could be integrated to additional assessment of our history. Art offers our culture with a distinctive image that is custom-made towards our feelings, thoughts, ideas, and freedom of expression. The internet can show all the features of this. Modern museums were the first place for revealing such works of art, but now there is a constant effort to try to compete with the vast production of computers and the internet. Without human inquiry and expression, I do not think there would be a society today or a sense of humanity. When you think about how society evolved over time, someone had to start somewhere. Someone millions of years ago inquired about how to improve life and create a society. Human expression is a way to show one person’s emotions. Throughout time and history, we have seen a variety of ways human beings can express how they are feeling or what they know. Even to this......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4