Gandhi and Satyagraha

In: People

Submitted By kamelung
Words 1535
Pages 7
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born in 1869, was one of the world’s most influential figures. He led many protests that revolutionized the idea of civil disobedience, or non-violent protest. Gandhi rallied thousands to disobey the oppressive and racist British government as an Indian nationalist movement to free India. Under his leadership, the Indian Congress launched a series of mass movements: the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Non Cooperation Movement in 1920s and 1930s. The former was triggered by the historic Salt March, when Gandhi led a group of followers from his ashram on a 200 mile march to Dandi on the west coast in order to prepare salt in a violation of British law. Gandhi soon earned the title “Mahatma,” or Great Soul. In August 1942, the Quit India movement was launched. The British resorted to brutal repression against non-violent protesters. It was evident that the British could only maintain the empire at enormous cost to themselves. At the end of World War II, the British began to transfer power to the now sovereign State of India. Throughout the major events of his life, the concept of Satyagraha, or non-violent, peaceful resistance remained a foundational basis for all of his major movements. Gandhi’s philosophy of Satyagraha encompassed his most central core value and belief of the truthful pursuit of non-violence. This idea is displayed through the formation of his ideas on civil disobedience, his implementation of the historic Salt March, and his reaction to the Quit India movement.
Satyagraha provides a structural foundation for Gandhi’s ideas on the subject of non-violence and truth and the theory allows him to propagate his ideas in his several movements. Satyagraha is Gandhi’s idea of exclusively non-violent civil disobedience, and is loosely translated as “love force,” which implies that though the nature of Satyagraha is about…...

Similar Documents

Gandhi

...Jake Brillhart – Response Paper #1 Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar, which was a Princely British Indian State at the time. He was born on October 2nd, 1869 to a father that was a senior government official. Gandhi grew up studying law in London and eventually became a lawyer. He would then become famous for fighting for Muslim and Hindu Indian’s civil rights in South Africa. Gandhi is remembered as one of the most famous spiritual/religious leaders of all time. However, depending on the historians you talk to, their opinions of Gandhi will all be a slight bit different. During his lifetime, Mahatma Gandhi became famous throughout the world by enforcing civil disobedience, the ideas of nonviolence, and initiating protest campaigns for India’s independence; however many people didn’t know he was also very racist against African-Americans. Personally, I have always thought of Mahatma Gandhi as one of the most influential and religious men of all time. However, Professor Mann showed me that every good person has their own flaws as well. Professor Mann told us a shocking story about when Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, was on his death bed and was sickly ill. His father had been one of Gandhi’s main influences throughout his life so one would think that Gandhi would be right by his father’s side during his last moments. However, Gandhi was actually in another room losing his virginity. This story just......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Mahatma Gandhi

...Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (lahir di Porbandar, Gujarat, India Britania, 2 Oktober 1869) juga dipanggil Mahatma Gandhi (bahasa Sanskerta: "jiwa agung") adalah seorang pemimpin spiritual dan politikus dari India. Gandhi adalah salah seorang yang paling penting yang terlibat dalam Gerakan Kemerdekaan India. Dia adalah aktivis yang tidak menggunakan kekerasan, yang mengusung gerakan kemerdekaan melalui aksi demonstrasi damai. Pada 1891, saat usia Gandhi 22, ia pergi ke London untuk melanjutkan sekolahnya ke jenjang pendidikan yang lebih tinggi. Ia mengambil Jurusan Hukum di Universitas College, London. Setelah lulus dari sekolahnya, Gandhi mendirikan sebuah lembaga bantuan hukum di India. Gandhi kemudian bekerja sebagai penasihat hukum di sebuah perusahaan India yang berada di Afrika. Selama berada di Afrika, Gandhi mendapatkan perlakuan yang tidak baik. Ia dibedakan berdasarkan ras. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, Gandhi lantas memanfaatkan ilmu hukum yang dimilikinya untuk terjun di dunia politik. Isu utama yang saat itu ada di pikirannya adalah bagaimana cara menghapuskan hukum-hukum atau perlakuan yang membeda-bedakan manusia tersebut. Untuk mendukung upayanya tersebut, Gandhi mendirikan sebuah gerakan yang anti terhadap segala tindak kekerasan. Di Afrika, ketika Perang Boer berlangsung, Gandhi berpihak sebagai tim “penyelamat”. Ia mendirikan tenda khusus bagi perawatan kesehatan. Setelah Perang Boer usai dan usahanya menghapuskan......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Gandhi

...Introduction Mahatma Gandhi has been a distinctive leader throughout his lifetime. His leadership characteristics have been recognized, analyzed and praised all around the world. He has become a prime example of a successful leader. In this research paper, I will pick certain theories to analyze Gandhi’s leadership. Then I will choose a “leader” from my circle of family, my mother, and examine her leadership using the same criteria. The purpose of the comparison is to recognize key leadership attributes and behaviors and establish an understanding of the importance of certain fundamentals of leadership. As I was beginning to research information on the topics of leadership and the basic ideas of it, I realized that I agreed with a lot of theories and opinions. However, I decided to take some key ideas and formulate my own definition of leadership that fits my perceptions of life, my cultural beliefs, my background and my personality. In my view, in order to be a leader one must have an open mind. One must have the ability to view situations from different perspectives. One must be able to think logical and free of clichés and acknowledge all advantages and disadvantages for all parties involved. In order to practice those characteristics one must get to know the players of the situation, one must get to know their mindset and their reasoning for action. What inspired me most about Gandhi, and which is also considered his most distinguishable and memorable trait, is that he...

Words: 3127 - Pages: 13

Mahatma Gandhi

... MAHATMA GANDHI The period from 1920 to 1947 had been described as the Gandhian Era which is golden era in Indian Politics even today. During the period, Gandhi spoke the final word on behalf of the Indian National Congress in negotiating with the British Government for constitutional reforms, and for chalking out a program for the national movement. Mahatma Gandhi was, and still is, an inspirational leader who impacts the world and as well as a political and spiritual leader of India. Also still the great leader in India since past to present. He fought for India's rights, and for freedom from British and finally led India into independence. Gandhi is very important leader, because he fought for something he believed in without using any sort of violent behavior. So he was known as a peacemaker hero. Also Mahatma Gandhi is universally accepted leader and an exemplary model of ethical and moral life, with a rare blending of personal and public life, the principles and practices, the immediate and the eternal. He considered life to be an integrated whole, growing from truth to truth every day in moral and spiritual status. Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. After finishing his early education in India, he sailed to England in 1891 and qualified as Barrister. In 1894, Gandhi went to South Africa in connection with a law suit.The political career of Gandhi started in South Africa where he launched a Civil Disobedience......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Mahatma Gandhi

...spirit of democracy is not a mechanical thing to be adjusted by abolition of forms. It requires change of heart.” Mahatma Gandhi The real name of Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He also knew as Father of the Nation, Bapu (Father) and Gandhiji. The word Mahatma (often employed in ordinary journalistic usage without any definite article, as if it were Mohandas Gandhi’s first name) is actually the Sanskrit word for “Great Soul.” Mohandas Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha (fast, civil disobedience), a non-violent way of protesting against injustices. satyagraha would resist the injustice by refusing to follow an unjust law. In doing so, he would not be angry, would put up freely with physical assaults to his person and the confiscation of his property, and would not use foul language to smear his opponent. A practitioner of satyagraha also would never take advantage of an opponent's problems. The goal was not for there to be a winner and loser of the battle, but rather, that all would eventually see and understand the "truth" and agree to rescind the unjust law. “My religion is based on truth and non-violence. Truth is my God. Non-violence is the means of realising Him.” Mahatma Gandhi. While in India, Gandhi's obvious virtue, simplistic lifestyle, and minimal dress endeared him to the people. He spent......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Gandhi

...period, but unlike Hitler, Lenin, and Zedong, his goal was the spreading of democracy using nonviolent tactics throughout his nation as well as across the world; this leader was Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was a rebel, who successfully gained a large following and much support without formulating any violent war plans, or issuing violent attacks on the opposition. According to many of his writings, nonviolence and morality are the keys to achieving unity. Various peoples, such as Muslims and Jews, have encountered various situations throughout history where Gandhi felt as if using tactics other than war would be considerably effective and beneficial to the overall goal of unity and liberty as long as a strong following aided in the process. Mahatma Gandhi: Selected Political Writing focuses on the different values that Gandhi practiced, as well as preached. Much of these values were critical during a time period when many nations were experiencing turmoil, and many people were not sure how and who to trust. The writings cast Gandhi as more than a spiritual leader, but also a political leader. Through his writings, it is evident that Gandhi had a negative view in regards to the way in which communism was being spread. This communism focused on economic inequality among the varying classes, and Gandhi sought to have this eliminated. Gandhi’s teachings were very important to his period and generation, due to the fact that the leaders attempting to spread communism at the......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Gandhi

...Mohandas Gandhi est un avocat courageux qui a fait beaucoup pour son people. Il est né le 2 octobre, en 1869. 1. Les droits politiques et libertés civiques des peuples indiens n’étaient pas respectés. Les indiens étaient traités comme des citoyens inférieurs. Les indiens n’avaient pas des représentants dans le gouvernement. Ils ne pouvaient pas participer dans les décisions politiques. Gandhi s’oppose au gouvernement britannique et sa politique coloniale avec la politique de la résistance pacifique, non-violente. LIGNE DE TEMPS En 1891, Il a essayé de commencer un cabinet de droit mais il n’a pas réussi. Alors il a pris un emploi en Inde et il était envoyé en Afrique du Sud. Gandhi était extrêmement consternée par la discrimination qu’il a expérimentée comme un immigrant indien. Au tribunal, la juge a exigé qu’il retire son turban et Gandhi a refusé. En conséquence, il a été battu par un homme blanc. Ça c’est quand Gandhi a eu assez et il a réalisé que les personnes d’un couleur de peau différent étaient traité comme des inférieurs. En 1906, il a initié son mouvement Satyagraha contre le gouvernement Natal, qui était le gouvernement qui a essayé à établir une loi pour asservir les indiens qui habitent en Afrique de Sud. Le 11 septembre était la date de la réunion où les indiens discutaient comment ils pouvaient contester la loi. En 1914, Gandhi a conclu un accord avec le gouvernement Natal pour réduire la discrimination anti-indien. L’Inde était toujours sous......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Gandhi

...Mohandas Gandhi | A Natural Leader | | Few men have ever had as much of an effect on our world as Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), though he used the message of peace and love, rather than war and destruction. One time a prominent lawyer in South Africa, Gandhi gave up practicing law and returned to India in order to help ease the suffering of the repressed people of his homeland. Gandhi's love for people and his religious fervor made him a revolutionary in many of his ideas and actions. He desired to see India freed from British rule in a bloodless revolution. Knowing that violence only begets violence, he began the practicing of passive resistance, or as he called it, Satyagraha which means holding onto truth. Though many were beaten, arrested and killed, no one fought back. Over the course of his life he led three major crusades, rallied support for nonviolent strikes, urged Indians to boycott anything British, and championed women's rights. Gandhi exemplified many characteristics of a great leader. His love for the people of India was boundless; he wanted nothing more than to serve and help them. He showed that passiveness is not synonymous with weakness, and became a leader in the truest sense of the word. Perhaps Gandhi's greatest contribution to the world continued long after his assassination in 1948. Few realize that had it not been for his influence, we may have never witnessed in this country Martin Luther King Junior's I have a dream speech, the......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Gandhi

...Eduardo Ortiz-Montelongo English 1A: Essay #1 Professor Gomez 28 September 2010 Both Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. were goal-oriented leaders. Gandhi desired self-rule for India. King wanted first class citizenship for African Americans. Instead of separating religion and politics, both men incorporated both in their leadership roles. Both men chose nonviolence as their strategy because they had felt that it was the only practical solution capable of achieving their objectives. The ideas of nonviolent movements were difficult to achieve, but they were not impossible to accomplish which is shown in the work of these two great leaders Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Two men from two different time periods but yet they have the same views on how to establish a nonviolent movement. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. were civil right activists who took a form of action to obtain equal rights amongst their society. The way they handled nonviolent situations was by taking a non direct action. Also the sacrifice that they had to go through whether it had been by being passive resistance or simply by injustice laws that had to be broken. Gandhi developed his theory of Satyagraha (“soul force”), which implicates social justice through love as well as suffering the consequences. Having to read two distinct stories at distinct time they both manage to have something in common which is CHANGE. We end with MLK- demanding that the actions for equal rights will......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Gandhi

...Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as “Mahatma (Great soul) Gandhi” or “Bapu (Father of the nation)” was the leader of Freedom fight and Indian Nationalism on the British rule in India. Mahatma Gandhi was the primary leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in India. He was the youngest child for his parents Mohandas Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. He spent his childhood and his schooling in the city of Porbandar. Gandhi in his own biography describes his father as lover of his clan, truthful, brave and generous, but short-tempered, incorruptible and his mother being a very religious person. He also describes her as having very strong commonsense and highly intelligent. His father died before Gandhi could finish his schooling, and at thirteen he was married to  Kasturbai, who was of the same age as Mohandas himself . She was illiterate. By nature she was simple, independent, persevering. They had 4 children together. At age 18, Gandhi left India, in order to study to become a barrister (lawyer) in London. His three-year stay in London he was a serious student and living a very simple lifestyle and stayed as a vegetarian. Gandhi successfully passed the bar on June 10, 1891 and sailed back to India. For the next two years, Gandhi attempted to practice law in India. Unfortunately, Gandhi found that he lacked both knowledge of Indian law and self-confidence......

Words: 2147 - Pages: 9

Mahatma Gandhi

... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Born October 2, 1869 Porbandar, Gujarat, British Indian Empire Died January 30, 1948 (aged 78) New Delhi, India Cause of death Shooting Nationality Indian Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Hindi: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी; Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a leader of nationalism in British-ruled India. He is more commonly called Mahatma Gandhi;[1] mahatma is an honorific meaning "high-souled" or "venerable" in Sanskrit. He was first called this in 1914 in South Africa. He is also called Bapu in India (Gujarati endearment for "father", "papa"). He was the Martyr of the Nation since 1948. Rabindranath Tagore gave him this name.[2] Gandhi was one of the most important people involved in the movement for the independence of India. He was a non-violent activist, who led the independence movement through a non-violent protest. Early life Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.[3] Several members of his family worked for the government of the state. When Gandhi was 18 years old, he went to England to study law.[4] After he became a lawyer, he went to the British colony of South Africa where he experienced laws that said people with dark skin had fewer rights than people with light skin. He decided then to become a political activist, so he could help change these unfair laws. He created a powerful, non-violent movement. During Gandhi's life, India was a colony of the United Kingdom...

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Gandhi

...another.” -Arun Gandhi (Mohandas K. Gandhi’s grandson) Gandhi is a name that transcends country, state and continental borders. His messages and practices have created a legacy that impacts the world to this day. The method of nonviolence demonstrated in the Salt March shaped the Civil Rights Movement and continues to influence social change. How can one man ignite such vast empowerment within a population that had been oppressed by British rule for over seventy years? Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the village of Probandar. At the time, around two thirds of India was ruled by the British Empire, referred to as British Raj (BBC News). Probandar was a minority within India; it was a princely state meaning the land legally belonged to India, not Britain. Gandhi’s father, Karamchand, was a local politician who was accepting of different religions; he had Muslim, Parsee and Jains friends. His mother, Putlibai, an illiterate devout Hindu, took her religion very seriously and tried to instill such beliefs in Gandhi. Following Hindu tradition, Gandhi was set up by his parents to be married at the age of 13 (Singh). In 1885, Karamchand passed away causing Gandhi to become the head of the household. He was sent to England by his family at the age of 19 to study law and attain a job to support them. However, elders in his caste did not approve of such travels, believing Gandhi would lose sight of his beliefs and become westernized. Regardless, Gandhi chose......

Words: 2334 - Pages: 10

Satyagraha

...Satyagraha How Gandhi led India to Independence by the Path of Non-Violent Civil Resistance Gandhiji, as he was known affectionately by his followers, most of India, and indeed, a great deal of the world, inspired such extraordinary group dynamics and cohesiveness that he was able to change, not only the lives of millions; but, with his compassion for all life, he literally changed the world. The millions of Indians who treated and acted upon his word as if it were supreme command did so because he “was a man who did what he said and lived an exemplary and transparent life.” (Kamat, 2007). Satyagraha literally means to cling to truth. “Truth can be obtained only by loving service of all, i.e. by non-violence. The values that Gandhi adhered to, lived by, and taught as a Satygrahi included; remaining disciplined in self-control, simplicity of life, recognition of the unity of all life, suffering without fear or hatred, and wholehearted and disinterested service of one’s neighbors. The vows that he elaborated for members of his Satyagraha Ashram at Sabermati are, of interest from this point of view. They were truth, non-violence, brachmachayrya (celibacy), fearlessness, control of the palate, non-possession, non-stealing, bread-labor, equality of religions, anti-untouchability (meaning that no one’s work was above any other, i.e. no untouchables), and swadeshi ( literally translated as self-sufficient; in this context meaning only to use home-spun cloth rather than......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Gandhi

...Gandhi was considered one of the great sages and prophets. The Indian people called him the “Father of the Nation”. He was a political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha- a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a small state in western India. His birth name was Mahadmas Karamchad Gandhi, but many years later the Indian people named him Mahatma Gandhi, when they discovered they had a Mahatma in their midst. The word Mahatma means great soul. There is much that can be said about such a great leader like Gandhi. He had many skills that were needed to make a difference in the world. Perhaps the most important quality that he possessed was the attributes of knowledge and common sense. These attributes made him a very levelheaded man who knew how to treat his opponent with respect while stating the issue at hand. Gandhi achieved many accomplishments throughout his life. Overall, the most significant was that one man could make a difference within his own country that received worldwide recognition. One of the reasons why Gandhi was such a great leader, was one must possess a great deal of inner peace. He was very capable of doing so, and in return, the opposing side listened to what he had to say. The philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi is very different than those of Martin Luther King Jr. or Malcolm X. Gandhi took philosophy to a further level, which......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

Gandhi

...Gandhi and the Independence of India 1. The director of the movie is Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough (29 August 1923 – 24 August 2014) who was an English actor, film director, film producer, entrepreneur and politician. He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. As a film director and producer, Attenborough won two Academy Awards for Gandhi in 1983. He also won four BAFTA Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. As an actor, he is perhaps best known for his roles in Brighton Rock, The Great Escape, 10 Rillington Place, Miracle on 34th Street and Jurassic Park. His most recent films as director and producer include Chaplin (1992) starring Robert Downey, Jr., as Charlie Chaplin and Shadowlands (1993), based on the relationship between C. S. Lewis and Joy Gresham (the star of the latter was Anthony Hopkins, who had appeared in four previous films for Attenborough: Young Winston, A Bridge Too Far, Magic and Chaplin). Between 2006-07, he spent time in Belfast, working on his last film as director and producer, Closing the Ring, a love story set in Belfast during the Second World War and starring Shirley MacLaine, Christopher Plummer and Pete Postlethwaite. According to some of the films he produced, we came to the conclusion that he was probably interested in developing films which correspond to a certain time in history and in most of them, war was one of the main themes. Besides......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6