In: Social Issues

Submitted By alyssakay13
Words 1454
Pages 6
Alyssa Del Toro
Professor Santos
Genocide was the term that came out after the Nazi’s Holocaust of World War Two, but it was not the first incident of Genocide, or the last. During the Genocide Convention that followed World War Two it was agreed amongst the world leaders that genocide would “never again” occur in the world. Time has shown that this might have been an empty promise however, and this essay will review the laws being implemented by the United Nations to help prevent genocide, arguments about why humans kill, incidents of genocide and how genocide is defined and, of course, the victims of the violent crime known as genocide.
Genocide is now defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as “[t]he deliberate and systematic extermination of an ethnic or national group”. The United Nations created a much broader and in depth definition in the Genocide Convention of 1948. They state that genocide is “…any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or part, a national, ethnical or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or part; imposing measures to prevent births within the group; forcibly transferring children of the group to another group”. Despite some flaws and loopholes in this definition, it covers the atrocities that occur during genocide quite well.
Genocide has occurred in: Armenia: 1915, 1.5 million deaths, Central Europe: 1939-1945, 6 million deaths +, Cambodia: 1975-1979, 2 million deaths, Rwanda: 1994, 800,000-1 million deaths, Sudan: 2001-present, 300,000 deaths. This list is not a definitive one and there are many other debated cases of genocide; including the colonization of the United States of…...

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...A Summary of the Rwandan Genocide Rwanda: A Brief History of the Country Rwanda’s population of more than 7 million people is divided into three ethnic groups: the Hutu (who made up roughly 85% of the population), the Tutsi (14%) and the Twa (1%). Prior to the colonial era, Tutsis generally occupied the higher strata in the social system and the Hutus the lower. However, social mobility was possible, a Hutu who acquired a large number of cattle or other wealth could be assimilated into the Tutsi group and impoverished Tutsi would be regarded as Hutu. A clan system also functioned, with the Tutsi clan known as the Nyinginya being the most powerful. Throughout the 1800s, the Nyingiya expanded their influence by conquest and by offering protection in return for tribute. Ethnic Conflict Begins The former colonial power, Germany, lost possession of Rwanda during the First World War and the territory was then placed under Belgian administration. In the late 1950’s during the great wave of decolonization, tensions increased in Rwanda. The Hutu political movement, which stood to gain from majority rule, was gaining momentum while segments of the Tutsi establishment resisted democratization and the loss of their acquired privileges. In November 1959, a violent incident sparked a Hutu uprising in which hundreds of Tutsi were killed and thousands displaced and forced to flee to neighboring countries. This marked the start of the so- called ‘Hutu Peasant Revolution’ or ‘social......

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The Armenian Genocide

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The Rwandan Genocide

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...Author/Editor Title Stanton, Gregory "The 8 Stages of H. Genocide" Title of Website Site Publisher Genocide Watch Genocide Watch Publication Date Medium Date Accessed Quoted Material 1998 Web 17 Jan 2016 DENIAL is the eighth The final stage of genocide, stage that always follows denial, is a coordinated a genocide. It is among effort by the perpetrators the surest indicators of to ensure that their is no further genocidal evidence or witness to their massacres. The crimes. perpetrators of genocide dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, try to cover up the evidence and intimidate the witnesses. They deny that they committed any crimes, and often blame what happened on the victims. They block investigations of the crimes, and continue to govern until driven from power by force, when they flee into exile. Summarized Material Paraphrased Material In the final stage of genocide, denial, the perpetrators bury or burn their victimes, cover up the evidence and silence the witnesses. There is denial and victim-blaming, as the perpetrators work to avoid investigation so they can either remain in power or go into hiding. Commentary / Notes Questions / Comments for teacher Topic Sub-topics --> stages final stage cover up investigation Author/Editor Title Title of Website Site Publisher Publication Date Medium Date Accessed Quoted Material Summarized......

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...Final Paper Genocide Wade Harris HIS306: Twentieth-Century Europe Instructor: Fara Driver November 2nd, 2015 If anything could be described as a scar on the face of the twentieth century genocide would be that scar. Genocide is not the invention of those in the twentieth century, but rather the epitome, the refinement of a horrific act that the twentieth century has perfected. An act that has popular support and the backing of governments, so how can people who live side by side peacefully with others for so long suddenly flip and be able to kill their neighbors? Genocide is a series of choices, choices made by leaders to begin the killings, choices made by people to participate, and the choice to see something wrong and having the power to stop it, but choose not to. Many have written that it is deep seeded hatred passed on from generation to generation that always sits in the back of the minds of those committing genocide, things that may or may not have happened. Other scholars write that it is cultural differences that are ignored until a leader or group uses them for their own gain. (Churchill, R. P. 2014) Whatever the reasons, it is always the minority on the losing end, the bully mentality of a few whirling up hatred for someone else until everyone is in a frenzy and the rhetoric seems real, the threat conjured up is real, and the only action to keep things safe and secure is to remove the problem by any means. This is how genocide......

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Darfur Genocide

...minority tribes have been forced into refugee camps and left to starve and die. Many others have seen their houses and lives burned to ashes or they have watched family and friends being killed by the Sudanese military. Amnesty International USA has reported that so far, 400,000 men, women, and children have been killed and 2.6 million have been left without a home.  So how much is too much?  At what point will we stand up and stop this genocide? After 500,000 have lost their lives?  600.000? 700,000?  Has the world not learned from the tragedies that happened in Rwanda just over a decade ago?   There is debate over whether Darfur is considered Genocide or a civil war. This is a crucial question, as this will affect the way other countries will react to the situation. Another country does not want to choose sides in a civil war in fear that it will only magnify the situation. They do not want to make it seem like a invasion to reform the country. However in the case of genocide the world should call upon an international intervention. Genocide is a very specific term, referring to violent crimes committed against groups with the intention to destroy the existence of the group. There is no specific group in this case and Darfur is not comparable to the example of the holocaust, thus making it difficult to label the situation. Do not be the one to turn a blind eye to this catastrophe.  Do not let these innocent people suffer a quiet death. When the tragedy is this......

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Rwandan Genocide

...into Rwanda. On April 4th 1994, Habyarimana, the Rwandan president was returning to Kigali When his plane was shot down and everybody on board was killed. Hutu Extremists used this event to spark a massive movement against Tutsis Living in Rwanda. Soon after, Hutus solely dedicated to genocide set up an interum government in Rwanda. By april 9th the international community's only response to this genocide was to Label it as “Interethnic Killings” and to further the assumption that Tutsis were killing Hutus aswell. France and Belgiam immediatly withdrew its nationals from Rwanda in fear of their safety. After 10 deaths of “Blue Helmet” peace keepers sent in by the UN, Their force of 2500 was reduced to a mere 270. The civil war in Rwanda was labeled as genocide far too late, As the term “interethnic fighting” appealed highly to the western powers. By the end of the genocide over 600,000 Tutsis had been concsiously selected and murdered. In response to the genocide, The UN began genocide trials in 1997. The trials sought after key Hutu extremists thought to be responsible for the Genocide as a whole. Many beleive had the United Nations or other foreign powers been willing, the genocide would never have occured....

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