How Far Was the Labour Party Election Victory in 1945 Due to the Changes in Social Attitudes During the Second World War?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By katehargreaves
Words 969
Pages 4
The Labour party election victory in 1945 was due to changes in social attitudes during the Second World War more than other factors. It produced different political views to that of those before WW2 such as equality and the level of state intervention. This benefitted the Labour party’s electoral victory greatly and outweighs the other reasons that contributed to the victory.

Firstly, the social attitudes changed in regard to the significant leftward shift in public opinion and the amount of state intervention that the public wanted. The success of total war showed the public that state involvement was a positive thing and could actually benefit the public. The massive extension of State control, regulation and planning seemed to have led to full employment and a sense of working together for a common goal. Many of the poor population was benefitting from the wartime rationing systems and demand for materials and soldiers as it gave them a substantial meal than what they were used to and they were also able to have a secure income in the household instead of scraping by. The rationing system, along with the conscription of both men and women and the raising of taxes created a feeling of equal involvement and fairness in society, which reflected Labour’s socialist characteristics. The public felt that if these methods were so successful and produced so much positivity in Britain at wartime then they should also be applied in times of peace. Labour’s nationalisation plan no longer seemed wild and the public was beginning to accept the socialist behavior of the Labour party and the party was finally able to proudly declare that they were a socialist party. Belief in state planning and government intervention suited Labour’s ideas and approach far more than that of the Conservatives. The Labour party’s ideas supported the idea of tackling poverty and other…...

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