In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By gabriellanjeri
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Hypnosis comes from the Greek work “Hypnos” which means sleep , trance like state and is termed as a state of mental and physical relaxation enabling someone to access the subconscious mind, which is the part of the mind that expresses the way people automatically feel, think and act. The hypnosis theory has proven to effectively access the subconscious mind, and determine the conflicts in the mind causing the desired change either in behaviour, emotionally, physically and psychologically. Hypnosis has become essential in the clinical aspects, mainly in the pain management with positive results . This is due to the success of many laboratory studies and research, and the ability to observe the behaviour of the client, reinforcing the theory of hypnosis.


Modern Hypnosis began with Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) an Austrian doctor who used magnets and the view of transferring fluid in order to cure illness without medicine or surgery. As there was no scientific evidence to his work, Mesmer’s believed that it was magnetism, rather than the patient's own mind that determined the outcome. His first attempt to test his theory and practice in 1774 was with Franziska Osterlin and in 1777 he restored a blind girl’s sight. His method of fluid transfer was disregarded and declared as individual fantasy by King Louis in 1785. However, Mesmer’s theory had stirred interest even after he died, a result of which saw other theories emerge. James Braid in 1840 pioneered the first scientific study and named the theory hypnosis, and concluded that the previous cures were due to suggestion and not magnetism power.

Research shows that hypnosis continued to be applied and proved effective like in the cases of Dr. James Esdaile who used hypnosis to surgically operate 400 people which was a success. A further evidence was with Dr. John…...

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