Hypochondriasis

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tjhnsn32
Words 721
Pages 3
Hypochondriasis

According to Pub Med Health, 2011 Hypochondria is a belief that physical symptoms are signs of a serious illness, even when there is no medical evidence to support the presence of an illness. The individual suffering from this disorder has their attention focused a majority of the time on their own physical health. They have fears about their health that are simply not real and often times seriously believe that they are suffering from a serious illness. This disorder is consider to be among the somatoform type of disorders and is a mental disorder. They become overly worried about acquiring an illness, therefore a cycle of worrying starts to take place. They go back and forth between worrying about getting an illness and believing in their mind that they have an illness. This is out of their control, they can not and do not control these symptoms of illness. A good of example of how extreme a hypochondriacs behavior may be is attributing a headache to a brain tumor that does not exists. This individual has convince themselves that the headaches are caused by the tumor in their brain. Symptoms of hypochondriasis are as follows: history of excess doctor visits, recent loss or distressing event, showing excess concern regarding certain body part or structure, the area they are concerned with changes frequently, even when a doctor says they are not sick they it does not relieve the fear of being sick and may even say the doctor is wrong, may have experienced serious illness in childhood, fear of being sick or getting sick interferes with daily functioning such as work, school, etc., exhibits signs of anxiety, nervousness and depression. These symptoms are not with the individual's control and might be little complaints about general pain, body functions, breathing or noises with their digestive tract. It is important to remember that these individuals…...

Similar Documents

Evidence Base for Anxiety Disorders

...that cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment. In each disorder, published RCTs indicate that CBT has passed all three of the comparisons mentioned above (i.e. superior to no-treatment, superior to an equally credible alternative psychological treatment and at least as effective as medication). No other psychological treatment was considered by NICE to be effective in anxiety disorders in general. However, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (which some people argue is a form of CBT) was supported in posttraumatic stress disorder. NICE has not yet commissioned guidance for the two remaining anxiety disorders (social phobia and specific phobia) or for a closely linked condition that is common in primary care (hypochondriasis/severe health anxiety). However, the RCT findings for each of these disorders are very similar to those obtained in the four disorders that are currently covered by NICE guidance. In particular, for each disorder there are RCTs that show that CBT is: superior to no treatment5-9, superior to a similarly credible alternative psychosocial treatment5 7 10 11, and at least as effective as medication12-16. No other psychological treatment approach for these disorders has been supported in randomized controlled trials. Although non-CBT approaches have not yet received significant support in RCTs, a recent non-randomized comparison between CBT and two other therapies has been interpreted by some media commentators as evidence that......

Words: 3279 - Pages: 14

Anxiety

...Smith, 2004). * The emotional factors of anxiety disorder, according to, the DSM-IV-TR (2000), include exaggerated concerns and tension, which can lead to physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, headaches, restlessness, and insomnia. * The cognitive component of anxiety begins with the thought that happens in the brain that in turn stems the fear or anxiety of a situation. * The behavioral component of anxiety involves how someone reacts to a situation, by either coping or avoiding it. Somatoform Disorder Somatoform disorder occurs when the mind affects the body. The classifications of somatoform disorders include: conversion disorder, hypochondriasis, pain disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, somatization disorder, and undifferentiated somatoform disorder (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Hypochondriasis involves physical complaints or disabilities to suggest a medical problem but there is no biological cause. Dissociative Disorder Dissociative disorder is “a significant disruption in one’s conscious experience, memory, sense of identity or any combination of the three, without a physical cause” (Hansell & Damour, 2008, p. 246). The classifications of dissociative disorders include: Dissociative amnesia, depersonalization disorder, dissociative fugue, and dissociative identity disorder also known as multiple personality disorder (MPD) (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). In the case of Anna O. who suffered from dissociative identity disorder or MPD as it was known.......

Words: 814 - Pages: 4

Psychological Disorders

...the major disorders found under each classification. |DSM-IV-TR Classification |Description of Classification |Disorders Included | |Anxiety Disorders |Anxiety Disorder are marked by feelings of |Disorders include Generalized Anxiety, Panic | | |nervousness, distress, apprehension, and often |Disorder, Phobic Disorder, Obsessive Disorder, | | |disruptive attempts to diminish anxiety. |Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. | |Somatoform Disorders |Somatoform Disorders are symptoms of physical |Somatization Disorder and Hypochondriasis. | | |illness that are unexplained by a general medical| | | |condition. | | |Dissociative Disorders |Dissociative Disorder involve a sudden loss of |Dissocaitive Amnesia and Fugue, Dissociative | | |the integration of consciousness, memory, for |Identity Disorder. | | |events and experiences in a persons life. | | |Mood Disorders ...

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Psych

...Breakfast Club, Ally Sheed (Allison) Phobia of heights: High Anxiety, Mel Brooks (Dr. Richard H. Thorndyke) – OK Phobia of heights: Vertigo, James Stewart (Scottie Ferguson) Agoraphobia: Copycat, Sigourney Weaver (Helen Hudson) Agoraphobia: I am Sam, Dianne Weist (neighbor of Sam) Panic and Anxiety: Analyze This, Robert DiNiro (Paul Viti) Anxiety or PTSD: Bringing out The Dead, Nicolas Cage (Frank Pierce) Obsessive Compulsive As Good as it Gets, Jack Nicholson (Melvin Udall) Conspiracy Theory, Mel Gibson (Jerry Fletcher); alternate diag: Anxiety or Schizophrenia Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder The Client, Brad Renfro (Mark Sway) In the Line of Fire, Clint Eastwood (Frank Horrigan) Rambo, Sylvester Stallone (John Rambo) Hypochondriasis Hannah and her Sisters, Woody Allen (Mickey) Send Me No Flowers, Rock Hudson (George) Depression Ordinary People, Timothy Hutton (Conrad) – good one! Depr and guilt after brother dies. The mother also has major control issues. Everything Put Together, Radha Mitchell (Angie) – depr after child dies Afterglow, Julie Christie (Phyllis Mann) – depr after marriage fails Mrs. Brown, Judy Dench (Queen Victoria) – depr after husband dies Breakfast Club () – guy brings in gun; threatens suicide? But he maybe isn’t really depressed (more fun – threatens suicide but doesn’t want to do it.) Bipolar Disorder One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Jack Nicholson (Randle P. McMurphy) In The Best Interest of the Children (mother) Mr.......

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Analyzing Psych Disorders

...that have been approved in the United States in recent years deserve specific comment. One of them, risperidone, should be included among the first-line antipsychotic drugs, whereas the other, clozapine, is indicated only for patients who do not respond to or cannot tolerate the first-line drugs. Stress can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous. Anxiety is a feeling of fear, unease, and worry. The source of these symptoms however, is not always known. In Tom’s case, all the symptoms of anxiety are there. Tom experiences fear of health issues even though he has recently been to the doctor, and there is nothing wrong with him. Tom’s anxiety may be more related to Hypochondriasis which is an Anxiety Type and Symptom. Hypochondriasis - or as it is now referred to as "illness anxiety disorder" - is a type of anxiety that is often misunderstood. It goes by many casual names, the most common being "hypochondria" or "health anxiety" and in some ways it comes in many different types, in terms of how people think about that health anxiety and the symptoms it causes. Hypochondria -- the conviction that one is ill, despite all evidence to the contrary -- affects as much as 5% of the U.S. population, according to the American Psychological Association. It often starts in a person's 20s and can be triggered by a medical scare or the illness of a friend or relative. It then can wax and wane over a person's life, flaring up during stressful times....

Words: 1928 - Pages: 8

Case Study

...use emergency department for serious and life threatening illness. CDHP Hypochondriacs are people that suffer from fear of contracting a serious illness. The condition is known as hypochondria or hypochondriasis. A hypochondriac continues to believe that he/she is seriously ill despite medical evaluations and reassurances from the provider that they are healthy (Medical News Today, 2009). To a hypochondriac normal body functions such as a heartbeat can be perceived as part of a serious illness. Hypochondriacs normally suffer from depression or an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Normally what starts a hypochondriasis reaction is hearing or viewing information about a certain disease that one fears they may contract and obsessing over symptoms that for the disease that the individual believes they have in common with the disease. One of the individuals in a marriage having this condition will most likely have more medical expenses than the one that does not have this condition. For a young married couple if they are starting off and both work it is probably best to get separate insurance through their employer. Since one is a hypochondriac it may be good to start out with employer health insurance, but it would probably be best, especially if it is the female with the hypochondriasis condition to consider pairing it with a CDHP insurance plan. A CDHP is a consumer-directed health plan (Pacificsource, 2015). CDHP’s give an individual or a couple more control over managing......

Words: 1737 - Pages: 7

K-Pax

...Maha Farag Class ( ENG101 ) K-PAX Joe Camp 03/24/2015 K-PAX The intricacies and abnormalities of the human psyche have many mysterious ways to be healed. Iain Softley’s film “K-PAX” substantiates this notion through three events that render the way of healing. First, Doris has paranoid schizophrenia. This mental illness makes her refuse to leave her room. This all changes once Howie sees the sign of happiness and cure, the blue bird, an extremely unlikely occurrence. This chance event gives Doris the motivation leave her room, something that Dr. Powell had been trying relentlessly to accomplish, indicating that she is cured. Next, Ernie has a crippling fear of death rooted in his germophobia and hypochondriasis. This all changes when Howie strangles Ernie just short of the point of death, which sends Ernie to the medics. After this incident, Ernie realizes that death inevitably and unavoidable. Because of this, he must not let the fear of his demise impede on his livelihood. Finally, Dr. Powell does not have any communication with his son. This unfortunate lack of connection stems from his inability to confront and acknowledge his past. However, upon learning about Robert’s family history, and how they were tragically murdered, he realizes the importance of family. This encourages him to request that Prut invites his son to Christmas, implying that he is able to put his past behind him. So, an important theme in Softley’s “KPAX” is the resilience of the......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Dsm Iv Tr Categories

...Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative, and Somatoform Matrix By Mary R. Torczon PSY/410 Dr. Jones July 25th, 2011 Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative, and Somatoform Matrix A disorder is a disruptive condition or combinations of symptoms that an individual experiences that may debilitate to his or her daily lives. Some disorders are more complex than others such as hypochondriasis, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Anxiety, mood, dissociative, and somatoform disorders make the ability for normal daily functioning impossible. This paper will analyze the disorders of anxiety, mood/affective, dissociative, and somatoform disorders in reference to the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of each disorder category. Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders, which are many of the most severe mental disorders, stem from phobias or fears. All people experience some form of generalized anxiety or worry from time to time. Categories of anxiety disorders are general anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic disorder (PTSD). Inappropriate anxiety causes the heart to race, breathing becomes rapid, and muscles tense for no reason (AllPsych, 2004). The symptoms, such as excessive worry and fear, become a disorder when they become part of normal daily life. Cognitively, individuals may fixate on perceived dangers and threats. They may over exaggerate the severity of undesirable situations,......

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

Appendix H

...to deal with the family values and social ideas of certain societies. Treatments: This disorder is one of the hardest to treat due to the client doesn’t want to acknowledge weakness. The go to therapy to for depression but when they are in therapy they try to manipulate their therapist into supporting their sense of superiority. Psychodynamic therapist try to help them by working through their basic insecurities and defense. Case Study 3: Somatoform Disorders Causes: The cause of this disorder is anxiety disorder. Behaviorist believe that the fear found in hypochondriasis and body dysmorphic disorder. Cognitive therapist believe are sensitive to and threatened by bodily cues that they end up coming to misinterpret them. Treatment: The treatment for this disorder is psychotherapy, psychotropic drugs therapy or both of them. Cognitive behavioral therapist believe in applying to the case of hypochondriasis. The other treatments are also that they want to focus on the cause of the disorder. Case Study 4: Dissociative Disorders Causes: The psychodynamic view is that they believe that caused by repression. That they lock away the memories of the traumatic event so that they can’t remember it anymore. Behavioral view is that it deals with learning operant conditioning. That they make their mind drift to other things to get relief from the traumatic event. Treatments: The treatment for this disorder is psychodynamic therapy, hypnotic therapy and drug therapy.......

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Psychological Disorders and Treatment

...behavior we would deem abnormal is due to a psychological disorder. Having anxiety before a big event, performing, etc. is natural, however, when anxiety starts to affect one’s life and causes suffering, there might be an underlying disorder. Psychologists identify behavior as abnormal when it matches one or more of this criteria: unusualness, social deviance, emotional distress, maladaptive behavior, dangerousness, faulty perceptions or interpretations of reality (Nevid, 2012). Disorders are classified into groups, for example, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, dissociative and somatoform disorders, etc. that are further divided into specific disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, for example, is an anxiety disorder, whereas, hypochondriasis is a somatoform disorder. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that affects the brain and behavior. OCD involves obsessions and compulsions that are time-consuming, distressing, even impairing, that the person suffering from the disorder cannot control. According to Abramowitz, Taylor & McKay (2009), obsessions have four fundamental features: “they are recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced as intrusive and cause great anxiety; they are not simply excessive worries about real life issues; the affected individual attempts to ignore, suppress, or neutralize them with some other thought or action; and the affected individual recognizes that these...

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Psy 410 Guides Absolute Tutors/Psy410Guides.Com

...psychology. Address the following items: o Briefly examine the origins of abnormal psychology. Include challenges to defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior. o Provide a brief overview of how abnormal psychology has evolved into a scientific discipline. o Briefly analyze the psychosocial, biological/medical, and sociocultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology. • Format your paper according to APA standards ******************************************************** PSY 410 Week 2 Discussion Question 1 FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.psy410guides.com The Somatoform Disorders consist of: Somatization Disorder, Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder, Conversion Disorder, Pain Disorder, Hypochondriasis, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and Somatoform Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Choose two of these Somatoform Disorders; describe both disorders and compare and contrast them. You may include information on etiology as well as treatment. ********************************************************...

Words: 476 - Pages: 2

Psy 410 Bright Tutoring/Psy410.Com

...Address the following items: o Briefly examine the origins of abnormal psychology. Include challenges to defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior. o Provide a brief overview of how abnormal psychology has evolved into a scientific discipline. o Briefly analyze the psychosocial, biological/medical, and sociocultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology. • Format your paper according to APA standards • _________________________________________________ PSY 410 Week 2 Discussion Question 1 For more course tutorials visit www.psy410.com The Somatoform Disorders consist of: Somatization Disorder, Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder, Conversion Disorder, Pain Disorder, Hypochondriasis, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and Somatoform Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Choose two of these Somatoform Disorders; describe both disorders and compare and contrast them. You may include information on etiology as well as treatment....

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Psyc 406 Quiz 5

...Question 9 of 18 2.0 Points Key to STPD are traits that include magical ideation, cognitive-perceptual abberrations, and eccentric behaviors. A. True B. False Question 10 of 18 2.0 Points Somatization is characterized by: A.similarities in people according to skin color B.differences in people according to external biological features Correct C.the possibility of suffering from a yet undiagnosed physical disease. D.All of the above Question 11 of 18 2.0 Points The presence of neurological symptoms of disorder without medical substantiation may be indicative of: A.conversion disorder B.dymorphic disorder C.pain disorder D.hypochondriasis Question 12 of 18 2.0 Points Hypochondriasis is, traditionally: A.consider different by clinicians B.difficult to treat C.easy to treat D.maniacally based Question 13 of 18 2.0 Points Interventions for BDD might include changing avoidance behaviors. A. True B. False Question 14 of 18 2.0 Points Somatofrom disorder treatment programs and outcomes may be enhanced by an improved ___________________ _ understanding of these problems. Correctconceptual Question 15 of 18 2.0 Points A common perception of healthcare providers is that those with a somatoform disorder are a "___________________ _." A.joy to be around B.taking psychotropics C.expected to be psychotic D.pain in the neck...

Words: 453 - Pages: 2

Psy 410 Course Extrordinary Success / Tutorialrank.Com

...the origins of abnormal psychology. Include challenges to defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior. Provide a brief overview of how abnormal psychology has evolved into a scientific discipline. Briefly analyze the psychosocial, biological/medical, and sociocultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology. • Format your paper according to APA standards **************************************************** PSY 410 Week 2 Discussion Question 1 (UOP Course) For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 1 Times, Rating: A The Somatoform Disorders consist of: Somatization Disorder, Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder, Conversion Disorder, Pain Disorder, Hypochondriasis, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and Somatoform Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Choose two of these Somatoform Disorders; describe both disorders and compare and contrast them. You may include information on etiology as well as treatment. ****************************************************...

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Academic Performance Affecting Academic Goals

...since doing so requires psychiatrists to work with neurologists on patients with this disorder. [4] Contents  [hide]  * 1 Recognized somatoform disorders * 2 Proposed somatoform disorders * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links | ------------------------------------------------- [edit]Recognized somatoform disorders The somatoform disorders are actually a group of disorders, all of which fit the definition of physical symptoms that mimic physical disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. They are recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association as the following:[1] * Conversion disorder * Somatization disorder * Hypochondriasis * Body dysmorphic disorder * Pain disorder * Undifferentiated somatoform disorder – only one unexplained symptom is required for at least 6 months. Included among these disorders are false pregnancy, psychogenic urinary retention, and mass psychogenic illness (so-called mass hysteria). * Somatoform disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)[5] ------------------------------------------------- [edit]Proposed somatoform disorders Additional proposed somatoform disorders are: * Abridged somatization disorder[6] – at least 4 unexplained somatic complaints in men and 6 in women * Multisomatoform disorder[3] – at least 3 unexplained somatic complaints from the PRIME-MD scale for at least 2 years of active......

Words: 12343 - Pages: 50