Increasing Rate of Cesarean Sections

In: English and Literature

Submitted By golfinlou
Words 2723
Pages 11
Increasing Rate of Cesarean Sections

Humanity has been around for thousands of years and humans like most animals have existed due to the sexual reproduction of offspring. Women have been the mothers and birth givers since the beginning of time. They go through all the stressful acts of growth, hormones, and labor to give life to a beautiful innocent child that has been forming inside the womb for nine months. The child develops and matures through each trimester because the mother listens to her body, which is the most advanced technology that determines when to eat, nurture, and deciphers complications. The sexual reproduction process has always been the same for all women without change. However, the process and methods used during the delivery process have been studied, scrutinized, and practiced with the same goal in mind, a healthy mother and baby. Most methods of delivery have derived from midwife and doctor ideology being the foundation of the chosen method. During the medieval era, estimated infant death rate was near a staggering 30%. Death came in many guises for infants with most of those coming from bacteria and disease. During this era most births were performed by women because it was uncommon for a man to be involved in a womanly act. Therefore, the creation of a midwife was developed and they became the experts on birth. A popular delivery practice was to tie the woman down to prevent them from moving. To give and understanding on how new medicine was during this era; people believed it was good to cut themselves to bleed out their sickness. This method was supposed get rid of the disease. Unfortunately, this act created weakness within the body and allow that person to become more susceptible to disease. In modern day we all understand the importance of being sterile and the dangers of bacteria and disease. Along with the…...

Similar Documents

Sections

...Sections 224 Appointment and remuneration of auditors 224A Auditor not to be appointed except with the approval of the company by special resolution in certain cases 225 Provisions as to resolutions for appointing or removing auditors 226 Qualifications and Disqualifications 227 Powers and duties of auditors 228 Audit of accounts of branch office of the co. 229 Signature of audit report 230 Reading and inspection of auditor’s report 231 Right of auditor to attend general meeting 232 Penalty for non compliance with s.225 to 231 233 Penalty for non compliance by auditor with s.227 to 229 233A Power of Central govt. to direct special audit in certain cases 233B Audit of Cost accounts in certain cases Who is eligible to act as auditor of a Company ?? Chartered Accountant Sec 226(1) of Companies Act. Holder of Certificate under part ‘B’ States Act, 1956 Sec 226(2) of Companies Act. Sole Proprietorship Concern a) Member of ICAI b) Holding Certificate of Practice c) Should practice in India Partnership Firm a) All Partners are members of ICAI b) Holding Certificate of practice c) practising in India Disqualification - sec 226(3) * Body Corporate * Employee / officer of the company * Partner/employee of such employee/officer of the company * Any debt due more than Rs. 1000 or security given in favour of a Chartered Accountant for more than Rs. 1000 * Holding shares having voting power. * ......

Words: 1493 - Pages: 6

Interest Rates

...Interest Rates, Income Distribution, and Monetary Policy Dominance: Post Keynesians and the "Fair Rate" of Interest Author(s): Louis-Philippe Rochon and Mark Setterfield Source: Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Fall, 2007), pp. 13-42 Published by: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27746784 . Accessed: 28/08/2013 13:51 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . M.E. Sharpe, Inc. is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Post Keynesian Economics. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 140.159.34.46 on Wed, 28 Aug 2013 13:51:45 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions LOUIS-PHILIPPE ROCHON AND MARK SETTERFIELD Interest rates, income distribution, and monetary policy dominance: Post Keynesians and the "fair rate" of interest Abstract: paper In light of the growing interest in "new consensus" models, Post Keynesian alternatives to the Taylor rule. It......

Words: 7910 - Pages: 32

An Analysis of Exchange Rate and Interest Rate

...AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF INTEREST RATE AND EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON STOCK MARKET RETURNS: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE OF GHANA STOCK EXCHANGE A thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of COMMONWEALTH EXECUTIVE MASTERS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Institute of Distance Learning, KNUST JUNE, 2011 DECLARATION I hereby declare that this submission is my own work toward the Commonwealth Executive Master of Business Administration and that, to the best of my knowledge, it contains no material previously published by another person nor material which has been accepted for the award of any other degree of the University except where due acknowledgement has been made in the text. RANSFORD CHARLES ENYAAH (STUDENT ID No: 20103521) …………………… Signature …………………. Date Certified by: EDWARD ACHEAMPONG (SUPERVISOR) …………………… Signature …………………. Date Certified by: ……………………………… Head of IDL …………………… Signature …………………. Date i DEDICATION I dedicate this project work to the Lord Almighty and all my loved ones. ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all, I thank the almighty God for fulfilling his promises to my life and for granting me the strength, wisdom and knowledge to complete this work My profound gratitude goes to my Supervisor, Mr. Edward Acheampong (Lecturer, Methodist University College, Ghana) for his unflinching......

Words: 13267 - Pages: 54

Rates

...Air-conditioned Dorm-type Rooms • 6-10 guests sharing • 8 a.m. – 5 p.m. or 7 p.m. – 6 a.m. Php 2,000 plus ENTRANCE ( Adult - Php 200; Child below 4 ft. & Senior Citizen - Php 160) 8 a.m. – 6 a.m. or 7 p.m. – 5 p.m. Php 4,000 plus ENTRANCE (Adult - Php 350; Child below 4 ft. & Senior Citizen - Php 250: with complimentary breakfast) 4 guests sharing Family Rooms at the Annex B for DAY USE (8am-5pm) Php2,500 plus ENTRANCE 3 guests sharing Php2,000 plus ENTRANCE (Adult - Php 200; Child below 4 ft. & Senior Citizen - Php 160) Swimming Attire : • swimsuit • swimming trunks • WHITE shirt • garterized shorts • Food Allowed. Also available at DDSS Center. On Air-con Rooms: Alcoholic Beverages are NOT allowed. 1. 50% down payment on room rates upon reservation. NON-REFUNDABLE. Rates are subject to change without prior notice. 2. PHP1,000 incidental deposit upon check-in 3. valid ID 8 swimming pools are open during Summer for Day Tour (8am-5pm). SEE US SOON! =) ...

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Factor Analysis of Increasing the Rate of Nurse Retention in Taiwan

...nurse retention. Report after report identifies the importance of the nurse manager in retaining nursing staff (Boyle, Bott, Hansen, Woods, & Taunton, 1999; Corser, 1998; Cullen, 1999; Flannery & Grace, 1999; Fletcher, 2001; Kerfoot, 2000; Leveck & Jones, 1996; Slaughter, 2002; Taunton, Boyle, Woods, Hansen, & Bott, 1997). Further, staff nurses report burnout and dissatisfaction with their jobs and a concern about decreasing quality of care (Aiken et al., 2001; First Consulting Group, 2002). The data on the nursing shortage portends a health care delivery system in severe crisis. According to the American Hospital Association (AHA) Special Workforce Survey, 126,000 RNs were needed in June 2001 (AHA, 2001; 2002). Vacancy rates for nurse managers were the highest in the West (8.5%) and South (8.2%) in a recent study sponsored by the American Organization of Nurse Executives (HSM Group, 2002). Reports documenting the shortage of nurse managers and challenges for the chief nurse executive to maintain clinical services are emerging. In a management case study, Silvetti, Rudan, Frederickson, and Sullivan (2000) articulated concern with the development of nurse managers and the decreasing numbers of qualified managers to handle the expanded and multifaceted responsibilities. With the plethora of health system problems affecting patient care and nursing, today's nurse manager is on the front line, the firing line. As the department manager, the expectation of the......

Words: 4465 - Pages: 18

Address the Increasing

...Purpose – To address the increasing need for novel approaches to leadership that deal with the challenges organizations face as they flatten, diversify, and confront increasingly complex problems. Design/methodology/approach – A meso-level theoretical model is developed that outlines the relationship between self- and shared leadership, focusing on the intermediary processes of trust, potency, and commitment that may lead to the development of shared leadership and ultimately more innovative knowledge creation. Findings – Nine propositions are developed, addressing the relationships between self- and shared leadership, concluding with some of the theoretical and practical implications of the model and specific recommendations for future empirical work in this area. Research limitations/implications – An important boundary condition of the model is that it assumes team and organizational incentives are in place to encourage team building and the facilitation of team over individual achievements. Practical implications – Conceptualizing leadership in this way leads to numerous unanswered questions regarding how team dynamics influence, and are influenced by, various forms of leadership (including lateral, upward, and downward influence attempts). Greater dialogue between the team dynamics literature and the leadership literature may lead to new insights into how shared leadership is influenced by a variety of team characteristics, including team ability, size,......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Exchange Rate

...Abstract INTRODUCTION When first looking at an exchange rates, and foreign exchange, there are a few questions which must be considered. What factors affect the demand and supply of Australian dollars in the foreign exchange markets? Distinguish between the possible causes and effects of currency depreciation and a currency appreciation on the Australian economy. What forces have come into play, if any, in the past few years that have affected the value of the Australian dollar? In addition to looking further into those questions, it is helpful to know what the word Exchange Rate means; it is defined as, “The rate at which one unit of domestic currency is exchanged for a given amount of foreign currency.”  A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR Until 1971, the Australian dollar (AUD) was “pegged” to the British pound. This meant that the AUD rose or fell in line with the pound. In 1971, the AUD became pegged to the US dollar instead. These currencies were fixed currencies, which meant that the Australian currency would only change value when a major world currency also changed. This system lasted only until 1974 when the AUD became pegged to a trade-weighted selection of other currencies. This was still a fixed currency. In 1976 this selection of currencies became moveable. Small shifts were able to take place when needed. In 1983 the AUD became a floating currency. This means that the value of the dollar is determined by supply and demand. Initially, the......

Words: 3252 - Pages: 14

Rate

...Title: The effect of the concentration of hydrogen peroxide on the rate of reaction of catalase from potato Focus question: How will the concentration of the substrate hydrogen peroxide affects the rate of reaction of the enzyme catalase. Apparatus/Materials: Goggles, Lab coat, Potato, Core, 100mL beaker, Hose and stopper, Different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (3.0%, 6.0% and 9.0%), Gas collecting tube Variables: Dependent variable: (1) rate of oxygen production Independent variable: (1) Concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (3.0%, 6.0% and 9.0%) Controlled variable: (1) The size and mass of the potato slices (2) The amount of time each experiment was left (3) The volume of hydrogen peroxide placed in the cylinder (4) The size of the test tubes (5) Temperature was left constant at room temperature (optimum temperature for catalase) Procedure: 1. The lab coat and googles were put on 2. A potato was sliced into two equal pieces using a core 3. The potato slices was placed into a test tube 4. The gas collection tube was completely filled with water and placed into a 100mL beaker which was also filled with water. 5. The hose in the ‘stopper and hose’ was placed in the gas collection tube 6. 10 mL of 3%  hydrogen peroxide was added and the stopper was immediately attached to the test tube as seen in the diagram below 7. The amount of oxygen produced was measured every minute for five minutes 8.......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Increasing Employee Retention

...Increasing Employee Retention via Employee Motivation Case Study: - Sambian Partners In Partial Fulfillment of Requirement For MGT510 - Managerial Communication Skills Dr. Troy Rawlins Sullivan University September 6, 2014 By: Tanmoy Gangolli Executive Summary For a company to succeed, its key focus should be on its employees. Employees are the most important part of any company, and keeping them happy and motivated must be a priority for the senior management. I am reminded of a quote by John Maxwell, “Leaders must be close enough to relate to others, but far enough ahead to motivate them.” For Sambian Partners (SP), an established architecture and engineering firm started its journey around the late 1970s. The company was successful, but over the years they started to lose its top talent to its competition. The goal of this proposal is to provide insight into the primary cause behind the high turnover rate at SP and to offer recommendations based on available research. Increasing Employee Retention via Employee Motivation Introduction: ------------------------------------------------- Started in 1975, by Mr. Gasbarian, now run by his daughter Helen. ------------------------------------------------- Sambian Partners (SP) was a top notch architecture and engineering firm. In 1975, Peter Gasbarian founded Sambian, an architecture and engineering firm. To compete with its top competitor J&N, Mr. Gasbarian hired young talent by luring them in......

Words: 1914 - Pages: 8

Discuss the Extent to Which a Reduction in the Rate of Interest Can Be Effective in Increasing Consumer Expenditure and Investment

...on capital good such as new machines etc. Finally the definition of interest rates is the proportion of a loan that is charged as interest to the borrower, normally expressed as an annual percentage. In the UK the interest rates are set by the Monetary Policy Committee and are usually used in order to influence levels of aggregate demand. Primarily, you must understand that lowering the rate of interest will make it cheaper for people to borrow as well as make it cheaper to pay back existing loans. As a result, firms may use this money that they have saved to spend on upgrading the quality of their capital goods. Also, increases in consumer expenditure will lead to an increase in aggregate demand because consumer expenditure is a component of of aggregate demand. However, if consumers are not confident in the future they may not be willing to part with their money in fear of the fact that they may have to pay a large percentage on top of the amount borrowed in interest. This will lead to a low level of consumer expenditure because they would just be loosing their money. Also, they may have the mindset that if they wait it will eventually return to a reasonable level. In terms of investment this is very similar because it is just the same concept but applied to firms as oppose to consumers, if confidence within firms is low then they will not invest in new capital goods. Also, if the rate is low then it will benefit the borrowers significantly because they will be......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Section a

...Section A 1) This is a text where a person, who has been a frequent flier since he was 6 years old, tells us about how he always has been pleased with the airport and its security, at least until recently. He says that after 9/11 the airport security has entered another dimension - you have to open your laptop, take off your shoes, empty your pockets, loosen your belt and shed your jacket, and spread your arms and legs and prepare to be violated with that beeping wand pushed into awkward places. He says that just when you think all of this is enough, you have to think again, because you have to smile through the whole ordeal. Because if you do not, if you dare to complain, they really come down on you. He ends by saying that he feels sorry for 6-year-olds who fly today. 2) These three texts are all about airport security. In text 1 Shashi Tharoor comes with his opinion on how the airport security has gone too far in some areas. He says: “I do not mind strangers (even wearing latex gloves) sifting through my possessions. But must the most intimate items be held up to dubious inspection, accompanied by loud calls to supervisors?” and “Like that American businesswoman quizzed about her vibrator, colleagues looking and sniggering”. In text 2 Blake Morrison tells us: “Thousands of airport mechanics, caterers and ramp workers still have access to airplanes and runways without going through metal detectors or undergoing regular searches”, and he also says: “The easy......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

 Absorbable Sutures Versus Staples for Cesarean Sections

... Absorbable Sutures versus Staples for Cesarean Sections Victoria Fath Kent State University  Absorbable Sutures versus Staples for Cesarean Sections Introduction The Merriam-Webster Dictionary (n.d.) defines a Cesarean section as, "A surgical operation for giving birth in which a cut is made in the mother's body so that the baby can be removed through the opening." "Cesarean delivery is the most common major surgical procedure performed in the United States and elsewhere. Currently, approximately a third of pregnant women in the US and 15% worldwide deliver by cesarean, and this prevalence is on the rise" (Dana Figueroa et al., 2013, p. 33). Since Cesarean sections are incredibly common and are only increasing, the risks for complications, such as infections, increase with it. To try and decrease the risks as much as possible, this study aims to look at the differences between two types of closing material used in Cesarean sections; absorbent sutures and staples. Are absorbable sutures more effective and safer than staples for Cesarean sections? The purpose of this study is to compare absorbent sutures and staples for clients undergoing a Cesarean section and to see which material has a lesser risk for infection and wound complications, which is more cost effective for the hospital, and patient satisfaction. This paper will help shed light on this subject by compiling multiple research articles and journals to create a better understanding on......

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Sections

...SYG 2000, Introduction to Sociology, Distance Learning Class SPRING, 2016 SECTION NUMBER: 81306, 81307, 81310, 81311, 81321 PROFESSOR: Walt Ellis NO ON-CAMPUS MEETINGS: This is a Distance Learning webcourse. There are no on-campus meetings of any sort including testing. WITHDRAWAL FOR NON-ATTENDANCE: The course starts February 8. Failure to enter your Canvas course section online by February 14 and complete the Syllabus Acceptance Contract statement may result in a withdrawal for nonattendance (WN). If you enter the course even once and yet do not submit any assignments, you will receive an automatic F in the course. REQUIRED MATERIALS: 1) You must have the correct textbook, internet access, an email account, and Microsoft Word or equivalent. 2) Computer System Requirements to access my courses in MyHCC: PC - Windows XP SP2 or better, MAC - MAC OS 10.0 or better, Broadband Internet Connection, Speakers, Video player for MP4 videos or equivalent. Adobe Acrobat Reader for PDF’s, and PowerPoint reader. Additional information can be found at www.hccfl.edu/distance-learning.aspx DROP/ADD DEADLINE: February 12 WITHDRAWAL DEADLINE: March 30 COURSE DESCRIPTION: An introductory sociology course which emphasizes the scientific method in examining society. Topics of study include group structure, roles, social stratification, socialization, deviance, collective behavior and social movements, minority and gender relations,......

Words: 4949 - Pages: 20

The Increasing Divorce Rate in America

...Running head: THE INCREASING DIVORCE RATE IN AMERICA The Increasing Divorce Rate In America Mohammed Alsalman Saint John College, University of New Brunswick, Saint John EAP Level 5, Writing and Research May 25, 2010 Outline I. Lack of time together and incorrect views about life can be determined as some of the reasons that divorce is increasing in America. Couples in America are spending less time together than in the past which has lead to an increase in the divorce rate. A. Workaholism 1. Main priority is work (Young & Harding, 2007, p.7) a. Interview with a workaholic and his spouse about their divorce (Piotrowski & Vodanovich, 2008, p.103). B. TV 1. Favorite programs are so important (Young & Harding, 2007, p. 28) a. 60% having TVs in all bedrooms of the house (Young & Harding, 2007, p. 112). Another major problem that is causing the increasing divorce rate in America is people have the wrong idea about life. A. The priority of the individual 1. Individual happiness is priority (Young, 2008, p. 25) a. Divorce due to irreconcilable differences in first three years (Young, 2008, Incompatibility section, para.10) B. Love is good 1. The Cinderella story. a. Interview conducted with 500 American children about......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Exchange Rate

...(revised) OFFICE OF INDUSTRIES WORKING PAPER U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION How Do Exchange Rates Affect Import Prices? Recent Economic Literature and Data Analysis Cathy L. Jabara Office of Industries U.S. International Trade Commission Revised, October 2009 Cathy Jabara is a Senior Economist with the Office of Industries of the U.S. International Trade Commission. Office of Industries working papers are the result of the ongoing professional research of USITC Staff and are solely meant to represent the opinions and professional research of individual authors. These papers are not meant to represent in any way the views of the U.S. International Trade Commission or any of its individual Commissioners. Working papers are circulated to promote the active exchange of ideas between USITC Staff and recognized experts outside the USITC, and to promote professional development of Office staff by encouraging outside professional critique of staff research. This paper is a revised version of Working Paper No. 21 dated May 2009. The paper has been updated to include 4 lags in the exchange rate estimation, instead of 3, and a new equation for Latin America is included. JEL codes: F10, F12 Key words: Exchange rates, pass-through, U.S. imports Address correspondence to: Office of Industries U.S. International Trade Commission Washington, DC 20436 How Do Exchange Rates Affect Import Prices? Recent Economic Literature and Data Analysis Cathy L. Jabara U.S.......

Words: 6701 - Pages: 27