Influence Group Communication

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mifkel
Words 726
Pages 3
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Influencing Group Communication

Management
March 9th, 2014

Abstract
This Paper will describe the five bases of power and will identify which power bases are formal and which is personal to help explain how power bases affect communication in an organization.

Working in any organization, a person may experience at some time or another, either one or all of the five bases of power, which fall under the heading of Formal Power and/or Personal Power.
Formal Power is comprised of three main bases; Coercive Power, Reward Power and Legitimate Power and is based on the individual’s position and the level of authority related to that position (Robbins & Judge, 2009, p.452). An example would be the General Manager of a company having the full authority to make important operational decisions. Personal Power, on the other hand, consists of two main bases of power; Expert Power; base on an individual’s skill and expertise and Referent Power which is influenced based on possession by an individual of desirable resources or personal traits. (Robbins & Judge, 2009, p.453). For a better understand how the five bases of power affect communication in the workplace, this paper will define each base separately.
Coercive Power is a formal base of power, which relies mainly on fear. Managers and/or supervisors can use this type of power in the workplace, by threatening poor performance reviews, demotion, and reduction in working hours or in some cases termination. In an economic downturn with millions of unemployed individuals, this type of power can be an effective way for companies to increase productivity. Coercive power, however, can have a negative impact on communication within the company, which consequently will lead to low productivity, and high employee turnover.
In contrast, reward power…...

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