Intercultural Concepts

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1.) A) Explain the difference between Norms and Values as they pertain to society.
B) Clarify how Values might have an impact upon social Norms.

Norms is best explained by Dr. Fons Trompenaars as “shared orientation that is defined by a group of people of what they should do.” This means that norms is the usual behavior found within a society. This of course can vary from one culture to the next and is adjusted depending on the setting, whether it be an office setting or a home environment. For example, a work place often has a set standard of norms that all employees must adhere to. At times, these norms can be written in a handbook or can be unspoken norms that everyone picks up on once they integrate themselves to the organization. Dr. Fons Trompenaars defines value as “as the things that a society likes to do and when a group likes the ideas or beliefs of what they should do this leads to a value becoming a norm and therefore, leading to basic assumptions. This means any set of principles a person might consider of high importance, like honesty and equality is now part of the expected behavior within a society. Some cultures are driven by their values, which in return directly affects their norms and this become what is considered as acceptable behavior.
Norms and values go hand in hand and one directly affects the other. For example, a society might consider that equality is of high value to them so part of their norms reflects that belief by ensuring that everyone in society has an equal voice or respects equality. This chain reaction explains why social norms are influenced by the values of a society, which simply means that a group behaves a certain way, which is influenced by their values or what they consider important in life. 2) A) Explain what is meant by “Uncertainty Avoidance” in societies. B) Why do you think some countries demonstrate…...

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