Introduction to Sabermatrics

In: Social Issues

Submitted By derrickvijayan
Words 2853
Pages 12
An Introduction to Sabermetrics

by Jim Albert

What is Sabermetrics?

Sabermetrics is the mathematical and statistical analysis of baseball records. To understand the field of sabermetrics, one first should be familiar with the game of baseball. This sport is one of the most popular games in the United States; it is often called the {\it national pastime}. Baseball began in the eastern United States in the mid-1800's. Professional baseball started near the end of the 18th century; the National League was founded in 1876 and the American League in 1900. Currently in the United States, there are 28 professional teams in the American and National Leagues and millions of people watch games in ballparks and on television.

The game of baseball

The game of baseball is played between two teams, each consisting of nine players. The nine players are a pitcher, a catcher, first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, third baseman, left fielder, center fielder and right fielder. A game of baseball consists of nine innings. One inning is divided into two halves; in the top half of the inning, one team plays in the field and the second team comes to bat, and in the bottom half, the teams reverse roles. The team that is batting during a particular half-inning is trying to score runs. The team with the higher number of runs at the end of the nine innings is the winner of the game.
During an inning, a player on the team in the field, called a pitcher, throws a baseball toward a player of the team at-bat, called the batter. The batter will try to hit the ball using a wooden stick (called a bat) in a location out of the reach of the players in the field. By hitting the ball, the batter has the opportunity to run around four bases that lie in the field. If a player advances around all of the bases, he has scored a run. If a batter hits a ball that can be caught, or that can…...

Similar Documents

Introduction

...1. Introduction Summary of what the report is all about. The demand for food items industry is mounting by a significant amount. Eating practices, habits and trends are continuously changing with different constructs of living standards. Increasing fashion towards ready-made snacks, events, feasts and dine out is giving a real boost up to this industry. The topic under consideration is Gourmet Sweets and Bakers. The main idea of this report is to highlight current strategic plan of the bakery. Later part of this discussion aims at flaws and recommendations for amendments in strategies. Gourmet is a French word meaning ‘refined and manifest affection for good food’ Gourmet Bakers and Sweets” is the largest food retail chain of Lahore. It is one of the renowned bakeries and confectioner shops. Foundations of bakery are in Lahore. Lahore is the second largest city of Pakistan famous for traditional foods and enthusiasm for eating. Mr.Muhammad Nawaz Chathha laid the foundation of the business with a single outlet in Ichra in 1987. Initially the venture didn’t get a positive response and shut down. He started over again in 1992 in Muslim Town. He is the managing director of company and maintaining it with glorious colors. Presently,2 beverages production plants and 100 stores are operational in Lahore.10 stores and 1 beverages production plant is functioning in Faisalabad. Vision: “We are a bakery company with one goal in mind to meet the needs of our customers we focus...

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...Introduction The social networking sites are gaining a lot of popularity these days with almost all of the educated youth using one or the other such site. These have played a crucial role in bridging boundaries and crossing the seas and enabling them to communicate on a common platform. It has become a popular and a potential mean for them to stay friends with the existing ones and to grow up their social circle at least in terms of acquaintances. The question regarding the safety, privacy and the legal issues have been cropping up all this time. Through this research we try to find out the impact of these networking sites on the personal and professional lives of people using them. It is a very subjective question to answer and is very opinion based and the same is reflected in the research methodology adopted by us. The report is initiated with the definition of the objective followed with the research methodology used along with the research design, sample size, methods used for the purpose of conducting survey. It also incorporates the sampling frame and the data collection procedure. Subsequent to this is the Introduction to the networking sites along with a brief description of the most popular sites. Then the issues of concern which have come up along the way in all these years since these sites gained popularity are discussed. The various issues and concerns of the respondents are also incorporated there. The next part of the research has the literature......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...Online Marketing Take-off of online marketing: casting the next generation strategies Amalesh Sharma is a Teaching Associate based at the Indian School of Business, Hyderabad, India. Introduction The purpose of the old module of marketing was to dictate a message to the mass market. With changes in time, requirements, technology and expectations of the customers, the field of marketing itself has experienced significant changes. It is noteworthy to mention that marketing dynamics shifted from ‘‘farm centric’’ to ‘‘consumer centric’’ perspectives. With evolution in the market dynamics, it is becoming a difficult issue to choose the correct channel to reach the consumer within a specific target group. The ‘‘dotcom era’’ in the history of marketing will probably be remembered exclusively for its contribution towards innovation based marketing. The development of internet technology has impacted us by changing our behavior, decision making process, relation with one another and the way of doing business. The internet has decreased the distance between places, crossing geographical borders and allowing us to build and bring all the necessary things we require, and discarding all the old communication techniques. Highly intense information based market is forcing marketers to look at the world with new perspectives at the new opportunities. Diverse culture, social restrictions are no longer able to hinder the information flow. At this transitional phase as the world is moving......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Purpose The implementation plan has been developed to support the strategic plan of the Attendance Monitoring System. The implementation plan will be amended and updated as new actions are introduced and as developments are implemented to the system. The system tracks the performance of employees regarding their attendance on a daily basis. 1.2 System Overview Attendance Monitoring System provides a foolproof solution using fingerprint authentication with the use of a Barcode Scanner for input and affiliated with payroll system and human resource development system and provides efficient reports of the company.. The system records details such as arrival and departure of employees besides monitoring their attendance on a daily basis.  1.2.1 System Description Attendance Monitoring System takes input in a barcode scanner to collect and process data. Attendance monitoring system will provide the needed data for the payroll system for the deductions of the employee to be process. It provides reports of the DTR, the absences, and the leave of the employee. 1.2.2 System Organization Attendance Monitoring System has a barcode scanner that takes the input of the employee in barcode id. The system will monitor the daily, monthly, yearly record of the employee’s absences, leaves, and DTR. It computes for the late of the employee for the deductions. Learning is the basic foundation of knowledge it can be acquired in variety of ways like reading books,......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

Introduction

...CHAPTER 1 Introduction Introduction is needed when you meet new people or are in the new place. It could help you to know the other people and make a conversation. It will also help you to make a good relationship just by introducing yourselves. The problem, how to make a good introduction? How to make the addressee interested to make conversation? A. Varieties of Introductions There are two varieties of introductions. They are formal and informal introductions. Both of that varieties are needed in introduction self or other people. It depends on the situation and addressee. When the addressee is older, educated, or have higher status, you should use the formal introduction. Besides, the informal introduction is used when the addressee is your age or younger than you. For example, when you meeting a president of a university, it is advisable to say, “How do you do?” rather than “How ya doing?” Likewise, someone, who is your age or younger would probably say, “It’s nice to meet you” rather than “How do you do?” Here are the other examples of introducing yourself: Formal Introduction | Informal Introduction | * Let me introduce myself. * I am glad for this opportunity to introduce myself. * I just wanted to introduce myself, * I don't believe we've met before, * I don't think we've actually met formally yet, | * My name is... * I'm... * Hi, I’m… * Hello guys, I’m… | Here are the examples of introducing someone else: Formal Introduction |......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Introductions

...Introduction: Your essay on the text should always include an introduction. In the introduction you indicate what is to be the central focus of your essay on a given text. This may be done in several different ways. A. You may choose to define your focus right away in a very direct manner. "Miranda" tells the story of how the love of a young girl is destroyed when it collides with the cynical, pragmatic world of the adults. The story is an initiation story in which the young main character goes through a development which, in this case, involves disillusionment and loss of innocence as her sincere love is destroyed. B. You may want to start in a more indirect fashion. Perhaps with a central quotation from the text which leads you on to the theme. "But she did understand and she sat hating her mother, whose eyes and smile were telling her that making love with Michael was a natural but subsidiary part of growing up; that what she felt that night and since was nothing" (ll. 164-67). This quotation from the story "Miranda" illustrates what is at stake for the main character in the story and points to the central theme of the story, the destruction of a young girl’s perhaps naive but sincere love by the very people she puts her trust in. C. You may prefer to start with a more general description of the main idea/problem and then move on to the specific treatment of this theme in the text in question. "Growing up and entering the world of adulthood, though a natural...

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION As time passes by, technology continues to evolve. Because of technology, new things were created that sustains and lightens human work. Computers were created because of technology. Computers were the greatest thing ever invented by man itself. In the modern age, computers have become a part of man’s life. Almost all the things around us were made by computers with the aid of modern machines. From the edited books, design, special effects in movies, and televisions etc., were all made by computers. Along with the evolution of technology, computers continue to upgrade as well until the time that computer has now become a part of man’s everyday life that are hooked to computers. Computers can now edit documents to your PC, play mini games, search information you need using the internet, save documents to your PC and play online games. It’s like an all-in-one gadget that can do all the things you want anytime you need it. Based on the facts on Wikipedia, from 1990 to the present year, online games had a big impact to us especially teenagers. Online games have many genres, including FPS games, MMORPG, Casual games and multiplayer games. A game will become an online game if it involves in using a computer or a series of computers with one player in each computer to battle it out with other players using the Internet depending on the game genre. According to Wikipedia, an online game is a game played over some form of computer network. Online......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...INTRODUCTION On the job training or OJT is one method by which students is given a chance to apply the theories and computations that they have learned from the school. It also helps the students to acquire relevant knowledge and skills by performing in actual work setting. Colleges and universities require their students to undergo such training within a specific number of hours as part of the curriculum. For the students, an OJT or internship program provides opportunities togo through the actual methodologies of a specific job using the real tools,equipments and documents. In effect, the workplace becomes a development venue for a student trainee to learn more about his chosen field and practice what he has learn from academy. On the other hand, an effective OJT program also benefits the companies who accept trainees. First OJT or intern provides additional manpower for a lesser labor cost than a regular employee. Most of them are all eager to learn the ropes so chances are high that they will cooperate. Employers can use this internship strategy as a method in recruiting new employees. Since the trainer or the supervisor can follow the trainees’ progress, he can gauge based on performance, behavior and attitude if the trainee will make a good recruit after the completion of his internship. OJT’s can bring fresh ideas into the organization. Given the opportunity tospeak their minds freely and without fear, they maybe able to contributesignificantly in brainstorming......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Introduction

...home, school and work place. E. The relationship between Native Americans and whites. 1. Whits was the newcomers to Native Americans. a) Distrust b) Uneasy truces c) Violent hostilities F. The major issue whose way of life would prevail. 1. European a) Beatings, hangings , and imprisonment. b) The land would be developed further. 2. Native American Natural state, abounding with fish and wildlife. G. Forced relocation of Native American tribes to encourage westward expansion. 1. “Americanization” 2. Segregation and dependence 3. Reduced the Native Americans. 2. Early Encounters I. Introduction A. Difference between culture, knowledge, and lifestyle make first encounters between Native Americans and Europeans B. Columbus’s Ethnocentrism. C. The Native American population began to decline rapidly D. Las Casas protect the Native Americans. A. Massive slave trade of blacks. B. Native Americans survive only if another labor force replaced them. II. Cultural Strains A. An irreversible path to economic dependence ensued. B. A labor shortage C. With stabilization, relations between the two races became more stained. D. Interaction and cultural are diffusion. E. The disadvantage of the Native American. III. Differing Values ......

Words: 2177 - Pages: 9

Introduction

...CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The purpose of this document is to define the features of the ZANEANN Website. Here Visitors can see the publicly available features such as browse products, view details of products (Specification and Cost), and view other static contents of site. Registered User can view all publicly available features and in addition to this they can purchase the products by adding them into shopping cart. Admin can manage all the contents and Orders from the Backend (admin side) Types of Users of the website are: Visitors Customers (Registered Member) Admin 1.2 PRICE Simple Web design proposes a Fixed Price engagement model for the development ZANEANN Website Based on the document provided, we propose following detailed in the section Fixed Price of development of ZANEANN Website stated in scope section is [private] The pricing details associated with this engagement are detailed in the section Project Estimation Schedule. Scope of the Project The objective of this project proposal is to define the project scope of ZANEANN Website and to provide the Estimation. The advantage would be simple user interface that is easy to understand by all type of users. 2.1 SCOPE The scope document is defined after discussing with the Client 2.1.1 Design Goals The application consists of following main things: 2.1.1.1 Visitor Features * View Home Banners or Slide Show Gallery * Browse Products * View Product Details *......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Introduction

... Title | Page No. | 01 | INTRODUCTION * Objective * Scope * limitation | 2-5 | 02 | RESEARCH METHODOLOGY * Type of research * Type of data used * Method of data collection | 6-8 | 03 | COMPANY PROFILE * Introduction of company * History,vision,mission * Organization structure * Social Responsibility * Product * Environment * Certification * Achievement & Awards | 9-25 | 04 | FUNCTIONAL AREA * Human resource management * Finance management * Production management * Marketing management | 26-32 | 05 | LEARNING | 33 | 06 | FINDING AND SUGGESTION | 34 | 07 | QUESTIONARIES | 35-44 | 08 | BIBILIOGRAPHY | 45 | Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT:- The problem is preparation of the design of the research project. It includes export introduce to mineral water or mountain water. The project undertaken aims to find out the selling and marketing of mineral water or mountain water. The Act introduced to professional development for patents. In an effort to differentiate one brand from another. Some companies have introduced to vitamins ingredients. To sales with water flavoring about various industry efforts to improve. The naturals has introduced made with production and marketing reduce the products. The nutrition facts it stated that the organic shelled of introduced to the product. To the introduction of a variety of drinks marketed as......

Words: 3343 - Pages: 14

Introduction

...[pic] BU 353 - Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance |Instructor |Heather Graham | |Office | NA. | |Phone: |Ext | |E-mail |Please use MLS for all course related questions, and hgraham@insuranceinstitute.ca for other questions | |Office Hours |By appointment only | Course Description This course will examine techniques and policies used by organisations and individuals for managing risks within the Canadian marketplace. In addition to addressing how to identify, evaluate and manage these risks, the course will also focus attention upon the analysis of insurance markets and the incentives conveyed by these markets for managing risk. Particular attention is paid to homeowner’s and private passenger automobile insurance. Course Objectives Increase students’ knowledge of insurance and the insurance industry, develop educated consumers and prepare students for careers within the Canadian insurance industry. Textbook and Course......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Introduction

...12/10/2015 Introduction to Social Networking Skip to Content | Change text size | Contact ACCAN Australian Communications Consumer Action Network Top of the page Main Menu Home News Consumer info Our work Grants Events Members About us Search.........

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Introduction

...Introduction The word consumerism, “consumer” means the customer or user and “ism” means movement. In year 1920, the movement started to protect the interest of the consumer. Consumerism or also known as consumer movement, consumer protection or consumer activism are those who inform and protects consumers by involving in practices such as honest advertising and packaging, improved safety standard of products and services, and product guarantees. It is the effort of the organization by individuals, government or groups that help protect consumer rights to a fair business practices. The main objective of this movement is to unite the consumer, educate them and fight for their rights. In today world, it is said that consumer is the king and centre of all business. An organization priority depends on the consumer for its growth in the business sector and not on its survival alone. But in the real world, consumer position is treated differently. Consumer are more like a victim that are being exploited by sellers that charges higher prices for goods and services, supplying poor quality products, misleading advertisement and etc. Consumerism is important to consumer because it helps in protecting the consumer interest from the unethical business community that charges higher prices, keeping stocks to create artificial shortage and supplying inferior goods. Besides that, it also aims in educating them about their rights as a consumer and informing the precaution steps for the...

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Introduction

...Introduction Enterprise systems (ES) are large scale application software packages that support business and data analytics in complex organisations. These systems having maninted a large amount of critical and complex data are designed typically for high intensity transcation performance and high data security. Also, operational excellence could be achieved with the effective implementation of enterprise systems. This can be better understood with the given example – A customer requests company X (pharmaceutical drug manufacturing company) for information of approximate price for the order he is willing to deal with them. In this case, company X can not only address the plea of customer with the exact price but also very rapidly with the usage of an enterprise system. This task can be performed firmly as the enterprise systems help in integrating every detail such as client information, order, manufacturing, delivery, price of rawmaterials, chemical formulae, time taken in the inventory, packaging costs and many more. These enterprise systems can also be customized in special cases where the software systems doesnot appropriately suite the business needs. However, it is not advisable based on previous research in this field which showed the detoriation of the software system or low intensity performance in case of any major changes made. Thus, it is advisable to gain maximum benefit out of these enterprise system softwares by tuning them to the business of interest. Like......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2