Islamic Financing : Leasing (Ijarah)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nadyheart
Words 4835
Pages 20
Introduction Unlike conventional economics which focuses on profit maximization, the Islamic economic system aims at the “study of human falah achieved by organising the resources of earth on the basis of cooperation and participation (Akram Khan, p.55).” In other words, the Islamic economic system aims at attaining Allah s.w.t’s pleasure, while pursuing economic activities within the boundaries of the Islamic shariah. The Islamic shariah puts a heavy importance on the well being of the community and social justice. Thus, this also means the prohibition of interest. The prohibition of interest is one of the main factors that put Islamic economics in distance with the conventional economics. Because of this difference in nature, Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) have different types of contracts as practiced by conventional financial institutions. One of the types of contracts entered by IFIs is the Ijarah contract. Ijarah contracts are also known as Islamic leasing. Basically, this study is done in order to understand more the nature of leasing according to Islamic principles, and at the same time, the differences of ijarah with conventional leasing. In addition, this study also aims to identify the types of ijarah practiced by IFIs in Malaysia and also to see how Malaysian IFIs disclosed their ijarah financing in comparison to their counterparts in Bahrain IFIs. This is because as one ummah, it is important to have a standardized standard that is Shariah compliant and could be compared with all the other IFIs. Analysis was done based on the financial reports of the IFIs to observe the differences in the disclosures. The result obtained from the observations then will be used to suggest some improvements that could be done to improve the IFIs.
Ijarah (Islamic Leasing) Ijarah contract could be defined as a contract that transfers the usufruct of an item…...

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