In: Other Topics

Submitted By everlastingrun
Words 519
Pages 3
Lecture 1: Landscape concepts

What are landscapes?
Natural (natural sceneries) and built (well-known structures and buildings, ordinary sites and environments, human activities over space).
Landscapes are not just the natural and physical features of the earth’s surface. But also features of the earth’s surface that are produced by humans, both those that inspire awe (iconic structures) as well as the more ordinary scenes and environments. Landscapes can also refer to spatialised individual and collective human.

Landscapes can be materially and tangibly perceived as well as represented in a book, on a postcard, through a film, as a painting etc.

Symbolic landscapes are described symbolically by what it signifies, such as when it depicts abstract ideas like wealth, place to relax etc.

Why are geographers interested in landscapes? 1. The way landscapes take shape show the values, ideologies, politics of the society. 2. Change of society over time can be seen in the landscapes (past, present, future) as repositories of how societies function at any time. 3. Human activities 4. Geographic scales indicate importance of spatial scales to everyday geographies of people. 5. Power relations and politics
Therefore, landscape as a tool to analyze societies- ‘Geographers use landscape as a lens to study social life and change’

Landscape concepts: useful to understand how landscapes are experienced, and the tangible and symbolic values of landscapes 1. Real Vs Imaginary
Real: Have a concrete, material basis, part of social experience, created as part of nature or by humans.
Imaginary: exist in mind, part of social imagination, created in myths, legends, fiction, represented in paintings and other media
Both are closely intertwined. For example, imagined landscapes we see in movies such as LOTR possess elements of the real world as the…...

Similar Documents

Landscape Turned Red

...He is a pre-eminent American historian specializing in all facets of the Civil War. He graduated from Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio and was an attendee of a journalism seminar at Radcliffe-Harvard. As a novelist, he has concentrated on the military history of the Civil War, primarily focusing his works on the battles involving and leaders of the Army of the Potomac. He was formerly employed as an editor for the Educational Department at the American Heritage Publishing Company. Sears currently resides in Norwalk, Connecticut. Some of the other books he has written on the Civil War are Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign, and George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon. However, it is his novel, Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam, that we are concerned with here. It is a fantastic book detailing the battle of Antietam or, as it is sometimes known, Sharpsburg. The diplomatic undercurrent of pending support for the Confederate cause from cotton-dependent nations such as Great Britain and France isn’t a factor to be overlooked. Leaders from both sides understood that involvement by either country on behalf of the South would considerably alter the outcome of the war and create an intricate foreign relations web for all parties to maneuver through. Sears proposes that North and South sought a distinctive military victory to influence overseas governments weighed their options. Sears uses language that most all of us can......

Words: 2808 - Pages: 12

Landscape and Resources Memo

...Landscape and Resources Memo Laura M. Davis GEO/215 February 10, 2014 Renee Tan Landscape and Resources Memo The agriculture areas close to UrCity has, until recently, contributed to the reduction in overall city temperatures. Because of the significant growth of UrCity, this expansion has pushed agriculture further out into the desert basin. UrCity has experienced a rise in temperatures and changing weather patterns that are directly related to urban sprawl. UrCity’s expansion has also demanded an increase in water usage which has become a burden on existing water supplies. Many citizens have also noted the decrease in wildlife that has been typical of the city. This memo will address these concerns and offer viable solutions to the above noted issues. Agricultural Practices The farms surrounding UrCity have taken advantage of traditional farming practices. Monocropping, heavy use of pesticides, and large amounts of water have been keeping these farms operational and profitable for many years but at a high cost to their immediate environment. According to Sustainable Table (n.d.), “Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are derivatives of fossil fuels, including oil and natural gas. The use of fossil fuels is the reason the Earth is experiencing dangerous climate change (Climate Change). The overuse of chemicals has directly contributed to the problem of rising temperatures in and around UrCity. As UrCity becomes larger, the demand for land increases. This has......

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5

Economic Landscapes of Singapore

...Outline how the Singapore state has, through its landscapes, tried to ensure Singapore remained an integral part of the global economy; and critically evaluate if these landscapes have indeed sufficiently met the needs of Singaporeans/the world. After the Lion City’s separation from Malaysia, the Singapore government knew that Singapore needed to turn to the world as its hinterland. To ensure that Singapore stays viable, survives and thrives on the global economic stage, the state has implemented many strategies, which are reflected by Singapore’s changing economic landscapes. All these while, the Singapore government has always employed a top-down approach to its policy making; the economy has always been directed from the top. In the first industrial revolution, Singapore faced many problems like the lack of natural resources, lack of experience of local entrepreneurs and high unemployment levels. Hence in order to encourage foreign direct investment (FDI) from transnational corporations (TNCs), the government looked towards building a No. 1 workforce. This was done through passing certain parliamentary acts and bills such as the Trade Union Amendment Bill in 1966 and the Employment Act in 1968. The former was to gain direct and indirect control on the trade union in order to control the workers. The latter led to the lengthening of working hours from 39 to 44 hours per week, reduction of public holidays from 14 to 11 days, and stricter criteria for employment benefits...

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Changing Landscape of Unions

...Changing Landscape of Unions Unions have been defined as organizations based on collective self interest that focuses on issues relative to work and seeks to bargain on behalf of a group of workers to improve their living and working conditions (Fletcher, B. 2012). In the past century, evolvement of unions has been in part, the passage of much legislation governing union activities and collective bargaining including the Norris La Guardia Anti Injunction Act, the National Labor Relations Act and the Labor Management Reporting and Disclosures Act to name a few. Prior to the 1930’s, these labor laws were not in place and conspiracy doctrine and injunctions were used in attempts to deplete union strength including in house spies, yellow dog contracts and company lockouts. In current times, while union philosophy still parallels with the definition above; union strength faces many challenges. There is a need for unions to adapt to the many external factors affecting the workforce such as technological advances replacing workers and the affects of globalization on our domestic workforce. This evolvement needs to include a reinvention of objectives and possible reforms in order to broaden the appeal of union membership in today’s workforce. The last century has seen the labor union go through periods of growth and decline for many reasons stemming mainly from the nature of the economic state of the country. When the economy is good, there is more bargaining power in......

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7

Big Data Landscape

...International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 6, June 2013 ISSN 2250-3153 1 Big Data Landscape Shubham Sharma Banking Product Development Division, Oracle Financial Services Software Ltd. Bachelor of Technology Information Technology, Maharishi Markandeshwar Engineering College Abstract- “Big Data” has become a major source of innovation across enterprises of all sizes .Data is being produced at an ever increasing rate. This growth in data production is driven by increased use of media, fast developing organizations, proliferation of web and systems connected to it. Having a lot of data is one thing, being able to store it, analyze it and visualize it in real time environment is a whole different ball game. New technologies are accumulating more data than ever; therefore many organizations are looking forward to optimal ways to make better use of their data. In a broader sense, organizations analyzing big data need to view data management, analysis, and decision-making in terms of “industrialized” flows and processes rather than discrete stocks of data or events. To handle these aspects of large quantities of data various open platforms had been developed. Index Terms- Big Technologies,Tools Data, Landscape,Open Platforms, nearly 500 exabytes per day .To put the numbers in perspective this is equivalent to 5×1020 bytes per day. Almost 200 times higher than all the sources combined together in the world. To handle this huge chunk......

Words: 3643 - Pages: 15

Changing Landscape of Health Care

...Changing Landscape of Health Care Health Care Consumer Trends and Marketing HCS/490 June 16, 2014 Eboni Green Changing Landscape of Health Care The face of health care is ever changing, and constantly improving the way the consumer receives their treatments. New technology has made these changes possible and has provided health care facilities all over the world with equipment that can change the lives of the consumer for the better. The way that health care staff members handle these new changes can be somewhat of a challenge, but through proper training, education, and information, these health care providers can make the transition smoother. The shifts that are taking place in health care today are that from a provider controlled environment to a consumer controlled environment. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, these changes are the results of the shift. The consumer is now allowed to shop around for health care insurance and find what is best for them and their budget. “Under the Affordable Care Act, health insurance exchanges now give patients the option to shop and compare plans in order to determine which has the best value for their individual needs. Being able to compare plan transparency than ever before in healthcare.” (Khan, F. Feb. 2014). Consumers are more in charge of their health care now than ever. They have access to their medical records, can choose better insurance plans, and can make decisions and discuss their health care options......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Changing Landscape of Health Care

...One can argue that the changing landscape of Health Care can be attributed to the variety of factors, depending on how it impacts the industry in its delivery, administration, systems development, education, consumer’s responses, business competitive environment, and so on. These influencing forces range from technology advances, consumer behavior, political pressures, and globalization, to name a few. Comprehensive quantitative and qualitative evaluation is needed to determine the affects of these changes brought within the organization, hence the perceived benefits and challenges to the patients and the organization is not linear but subjective. Essentially, the intention of these changes is to enhance the quality of care, improve the process, or comply with the incumbent regulations sanctioned by the governing bodies. Perhaps the most notable shift that produces the greatest impact to the landscape of health care in general context is the explosion of technology embraced by the health care environs to provide the highest quality of medical care. Technology also flaunted as the new way of doing business in mostly every aspect of health care, from bio-medical instruments, records keeping, physician-patient relationship, medical facilities, and many more. One of the significant changes within the health care is the health information system that digitized the collection of medical records, namely Electronic Medical Record (EMR). This breakthrough allows the clinicians to...

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Health Care: Changing Landscape

...Changing Landscape of Health Care Review February 2, 2015 HCS/490 Review This week in review it is very apparent that health care is always changing, but with recent advances in technology health and government regulation health care is moving from a business to business model to a business to consumer model. This means that health care is shifting from a provider controlled model to a consumer empowered model. Empowering the consumer to take charge of their health care needs gives the consumer control over their health care costs and management. Government regulation such as the Affordable Care Act has placed the responsibility on the consumer for their health care instead of the provider. This move has presented challenges for the health care industry. These challenges call for the health care industry to make changes that educate the consumer, change marketing strategies, add innovative ways to help the consumer become empowered, reform the way health care is delivered, and train staff to meet these challenges with innovative ideas. To address the challenges presented from this changing market the health care industry has undergone a massive restructuring in the way of how health care conducts business (Berkowitz, 2011). One of the major problems with empowering the consumer is that the consumer does not fully understand the coverage plans and real costs associated with health care like the provider does. The consumer must also understand that coverage and costs......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Changing Landscape of Healthcare

...Changing Landscape of Healthcare HCS 490 The healthcare landscape is always changing as organizations develop new techniques and processes in response to the challenges they face on a daily basis. For example, with the new law that President Obama signed, the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obama Care, made a huge change to health care reforms. This new law gave citizens healthcare regardless of pre-existing conditions or income. The Obama Care does create shifts and challenges in the healthcare landscape. Obama Care does have its benefits. People with pre-existing conditions can now have insurance without being turned down because of condition, this includes children as well. Young adults can now stay on their parents insurance up to the age of 26 and applications cannot be denied like in the past because of errors made on the application. Obama Care also covers services without co-pays, like mammograms and colonoscopies or other preventive test. Individuals and families will pay insurance based on their income, if you don’t have insurance by March of 2015 you will be fined. Even though people will get coverage with pre-existing conditions, this allows insurance companies to raise their rates. The insurance can’t cancel you because you are sick, but citizens do have the right to appeal a health insurance company if the citizen does not agree with a health care plan (Obama 2014). One of the biggest challenges of the new reform will be Integrated Health Care......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Landscape Design Appendix D

...Axia College Material Appendix D Landscape Design Landscape designers often use coordinate geometry and algebra as they help their clients. In many regions, landscape design is a growing field. With the increasing popularity of do-it-yourself television shows, many homeowners are becoming amateur landscape artists. Imagine you are a homeowner getting ready to sell your home. You realize there are some landscaping problems you want to address so your home will sell quickly and you can get the best price. After making this decision, you realize there are many things to consider when landscaping the backyard, such as budget, time, and space. Application Practice Answer the following questions. Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations. First, save this file to your hard drive by selecting Save As from the File menu. Click the white space below each question to maintain proper formatting. 1. You are planning to spend no less than $6,000 and no more than $10,000 on your landscaping project. a. Write an inequality that demonstrates how much money you will are willing to spend on the project. Let C = cost of the project: 6000 ≤ C ≤ 10000 b. For the first phase of the project, imagine you want to cover the backyard with decorative rock and plant some trees. You need 30 tons of rock to cover the area. If each ton costs $60 and each tree is $84, what is the maximum number of trees you can buy with a budget of $2,500?......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Burial Rites Landscape and Weather

...How does Hannah Kent make the landscape and weather an integral part of the novel? Amidst the journey of the last woman executed in Iceland is the ‘nature [that] is watchful of all of us.’ Kent parallels the protagonist Agnes’ story alongside the force of the harsh Icelandic climate and country that ‘is as awake as you and I’ and often determines key events in the novel. The ominous foreshadowing of death represented in elements of the landscape highlights how the country is an essential aspect of the novel, often adding to the dramatic effect. Agnes’ road to spiritual redemption, both religion based and personal, is greatly influenced by the natural occurrences of the country. Ultimately, the harsh Icelandic conditions impact the lives of many characters, regularly wielding its power that can determine their paths. Despite Kent’s fundamental notion of the force of the nature, it is also the individuals of higher status that have the ability to control and enforce their will on others. Kent highlights the integral nature of the landscape by using motifs to foreshadow impending events. With Agnes’ forthcoming ‘execution,’ death is regularly referred to in the novel often by the ‘ravens in the sky.’ As she arrives at Korsna, where Agnes awaits her death, she hears ‘the caw of ravens’ and as demonstrated by Kent’s simile, are ‘dark shapes like omens.’ Thus this may imply that the ‘omen’ cements the notion from the exposition that Agnes’ fate has been determined. Kent......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Cultural Landscape

...WORLD VIEWS AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPE Humanities Presented to Mehdi Ghafouri By Emi Rizvanolli Vanier College November 17th, 2013 Intro: Many people talk about culture as a reason of their authenticity. We often ask ourselves why we are who we are, what makes us what we are today, why we act like we act and so on. But have we ever considered that our surrounding, the places where we live, the people we are surrounded with makes us the person that we are today? We often say ‘’everyone is different and has its own personality’’, which is true, but what made us who we are is what we were surrounded with our whole life. The same concept goes to a population; they are who they are because of their history, their way of thinking and their surroundings. That is what we have learned in this class. The landscapes have their own meaning and their history makes them culturally important to us because a land is mean less if nothing important happen in it. Development First of all, before understanding the role of cultural landscapes, we need to understand some concept related to it and how they are linked one another. What is culture? Culture is the characteristics of a group of people that are defined by their language, religion, cuisine, social habits, etc… What is space? In a material point of view, space is defined as a physical reality, reinforcing relations of products. When we see space with the economic view, we see its functional unit which is......

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6

Landscape Urbanism

...As the world’s population continues to grow, urban areas are consistently becoming more and more congested. Cities are getting not only denser, but they are beginning to sprawl out and are becoming these massive areas of impenetrable hardscapes. Because of this, a need for a new urban planning strategy is necessary to help make our cities become more livable, enjoyable, and sustainable. Landscape Urbanism, an innovative planning strategy to incorporate the natural environment into the city fabric may be just the solution. Landscape urbanism is unfortunately a newer perspective on how to organize an urban environment. Today too many cities have become concrete landscapes, where the occupants have little to no exposure to nature. We have become immune to providing our selves with what we think we need instead of what we actually need. Landscape urbanism design begins to provide that integration of nature with in the dense urban areas. “It would be equally fair to say that landscape urbanism remains the most promising alternative available to urban design’s formation for the coming decades.” Creating pockets of exposure to nature throughout a city, allows people to experience a healthier way of living both mentally and physically, while providing a sustainable alternative to urban design. For centuries we have been struggling to create the ultimate urban design. Several different design strategies have been combined and overlapped to make up our cities today. However, many of......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Landscape Design

...Appendix H Landscape Design Landscape designers often use coordinate geometry and algebra as they help their clients. In many regions, landscape design is a growing field. With the increasing popularity of do-it-yourself television shows, however, many homeowners are becoming amateur landscape artists. Suppose you are a homeowner getting ready to sell your home. You realize that there are some landscaping problems that you want to address so that your home will sell quickly and you can get the best price. Since deciding to landscape your backyard, you have realized there are many things to consider, such as budget, time, and space. Application Practice Answer the following questions. Use Equation Editor to write mathematical expressions and equations. First, save this file to your hard drive by selecting Save As from the File menu. Click the white space below each question to maintain proper formatting. Please highlight your answers. 1. You are planning to spend no less than $5,000 and no more than $9,000 on your landscaping project. a) Write an inequality that demonstrates how much money you will be willing to spend on the project. $5,000 ≤ $9,000 b) Suppose you want to cover the backyard with decorative rock and plant some trees as the first phase of the project. You need 20 tons of rock to cover the area. If each ton cost $50 and each tree is $85, what is the maximum number of trees you can buy with a budget for rock and trees of $3,000...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Hartley’s New Mexico Landscape

...New Mexico Landscape by: Marsden Hartle Hartley’s New Mexico Landscape is an intriguing and beautiful composition that lays hold on the speculation as if this is the image of one’s night vision while sleep. Marsden Hartley painted New Mexico Landscape in Berlin between 1923 and a powerful piece of work, and is one of twenty-five works referred to as The New Mexico Recollections, in which the artist simplified his configurations to capture a dreamlike impression of the place because the way the objects are shaped. With cactuses, a home, hills, clouds, and bushes, seem to be gathered to look like a cool spring evening because of the color shadowing. This canvas sets a relaxing mood good probably for a den in a single family home or doctor’s office. Hartley’s use of colors in this composition seems to set the mood and gives clues to the time of day and year. They appear as a conclave of universal elements trusting in one another, (very unique work), because you have things that look like sun rays and suns themselves at sundown time all radiant together in the same piece of art!. It’s a kind of cosmic dictation applied aesthetically to produce a harmony of shapes and colors with a sense also of the color of sound as I get these feelings out of music. In this painting the shapes in the painting are clearly delineated in a way that became a signature with applied oils thinly so that each shape would not blare out but work in harmony with the others. The artwork seems to have......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2