Language Change

In: English and Literature

Submitted By sazmfoz
Words 605
Pages 3
Language Change
Shawntell M. Warr
English 380
August 5, 2013
Dr. Jean LeGrand

Language Change
Over years cultures evolve. One aspect of a culture is how people communicate. Language is a part of how people communicate and words change over time. Language provides another means for people express themselves. The words used people and so are their meanings. As children, people learn to talk and which words to use to get their ideas across. As they mature they learn more complex ways of expressing thought. As language changes over time people have to adapt. Words not only change locally, but also learned some words take on an international meaning. Many words’ meanings has spread internationally and become a part of another culture’s language. As time progresses the meaning of certain words changes. Today the word “dude” is slang for a male. In the 1800s “dude” “referred to a dandy-ish sort of doofus” (Peters, 2010). It mocked a man for the way he dressed or spoke. The term began as a way to make fun of a person, but later took a different form in the west. It referred to “a non-westerner or city dweller who tours of stays in the west of the United States” (Peters, 2010). . In the 20th century, “dude” took on another meaning. The African American community turned the word into slang. It meant cool, or simply “the boys” or “fellas.” As the sixties approached the term became associated with a cool person and embraced by surfers. Many people can see “dude” gained momentum in movies such as Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Fast Times at Ridgemeont High, Wayne’s World, or Clerks. In some of these movies the word “dude” even took on an exclamatory position. The word “cool” has changed tremendously over time and taken on several parts of speech. The word can be a verb, noun, or adjective. The most common meaning of the word, to lose heat,…...

Similar Documents

Language

...encounter many defeats, but you must not be defeated. In fact, it may be necessary to encounter the defeats, so you can know who you are, what you can rise from, how you can still come out of it.” The language used in this quote, is uplifting but sobering. As a poet, Maya Angelou uses the written expression of language to describe her experiences as an African American woman. How we utilize the gift of language can not only determine our success or failure in life, but it can also affect those exposed to it. As an African American female, attending predominantly white private schools, I quickly realized the life changing effects language could have on me. I was misunderstood and labeled by the African American kids who went to public school and made to feel unworthy by the white kids who attended private school. I should not be characterized as “stuck up’, or “acting white”, nor made to feel as though I do not belong just because I attended a predominately white private school. We all know that language can be used not only to inform, educate, and inspire, but also to discourage, degrade, and judge. African Americans in public schools often thought I was “stuck up” just because I went to a private school. Sometimes, I was actually called “stuck up” other times their body language told me how they felt. I can remember one time my best friend, who went to a public school, and I were at the mall shopping and she ran into one of her friends from school, who was also African......

Words: 1869 - Pages: 8

The Change of the English Language

...Psychology Project 1 The Change of The English Language Dmitry Shkolnik Tesst College of Technology In the course of human language, it becomes necessary for people to create or redefine, words or phrases to express an object or an action; and to assume, among society, the acceptance and usage of these words and their definitions, in one’s own language, or idiolect. A decent respect to the opinions of mankind, requires that Americans should recognize slang adopted into language. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that language is expression of thought, in the form of speech or written symbols, that have agreed-upon meanings. That, many large speaking languages contain dialects, or other versions of languages within a community, that are different in some aspects of grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary. That, because language is a form of one’s own ideas and expression, everyone possesses his or her own individual language, or idiolect. That, not only does perception change language, but that language changes perception. That, through the course of history, idiolects have shaped dialects, which have shaped language, which in turn, have shaped concepts. Conservatives, indeed, will dictate that languages will follow a narrow path toward a standard language. And accordingly, expression will follow the rules and guidelines that limit thought, rather than the ability to rethink old vocabulary and enrich new ones. When we speak,......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Language

...Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein said "The limits of my language are the limits of my world." What are the limits of language and our world? The limits of our language are our knowledge, skills and abilities to use them, and our world - this is our vision, we know how to get along with others. Through language we share information about the world around us. If you do not master the language fully, these limits will prevent us from fully share their views on our environment. Then I will give only partial information, such as allowing our knowledge. Others around us will take the part for the whole and complete, and will conclude that they have betrayed everything we want and that the limits of our world. Boundaries of our world are not only our knowledge of a language, but for different languages. On our planet there are very different to each other languages ​​and cultures. As we meet someone with whom we have a common language, then we can not understand it, nor did he understand us. But you are blind and deaf people, some of whom can not learn spoken language, does this mean that they will never be able to know the world and to convey their opinions? The answer is no, because languages ​​are spoken only: braille letters enable the blind to explore the world, a zhestomimikata helps the deaf to communicate with others. Despite what factors determine the limits of our language, they limit our world from the perspective of others - for them that our world is part of...

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Language

...Study on the Impact of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and New Media on Language Learning EACEA 2007/09 ANNEXE II QUANTITATIVE SURVEY Commissioned by: Carried out by: © European Commission STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AND NEW MEDIA ON LANGUAGE LEARNING ANNEXE II: QUANTITATIVE SURVEY 2 STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AND NEW MEDIA ON LANGUAGE LEARNING This is an Annexe to the Final Report of the study regarding the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) and new media on language learning which was commissioned by the Education and Culture Executive Agency (call for tenders EACEA 2007/09) and carried out by Ellinogermaniki Agogi through an international team of experts. Edited and compiled by In conjunction with Reviewers of literature: Field studies: Anne Stevens, The Open University UK Lesley Shield, e-learning consultant Lesley Shield, e-learning consultant (review in the area of CALL) Katerina Zourou, University of Luxembourg (review in other areas) Cyprus Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Spain UK International interviews Data analysis: External advisor: Project Manager: Commissioned by: Pavlos Koulouris, Ellinogermaniki Agogi Peppi Taalas, University of Jyväskylä Ilona Laakkonen, University of Jyväskylä Katerina Zourou, University of Luxembourg Daniela Stai, Ellinogermaniki Agogi Dagmar Schäffer, Ellinogermaniki Agogi Pavlos...

Words: 19071 - Pages: 77

Language

...Vernacular Language Jessica Trevino AIU Online University Vernacular Language Vernacular is defined as using a language that is native to a country or province rather than a cultured, foreign or literary language. The Vernacular languages would also be considered as the large family of contemporary romantic language. Vernacular languages would one day be known to use as Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and others as well. In the twenty century, Latin was the major language that was used for literature and to be educated. The Latin language was influenced by many others in the native language that included those of Celtic languages, Greek and Etruscan. The Latin languages were consistently developed due to the fact there were significant differences during each period. These differences included those in the literary written language and also due to differences in the spoken language of he educated and those of the less educated population lower class. When it all started the Latin language was the only italic language that belonged to the Indo-European linguistic family and the development of these languages were generated or taken by other tongues, including the language known as Celtic, Etruscan and Greek. The Latin language under went reconstruction, during its evolution stage, between the literary written language which was very different from the way it was spoken and conformed to the educated versus to that of the less educated versus that was most used by...

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Language

...Language plays an important role in human life. Out of all the languages in the world, English is considered as the international language. Foreign language like a foreign plant grows with difficulty on the native soil. That is why the learning of the mother tongue is the labor of love whereas the learning of a foreign language is the love of labor ; one gives hot house existence, another breathes spring time atmosphere. A foreign language is like the step-mother whose frowns and rebukes one has to bear in spite of one's feelings. On the other hand mother tongue is like our own mother who nurses us into intellectually developed persons. English is a global language and proficiency in it is a must to succeed in a globalized world. British brought with them their language English to India and its global Nature has made it the lingua franca of India- a country with diverse regional Languages. English is a language which is acceptable all over India be it all Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Guajarati, Marathi, Bengali because all speak English along with their own mother tongue. Not only in India, but also when you go abroad this is a language most commonly used. In the world of globalization, countries like China, Japan and Russia, who have passionately sustained and promoted their own language, have today accepted the importance of English language. No country as a matter of fact shall be able to survive without the knowledge of English today. In India, English has become a...

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Language

...Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we call ‘civilization’. How is language encouraged in the Montessori prepared environment? ​Language is something that I can’t explain. It is absurd for me. What I know is I am able to speak to communicate what is on my mind to other people, but the process how did it happen I barely remember it. Before I learn about Montessori, I used to think that language is something that comes naturally. I thought it was something ridiculous if children learn how to write and how to read in early age because I was thought that eventually children could done it easily. Well, I guess I was wrong all this time and sure I am taking for granted that I was underestimate how we can speak, read, and writing. Human needs practice to be fluently in speaking, to be understood in reading, and to be able to writing a simple note. In fact, human being learns language from he or she was an infant. An infant is first exposed to language through sounds generated by the environment and languages spoken by the adults surrounding him. As I observe my 9 months old son, he starts babble when he was 6 months old now he is more talkative event tough he can only say baba papa mama or dada. But I always replying what he says in order to make him feel respected, to teach him Bahasa and I don’t want to lose his sensitive period. ​Language is goes a long way in establishing a people’s identity, somehow showing people’s artistic,......

Words: 2341 - Pages: 10

Language Change

...Norse verb nigla = "to fuss about small matters". It is cognate with "niggling", meaning "petty" or "unimportant", as in "the niggling details". 'Niggardly' is sometimes thought to be related to 'nigger', with unfortunate consequences. This is despite the fact that “Niggardly” means parsimonious or stingy and is derived from the Old Norse language. “Niggardly,” as you will thankfully already know or will doubtless be relieved to hear, is not related to the Latin word for black “niger” and thus is in no way connected to the deeply pernicious, pejorative racial epithet known in common parlance as the n-word. The fact that from the 1950s onwards the word usage has dramatically declined would suggest that it corresponds with the ever increasing use of “political correctness”, the idea that the first five letters of such a word would be deemed a racial slur, often deters the use of it and so it and it’s noun “niggard” rarely exists in written literature nowadays. The word homosexual brings about not only a change in language but a change in views, opinions and outlooks. Prior to the 19tyh century, no official word existed in the English language to describe a homosexual orientation. Indeed, the whole concept of 'heterosexual bisexual and homosexual' is a relatively new one, because of this, the word wouldn’t have been used often, due to its connotations and the idea that homosexuality, in those times, was something to be condemned. However, nowadays homosexuality is widely......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Language Change

...SOCIOLINGUISTICS “LANGUAGE CHANGE” GROUP 8 : 1. Danu Alfian Baihaqi 2. Dio wahyu 3. Dedeh Y 4. Firman Setiawan Pamulang University 2015 LANGUAGE CHANGE Definition Language change is a phenomenon studied both by historical linguists and sociolinguists. Historical linguists study basically the change of languages over time (diachronic change) and examine how languages were used in the past and how they relate to one another . Eg. Old English Middle English Modern English Sociolinguists study the origins or the causes of language changes and explain how society and changes in speech communities influence language and generate sociolects . Eg. Spanish spoken by an upper class man/woman in Madrid and Spanish spoken by a working class man/woman in Andalucía. Language change is the phenomenon whereby phonetic, morphological, semantic, syntactic, and other features of language vary over time Language Change Causes * Economy The principle of least effort is one of the basic and most used explanations for many language changes . Eg. She + is = she's; we + have + been = we've been; clothes /kloʊðɪz/ - /kloʊz/; fifth /fifθs/ /fifs/. * Analogy A linguistic process that reduces words which are perceived as irregular by making them similar to other regular forms . Eg. Semantic historically “livid” meant “pale”, its similar sound with “vivid” has led to analogical semantic change. Morphological the verb “thrive”......

Words: 829 - Pages: 4

Language

...Language Shannon Kephart PSY/360 October 13, 2014 Janel Fairchild Language “Language is structured on several levels: the phonological (sound), syntactic (ordering and structuring of words and phrases in sentences), semantic (meaning), and pragmatic (the ways in which language is actually used), to name a few. Each of these levels has a different set of rules associated with it.” (Galotti, 2014 pg. 248) Lexicon is “mental store thought to hold a cognitive processor’s knowledge of words, including their spelling, pronunciation, definition, part of speech, and so on.” (Galotti, 2014 pg. 415) Language is a manner of conversation in order to express ones emotions, concepts, or ideas. Language takes shape in many different kinds of forms from sign language, to verbal and even body language. No matter what language is being spoken there is always a list of words that is identified with a specific discussion and these particular conglomerates of words are known as a lexicon. (Galotti, 2014) A terrific illustration could be the phrase “free will” which in turn makes one thinks ‘It was done of my own free will’. This makes language and lexicon go hand in hand on account of lexical memory of words or language and this pertains to cognitive psychology due to the regularity of lexical selections in the processing of ones words in the cognitive mind. The key characteristics of language are it is regular and productive, arbitrariness, and discreteness. These are all...

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Language

...Language John Kendrick PSY/360 September 14, 2015 Professor Jackson Language Through sounds, gestures, and symbols humans have learned to communicate with each other. It is a developed system for communicating in a society. Languages will vary from one culture to the next and will take on different forms. Not only are languages spoken, they are expressed through hand gestures and written symbols. Language is a form of communication that allows humans to express emotion, opinions, thoughts, and beliefs (Galotti, 2014). The lexicon is the vocabulary contained within the language. It is the knowledge of the words contained in the language. It is a compilation of all words known, understood, and expressed by the individual. The language is compiled and understood by others contained in the same culture and supports how the language is expressed (Galotti, 2014). One key feature of language is broadcasting the message and then rapid fading of the message. The message will fade and then not heard. The next feature is interchangeability. This is the ability to both receive and send the message. Total feedback is occurs when the speaker can hear his own speech and can monitor the language performance as they go and specialization involves producing the speech through the specialized body parts adapted for this role (Galotti, 2014). The key features of language are phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. An expression of language occurs when an......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Language Change Essay

...modern day audience would consider non-standard. However, to an 18th century audience, the grammar used is evidently standardised as there is clear pattern throughout. One example of how language has changed is through the implementation of standard capitalisation. Whilst it is now used for the onset of sentences and proper nouns, the text shows it being used for both proper and abstract nouns, an example of this being “Blow”, in the declarative, “having received a sever Blow”. The capitalisation here is used to add emphasis and focus the reader’s attention on the lexeme. The focus works as a persuasive device in Preston’s favour as it adds to the severity of the action, making him seem like the victim in the situation. This links to the mode of the text as it is a transcribed version of his spoken testimony, intended to persuade the reader of his innocence. A further grammatical change is the use of irregular past tense verbs. The newspaper article, written using a narrative style uses both directed and reported speech. Reported speech indicates that the author must be telling the story in past tense. However, the article states how “two soldiers were attacked and beat”. The past participle nowadays would be “beaten”, indicating how the standardisation of language has resulted in a change of suffix’s in order to indicate the tense. Furthermore, in terms of grammar, the article is written wholly using compound and complex sentence structures. This is due to the purpose of......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

The Process of Language Change

...Introduction to Language Structure Lecturer: Ms. Hurlock 25 November 2015 The Process of Language Change How complicated and confusing it would be if you were to go to a different country that speaks a different language and you tried to buy something. Would the price of the item be clear to you, perhaps not? May be you would be able to figure it out with gestures, however it would still be challenging. We are able to go to a country that speaks a different language and still get through because of familiarity with the language, using gestures or simply having someone there having knowledge of both languages to interpret and lower the barrier. Language changes overtime and it can be a good thing; as it helps us to exchange business and services with other countries and even within our own. If language did not change through out the ages there would have been a greater language barrier than the present one. The process of language change occurs, so that people may communicate effectively in spite of their different understanding and pronunciation of a language. For example, the free variation associated with ‘tomato’; some pronounce it as [ ] and others voice it as [ ]. Though in different countries the word(tomato) may be spelt the same way, it may also have its own unique pronunciation of the word. For this reason the process of language change is important, in order to understand different languages, adapt to languages,......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2

Reading Between the Text Message Lines: How a Culture Becomes Dependent on Electronic Communication and Changes Language Skills Forever.

...David G. Fisher Professor Hallawell English 249 (Linguistics) 25 October 2011 Reading between the text message lines: How a culture becomes dependent on electronic communication and changes language skills forever. They are everywhere, in schoolyards, high school halls, businesses and even our own homes and they are having an effect on our culture at this very minute. You may even be reading this on one right now. They are cell phones and more and more they are being used for more than just talking; they are being used to send e-mail, text, and instant messages. What originally started out as a way to have more communication in case of emergencies and to have a way for teenagers and adults to stay connected to what is going on in each other’s lives has become a barrier to language abilities. (Bauerlein) In the immediacy of our consumer society we have become too reliant upon instant information and it has affected our way of communicating. A cell phone is now a device that can keep us continually linked to the internet, e-mail and text messages. The price for this convenience is that we have lost the ability to communicate effectively face to face or in writing, thusly loosing parts of our literacy level in this country. When the miracle of cell phones first came into popular use, most people were not that interested in the text message mostly because there was an extra charge associated with using the feature. After more time and as the phone plans began to...

Words: 1889 - Pages: 8

Language

...English: “… but if you go to an interview and you can't shake hands, look someone in the eye and speak in the appropriate register, you are not going to get the job or place at university”. Sheffield Spring academy advises its pupils to avoid the use of informal words such as “hiya” and “ta” when they’re in school. The teachers will try to learn the pupils when to use Standard English and when to use colloquial language. Kathy August from The United Learning Trust (ULT) says that by doing this they will enhance their prospects of getting a job or a place at the university; so basically the reason is that you won’t be declined because of your accent. The thing about slang is that it is very appealing to children and adolescents. Slang is part of Black English. Maria Manning researched how it was used in a school and saw to her big surprise that many children of different ethnic backgrounds used slang. The main reason was that they wanted to rebel against a culture that had nothing to offer them. Both white and black pupils, who are from the most deprived parts of England as Sheffield Spring, feel excluded from the “British culture” which represents Standard English. This could be a reason why the “slang prohibition” won’t work. Maybe it will just make them more belligerent against the culture. According to the text “Standard English and Received Pronunciation” some people think that the link between accent and social status is weakening. On the other hand we have......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3