Language Change

In: English and Literature

Submitted By abew
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GROUP 8 : 1. Danu Alfian Baihaqi 2. Dio wahyu 3. Dedeh Y 4. Firman Setiawan

Pamulang University 2015
Language change is a phenomenon studied both by historical linguists and sociolinguists.

Historical linguists study basically the change of languages over time (diachronic change) and examine how languages were used in the past and how they relate to one another . Eg. Old English Middle English Modern English
Sociolinguists study the origins or the causes of language changes and explain how society and changes in speech communities influence language and generate sociolects .

Eg. Spanish spoken by an upper class man/woman in Madrid and Spanish spoken by a working class man/woman in Andalucía.
Language change is the phenomenon whereby phonetic, morphological, semantic, syntactic, and other features of language vary over time
Language Change
* Economy
The principle of least effort is one of the basic and most used explanations for many language changes .

Eg. She + is = she's; we + have + been = we've been;

clothes /kloʊðɪz/ - /kloʊz/; fifth /fifθs/ /fifs/. * Analogy
A linguistic process that reduces words which are perceived as irregular by making them similar to other regular forms .

Eg. Semantic historically “livid” meant “pale”, its similar sound with “vivid” has led to analogical semantic change.
Morphological the verb “thrive” (thrive-throve-thriven) is on its way to becoming a regular verbs (thrive-thrived-thrived).

Language contact
Languages come into contact with each other. The most common way that languages influence each other is the exchange of words especially if there is lexical a gap in the language . Eg. “shushi” from Japanese.

Or if the donant language is thought to sound more prestigious
[3]. Eg.…...

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