Loar

In: Business and Management

Submitted By franste13
Words 808
Pages 4
Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship in Dev. Economies
-------------------------------------------------
Case Brief Evaluation Form
Note: You don’t have to answer the guiding questions verbatim, use them to prompt your thinking. You do need to suggest an action/recommendation. See me if you have any questions. For those who want more guidance, see below. 3 = Very Good/Above average 2 = Good 1 = Poor/Below Average Innovation at the Bottom of the Pyramid Impacts Comfort
As a common practice in the poor countries, sharing mobile phones allows many of these customers to use their own SIM card and switch it in and out when borrowing a mobile device. However, this may be inconvenient as it is not secured and sometimes costly. Nigel Waller, founder of Movirtu, a British start-up, developed cloud software for people too poor to own their own mobile phone.
The cloud phone offers a cheaper, more convenient alternative because it gives individuals who cannot buy a handset their own phone numbers and mobile services. This model presents mutual advantages for both the poor as well as the start-up. In other words, their service is priced for base-of-the-pyramid customers and the mobile network carriers get a piece of the action. This model is a demonstration that innovation can spur ventures that sell services aimed at the poor in a way that creates value at the base of the pyramid as well as to the investors.
The business model implemented by Morvitu provides an opportunity to assess how effective a venture is for the poor. It also raises the question of knowing whether the providing services at the Bottom of the Pyramid at a cost, can provides value for the poor. In terms of reducing poverty, this model offer the practicality consumers’ desire combined with more…...

Similar Documents

Problem of Perception

...suffer real hallucinations, for example when under the influence of certain drugs. But it would be hazardous to claim that such experiences must be subjectively indistinguishable from a veridical perception. However, as noted above, this is not necessary for the argument. Since the argument concerns the necessary features of perception, the kinds of hallucination in question need only be possible phenomena. (For more on hallucination, see the essays collected in Macpherson and Platchias, forthcoming.) “Subjectively indistinguishable” could be understood in a number of ways. It could be understood in terms of the experiences sharing subjective non-intentional qualities or “qualia” (see§3.2.2; and the entry on qualia; also Shoemaker 1990; Loar 2003; Farkas 2006) or in terms of the experiences sharing their “narrow” or non-environment-dependent intentional content (see Davies 1991 and 1992 for a discussion of this idea). But it is important to emphasise that one does not have to accept these substantial theories of experience in order to accept the idea of hallucination; so one cannot reject the possibility of hallucination by objecting to the coherence or plausibility of these theories. All one has to accept is the uncontroversial idea of two experiences being such that a subject could not know, simply in virtue of having the experiences, whether they were having one or the other. But although the idea of distinct experiences being subjectively indistinguishable is not itself...

Words: 15756 - Pages: 64

Los Paradigmas

...resultados y conclusiones se dan para contextos específicos con características particulares. En el capítulo 3 se profundiza el enfoque cuantitativo dejando en evidencia la organización metódica del enfoque, al contrario del enfoque cualitativo, éste desde el comienzo de la investigación se tiene claridad de lo que se va a estudiar; la operacionalización de las variables; la utilización de herramientas de investigación como la encuesta; análisis de datos; procesamiento de datos. Conclusión. La investigación cualitativa y cuantitativa son dos paradigmas opuestos utilizados en enfoques determinados ya que ambos presenta características diferentes características y falencias que hacen el vasto debate filosófico para desprestigiar alguno o para loar y defender aquel con el filosofo se identifica, la elección del paradigma de investigación dependerá del fenómeno bajo estudio, el problema planteado y el propósito de la investigación. En algunos casos se utilizará el enfoque cualitativo, en otros el enfoque cuantitativo; en nuestro entorno como estudiantes practicantes comenzamos con un enfoque cualitativo entramos a un terreno desconocido sin saber que personas encontraremos ni menos el/los problema(s) o el enfoque de la investigación a medida que se observando e interactuando se va descubriendo y se va esbozando los primeros pasos para nuestra investigación, no apartando el enfoque cuantitativo que dependiendo de los factores del terreno será necesario para optimizar y/o......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Silmarilion

...into being for the purpose of inhabitation in Aman were given a speed of growth such that one year of the life natural to their kinds on Earth should in Aman be one Valian Year. For the Eldar this was a source of joy. For in Aman the world appeared to them as it does to Men on Earth, but without the shadow of death soon to come. Whereas on Earth to them all things in comparison with themselves were fleeting, swift to change and die or pass away, in Aman they endured and did not so soon cheat love with their mortality. On Earth while an elf-child did but grow to be a man or a woman, in some 3000 years, forests would rise and fall, and all the face of the land would change, while birds and flowers innumerable would be born and die in löar upon löar under the wheeling Sun. But beside all this Aman is called also the Blessed Realm, and in this was found its blessedness: in health and joy. For in Aman no creatures suffered any sickness or disorder of their natures; nor was there any decay or ageing more swift than the slow ageing of Arda itself. So that all things coming at last to fullness of form and virtue remained in that state, blissfully, ageing and wearying of their life and being no swifter than the Valar themselves. And this blessing also was granted to the Eldar. On earth the Quendi suffered no sickness, and the health of their bodies was supported by the might of the longeval fear. But their bodies, being of the stuff of Arda, were nonetheless not so enduring as......

Words: 250721 - Pages: 1003

Sociology Perspectives

...thing, there are systematic relations among beliefs: for example, the belief that John loves Mary and the belief that Mary loves John. These belief states represent the same objects as related to each other in converse ways. But a theory of the nature of beliefs can hardly just leave out such an important feature of them. We cannot treat ‘believes-that-grass-is-green’, ‘believes-that-grass-is-blue’, etc. as unrelated primitive predicates. So we will need a more sophisticated theory, one that involves some sort of combinatorial apparatus. The most promising candidates are those that treat belief as a relation. But a relation to what? There are two distinct issues here. One issue is how to state the functional theory in a detailed way. See Loar (1981) and Schiffer (1987) for a suggestion in terms of a correspondence between the logical relations among sentences and the inferential relations among mental states. A second issue is what types of states could possibly realize the relational propositional attitude states. Field (1978) and Fodor (in Block 1980) argue that to explain the productivity of propositional attitude states, there is no alternative to postulating a language of thought, a system of syntactically structured objects in the brain that express the propositions in propositional attitudes. See Stalnaker (1984), Chapters 1-3 for a critique of Field’s approach. In later work, Fodor (1987) has stressed the systematicity of propositional attitudes mentioned above. Fodor...

Words: 4824 - Pages: 20

Nature

...phenomenal domains, while denying any ontological gap. This yields the attractive possibility that we can acknowledge the deep epistemic problems of consciousness while retaining a materialist worldview. Although such a view is attractive, it faces immediate difficulties. These difficulties stem from the fact that the character of the epistemic gap with consciousness seems to differ from that of epistemic gaps in other domains. For a start, there do not seem to be analogs of the epistemic arguments above in the cases of water, genes, and so on. To explain genes, we merely have to explain why systems function a certain way in transmitting hereditary characteristics; to 15 Type-B materialists include Block and Stalnaker 1999, Hill 1997, Levine 1983, Loar 1990/1997, Lycan 1996, Papineau 1993, Perry 2001, and Tye 1995. 16 In certain respects, where type-A materialism can be seen as deriving from the logical behaviorism of Ryle and Carnap, type-B materialism can be seen as deriving from the identity theory of Place and Smart. The matter is complicated, however, by the fact that the early identity-theorists advocated “topic-neutral” (functional) analyses of phenomenal properties, suggesting an underlying type-A materialism. 14 explain water, we have to explain why a substance has a certain objective structure and behavior. Given a complete physical description of the world, Mary would be able to deduce all the relevant truths about water and about genes, by deducing which......

Words: 20912 - Pages: 84

Cybernetic Defense of Type Physicalism

...with those properties of systems that are independent of their concrete material or components, it can be used to describe both psychological and physical systems and to look for isomorphisms between them. If scientists can discover an isomorphic relationship between psychological and physical processes, there is good reason to suggest that they share an identical external structure and are simplified representations of the same external properties. Sensations are not reactions to stimuli but rather a reaction to the changes in stimuli.   Bibliography Hill, C.S. (1991). Sensations: A Defense of Type Materialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kripke, S. (1980). Meaning and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Loar, B. (1990). ‘Phenomenal States’. Philosophical Perspectives 4, 81-108. McLaughlin, B. (2003). ‘Color, Consciousness, and Color Consciousness.’ In. Smith, Q. and Jokic, A. (eds.), Consciousness. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 97-154. Papineau, D. (2002). Thinking about Consciousness. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Polger, T. (2004). Natural Minds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Putnam, H. (1973). ‘Psychological Predicates’. In Capitan, W. H. and Merrill, D. D. (eds.), Art, Mind, and Religion. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 37-48. Smart, J.J.C. (1959). ‘Sensations and Brain Processes’. The Philosophical Review, 68, 141-56. Crooks, M. (2002). Intertheoretic Identificaiton and Mind-Brain Reductionism. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 23,......

Words: 4023 - Pages: 17

Prevention of Breast Cancer

...three women were selected to combine mathematical modeling and analysis with their thermography images. One with a normal Breast, one with a benign lump, and one who had undergone a lumpectomy. It was concluded that this method reduces false positive results and can be an adjunct tool for the detection of breast cancer. Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Regular use of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) have been found to reduced breast cancer risks. Many studies have also shown that long term use of NAID’s can have serious side effect. 80,741 postmenopausal women between 50 and 79 years of age who reported no history of breast cancer were used in a study on NSAID’s (Harris, Chlebowski, Jackson, Frid, Ascenseo, Anderson, & Loar, 2003).They regularly took NSAID’s(two or more tablets/week) with an average follow-up of 43 months. 1,392 of the women developed breast cancer. The study found that regular use of NSAID’s for 5–9 years produced a 21% reduction in the development of Breast cancer. 10 or more years produced a 28% reduction. With continued use of NSAID’ s the percentage of reduction continued to increase. Ibuprofen showed a greater percentage reduction than for aspirin. Regular use of acetaminophen or low-dose aspirin was unrelated to the reduction of Breast cancer development. The study concluded that the regular use of aspirin, ibuprofen, or other NSAIDs may prevent the development of breast cancer. Many studies have found the long term use of......

Words: 2751 - Pages: 12

Blues

...cambiando. Al tradicional “bluesman” se incorporaron el pianista, la sección de bronces y en algunas ocasiones la banda incluía percusionistas (tabla de lavar), lo que ocasionó que la guitarra, por ser un instrumento de menor resonancia que el resto, se perdiera entre la masa sonora. Ante este inconveniente surgió la necesidad de amplificar el sonido de la guitarra, y fue un ingeniero de la empresa Gibson el visionario que dio el primer paso para la electrificación de los instrumentos de cuerda: Lloyd Loar. En el año 1924 Loar ya había desarrollado una cápsula para viola y contrabajo, cuyo funcionamiento consistía en pasar las vibraciones de las cuerdas a través del puente del instrumento y luego al imán y embobinado. Sus proyectos no fueron concretados por Gibson, por lo que Loar decidió formar su propía compañía, la Vivi-Tone, que fue una de las primeras en fabricar guitarras y violines eléctricos. En 1928 la empresa Stromberg-Voisinet desarrolló una cápsula muy similar a la de Loar pero la diferencia consistía en que el sonido de las cuerdas era captado desde la caja del instrumento. A pesar de los esfuerzos llevados a cabo por estas personas aún había un problema que no tenía solución, y este consistía en que la señal captada era muy débil. Ante la problemática de señal se creó un sistema de cápsula más directo en el cual la señal era captada por un electromagneto desde las mismas cuerdas. El primer modelo que tuvo éxito comercial fue la guitarra llamada “The......

Words: 16049 - Pages: 65

Edp1

...Meghan Loar 1/23/12 Assignment 1 Six event elements Italian Heritage Festival The purpose of the Italian heritage festival convention is to help familiarize the group of 50 meeting planners with our festival and how things are done. The festival is held every year as a huge festival that really serves as a family reunion. Traditions, parades, food, and stories are what draw most of the crowd to this event. The anticipation for this event is always exciting! We send out brochures, cards, letters, and emails to our out of town friends and relatives to make them aware of the upcoming annual festival. The same is also sent to our past entertainers to invite them back with the option of entertaining us again. Although, we completely understand if they do not wish to do so again, but encourage them to come back and enjoy the festival anyways. We of course always keep out website up to date with pictures, next year’s date, a chance to design a brochure cover art and some activities to get our “family” ready for the upcoming action! Reservations and such are planned way in advance. So for the 50 meeting planners, and other guests, their hotel and travel accommodations’ are already planned before they arrive. For the particular group of 50 coming, we have planned to show them our top spots and hotels for the formal dinners and Galas we have planned for this festival. In our city, we only have a few select hotels and banquet rooms that could accommodate our size for...

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Guitar

...early 20th century. The steel strings produce a brighter tone, and according to many players, a louder sound. The acoustic guitar is used in many kinds of music including folk, country, bluegrass, pop, jazz, and blues. Many variations are possible from the roughly classical-sized OO and Parlour to the large Dreadnought and Jumbo. Ovation makes a modern variation, with a rounded back/side assembly molded from artificial materials. Archtop guitars Main article: Archtop guitar Archtop guitars are steel-string instruments in which the top (and often the back) of the instrument are carved from a solid billet in a curved rather than a flat shape. This violin-like construction is usually credited to the American Orville Gibson (1856–1918). Lloyd Loar of the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Mfg. Co introduced the violin-inspired f-hole design now usually associated with archtop guitars, after designing a style of mandolin of the same type. The typical archtop guitar has a large, deep, hollow body whose form is much like that of a mandolin or violin family instrument. Nowadays, most archtops are equipped with magnetic pickups and are therefore both acoustic and electric. F-hole archtop guitars were immediately adopted upon their release by both jazz and country musicians and have remained particularly popular in jazz music, usually with flatwound strings. Selmer-Maccaferri guitars Main article: Selmer-Maccaferri guitar Selmer-Maccaferri guitars are usually played by those who follow the......

Words: 10399 - Pages: 42

Milk Shake Tastes Funny

...gallons of milk every night and that did not seem to bother them. The company did not even know about this undesired loses due to the lack of inventory control system. The company did not have any safety and quality control management system for the raw materials before they were used in production. Sometimes maggots used to enter into the bags of the raw materials in the warehouse and they used to show up in the production mix. The company did not have a night shift supervisor or manager to guide the employees to the right direction. This was another component of the total problem that was observed in this case study. Loar (1992) studied the inventory management system used by 4 different industries including the food industry and described how the inventory management practices were used as a strategic tool by the companies. According to the author Loar (1992), money was cheap before 1970s so the companies used to carry excessive inventory to compensate for the defects that they produced or the variances in procurement, manufacturing, and distribution but after 1970s borrowing money started to get expensive and financial investment in inventories became a major issue in cost for production. The companies started to focus on technology which became available and affordable to track down the problems associated with uncertainty and variances. In order to perform the study the author formulated a set of questionnaire that were focused to answer questions on......

Words: 5147 - Pages: 21

Organzational Behaviour

...inputs and outcomes for themselves, they compare it with their perceived ratios of inputs and outcomes of others who are in the same or a similar situation. These relevant others become the objects of comparison for individuals in determining whether they feel equitably treated.30 Equity exists whenever the perceived ratio of a person’s outcomes to inputs equals that for relevant others. For example, an individual may feel properly paid in terms of what he puts into a job compared to what other workers are getting for their inputs. Inequity exists when the perceived ratios of outcomes to inputs are unequal. Jay Loar, a director of program engineering at Lockheed Martin, works harder than his coworkers, completes all his tasks on time even though others don’t, and puts in longer hours than others, but receives the same pay raise as the others. What happens? Loar believes that his inputs are greater than those of his coworkers and therefore should merit a greater pay raise. Inequity can also occur when individuals are overpaid. In this case, the overpaid employees might be motivated by guilt or social pressure to work harder to reduce the imbalance between their inputs and outcomes and those of their coworkers. Consequences of Inequity Inequity causes tension within and among individuals. Tension isn’t pleasurable, so individuals are motivated to reduce it to a tolerable level, as illustrated in Figure 6.6. To TABLE 6.4 Examples of Inputs and Outputs in......

Words: 363785 - Pages: 1456

Papa

...needs of in­ vestors, most of which are large corporations with excess cash. Matu­ rities on directly placed paper can range from as little as a few days up 5For a discussion of commercial paper from the standpoint of a short-term investor, see Chapter 16. 507 CHAP. 19 Trade Credit and Commercial Paper 508 CHAP. TABLE 19-1 19 Commercial paper rates and amounts outstanding 1960-1969 Trade Credit and Commercial Paper Outstanding at December 31 (in millions) Commercial Paper Average Interest Rate for Year Commercial Paper Total I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Dealerplaced Directly Placed DealerPlaced 4 -6 Mos. Directly Placed 3 -6 Mos. Prime Rate on Bank Loar at June 30 $ 4,497 4,686 6,000 6,747 8,361 9,058 13,279 16,535 20,497 31,624 $ 1,358 1,711 2,088 1,928 2,223 1,903 3,089 4,901 7,201 11,817 $ 3,139 2,975 3,912 4,819 6,138 7,155 10,190 1 1,634 13,296 19,807 3.85% 2.97 3.26 3.55 3.97 4.38 5.55 5.10 5.90 7.83 3.54% 2.68 3.07 3.40 3.83 4.27 5.42 4.89 5.69 7.16 5.00% 4.50 4.50 4.50 4.50 4.50 5.75 5.50 6.50 8.50 Source: Federal R e serve Bulletins. to nine months. Unlike many industrial issuers, finance companies use the commercial paper market as a permanent source of funds. With the development of the direct-placement market, pockets of idle investment funds have been tapped for short-term financing......

Words: 230115 - Pages: 921

Eth501 Module 3 Case Study: Mattel, Inc.: Global Manufacturing Principles (Gmp)

...TUI UNIVERSITY Michael Jackson SLP: Moral problems in the U.S. Army ETH501: Business Ethics Dr. Kimberley Loar 8 July 2009 Introduction The Company that I have chosen is the one that I have been employed in since November 1985. That Company is the United States Army. The Army has changed a lot since my 24 years. The biggest change I see these days is the quality of soldier that we are allowing to join the Army. When I took the test to come in the Army the Recruiter did not have the quotas that they have these days. The U.S. Army recruited more than 2,600 soldiers under new lower aptitude standards this year, helping the service beat its goal of 80,000 recruits. The Army recruited 80,635 soldiers, roughly 7,000 more than last year. Of those, about 70,000 were first-time recruits who had never served before. The moral problem is allowing soldiers to enlist, that under any other situation besides the war on terror would not be allowed to join the Army. Utilitarian considerations The recruiters have a job and obligation to put bodies in the Army and that they are doing. The Moral worth is meeting and exceeding the Army goal of 80,000 recruits. Deontological Ethics The Army has decided to give out Moral waivers that allow new recruits to enter the U.S. Army by lowering the standards that were set in place to recruit quality Soldiers. Recruiters are all about quantity over quality recruits because of the need for more soldiers due to......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4