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Words 658

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Summary of #39 The world’s water challenge: Erik R. Peterson and Rachel A. Posner

Deborah Phillpotts

Professor Beth Stewart

SOC300: Sociology of Developing Countries

June 12, 2011

Article 39: The World’s Water Challenge: Erik R. Patterson & Rachel Posner

Summary of Article

This article was about The world’s water challenge. It addressed the dimensions and features that contribute to the world’s water crisis. According to the article “These factors suggest that even at current levels of global population, resource consumption, and economic activity, we may have already passed the threshold of water sustainability” (Griffiths, 2011) . So basically globally we are running out of water. Also the demand for water is so high and there is an insufficient amount of water supply to meet this. The dimensions of that the water challenges will affect include: healthcare, politics, our social lives, the economy, because the water supply is not sufficient and not easily sustained.

This article also discussed the changes that are necessary to handle the challenge of shrinking water assets, the changes that I found very useful to implement are first and foremost educating the public about the water crisis, the government investing money into finding means to preserve the water supply we have today. There has to be more precautions taken when it comes to the ecosystems, even though it is inconceivable to maintain the water supply a stand has to be taken. There were some shocking facts in this article that are critical to us all and will affect us immensely in only a few years. For instance:

“2.5 billion People lack adequate sanitation, A staggering 1.8 million people, 90 percent of them children lose their lives each year as a result of diarrheal diseases resulting from unsafe drinking water and poor hygiene” (Griffiths, 2011).…...

...Part 1 First to get started with the project three 1.69 ounce bags of plain M&M’s were purchased from Walgreens, Rite-Aid and Dollar General. These bags will help with taking a sample of the population that is produced. Purchasing the bags from three different stores will help with the results of the project being meaningful because it is assured that the samples will be truly random. Random sampling is when all members of a group have an equal and independent chance of being selected. Next each individual bag of candy was opened and counted. When counting the candies were put into groups based on their color (blue, orange, green, yellow, red and brown) and the results were recorded on a spreadsheet. Once every bag was counted the findings were added up to find the total number of candies within each of the three 1.69 ounce bags of plain M&M’s. The findings were as followed: Bag One had 54 candies, Bag Two had 57 candies and Bag Three had 56 candies. Part 2 For this part of the project all of the data findings from the class were combined into one class data set. The data focused on the color proportions and the number of candies per bag. The information that was used for the color proportions is the total for each color and the total number of candies sampled. The data in the number candies in bag column was used for the number of candies per bag. First the sample proportions for each of the colors were calculated. A sample proportion is the number of individuals in......

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...We chose to write our report about H&M for many different reasons. First of all, even if we focus on the French market, the fact that H&M is a global brand, operating from nearly everywhere in the world, both made us sure that we would have to analyze a very strong and efficient strategy, and to face some difficulties, deeply linked with the industry (such as problems of relocations or competition from Chinese textile) that would help us understand a strategy better. Besides fashion is an unavoidable factor of our daily life. It always seemed interesting to analyze what stands behind the doors of a store in which we shop. Presentation of the brand H&M is a Sweden based company. It was funded in 1947 by two Swede Hennes and Mauritz, which gave the brand their name. The firm designs, produces and retails clothing items and accessories (including cosmetic products). Its range of product includes clothing (innerwear and sportswear) for men, women and children. Presently, H&M operates in 28 countries. Its largest/major markets are in Germany, Sweden and the UK. The company also allows its customers to buy on the Internet through their online shop (not available in all countries.) H&M reflects international trends through different concepts and ranges of clothes that cover different “style” with above all classics, basics and a line depending on international trends. The brand’s largest department is the women’s department (followed by......

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...Herb and Harry went from doing business on a park bench to beginning a successful venture in the nascent computer industry. CACI continued to leverage trends and identify the most promising technologies and markets. In 1970, CACI pioneered easy-to-use database retrieval programs for the Department of Commerce. Leveraging this technology to projects for the departments of Defense and Justice. This solution expanded the development clients enabling CACI to keep both organizations as preeminent sources of business to this day. Following the trend lines, providing expertise and delivering quality client service became benchmarks of CACI’s culture. These ideals continued into the 1980s, when they faced a dramatic change in the federal landscape. As new rules and regulations went into effect hey had to retool their business to succeed and compete. CACI learned quickly to adapt and survive to succeed and become a major industry leader. In 1990, CACI expanded their professional services firm to an IT solutions provider. CACI recognized that IT was fluctuating from individual software applications to networks and enterprise-wide projects and it was clearly defined that we are moving to a network world. At present, in a time of economic uncertainty, CACI's fiscal performance remains solid. For fiscal year 2011 CACI announced record revenues of $3.6B. CACI continues to leverage an aggressive acquisition strategy – some 52 acquisitions over the last 20 years – to augment......

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...M Project Report Israel Sharipo September 13, 2013 Abstract This paper shows the true proportions of M&M candies through the random sampling of 3 different bags of plain M&M 1.69oz bag of candy bought from three different stores. I believed one will be able to determine data analysis and how it works as it relates to our class project. Introduction The rationale of writing this paper is to show how statistics data analysis works. Statistics as we learned, is the practice of collecting, organizing, analyzing and interpreting data to make decisions. The two types of data used in the project are sampling and proportions. The methods used can be used by any professional or in any occupation. It can be used to determine the standard deviation, mean of any data among others. Part 1 In part one, each student was asked to take a tally of the 3 bags of candies bought from three different stores. And then we were asked to count the totals of each color in all 3 bags. Part 2 We used the excel data provided to complete the assignment. We looked at the data from two perspectives” color and proportions and the number of candies per bag. For the color proportion; we used the total for each color divided but the total number of candies sampled. As for the number of candies per bag, we use the data in the number candies in bag column. We used......

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...M&A Project Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary 1 2. Introduction 2 2.1. History 2 2.2. Company structure 3 2.3. Products 4 2.4. Stock analysis 4 2.5. Competitors 5 2.6. Industry and Economic Trends Analysis 6 3. SWOT Analysis 7 4. Valuation 11 4.1. Weighted Average Cost of Capital 11 4.1.1. Re: Cost of Equity 12 4.1.2. Rd * (1-Tc): Cost of Debt 14 4.2. Pro Forma Forecasting 16 4.3. Discounted Cash Flow Valuation 19 4.4 Earning Valuation 21 4.5 Relative P/E Ratio Model 23 4.6 Synergy 26 5. Outcome and process of negotiations 28 6. References 30 7. Appendices 31 Executive Summary The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and negotiate an acquisition of Jos. A Bank by Men’s Wearhouse. The first step of this process is to use fundamental analysis to value the equity per share value of Jos. A Bank. The second step is to value the synergy between Men’s Wearhouse and Jos. A Bank to estimate the value that would be added to Men’s Wearhouse if they were to acquire Jos. A Bank. Lastly, the paper will address the process of the negotiation with Jos. A Bank management for the proposed acquisition and the ultimate outcome of the process. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classifies Men’s Wearhouse as a clothing and clothing accessories store and this subsector of the retail industry has approximately 2.5 million employees. The firm was founded by George Zimmer in 1973 in...

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...MAT 300 M&Ms® Project Part 4 (21 pts) Use the M&Ms® data to complete this assignment. You will be using the methods of 7.4 for the color proportions and 7.2 for the mean number of candies per bag. For the Bonus you will be using the methods of 7.5. You may submit your answers in Excel, Word or pdf format. Place the file in the dropbox. Be sure to state clear hypotheses, test statistic, critical value or p-value, decision (reject/fail to reject), and conclusion in English. When doing calculations for the color proportions, keep at least 4-6 decimal places sample proportions, otherwise you will encounter large rounding errors. Masterfoods USA states that their color blends were selected by conducting consumer preference tests, which indicated the assortment of colors that pleased the greatest number of people and created the most attractive overall effect. On average, they claim the following percentages of colors for M&Ms® milk chocolate candies: , , , , and. Blue Orange Green Yellow Red Brown 0.207697 0.213661 0.182093 0.134701 0.129692 0.132157 .792303 .786339 .817907 .865299 .870308 .867843 Blue: 3 pts. Test their claim that the true proportion of blue M&Ms® candies in a 1.69 oz bag is 0.24 at the 0.05 significance level. 24% blue Claim - p = 0.24 H0: p = 0.24 (null) H1: p ≠ 0.24 (alternative) ṗ → sample proportion (0.207697) p → assumed value in null (0.24) q → 1 - p (0.76) n → total number of candies (12576) z = -8.482014 p =...

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...Strayer University Math 300 MM Project PT 4 August 14, 2011 Solution: We want to test the following null and alternative hypotheses We need to use the z-statistic, which is calculated using Observe that the sample proportion is This corresponds to a two-tailed z-test for proportions. The z-statistics is computed by the following formula: The critical value for for this two-tailed test is. The rejection region is given by Since, then we reject the null hypothesis H0. Hence, we have enough evidence to reject the claim that the true proportion of blue M&Ms® candies is 0.24. 3 pts. Test their claim that the true proportion of orange M&Ms® candies is 0.20 at the 0.05 significance level. Solution: We are interested in testing the following null and alternative hypotheses We need to use the z-statistic, which is calculated using Observe that the sample proportion is This corresponds to a two-tailed z-test for proportions. The z-statistics is given by the following formula: The critical value for for this two-tailed test is. The rejection region is given by Since, then we reject the null hypothesis H0. Hence, we have enough evidence to reject the claim that the true proportion of orange M&Ms® candies is 0.20. 3 pts. Test their claim that the true proportion of green M&Ms® candies is 0.16 at the 0.05 significance level. Solution: We......

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... Excel Project Report Introduction: This project report is about the project we did on M&Ms. My hypothesis for this project is that bags of equal weight should have the same amount of candies in it. All the colors aren’t represented equally because there are 6 different colors so there must be more of that color in each bag. The color distribution doesn’t remain constant because the little bag will have less candies and the bigger bag will have more candies for each color. Data Collection: This project we are doing is on M&Ms. We opened the mini bags of M&Ms and recorded how many of each color there were and recorded it in the table under bag1. Then we went to 5 other peoples M&Ms and recorded how much M&Ms were there for each color and recorded those under bags 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Then I put that information in 3 different graphs. My Table of the Data: Colors Blue Brown Green Orange Red Yellow Total Ba Ba Ba Ba Ba Ba Avera g 1 g 2 g 3 g 4 g 5 g 6 ge 5 0 5 3 0 3 1 6 4 6 4 6 0 0 2 0 3 2 4 5 2 4 2 0 2 4 3 6 2 3 2 0 4 1 5 4 2 1 1 7 4 1 9 3 0 0 1 7 4 2 5 5 1 2 18 Data Analysis: My dat ta reveals that every color r doesn’t have the e same am mount for that co olor there e are all d different. . Only a fe ew bags have the same amoun nt of that t color as the othe er bag. ta shows s that the e average amount of yellow w M&Ms is about 2. My dat The av verage am mount for r Red is 1. The ave erage am mount for......

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...A template report file can be found in the course shell: mnmprojectreport.doc. Before your write your report, watch the video titled “mnmunwrapped.wmv” located in the course shell. It is a 3:30-minute video segment from the TV show “Unwrapped,” showing many parts of the production process, which might give you some ideas. Ignore the color percentages quoted in the segment. Imagine you are a quality control manager at the Masterfoods plant. Write a two to three (2–3) page report on all the parts of the project. Structure your paper using the following headers: o Introduction: Purpose of Report o Project Part 1: Sampling Method o Project Part 2: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 3: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 4: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 5: Method, Analysis, Results o Quality Control: Assume that at least one of the tests from Part 4 was rejected (proportion not equal to targeted amount set by Masterfoods). Discuss how you would investigate the operations of the plant to determine why the proportions were off the targeted values. Speculate on three or more possible conditions in plant and bagging process that could have caused the observed results. o Conclusion You should explain what was done as well as the results. Tables can be used to present results and information. Your audience is a supervisor or manager who is unfamiliar with this project and may or may not be familiar with statistical terms. As a result, you will......

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...MAT 300 M&Ms® Project Report (120 pts) A template report file can be found in the course shell: mnmprojectreport.doc. Before your write your report, watch the video titled “mnmunwrapped.wmv” located in the course shell. It is a 3:30-minute video segment from the TV show “Unwrapped,” showing many parts of the production process, which might give you some ideas. Ignore the color percentages quoted in the segment. Imagine you are a quality control manager at the Masterfoods plant. Write a two to three (2–3) page report on all the parts of the project. Structure your paper using the following headers: o Introduction: Purpose of Report o Project Part 1: Sampling Method o Project Part 2: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 3: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 4: Method, Analysis, Results o Project Part 5: Method, Analysis, Results o Quality Control: Assume that at least one of the tests from Part 4 was rejected (proportion not equal to targeted amount set by Masterfoods). Discuss how you would investigate the operations of the plant to determine why the proportions were off the targeted values. Speculate on three or more possible conditions in plant and bagging process that could have caused the observed results. o Conclusion You should explain what was done as well as the results. Tables can be used to present results and information. Your audience is a supervisor or manager who is unfamiliar with this project and may or may not be familiar with......

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...44 OUR COMMUNITY INVESTMENTS PAGE 51 OUR BUSINESS H&M’s business concept is to offer our customers fashion and quality at the best price. At H&M, quality is more than making sure that products meet or exceed our customers’ expectations – it also means that these products should be manufactured under good working conditions and with limited impact on the environment. Taking responsibility for how our operations affect people and the environment is key for H&M’s continued profitability and growth. We are committed to integrating social and environmental concerns into all our business operations and investing in the communities where we work. Our 2008 sustainability report covers our activities in relation to our business operations, our supply chain, our products and how they are produced, our employees and the communities around us. This section provides an overview of our business and its impact, and how we go about integrating Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) into it. GLOBAL BRAND GLOBAL IMPACT AND REACH H&M was established in Sweden in 1947 and today sells clothes, accessories, footwear and cosmetics in more than 1,700 stores in 33 countries and via internet and catalogue sales in Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Germany and Austria. Here, we will also sell home textiles through online and catalogue sales from 2009. H&M also stands behind the brand COS and acquired the majority of shares of FaBric Scandinavien AB with its brands Cheap Monday, Weekday and Monki.......

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...Assignment: M&M Project Report M&M Project Report Strayer University David Newman Professor Ahmed Rawish March 16, 2012 Assignment: M&M Project Report Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Data Collection III. Data Analysis IV. Conclusion V. References Abstract This paper examines the proportion of M&M candies through the random sampling of 3 bags. After reading this paper one should have a better understanding of the process that accompanies packaging M&M candies. The bags used in the experiments were taken from different stores to help ensure a true sample of all the 1.69 oz of plain M&M candies. I. Introduction The purpose of this paper is to provide a written report of the five part M&M project. Part one was sampling. We were to purchase 3 bags of M&M and record the color counts of each bag in an Excel spread sheet. For part two we calculated the sample proportions for each color, the mean number of candies per1.69oz bag, created a histogram for the number of candies per bag, use Excel to compute the descriptive statistics for the total number of candies per bag and summarize the information. In part three we located the 95% confidence interval for the proportion of blue, orange, green, yellow, red and brown.......

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...M&M Project Math 336 (1) Buy a packet of regular size M&M's. Record the frequency of each color and then transfer this information to a bar chart and a pie chart. (2) Represent the number of M&M's per packet on a histogram using all of the class data. Is your histogram normally distributed? Check using the empirical rule. Also choose your favorite color and draw a histogram of the number of M&M’s of that color per packet based on class data. Draw a box-plot of the total number of data in a packet based on class data. (3) There are numerous hypothesis tests that can be done. Obtain the mean number of M&M's per packet for the whole class. Consider as a null hypothesize that the actual number of M&M's in your packet is the actual number of M&M's per packet as intended by the manufacturers. Test this hypothesis using the sample data from the class. Comment on the difference between a type I and type II error in this context. (NOTE: Be careful in the choice of your sample size.) (4) Test the assumption that on average there are the same proportion of red and yellow M&M’s per packet. (5) Devise a test to see if there are the same number of red M&M’s per packet. (6) Another obvious test would be to test the proportion of colors present. Intuitively, we might expect each color to occur with the same probability p (Null Hypothesis) but a quick inspection of data suggests this is not so. Test this hypothesis. (5) Perhaps the manufacturers do not stick to......

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...M&M® Project Report Before your write your report, watch the video titled “mnmunwrapped.wmv” located in the course shell. It is a 3:30-minute video segment from the TV show “Unwrapped,” showing many parts of the production process, which might give you some ideas. Imagine you are a quality control manager at the Masterfoods plant. Write a two to three (2–3) page report on all the parts of the project. Structure your paper using the following headers: • Introduction: Purpose of Report • Project Part 1: Sampling Method • Project Part 2: Method, Analysis, Results • Project Part 3: Method, Analysis, Results • Project Part 4: Method, Analysis, Results • Project Part 5: Method, Analysis, Results • Quality Control: Assume that at least one of the tests from Part 4 was rejected (proportion not equal to targeted amount set by Masterfoods). Discuss how you would investigate the operations of the plant to determine why the proportions were off the targeted values. Speculate on three or more possible conditions in plant and bagging process that could have caused the observed results. • Conclusion: You should explain what was done as well as the results. Tables can be used to present results and information. Your audience is a supervisor or manager who is unfamiliar with this project and may or may not be familiar with statistical terms. As a result, you will either need to explain/define statistical terms or write them in a way that a layman can understand. You...

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...M & M’s Project Erica Warren Strayer University Abstract Over a short time frame of approximately 11 weeks, data was collected and recorded, on the number of candies of each color, within several bags of 1.69 ounces of plain M & M’s. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the packaging process for these plain M & M candies. A random sample on several bags of 1.69 ounces of M & M’s was collected and the population data was produced. The main focus of this project is the color proportions and the number of candies per bag. Calculations were done for the sample proportions, mean, and sample mean of the number of candies per bag. An excel spreadsheet was created to show a histogram for the number of candies as well as a descriptive statistics which summarized other information. Confidence intervals, for the proportion of each color as well as the mean number of candies, were constructed at 95%. Several hypotheses test, along with conclusions was calculated for the color proportions to test Master foods USA statements. The final step was to compare the red and brown candies and test the hypotheses to see if they were equal. This paper will introduce you to the methods that were used and the result for each part of the project. M & M Project With this project, I will be examining the five project parts of an M & M analysis and examine the methods of quality control. Master foods USA states that the color blends were selected by......

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