In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jotorrales
Words 747
Pages 3
McClusky’s Theory of Margin proves even though a person has reached age maturity, there is still room for learning. The benefits of this theory can be used as a simple guidance tool on a daily basis. Thus the tool is not to be taken as a crystal ball, as this will not tell you how you would learn, however it will allow to put in perspective what areas we would need to focus on to get a gratifying outcome. The benefits can be measured with a simple formula L/P=M. With this method we can overcome the struggles that an adult learner can encounter. This tool can be used in a variety of ways; in this paper we will apply this to our daily life. We can begin by dissecting this method so we can understand how to then apply it.
Many would say that “you can’t teach old dog new tricks,” with the McClusky’s Theory of Margin, that statement can clearly be debunked. The theories without a doubt show that not only can adults learn new information it also demonstrates how one can establish a harmony throughout the adult learning process. Why an adult would choose to further their knowledge? There can be different stages in one’s life that could prompt this, personal development, job enhancement, complete educational gap, or just joining the job market. Whatever the reason may, be there are methods to accomplishing this successfully. Research has shown one can control our outcome by creating a balance with (L) load, consisting of life’s requirements (such as family, work, and community responsibilities), (P) power allows one to deal with the load. “Margin in life” is the ratio of both load and power. (McClusky, 1970)
As adults we have to adjust to multiple responsibilities and demands on a daily basis. The way that I find the margin of power needed to overcome load and be successful in the Criminal Justice Administration Program begins with my self evaluation. I am a single parent…...

Similar Documents

Asante Royal Arts

...the Asante Kingdom. The stool thus became a strong unifying symbol of the spirit (sunsum) of the Asante people in the same light as stools are believed to house one’s spirit after their death. The Asante tradition is richly built on proverbs and metaphors, which is very evident in their way of life and art. What would be passed as ordinary or mundane objects, is often transformed to meaningful symbols of great insight. This can be seen in the creative ways proverbs have been incorporated into their arts, whether it be in the royal cloth (Kente Cloth), gold and brass weights, stools and gold rings. Figure [ 1 ]: Unknown artist, Peanut ring (Gold), 20th century, H. 3.8cm,Asante, Ghana, Gift of Katherine White and the Boeing Company. (McClusky:78) Rings are generally common jewelry pieces made of one or other material, but infused with a strong message or tied with a strong proverb the ring can become a great vessel of communicating societal values, codes of conduct, wise lessons and embody sacred qualities of a nation. A gold ring depicting a peanut (figure 1) may not mean much to many people, but to the Asante people an insightful and wise metaphor can be interpreted from it such as: “If you want to grow something for me, plant ground nuts, not corn” (in regard to how nuts are not easily uprooted in comparison to corn: this may demonstrate a yearning for a more solid or permanent relationship, than one that can be easily destroyed.). Another example of profound proverbial...

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7


...General electric | Financial | $2 Billion in 1999 | Motorola (1999) | Financial | $15 Billion over 11 years | Dow chemical/rail delivery project | Financial | Savings of $2.45 million in capital expenditures | DuPont/Yerkes plant in New York (2000) | Financial | Savings of more than $25 million | Telefonica de espana (2001) | Financial | Savings and increase in revenue 30 million Euro in first 10 months | Texas instruments | Financial | $600 million | Johnson and Johnson | Financial | $ 500 million | Honeywell | Financial | $ 1.2 billion | Ford motor compant/exterior Surface defects | Financial | $500,000 | (Source: Kwak and Anbari, 2006; Weiner, 2004; De Feo and Bar-El, 2002; Antony and Banuelas, 2002; Buss and Ivey, 2001; McClusky, 2000; [Anon, 2007a] and [Anon, 2007b]) Adapted from Kumar et al., 2007. Conclusion Today, six sigma has become a corporate gospel, infiltrating functions from human resources to marketing, and industries from manufacturing to financial services. Six Sigma links customer requirements and process improvements with financial results while simultaneously providing the desired speed, accuracy and agility in today’s e-age. However, it reported that companies operating at three or four sigma typically spend between 25% and 40% of their revenues fixing problems. This is known as the cost of quality, or more accurately the cost of poor quality. Companies operating at Six Sigma typically spend less than 5% of their revenues fixing......

Words: 2050 - Pages: 9

Functional Application and Minimization of Booleanfunction Using Gates, K-Map & Quine-Mccluskey

...get Binary Expression(long num, int no Of Variables); Linked List prime Implicant Table Generation(String, int); Linked Listget Unselected Prime Implicants(Linked List); String Number String DivideBy2(String str); String Number String ModulusBy2(String str); String gets Binary Expression (String str, int unt); MODEL OF JAVA CODING FOR MQM import java.util.Arrays; import java.util.LinkedList; import java.util.ListIterator; ....... public class QMacPrimeImplicantTableGeneration { Indian Streams Research Journal • Volume 3 Issue 2 • March 2013 14 FUNCTIONAL APPLICATION AND MINIMIZATION OF BOOLEANFUNCTION.......... public static void main(String args[]) { //Max Minterm Value = 5,20,000 and 18 Variables System.out.println("Quine-McClusky Method or Tabulation Method"); String mintermsStr = "9223372036854775807, 31, 0, 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 17, 21, 24, 25, 27"; String minterms[] = mintermsStr.replaceAll("\\s+","").split(","); int noOfVariables = 64; LinkedList qMacLL = primeImplicantTableGeneration(minterms, noOfVariables);... } public static boolean isExistingMintermsGroup(LinkedList qMacLL, String mintermsGroup) { for(int curr = 0; curr < qMacLL.size(); curr++) if(mintermsGroup.equalsIgnoreCase(qMacLL.get(curr). .......... } public static String sortMintermsGroup(String str) { String[] strArr = str.split(","); long[] intArr = new long[strArr.length]; for(int i = 0; i < strArr.length; i++) intArr[i] = Long.parseLong(strArr[i]); Arrays.sort(intArr); String resStr = "";......

Words: 7048 - Pages: 29

The Battle of Midway

...After the fighters landed they needed to be refueled and rearmed causing the fleet to be vulnerable to attack as it had very little fighter air cover furthermore, the Japanese carriers were not in a position to do a great deal other than reequip the planes. (History Learning Site, 2000) It was at this moment, when Japanese fighter planes were rearming that the Japanese carriers were defenseless against an air attack, that “Nagumo received news of an incoming aerial attack from planes from both the 'Hornet' and 'Enterprise'. All that Spruance had left behind were sufficient planes to give his ships aerial cover - the rest were sent to attack the Japanese fleet. Spruance's planes first left the fleet at 07.52 led by Lieutenant-Commander McClusky. In all, 67 Dauntless dive- bombers, 29 Devastator torpedo-bombers and 20 Wildcat fighters were involved” (History Learning Site, 2000, p.1). However, the squadrons were not grouped together they were spread over a vast area thus, making it difficult to communicate between the squadrons. In essence, four squadrons advanced on the Japanese without being able to communicate effectively. “Unknown to them, Nagumo had changed course and when the planes arrived at the point that they believed the Japanese would be at - they found nothing. Some planes searched in vain; many of the fighters had to ditch as they simply ran out of fuel. However, the torpedo squadrons, flying low over the water, did find the Japanese carriers - but they had no......

Words: 2073 - Pages: 9

Balanced Scorecard and Six Sigma

...2002) Two perspectives of six sigma processes Statistical viewpoint According to Antony and Banuelas, 2002, from the statistical point of view, six sigma is defined as having less than 3.4 defects per million opportunities or a success rate of 99.9997% where sigma is a term used to represent the variation about the process average. If a company is working at three sigma level for quality control, it is construing as achieving a success rate of 99.973% and denoted a defect rate of 2,600 per million, which was adequate for most manufacturing organizations until the early 1980s (Mahesh 2005). Numerous organizations still performs at three sigma level where the six sigma method is an extremely meticulous quality control perception (McClusky 2000). Business viewpoint Six sigma is defined as a business strategy used to improve profitability, effectiveness and efficiency to meet customer’s needs and expectations (Antony and Banuelas 2001). It was first applied in industrialized operations and promptly prolonged to different practical areas such as marketing, engineering, purchasing and administrative support. Predominantly, the extensive functions of six sigma were doable due to the verity that companies were able to coherent the benefits of six sigma on hand in financial returns by involving process enhancement with cost savings. (Young and Anbarib 2006) Benefits of implementing six sigma Financial sector According to Doran 2003, typical six sigma projects in......

Words: 2447 - Pages: 10

Comparative Phylogeography of Freshwater Habitats in Southern Australia: Using Palaeodrainage Reconstructions to Investigate Population Structure and Historic Population Connectivity

...for contamination and species confirmed by doing a comparison with sequences in GenBank using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) software ( COI sequences were analysed and aligned in Geneious 5.4.4 (Drummond et al. 2011) using a Geneious Alignment. Alignments were confirmed by eye, low quality regions at the end of each sequence were trimmed and ambiguous bases replaced with Ns. To broaden the number and range of samples used the Paratya dataset was combined with 32 COI haplotypes from 71 locations across Victoria and south east South Australia 16 downloaded off GenBank from the PhD thesis by McCluskey (2007) (Appendix 3) and the outgroup used to root trees was a Paratya howensis sequence (McClusky 2007). The Austrochiltonia data set was combined with 61 COI sequences from 23 locations from the central and Port Phillip areas of Victoria and south east of South Australia downloaded off GenBank from King and Leys (2011) (Appendix 4). Of these sequences 23 were found to belong to A. subtenuis and 6 to the closely related and morphologically similar A. australis. The outgroup used to root trees was a Hyalella azteca sequence from GenBank (Baird et al. 2011). The appropriate model of evolution for each alignment was determined using jModelTest 0.1 (Posada 2008), using the hierarchical likelihood ratio test (hLRT) and Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). The optimum evolutionary model for Paratya was the GTR+I+G, with a gamma shape......

Words: 6481 - Pages: 26

Thesis on Laughter

...meditation techniques. Laughter is one way to deal with these pressures. It provides a much-needed release not just for ourselves, but also for the people around us. Even Scriptures say, “A joyful heart is good medicine, but a broken spirit dries up the bones.” (Proverbs.17:22) Some people say that after God created the world, He made man and woman. Then to keep the whole thing from collapsing, He invented humor. Humor is so powerful it can diffuse business tensions. This is a classic: when Eugene Cafiero was president of the Chrysler Corporation, he went to England to resolve an intense conflict between management and members of the union at a Chrysler plant. As Cafiero entered the plant, a man confronted him and loudly declared, “I’m Eddie McClusky and I’m a Communist.” Cafiero held tight his hand and replied, “I’m Eugene Cafiero, and I’m a Presbyterian.” Laughter followed, and it cooled off this confrontation. When a situation is potentially explosive, humor can diffuse it. Don’t you just love a cheerful person? I do. When I come into the presence of anyone who is so serious he or she looks like a raisin, I can immediately feel the tension, and I begin to expect that the encounter and the conversation will be challenging. Doing business should be serious, but you and I shouldn’t be too serious with ourselves. We need to cheer up. And the best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up. Those who have never learned to cultivate a healthy sense of humor......

Words: 7824 - Pages: 32


...battle fleet. This formidable force, complete with 8 carriers and 400 airplanes, would be able to defeat the Americans and remove any possibility of an American response At the same time, the USS Enterprise and Hornet also launched fighters, followed soon after by planes from the USS Yorktown. The Yorktown’s first wave of dive bombers was shot down, and this gave Nagumo the confidence and time to plan to attack the US carriers on the other side of Midway. Due to pure luck, however, a second wave of bombers from the Enterprise stumbled upon the Japanese fleet and fighters. To make matters worse for the Japanese, the entire fleet was in the process of refueling and rearming planes. Fuel and torpedoes lay exposed all over the carriers. Lt. McClusky led his 37 bombers in an incredible assault on the Japanese fleet that singlehandedly turned the tide of the Pacific War. Within minutes, the three Japanese carriers had been sunk and the fourth was found and destroyed mere hours later. Nagumo’s entire First Air Fleet had been decimated. With the momentum of victories at Guadalcanal, Nimitz began employ a strategy known as island hopping to continue his offensive. Island hopping was the strategy of choosing small, less heavily fortified islands to capture while isolating and avoiding main Japanese bases. (Keegan, 297) With this method, the Allies could minimize casualties as they pushed toward the Philippines, and later, Japan itself. The Japanese planned for a final showdown......

Words: 2270 - Pages: 10

Izmir, Turkey - the Pearl of the Aegean

...noted by the devastating rise in earthquake activity in Table 1. DATE | MAGNITUDE | LENGTH | EARTHQUAKE NAME | December 26, 1939 | 8.0 | 360 km | Erzincan | December 20,1942 | 7.1 | 50 km | Erbaa | November 26,1943 | 7.6 | 280 km | Tosya | February 01,1944 | 7.3 | 165 km | Bolu-Gerede | May 26, 1957 | 7.0 | 80 km | Abant | July 22, 1967 | 7.1 | 102 km | Mudurnu Valley | August 17, 1999 | 7.8 | 320 km | | Table 1 depicts the seven largest earthquakes registering ≥ 7.0 magnitudes in Turkish history during 1939 - 99: Figure 1 shows the activity of the Anatolian and Arabian plates which cross one another and form the earthquakes in/around the vicinity of the Anatolian Fault: Figure 1: Courtesy of McClusky & et al, 2000 Figure 1: Courtesy of McClusky & et al, 2000 Over a century has past in the country of Turkey, whose inhabitants reside unsure of when the next earthquake will strike . . . more than 130 earthquakes to date have targeted this country, striking beneath it’s layers of complex faults and destroying the lives of more than 84,000 residents, while injurying another 150,000+, severaly destroying well over half-a-million structures (Kuterdem, 2010). This amounts to a total loss for the Turks to a combined total in U.S. currency of $20 billion (HDN, 2014). Yet simply stated, predicting earthquakes is not a science and will never be due to the instability of the faults and fault lines (Akman, N & Ural, D, 2001). The majority of......

Words: 4867 - Pages: 20

Working Students

...(Lilley & Cobham, 2005). Individuals with high anxiety sensitivity also exhibit a memory bias for anxietyrelated information (McNally, Foa, & Donnell, 1989), and are more likely to interpret normal physiological sensations as potentially harmful (Pollock, Carter, Amir & Marks, 2006). Research has shown individuals with high AS tend to employ threat avoidant decision making strategies in an effort to minimize exposure to heightened physiological stimulation (Wilson & Hayward, 2006). For example, studies suggest that individuals with high AS are less likely to engage in physical exercise (Moshier et al., 2014; McWilliams & Asmundson, 2001) or respond to an aggressive attack with aggression (Broman-Fulks, Berman & McClusky, 2007). However, relatively little is known regarding the relation between AS and risk-taking. Given that risk-taking behaviors often generate increased physiological arousal, it is possible that individuals with high AS may be motivated to minimize risk engagement. To date, only one study has directly examined the relation between AS and risktaking. Broman-Fulks and colleagues (2014) found that individuals with high AS reported engaging in significantly fewer gambling behaviors than those with low AS. In addition, high AS participants selected significantly fewer cards from high risk decks on the Iowa Gambling Task than low AS participants. However, as this study only examined the relation between AS and gambling behaviors, it is......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Applied Business Project

...25. Disabled World (2011) 2010 Disability Services Census – Australia [Internet] Available from: [Accessed 26 October 2011] 26. Sowa, J. E., Selden, S. C., and Sandfort, J. R., (2004) “No Longer Unmeasurable? A Multidimensional Integrated Model of Nonprofit Organizational Effectiveness.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2004, 33(4), p. 711–728. 27. Baruch, Y., and Ramalho, N., (2006) “Communalities and Distinctions in the Measurement of Organizational Performance and Effectiveness Across For-Profit and Nonprofit Sectors.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 35(1), p. 39–65. 28. Patton, M. Q., (1997) Utilization-Focused Evaluation: The New Century Text. (3rd ed.) Thousand Oaks, California, Sage 29. Balser, D., and McClusky, J., (2005) “Managing Stakeholder Relationships and Nonprofit Organization Effectiveness.” Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 15(3), p.295–315. 30. Jackson, D. K., and Holland, T. P., (1998) “Measuring the Effectiveness of Nonprofit Boards.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 27(2), p. 159–182. 31. Preston, J.B., and Brown, W.A., (2004) “Commitment and Performance of Nonprofit Board Members.” Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 15(2), 221–238. 32. Haniffa R., Hudaib M., (2006) “Corporate governance structure and performance of Malaysian listed companies.” Journal of Business Finance and Accounting 33(7), p. 1034–1062 33. Rose C., (2007) “Does female board representation influence firm......

Words: 12225 - Pages: 49

Digital Blended Classroom Learning

...distance learning into the University of Pittsburgh course curriculum, from the initiation in 1970 to the school’s present era blend of Internet-based, interactive television based, as well as paper-based course curriculum. Alman and Frey (2003) initiated the Master’s Degree in Library and Information Science (MLIS) program to ascertain the components of utmost import to adult learners’ educational fulfillment. The newly initiated online distance-learning program required the attendance of a two to three workshop campus-based workshop involvement per semester. The Alman and Frey (2003) study involved the feedback from five student focal groups (35), with the employment as the learning basis hypothesizes of Cross (1981); Knowles (1980); McClusky (1963); and Mezirow (1990), enrolled in the study for a period of two years. Alman and Frey (2003) condensed the student feedback into ten suggestions ensuring the maintenance of exceptional instruction attributes: 1) Declare clear-cut expectations. 2) Employ multiple types of feedback. 3) Maintain normal communication with both the group as well as the individual learners. 4) Allow learner flexibility as well as control. 5) Incorporate stratagems to maintain student motivation. 6) Provide multiple student support options. 7) Maintain a focal of content therein the units. 8) Ensure curriculum consistency. 9) Consider limitations of adults. 10) Acknowledge adult learners position as well as experiences. Alman and Frey (2003) aver in......

Words: 1514 - Pages: 7

Bindung Psychologie

...35,000 same-sex couples were legally married, Gates said. The ACS 2008 survey marked the first time the census bureau released official estimates for the number of same-sex couples who identified one partner as husband or wife. Currently, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Iowa and Vermont allow gay marriage. New Hampshire will begin allowing them next year and voters in Maine, which passed legislation allowing same-sex marriage, will decide the issue in a referendum next month. While gay advocacy groups see the census count as an opportunity to help them, conservative groups who are opposed to gay marriage say counting and releasing the data runs counter to the Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA. "We see it as a violation to DOMA," said Tom McClusky, the vice president for Family Research Council Action, the legislative action arm of Family Research Council. He said the group is trying to work with members of Congress to "see what can be done" as far as funding streams to the census. Jenny Tyree, a marriage analyst for Focus on the Family Action, said in a written statement that the move was "just another clear signal from the Obama administration that marriage is open to redefinition." Demographers say the census count of same-sex couples who use the term husband and wife will help provide numbers that are otherwise unavailable. "People far overestimate about how much data there are about the LGBT population," Gates said, noting that few surveys ever ask about sexual......

Words: 3347 - Pages: 14

Focusing on Spiritual Care

...many. The have by faith touched the lives of many and set forth a wonderful example by the changes they have made. References DeMoro, R. (2010). Honoring life: nurses who value people over profits understand that their work of healing patients extends way beyond the bedside. National Nurse, 106(6), 11. Flowers, L. (2009). 'Secret patient' checks out ASC's cleanliness, courtesy, and privacy. OR Manager, 22(11), 31. Journal of Sacred Work, (2009). Retrieved from home at 2 Kings 5:14, King James Version, Holy Bible. Maclaren, J. (2009). Health, healing and caring nurses: a reflection of SANE. On The Edge, 15(4). Scotto, C., McClusky, C., Spillan, S., & Kimmel, J. (2009). Earplugs improve patients' subjective experience of sleep in critical care. Nursing In Critical Care, 14(4), 180-184....

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5