Modifications on an Automobile and Its Environmental Effects

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By justinsalv
Words 1987
Pages 8
Modifications on an Automobile and its Environmental Effects With the increase in oil prices and the negative effects on the environment due to carbon emissions, it is imperative to begin to think about the effects of car maintenance on this issue. Wouldn’t one like to save gas by increasing miles per gallon? There is a proven connection between a well maintained automobile and improved gas mileage. This has a direct effect on automobile pollution in regard to carbon emissions. A well maintained car saves the owner money, increase fuel efficiency and decreases pollution. A well maintained vehicle and its relationship to gas consumption is twofold. One when the car is running at its peak performance. Thus mechanical systems are running at peak efficiency. Two when a car needs service or when modifications can be made to improve efficiency. Projected carbon dioxide (Co2) emissions from cars could remain level at three gigatons through 2050 despite many more personal vehicles on the road with only minor affordable changes to existing engines, chassis and systems, according to a new report. “The study unveiled today at the Geneva Motor Show in Switzerland, challenges auto-policy makers to push for technology and design changes to existing autos that could double today’s average gas mileage of 26 miles per gallon.” (Scientific American) Vehicle owners are able to do many necessary maintenance items to keep cars running at peak performance, therefore improving gas consumption. Just by adding an aftermarket variable valve timing device to an engine could increase gas consumption and improve mileage. In internal combustion engines, variable value timing or VVT is a generic term for an automobile piston engine technology. VVT can be used throughout the RPM range for both intake and exhaust for improved performance in both overhead value and cam engines. An…...

Similar Documents

Automobile

...invention of the automobile. They were first created in China. But Karl Benz, a German engineer invented the modern automobiles. Cars have become a big part of the society today. The population in some areas of the world is changing. Because we are in the 21st century, we live in an urban lifestyle. People need to work in order to earn a living. Children go to school to acquire knowledge. Automobile industry is one of the most important industries in the world. It provide jobs for millions of people, generates billions of dollars in worldwide revenue. Automobiles have also revolutionized transportation in the 20th century, changing the way people do business and travel. Although automobiles are significant, we should ask the question what are the negative effects of owning one? Of course they are useful to us. In addition, owning an automobile contributes to the everyday life of an individual. However, there are many dangers of owning a car in which industries do not care about. They tend to care more about themselves and the profit they will make by selling their product. Production of automobiles have great effects on people and the environment because it causes pollution such as air that hence, leads to serious health effects. It also leads to depletion of natural resources, and the ozone layer. They also use unrecyclable parts to manufacture their product. In addition, the auto industry contributes to the decline of the global economy. Firstly, automobiles......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Effect of Environmental Marketing

...STUDIES (DEPARTMENT OF MARKETING STUDIES) A STUDY INTO THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING ON CORPORATE BODIES. A CASE STUDY OF ACCRA BREWERY COMPANY. PRESENTED BY: Dennis kankam A PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF MARKETING THE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS STUDIES, ACCRA POLYTECHNIC, IN PARTIAL FULLFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR AWARD OF THE HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA JULY, 2013. CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Environment is simply our surrounding. The increased awareness on environmental issues is as a result of increased publicity on the media on issues such as, the warring off of the ozone layer and increased pollution of the environment by industries. Customers have become concern about their everyday habit and the impact it has on their environment, (Baumann, H., Boons, F., Bragd, A, 2002). Managing environmental safety issue is highly challenging, time consuming and expensive. There are many laws on environmental safety that have made companies liable to any wrongdoings. These laws cover areas such as, harmful pollution, managing of hazardous materials and so on. As a result, several hazard controls, pollution control and prevention programs are held in different parts of the world on emergency procedures, contingency planning and employee training, (Baumann, H., Boons, F., Bragd, A. 2002). Similarly, many regulatory bodies and acts are set to ensure environmental safety and protection, some of which include, OSHA......

Words: 1565 - Pages: 7

Effect of Environmental Stress on Growth of Mung Bean

... the losses due to water logging. Harmful effect of water logging on different physiological and yield attributes has been studied in oil crops (Feng, 1991) soybean (Sorte et al., 1996) and potato(Ekanayake, 1994). Keeping these points inview, a pot experiment was carried out to evaluate growth and yield of Mungbean under different establishment of water logging. Soil moisture stress is an environmental condition which affects physiological processes of the plant. Mungbean is cultivated during dry season (October to April) in Bangladesh and during this period no rainfall causes depletion of soil moisture level resulting drought effect that impair the physiological aspect of dry matter accumulation. A common feature of the climate in Bangladesh is the uncertainty of rainfall, therefore probable significant soil water deficit leading to plant water deficit at various stages of growth. Drought is a widespread climatic event which frequently limits growth of Mungbean. Mungbean response to water stress resulting in lower yields.The decrease in crop biomass production is frequently observed in response to water deficit. Drought problems for Mungbean are worsening with the rapid expansion of water stressed areas of the world including 3 billion people by 2030 (Postel, 2000). Crop yield of Mungbean is more dependent on an adequate supply of water than on any other single environmental factor (Kramer and Boyer 1997). In winter......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

The Effect of Environmental Regulations on Foreign Direct Investment

...The effect of Environmental Regulations on Foreign Direct Investment Florian Gasser Regina Hammerschmid Lydia Sperrer Projektarbeit Volkswirtschaftliche Analysemethoden Universität Innsbruck Eingereicht am: 25. Juni 2011 bei Ass.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Herbert Stocker Abstract International Trade Flows in particular Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) depend on numerous factors such socio- or political stability, environmental standards which must be met, imposed taxes or labour conditions. Measuring these effects is not as straight forward as it might seem and various studies have been conducted in this field. The following paper focuses on the pollution haven hypotheses stating that lax environmental regulations increase Foreign Direct Investment inflow since investing firms experience significant cost efficiencies and comparative advantages. The data set is mainly chosen from the World Data Bank and five explanatory variables are used to investigate their influence on FDI inflow (as percentage of GDP). During the empirical analysis a pivotal factor will be the OECD membership even if several environmental standards are controlled. We expect to see some significant determinants of FDI inflow in order to either agree or reject the pollution haven hypotheses. Contents 1 Introduction 2 The Two Hypotheses 3 Data Set 4 Econometric Model and Results 4.1 Linear Regression Model (OLS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Assumptions of Gauss-Markov-Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Chow Test...

Words: 3184 - Pages: 13

Effects of Environmental Factors-Nike

...With more than 44,000 employees across six continents and with their mission “to harness diversity and inclusion to inspire ideas and ignite innovation”, Nike is an organization that conducts both domestic and global marketing. In this situation, it is inevitable that Nike is influenced by environmental factors much. Let’s start with this example to see what happened in Nike’s history: Nike had introduced its "Air" line of basketball shoes in 1996 with a stylized, flame-like logo of the word Air on the shoe's backside and sole.Yet, there was a problem. Arab-American groups thought that the way “Air” was written on the shoe looked too similar to “Allah” written in Arabic. Nike recalled thousands of shoes, covered the logos with patches and the shoes made their way to the outlets. Although Nike has apologized to the Islamic community for any unintentional offense to their sensibilities, and has taken measures to raise their internal understanding of Islamic issues, in the end that logo cost Nike millions plus a playground built to ease tensions. We apparently see that some cultural issues may affect companies negatively. In this case, Nike didn’t even consider this consequence while putting those shoes on the market, but they paid dearly for. On the other hand, Nike, in 2000s, started to seek the best investment with the highest returns. They traced the symptoms of poverty back to their roots, and it led them to an unexpected solution and a catalyst for change:......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Automobile

...Automobile Introduction of Automobiles An automobile, auto car, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor. Most definitions of the term specify that automobiles are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to eight people, to typically have four wheels, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods. By definition an automobile or car is a wheeled vehicle that carries its own motor and transports passengers. The automobile as we know it was not invented in a single day by a single inventor. The history of the automobile reflects an evolution that took place worldwide. It is estimated that over 100,000 patents created the modern automobile. You can point to the many firsts that occurred along the way to producing the modern car; and with that goal in mind, highlighted below are articles, biographies, timelines, and photo galleries related to the history of the automobile and its many inventors. History of Automobiles A multi-part feature on the history of automobiles starting with the first steam, electrical, and gasoline-engine cars. Learn the controversy behind what was the first car in history and the importance of the internal combustion engine. The lives of many famous automotive makers are explored in detail with special pages on the assembly line, the origins of the name automobile, the patent disputes, and more.......

Words: 1897 - Pages: 8

Environmental Stresses and Their Psychosocial Effects

...Stress Environmental Stresses Environmental Stresses and its Effects Environmental Stresses and its Psychosocial Effects TITLE: ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES AND THEIR PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS Thesis Statement: The hyper exploitation of natural resources in conjunction with natural disasters provokes stress on the environment, which result in harmful psychosocial effects like social withdrawal and depression. Guide Questions 1. What are the pressures that can cause environmental stress? 2. What are the natural events of the environment and how can these cause stress? 3. Are social withdrawal and depression the psychosocial effects of the mentioned environmental stressors? What are the symptoms of one being affected by these? Topic Outline ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES AND THEIR PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS Thesis Statement: The hyper exploitation of natural resources in conjunction with natural disasters provokes stress on the environment, which result in harmful psychosocial effects like social withdrawal and depression. Introduction:   Environmental Stress Body: I. Pressures on the environment A. Population B. Noise II. Natural Events A. Natural Disasters III. Psychosocial Effects A. Social Withdrawal B. Depression IV. Symptoms of Environmental Stress A. Headache B. Suicidal intentions C. Panic Attack D. Feeling of helplessness E. Change in one’s mood Conclusion: knowing and understanding......

Words: 5339 - Pages: 22

Plankton Depletion and Environmental Effects

...Plankton Depletion and Environmental Effects Plankton is a term generally used for microorganisms or “floaters” that simply drift along wherever water currents take them. This includes zooplankton, algae, phytoplankton, and bacteria (G. Karleskint Jr. et al, 2010, p.464). But while it is common to see them as food for fish, they have other roles in nature what make them essential organisms in the delicate balance of our ecosystem. This paper will highlight the critical role of plankton as the organisms that make life on earth possible by describing the foundational role it plays in the food chain and in significant bio-chemical processes and discussing the negative effects it will give to the environment. I. Main Functions of Plankton in the Environment There are two main roles played by plankton in the environment. The first important role of plankton is in the food chain. Because of their microscopic size, they serve as food for other microorganisms, fishes and seal animals, which make-up 30% percent of the world’s entire intake of animal protein (J.H. Steele et al, 2009, p.8). Thus, we find plankton at the bottom of the food chain: zooplanktons eat other planktons for food, which in turn, along with phytoplankton and bacterioplankton, are food for fish and sea mammals, most of which eventually become food for human beings. Secondly, plankton plays an important role in the earth’s biochemical processes. Phytoplankton, for one, is responsible for the primary......

Words: 1525 - Pages: 7

Global Warming Essay: Environmental Effects

...The greenhouse effect and global warming are issues that are talked about by geologists all the time. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that keeps the earth at temperatures that are livable. Energy from the sun warms the earth when its heat rays are absorbed by greenhouse gasses and become trapped in the atmosphere. Some of the most common greenhouse gasses are water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane. If there were no greenhouse gasses, very few rays would be absorbed and the earth would be extremely cold. When too many rays are absorbed, the earth?s atmosphere starts to warm, which leads to global warming. Global warming can lead to many problems that affects the environment in which we live. In order to talk about global warming, we must first learn what causes the greenhouse effect. A lot of the rays from the sun are absorbed by water vapor that is naturally in our atmosphere. Water vapor accounts for ?80 percent of natural greenhouse warming. The remaining 20 percent is due to other gasses that are present in very small amounts? (Murck, Skinner and Porter 488). Carbon dioxide is also a big absorber of the sun?s heat rays. Humans can cause a lot of carbon dioxide to be released. Every time we burn fossil fuels, we release more carbon dioxide. Emissions from cars also increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. If there is more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere more rays from the sun are absorbed. This will cause......

Words: 1846 - Pages: 8

Health Effects of Environmental Contaminants

...objective process of obtaining information about the world or a part that can be quantified. Health effects of environmental contaminants has evinced research work in air pollution exposure and lung function in children. Another study was conducted on the relationship between domestic exposure to radon and childhood cancers. There are three major types of quantitative research methods namely; experimental, quasi-experimental and non-experimental (Polit & Beck, 2012). In the study on air pollution and exposure and lung function in children, the method applied is descriptive research. The study is important since lung function is a marker of respiratory health and a predictor of cardiorespiratory system disease and mortality. The study was carried out in five European countries with birth cohorts taken from a credible agency European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). The study population for the analysis consisted of 5,921 children 6–8 years of age. The tabular analysis was then done for population characteristics, lung function measurements and the prevalence of low lung function according to the cohort. Distribution of estimated annual average air pollution levels, traffic indicators, and short-term air pollution exposure variables. Crude and adjusted associations of annual average levels of air pollution and traffic indicators with FEV1: results from random-effects meta-analyses and Adjusted associations of annual average levels of air pollution and......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution

...Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution On February 5, 2014 By Ankita MitraCategory: Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. The major types of environmental pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution. Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise in environmental pollution. We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water, the earth would be like the other planets – no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapour. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years. Also read: Short paragraph on Pollution But man, as the most intelligent animal, never stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest......

Words: 1239 - Pages: 5

Automobile

...INTRODUCTION Since the first car rolled out on the streets of Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1898, the Automobile Industry of India has come a long way. During its early stages the auto industry was overlooked by the then Government and the policies were also not favorable. The liberalization policy and various tax relief by the Govt. of India in recent years has made remarkable impacts on Indian Automobile Industry. Indian auto industry, which is currently growing at the pace of around 18 % per annum, has become a hot destination for global auto players like Volvo, General Motors and Ford. A well developed transportation system plays a key role in the development of an economy, and India is no exception to it. With the growth of transportation system the Automotive Industry of India is also growing at rapid speed, occupying an important place on the 'canvas' of Indian economy. Today Indian automotive industry is fully capable in producing various kinds of vehicles and can be divided into 03 broad categories: Cars, two-wheelers and heavy vehicles. ← The first automobile in India rolled in 1897 in Bombay. ← India is being recognized as potential emerging auto market. ← Foreign players are adding to their investments in Indian auto industry. ← Within two-wheelers, motorcycles contribute 80% of the segment size. ← Unlike the USA, the Indian passenger vehicle market is dominated by cars (79%). ← Tata Motors dominates over 60% of the Indian commercial......

Words: 16809 - Pages: 68

Effects of Environmental Pollutants on Plants

...Effects of Environmental Pollutants on Plants 2 – The reasons for the control and the treatments to have no difference would be that that doses were either too small, or the LD50 of the treatment is high. 3 – If all my plants died during the experiment I would lower the dose amount of the treatment to the plants. 4 – Calcium chloride is small doses is safe to use as fertilizer, but in a great dose it can be deadly to the plant. Hypothesis – If the NaCl LD50 is low as expected, then the radish will die at a low concentration. Class results---- | Group 1 Acid Rain | Group 2 Acid Rain | Group 3 CaCL2 | Group 4 NaCl | Group 5 NaCl | Group 6 Acid Rain | Group 7 CaCl2 | Concentration |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | Control (1) | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 2 | low | low | low | low | low | low | low | 3 | moderate | moderate | moderate | moderate | moderate | moderate | moderate | 4 | high | high | high | high | high | high | high | Height (cm) |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | Control (1) | 7.70 | 9.40 | 4.25 | 10.90 | 5.93 | 6.00 | 4.83 | 2 | 7.10 | 7.50 | 3.00 | 4.00 | 3.20 | 7.00 | 3.05 | 3 | 6.60 | 8.30 | 3.25 | 5.75 | 4.50 | 5.50 | 0.61 | 4 | 0.00 | 0.00 | 3.00 | 4.55 | 4.00 | 0.00 | 1.91 | Weight (grams) |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | Control (1) | 0.492 | 0.454 | 0.370 | 0.895 | 0.400 | 1.010 | 0.530 | 2 | 0.432 | 0.410 | 0.000 | 0.081 | 0.100 | 0.800 | 0.410 | 3 | 0.438 | 0.412 | 0.000 | 0.136 | 0.120 | 0.550 | 0.270 | 4 | 0.043 | 0.000 |...

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

The Effects of the Automobile Industry on Japanese Culture

...The Effects of the Automobile Industry on Japanese Culture HUM432 The Effects of the Automobile Industry on Japanese Culture The Japanese Culture The Japanese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. Its current state is the culmination of 30,000 to 50,000 years of history (Varley, P. 1973). It has been influenced by the introduction of aspects of many cultures from the Asian and Western worlds. It has resulted in the development and adoption of technologies which have in turn impacted the culture itself. The automobile industry is one of the largest technological industries that have developed in Japan. The growth of the automobile industry in Japan has had both positive and negative effects on the Japanese culture. The Japanese culture in 1950 prior to the accelerated growth of the automobile industry was complex and comprised of practices and institutions which developed based upon both ancient beliefs and contemporary influences. Ancient beliefs were a result of spiritual ideas, and internal political and economic structures that developed over time on this island nation, for the most part isolated from the western world until the 1800s. Western political and economic influences had an effect the culture thereafter. Spiritual beliefs in Japan are primarily an outcome of the influence of Shintoism, Confucianism and Buddhism, with some impact made by Christian missionaries who arrived on the island in 1600s. Shintoism, the earliest religious belief......

Words: 6013 - Pages: 25

Environmental Concerns, Mission-Related Risks and Potential Effects

...State and Local environmental laws and Regulations. Protecting the environment is everyone responsibilities. The best way we can comply with this is identifying the different areas such as: Areas of environmental concerns, mission- related environmental risks and Potential effects of environmental factors on missions and operations. 1-. Areas of Environmental Concerns: A-.Hazardous Waste (HW): Units must • Have a collection and turn in point • Keep a cleanup, report and document any hazardous spill properly. • Transport all HW according to local and installation procedures. B-.Hazardous material (HM): Units must • Report the location of any unexploded ordnance. • Conduct maintenance involving that HM only after being trained. • Maintain a current inventory and a material safety data sheet (MSDS). • Support the Installation Recycling Program. • Remove materials such as expended brass, communication wires, concertina, booby traps, and propellant charts from training sites. • Conduct police calls to collect and dispose of solid-waste materials (trash). • Dispose of liquid waste from kitchens, showers and baths properly. • Avoid entering terrain drainage areas with vehicles unless the area is dry and the ground will support such activities. C-. Noise Pollution; Units must • Avoid tactical maneuvers in erosion susceptible areas and refill fighting positions. • Verify range restrictions with range control. • Brief soldiers on environmental and......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4