Newton

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By humphrey31
Words 668
Pages 3
Personal Perspective
MMPBL/500
8/14/2010

Decision Making can be regarded as, the cognitive process resulting in the selection a course of action among several alternatives. Logical decision making is a very important part of all profession especially management, where as a team’s knowledge is applied to certain problems and help in making informed decisions. Management performance in decision making has been the subject of active research from many perspectives. I’ll be focusing on the following models; defining the problem verses decision making, cognitive and personal biases, and optimizing and satisfying choices. It is very essential to differentiate between the problem and the decision making. Bateman & Snell mentioned that, the first stage of decision making process is to recognize that a problem exists and it must be solved (2004). There six decision making steps. They are as follows; identifying and diagnosing the problem, generating alternatives solutions, evaluating alternatives, making the choice, implementing the decision and evaluation the decision. There are also, incorporated by Bateman &Snell (2004).
With that being said, it is important to distinguish between what has and hasn’t been affected by the problem. Problems are usually caused by some change from a distinctive feature. On the other hand, alternatives must be evaluated against all objectives to make a better decision.
Kepner Trego mentioned that, decisive actions are taken and additional decisions help to prevent adverse consequences from becoming more problematic (1965). Biases can creep into any decision making process; namely, cognitive and personal. Some of the most noted cognitive biases are inertia and underestimating uncertainty and the illusion of control. According to Hoch, inertia is the unwillingness to change thought patterns that have been used in the face of new…...

Similar Documents

Isaac Newton

...At his death on 20 March 1727,[1] Isaac Newton left papers relating to all areas of the intellectual pursuits he had followed since arriving at Trinity College, Cambridge, in the summer of 1661.[2] His friend, relative by marriage (to Newton's half-niece Catherine Barton) and successor at the Mint, John Conduitt, posted a bond for Newton's debts and claimed entitlement to this material, Newton having died intestate. The appraisers, Comyns and Ward, felt that only the papers later published as Newton's Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended were fit to be published, and they valued the work at £250.[3] Between 20 and 26 May 1727, Thomas Pellet drew up an inventory listing 81 items of which he considered only five fit to be printed, namely no. 33 ('de Motu Corporum or the liber secundus, in 56 half sheets in folio');[4] no. 38 ('31 half sheets in folio being paradoxical questions concerning Athanasius');[5] no. 61 ('an imperfect mathematical tract');[6] no. 80 ('an abstract of the Chronology being 12 half sheets in folio & the Chronology being 92 half sheets in folio'),[7] and no. 81 ('40 half sheets in folio being the History of the Prophecies in 10 chapters & part of the 11th unfinished').[8] As is evident from a number of manuscripts adorned with Conduitt's notes and corrections -- for example the manuscript of 'An historical account of two notable corruptions of Scripture in a Letter to a Friend' (now New College, Oxford, Ms. 361.4) -- he took a serious scholarly......

Words: 1241 - Pages: 5

Connecting Isaac Newton with Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

...Connecting Isaac Newton with Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Isaac Newton was perhaps the most influential scientist of all time; Newton (1642-1727) took the current theories on astronomy a step further and formulated an accurate comprehensive model of the workings of the universe based on the law of universal gravitation. Newton explained his theories in the 1687 revolutionary work called simply the Principia. This work also went a long way toward developing calculus as well. Albert Einstein, most famously known as a physicist, was a contributor to the scientific world with his many known researches and humanitarian work.   As a Nobel Prize Winner in 1921, his chronicled and more important works include Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English Translation, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1938).  Isaac Newton’s discoveries paved the way for the creation of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, which eventually lead the way for how science currently views time, space, energy, and gravity.   Classical relativity; refined by Sir Isaac Newton, involves a simple transformation between a moving object and an observer in another inertial frame of reference. The application of Newton's mechanics to continuously distributed masses led necessarily to the discovery and application of partial differential equations, which in turn supplied the language in which alone the......

Words: 706 - Pages: 3

Life and Work of Isaac Newton

...Sir Isaac Newton, who is considered as one of the greatest fathers of modern science was born December, 25th, 1642 at Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England shortly after his father Isaac Newton I had passed away. Newton faced a more troubled childhood than most of his peers. As his father died prior to his birth, he was raised by his grandmother and had a quarrelsome relationship with his step-father. Newton attended at local primary grammar institutions prior to attending Cambridge University, in 1661. Newton graduated in 1665. When Cambridge University closed for two years as an outcome of the plague, Newton returned to his birthplace, Woolsthorpe, and begun an era of deep study and in a variety of scientific areas, including astronomy, mathematics and mechanics (Westfall, 2010). In 1667 Newton returned to Cambridge to complete a Master of Arts degree. Newton developed a close relationship with Professor Isaac Barrow, who was the Lucasian chair in mathematics at Cambridge. Borrow advocated Newton's research in Mathematics, and as a result Newton was appointed mathematics professor in 1669. (Westfall, 2010). In 1696 Newton was appointed Master of the Mint, the highest position within the English Royal Mint and he departed Cambridge for London (Westfall, 2010). In his later ages Newton expended his time studying alchemy and theology. Although Newton stopped most of his scientific experiments, he was regarded as the dean of English science and was elected President of the......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

3 Laws of Issaac Newton

...Let us begin our explanation of how Newton changed our understanding of the Universe by enumerating his Three Laws of Motion. Newton's First Law of Motion: I. Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it. This we recognize as essentially Galileo's concept of inertia, and this is often termed simply the "Law of Inertia". Newton's Second Law of Motion: II. The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is F = ma. Acceleration and force are vectors (as indicated by their symbols being displayed in slant bold font); in this law the direction of the force vector is the same as the direction of the acceleration vector. This is the most powerful of Newton's three Laws, because it allows quantitative calculations of dynamics: how do velocities change when forces are applied. Notice the fundamental difference between Newton's 2nd Law and the dynamics of Aristotle: according to Newton, a force causes only a change in velocity (an acceleration); it does not maintain the velocity as Aristotle held. This is sometimes summarized by saying that under Newton, F = ma, but under Aristotle F = mv, where v is the velocity. Thus, according to Aristotle there is only a velocity if there is a force, but according to Newton an object with a certain velocity maintains that velocity unless a force acts on it to cause an acceleration (that is, a change in the velocity).......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Newton

...Apple created the Newton project with the vision to reinvent the world of personal computing. This vision was short lived as The Newton project fell victim to “scope creep” and project slippage. Additionally, they also feared it may cannibalize the sales of other Macintosh products. Considering these issues, Apple was forced to seek alternative directions to take the project. Through analysis by management of Apple, the Newton project was reinvented as a Personal Digital Assistant device. This would allow for the Newton to act more as a complementary Macintosh product rather than a stand-alone computer which might compete with Macintosh. Prior to 1993, the market for Personal Digital Assistant devices was not very well explored. Apple had hopes that they would benefit from first mover advantages of the PDA. Through identifying the PDA market and pivoting the direction of the Newton project, Apple began development for the PDA in 1987. Six years later, on August 2, 1993, Apple launched the product. It was based on a RISC processor which featured handwriting recognition and an operating system based on advanced object-oriented programming language (Chiesa&Frattini, 2011:445). The product is known to be a huge financial disaster for Apple. They poured a billion dollars in the project’s development and launch and recouped only about one quarter of the amount in sales (Anderson, 2012). After the Newton had been on the market for one year, sales were in the projected......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Newtons Law

...velocity is zero), or it moves in a straight line with constant speed (if its velocity is nonzero). 2.Second law: The acceleration a of a body is parallel and directly proportional to the net force F acting on the body, is in the direction of the net force, and is inversely proportional to the mass m of the body, i.e., F = ma. 3.Third law: When two bodies interact by exerting force on each other, these forces (termed the action and the reaction) are equal in magnitude, but opposite in direction. The three laws of motion were first compiled by Sir Isaac Newton in his work Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, first published in 1687.[5] Newton used them to explain and investigate the motion of many physical objects and systems.[6] For example, in the third volume of the text, Newton showed that these laws of motion, combined with his law of universal gravitation, explained Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Overview Isaac Newton (1643-1727), the physicist who formulated the laws Newton's laws are applied to bodies (objects) which are considered or idealized as a particle, in the sense that the extent of the body is neglected in the evaluation of its motion, i.e., the object is small compared to the distances involved in the analysis, or the deformation and rotation of the body is of no importance in the analysis. Therefore, a planet can be idealized as a particle for analysis of its orbital motion around a star. In their original form, Newton's laws of motion are......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Newtons Law

...Name __________________ Newton’s Laws Go to http://phet.colorado.edu/simulations/sims.php?sim=The_Ramp and click on Run Now. Introduction: When an object is dragged across a horizontal surface, the force of friction that must be overcome depends on the normal force as [pic] and the normal force is given by [pic]. When the surface becomes an inclined plane, the normal force changes and when the normal force changes, so does the friction. In this lab, you will change the angle of an inclined plane and observe how weight is resolved into its components (Fn and F//) using the basic trig functions. Procedure: Play with the Sims ( Motion ( The Ramp [pic] • Be sure to stay in the [pic]part of the simulation. More features will be used later when we investigate energy. Start by playing with the cabinet some. Have fun, really… Now…back to work. • Move the cabinet up and down the ramp by dragging it with your mouse. • Move the ramp to an angle of zero (horizontal) and draw a free body diagram of the cabinet here: 1. On a horizontal plane, the normal force is ________ to the weight. 2. The cabinet has a mass of 100kg. It therefore has a normal force of _________ N and a friction force (on the horizontal plane) of __________ μ = 0.30 • [pic] the ramp and draw a free body diagram of the cabinet in the box here: 3. The force down the plane and normal force are components of ____________. 4. Before we add an applied...

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Isaac Newton

...Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Lincolnshire, England. His father had died two months before his birth. When he was three, Newton’s mother got remarried, and he stayed with his grandmother. He was not interested in the family farm, so he was sent to Cambridge University to study. Isaac Newton explained the workings of the universe through mathematics. He formulated laws of motion and gravitation. These laws are math formulas that explain how objects move when a force acts on them. Isaac Newton used three laws to explain the way objects move. They are often called Newton’s Laws. The first law states that an object at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by a nonzero force. An object moving at a constant velocity will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by a nonzero force. In other words, an object that is not being pushed or pulled by some force will stay still, or will keep moving in the same direction at a steady speed. The tendency of an object to remain still, or keep moving in one direction at a steady speed is called inertia. The second law explains that an object’s acceleration depends on its mass and on the net force acting on it. Basically, it explains how a force acts on an object. An object accelerates in the direction the force is moving it. The third law states that if an object exerts a force on another object, then the second object exerts a force of equal strength in the opposite direction on the first object.......

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Newtons First Law

...How does the equilibrium rule relate to Newton's first law of motion? Newtons first law states an object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an outside for and an object at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. Either way the object will not have an acceleration  and since F=ma, and a=0 there must not be any forces acting on that object either with means the forces are in equilibrium. If an ice skater is moving forward at constant speed, the gravity force and normal force will equal each other in the y direction, and since the skater is moving at constant velocity there is no force in any other direction.  On a smooth floor, why will girls wearing gym shoes win in a tug-of-ware with boys wearing socks? When the girls are wearing shoes, there will be greater friction between them and the floor. When the boys are wearing socks, there will be less tension between them and the floor making things smoother and causing them to fall. This describes Newton's third law of motion. If you stand on a pair of bathroom scales, explain how the readings change as you shift your weight gradually from side to side. What rule governs the readings on the scales? The equilibrium rule guides the scale readings. That is, the total of the readings adds to equal your weight. Then the net force on you is zero at all times. The scales push up as much as gravity pulls you down. Many people are confused about velocity and acceleration, thinking the...

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Huey Newton and the Black Panther Party

...black Americans. That is why Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self –Defense. In Oakland Grove, Louisiana, young Huey Percy Newton didn’t grow up in the best living conditions. He was born the youngest of seven children to a low in-com family. When he was young, he and his family followed his father anywhere he worked, so his young education dealt with standing up for himself. That is why he was known as one of the best street fighters. However, even though he had it rough as a child he still had great education opportunities. He tried law school and many other academic studies but he wasn’t really connecting to it until he came across the Afro-American Association (AAA). At the Association he finally felt like he was at home, he met people that connected with him. One person who recognized and admired the same passion ad Newton and his name was Bobby Seale, and even though he was five years older than Newton the two still connected as very fast friends with the bonding on politics, racial issues and revolution. Sadly in the summer of 1966 with the inaction of the AAA, the place where the two friends met was going to end. One day in the year of 1966 when Newton and Seale was rallying up a street corner rally, a police interrupted because he stated that they was obstructing the sidewalk. This interruption concluded with injuries and arrest on Newton and Seale. From that day on hatred to the white Americans from Newton and Seale grew stronger......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Sir Isaac Newton

... Sir Isaac Newton Student’s Name Institution’s Name Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton was born in the year 1642 on December 25th. The person who raised Sir Isaac Newton was his grandmother. His country of birth was England in Lincolnshire at Woolsthorpe, it is still in this region that he attended a free grammar school, later on in the year 1661 he joined Cambridge University. During his life in college he developed an immense interest in astronomy, physics and mathematics. He was elected in 1669 as a Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, while before in the year 1667, he had been elected as a Fellow of the Trinity College. Most of his years, he spent lecturing at the Cambridge University until the year 1696 when he moved to London (Krull & Kulikov, 2006). According to Krull and Kulikov (2006), during his college life, Newton used to write the ideas he conceived in a journal. Some of the ideas included gravity, forces and the lights diffraction. His ideas were excellent, a thing that made him to be knighted in the year 1705 by Queen Anne. His ideas had an impact that revolutionized the world and made and laid the foundation that has been adapted by modern science. He was a physicist, philosopher and mathematician. He is remembered as one of the greatest intellects of science of all time During that time, he as a firm opponent of King James 11 due to the kings interest and plans to transform......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Cam Newton

...the media and many other people are trying to make big deal about Cam Newton celebrating his touchdowns with his signature superman celebration and then giving the ball to a kid in the crowd. This would not be a problem, except that the media is setting a double standard by cracking down on Cam Newton, who happens to be African American, and not cracking down on guys like Travis Kelce of the Chiefs or Aaron Rodgers of the Packers with his discount double check celebration. For as long as the NFL has been around, racism has existed. Even now, with the vast majority of players being African American, the media and other outlets find a way to target the African American players, specifically Cam Newton, for their touchdown celebrations. The main issue here is that Cam goes against the norm for an NFL quarterback. First, Cam is African American. Second, Cam is an outgoing personality that is not afraid to express himself. Instead of getting angry at Cam’s success and celebrations, we should be applauding him. Cam Newton is playing at an MVP level and also making kids’ days by giving them a ball when he scores a touchdown. The media praises Russell Wilson because he is calm and not very outspoken. This can be compared to how America viewed Joe Louis. The media loved Joe Louis because he did not force people out of their comfort zones and he was not super outspoken, just like Russell Wilson. Cam Newton is viewed as more of a Muhammad Ali, an outspoken “black hero.” ......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Isaac Newton and Religion

...Abstract When reading about Isaac Newton, he is presented as a physicist and mathematician. One whom through his exquisite work formulated, amongst other; the laws of motion, universal gravity, and is considered one of the founders of calculus. Although his work has been widely accepted as major stepping stones in what became known as the scientific revolution, the significance of religion in Isaac’s life can often be overshadowed by his accomplishments. This paper seeks to explore the religious views of Isaac Newton and how these views helped shape him into the legendary scientist he was to become. In order to understand the significance of Isaac Newton the Christian, we must first indulge ourselves in the times that he lived his life. His views tended to steer away from popular belief, which forced him to become very private and elusive about his faith. But, if we are to understand how a mind like Newton’s could change the course of history, we must begin with the man behind the book, and the religious views that drove him. Keywords: Newton, Christianity, Science, Heresy, Principa Isaac Newton and Religion Isaac Newton, the Christian Despite being born into an Angelistic household, Isaac Newton never seemed to be overly fond of attending church or strictly following the Angelic faith. He even went so far as to at a point question the King James Bible on, amongst other things, the “three in heaven”, as he claimed that the older Greek Bibles did not mention such a......

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Newton Public School

...Case Study Newton Valley Public Schools Table of Contents * Executive Summary 3 * Issue Identification 4 * Environment and Root Cause Analysis 5 * Alternatives and Options 6 * Recommendations and implementation 8 * Monitor and Control 9 Executive Summary The following report will describe a new purchasing activity and strategies at Newton Valey Public Schools Organization. Throughout the report I will provide a description of every strategy that was executed by NVPS and I will outline key problems of every single project. After analyzing major problems I provide 5 main ideas showing advantages and disadvantages for each of them. As a result I am providing 2 different recommendations for the future purchasing strategies and describe the details of every recommendation, when this options has to be used and what will be the benefits to our organization. Issue Identification Being in charge of whole purchasing department I have implemented couple new purchasing strategies that from the first sight had to end up with a nice cost saving results. After considering some bad feedback from internal employees it became obvious that something is going wrong or was implemented without considering small or big details. We had few different models of cooperative purchasing but all cost saving results were not so great as was expected. Through our 2 purchasing......

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Newton Law

...NEWTON'S THIRD LAW OF MOTION Objective: Students will experiment with LEGO® materials to gain an understanding of Newton's third law of motion. *Vocabulary: SIR ISAAC NEWTON FORCE MOMENTUM NEWTON'S THIRD LAW OF MOTION MASS VELOCITY Create a LEGO® launch pad and projectile using an 8x16 brick, LEGO® bricks, rubber bands, string, and pencils as shown. Use the scissors to snip the string and smoothly launch the projectile brick. Have students observe the amount of recoil by measuring the launch pad's movement in the opposite direction. Stage an informal challenge where students strive to get the most distance out of their recoil. Hint: Increasing the projectile mass, or the velocity of the launch, should increase this distance. Activity 1: Materials: LEGO® bricks, String, Large rubber bands, Scissors, Rulers, Smooth, round pencils to act as rollers. Activity 2: Preparation: Prepare and test your own device prior to having your students do this experiment. Challenge your students to collectively design a larger version of the Conservation of Momentum Machine built in activity 1. Form small groups and encourage them to work together to create this super slider using LEGO® materials and found objects. Discussion: Lead a discussion focusing on key vocabulary terms. Introduce Sir Isaac Newton and his third law of motion: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This means it is not possible to exert a force on an object without......

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6