Npo Leadership and Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By faizanz
Words 1031
Pages 5
NPO Leadership and Management
Midterm Paper
Leadership and Managerial Profile of a Not-for-Profit
Compiled By: Faizan Irtiza Zubairi
Student No. 201329030023

The NPO sector’s ability to provide its services has come under ever-increasing scrutiny with changes in public policy, important client demographic and psychographic shifts, new commercial initiatives, and growing competition from for-profit providers. Although the sector has reacted creatively in many cases, the increasingly complex dynamics is straining the skills and abilities of nonprofit leaders to meet such challenges.
Whether in the profit or the nonprofit sector, all organizations fundamentally need strong leadership acumen to execute their strategy successfully. Therefore, ensuring a steady supply of leadership and management is vital. This is indeed a painstaking task since historically the science of management has always had a focus for commercial outcome!
The world is increasingly interconnected and vibrant. Leadership sits in the middle of the mix – both initiating trends and reacting to them. While the NPO sector has access to an energetic, passionate, and creative pool of people and to new tools, there are also challenges that make it difficult for organizations and their leadership to thrive. William Ashby’s (1956) Law of Requisite Variety suggests that for organizations to effectively adapt and cope with a complex environment the variety of its internal order must match the variety of the environmental constraints. While for-profits face similar challenges, many nonprofits do not have the access to resources to enable them to cope with the pace and magnitude of change.
To meet the challenges, today’s nonprofit executives need to exhibit a wide range of behaviors. They also need to have an extensive repertoire of knowledge, skills, and experiences, and know when and how to apply their…...

Similar Documents

Npo Management

...Reduction of Workplace Stress by Promoting Interventions for Positive Professional Relationships Aminata Kamarah-Payne Tuesday, April 26, 2011 NPO 5080-01 Final Paper Dr. Christine Cugliari Introduction: The experience of workplace stress has been subject to a huge amount of research and interest. In American culture, it seems that stress is a regular part of everyday life. Emphasis is often put on getting many things done as quickly and efficiently as possible, even at the sacrifice of physical and emotional health. With the continuous introduction of new technology comes the expectation that projects should be completed even more quickly and more efficiently, and it seems that stress levels may only continue to increase, especially in the workplace. According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) (1999, p.5), “Three-fourths of employees believe the worker has more on the job stress than generations ago.” Without taking note of stress levels and properly reducing unhealthy stress, America will continue to see a rise in related mental and physical illness. Perhaps it will become even more crucial to study stress, particularly in the workplace, and to identify proper interventions. This prospective is no different in the nonprofit sector. Nonprofit organizations play an important role in such diverse areas as arts and culture, sports and recreation, literacy and skills development programs, health services, religious activity,......

Words: 3883 - Pages: 16

Leadership and Management

...Critically examine the differences between management and leadership, in the context of the work environment. Intro: The following will critically examine the differences between management and leadership, in the context of the work environment. Firstly, by defining the terms leadership and management separately, and then by pointing out the differences based on theories found in current scholarly literature. Definition of leadership: Leadership has been defined as “a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task or goal” (Chemers. M, 1997) “Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal” (Northouse, 2007). This is a process which individuals carry out through implementation of their knowledge and skills known as “process management” (Jago, 1982). It was once believed that one could not learn to be a leader but simply individuals were either born with the traits and characteristics of a leader or not. Also referred to or known as “trait leadership” (Jago, 1982). Individuals will naturally possess different attributes and traits shaped by their beliefs, values, ethics and character, which will influence his or hers skills and knowledge as leader making them who they are. Four main factors involved in leadership are; * Leader * Follower * Communication * Situation (U.S Army, 1983). Leader You......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Management and Leadership

...Introduction All the management concepts discussed in the paper apply to Apple too, as it is a multinational giant which has been successful over the past years. There is a common misconception that leadership is always better than managerial process; as matter of fact this statement does not hold any credibility. In reality leadership is actually an added component/ feature of any business and it is not considered as an essential part (Richardson, 2007). If the managerial structure of any company or business is sound then the company can survive on its own, earn profits and even follow the path of growth. But without proper management even the strongest of leaderships can falter and even fail in the process of achieving the set goals and fulfilling the vision. Thus leadership in an organization is an asset whilst management is an essential component. Although, the concept of leadership and management are different from each other, both of the terms are often used interchangeably. The characteristics of both the concepts are quite same as each other similarly; both the concepts are used for similar purposes. The difference between management and leadership can be defined as: Leadership provides new vision or direction to a group of people (followers) and this group generally follows the leader; who acts as a spear head in moving towards the new direction. Management is the process of monitoring and controlling any resources according to already established......

Words: 2020 - Pages: 9

Leadership and Management

... This article is titled, Lessons in Leadership: Car dealer David Wilson learned by doing. It is about a car dealer by the name of David Wilson who is in the club of Horatio Alger Award winners. His rise from a farm in Traer, Iowa, to ownership of one of the largest auto groups in the United States exemplifies the 19th-century authors story of individuals overcoming adversity through perseverance and strong ethic values. Today this 65- year- old man is not just practicing but passing on and teaching his 2,000 employees lessons of leadership modeled by others to him over his work life. He talks about how you have to work to achieve the things you want in life and that they are not just handed to you. The article tells a story about Wilson's family not being about to afford a baseball mitt for him in the fourth grade, so he went out and earned the money himself by mowing lawns. Wilson had many jobs in his early age, but it wasn't until after he graduated college where he met a man by the name of Dick Grey, who was the owner at the car dealership that Wilson started working at right out of college. Wilson stated in the article, that Grey didn't just teach leadership, but he installed leadership by his actions. During his experience with Grey he learned that actions, not title, make leaders. The author does a very good job of providing evidence and supporting the main points. By giving real life example and talking about Wilson's past experiences he catches the readers......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Leadership and Management

...I. INTRODUCTION Leadership and management are two concepts that are being linked or intertwined with each other. Most of the time, many would mistakenly define the two as the same and synonymous especially in the layman’s perception. While it is indeed true that the two are related, one must understand that leadership is cascaded differently with management in terms of definition, characteristics and mode of operation. Sometimes, many would compel the adage “you can be a good leader but you can’t be a good manager” to be true. But superseding that argument, one can realize that the two concepts, even are different with each other, can be navigated successfully in the same thought given with the right knowledge about them. Nowadays, it is essential for numerous groups, organizations, and companies to be ran by effective leaders and effective managers for successful operation. In that context, we can pinpoint already the similarities between the two concepts (i.e. authority, influence, task delegation). But again, their differences would immediately surface (i.e. leadership is considered more visionary and influential; management is more task-oriented). Leadership and management are defined differently and fundamentally; yet, understanding the two can make one individual hone the two skills efficiently and effectively. This paper addresses the fundamental definitions of management and leadership that would separate them from each other; and......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Financial Management for Npos

...Financial Management for NPO I. Introduction “Ten years ago, management was still a dirty word for those involved in nonprofit organizations. Nonprofits prided themselves on being free of the taint of commercialism and above such sordid considerations as the bottom line… Today, nonprofit organizations have learned that they need management and leadership even more than business does…” (Montana and Petit, 2009) The years when “management” was a prohibited word in nonprofit organizations are long gone. Nowadays, nonprofit leaders are starting to realize what an essential role financial management plays in NPOs. Moreover, as the number of nonprofit organizations around the world keeps rising, more nonprofit leaders and managers have aimed to develop their skills in financial management. As a matter of fact, the nonprofit sector is one of the fastest-growing sectors around the world: just in the United States there are 1.5 million nonprofit organizations and growing, employing one in 10 American employees. In this paper, we will look at: 1) the financial management process, 2) the importance of financial management for nonprofit organizations, 3) financial management for nonprofits organizations. II. What is Financial Management? One of the most accepted definitions of financial management was given by Kuchal, stating that “Financial Management deals with procurement of funds and their effective utilization in the business” (as cited in Paramasivan &......

Words: 2485 - Pages: 10

Management and Leadership

...Management and Leadership Larry E. Baumann MGT 330 December 8, 2010 Ben Douglas Management and Leadership Introduction Management and leadership will be differentiated in this paper and the roles, responsibilities of leaders play in creating, and maintaining an organizational culture will be discussed and an evaluation of the affect of globalization and management across borders. Moreover, strategies that managers and leaders can utilize are examined. Management and Leadership Management and leadership are interchangeable functions but are not the same, are uniquely different. Managers and leaders must be able to differentiate between the two and have the ability to determine which function is considered necessary. Effort must be taken not to spate the two, as it often is problematic. However, much time is spent delineating the differences. Basically, the manager’s job is to plan, organize, and coordinate. The leader’s job is to inspire and motivate. Warren Bennis listed the differences in his 1989 book “On Becoming a Leader” [ (Bennis, On Becoming a Leader, 1989) ]. The manager administers; the leader innovates. Leaders are often visionaries and see the big picture while it is the role of the manager’s role to utilize the tools necessary to achieve the leader’s innovation. The manager is a copy but the leader is an original. Managers often do not originate new ideas but ensure a successful outcome. Thus, the manager maintains and the leader......

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

Management and Leadership

...the public sector include the Social Security Administration, Environmental Protection Agency and public universities. Among the oldest bureaucratic structures in the country is the United States military. In the private sector, most large business firms have a bureaucratic organization. Examples ofprivate sector firms with a bureaucratic structure include IBM, GM and the Union Pacific Railroad. Knowing how bureaucratic management works can lead to a better understanding of how government agencies and large business firms operate; it can assist you in interacting with complex organizations, whether it be seeking social security benefits or working for a large corporation. Max Weber One of the most important thinkers in modern organizational theory, Max Weber (1864-1920), is the 'father of the bureaucratic management theory.' Weber was a German sociologist and political economist that viewed bureaucracy in a positive light, believing it to be more rational and efficient than its historical predecessors. Bureaucratic Management Theory Weber's theory of bureaucratic management also has two essential elements. First, it entails structuring an organization into a hierarchy. Secondly, the organization and its members are governed by clearly defined rational-legal decision-making rules. Each element helps an organization to achieve its goals. An organizational hierarchy is the arrangement of the organization by level of authority in reference to the levels above and below it.......

Words: 3564 - Pages: 15

Management and Leadership

...Management & Leadership University of Phoenix Management: Theory, Practice and Application MGT/330 Management and leadership are two philosophies that go hand in hand when creating and maintaining a healthy environment; although, these two words describe two very different concepts. In essence, leadership is another aspect of management. Leadership and management are two accepted wisdoms that are often used interchangeably; however, leaders lead the employees, while managers rule. Employees know that they have to obey to the manager because it would cause negative consequences if they do not follow the orders. Included in this paper will be an assessment that compares and contrasts the differences and similarities of management and leadership, examines the roles and responsibilities that organizational managers and leaders play in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture, and suggests two different approaches on how to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture. The term leader can be assigned to anyone. This designation is often given to a person that is either proficient at their job or persuasive in their communications with colleagues but sometimes both. Leadership is a significant characteristic that a manager should, but may not always possess. The goal of a manager is to maximize the productivity of their department for the benefit of the organization. Managers can accomplish......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Management and Leadership

...Organization has many moving parts, these parts must work together productively to makes it successful. Management and leadership are two of the most important roles in having a healthy productive organization; both roles are of great important but differ in many ways. There are several other elements to an organization such as operations, marketing, accounting and finance. Depending on the size of the company these elements may be accomplished by an individual or a team. No matter the size of the organization all these elements work together to make a business run. How well these elements are organized directed and implemented will determine the success of the organization. Let’s take a look at some of the main elements needed to insure an efficient productive organization. Leadership is responsible for driving change within an organization as stated in the YouTube clip Management vs. Leadership (Snezhil, 2008). Leading the organization in the direction of accomplishing the mission statement and goals of the organization is priority to leadership. As stated by James Manktelow strong leadership develops and promotes team unity which is important to accomplish success (Manktelow). The success of the organization is represented by the structure and performance driven by the leadership team. It is leadership’s responsibility in an organization to set and develop performance targets and objectives for managers to implement to the front line. It is also their responsibility to......

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Leadership and Management

...| Leadership and Management | | Executive Summary The assignment has shown the leadership mechanism in relation to management. Who a leader is, what he possesses within the organization, what he should do in decision making, motivating employees are the main theme of the assignment. The managers or leaders motivate the employees using which theories are also shown. Managers use performance management techniques to contribute higher performance of the employees and team. Here, the development and models of team have also been showed with the benefits of it within the organization. However, by going through the article, anyone can get an exact idea on leadership management. Table of Contents Executive Summary 2 Introduction 4 Task 1 4 1.1an analysis of the concepts of leadership and management 4 1.2 An evaluation of the key management and leadership theories 5 1.3 An assessment of the challenges of leadership and management practice 7 Task 2 8 2.1 An analysis of the key motivational theories and how they influence organizational success: 8 2.2 An evaluation of the role of leadership and management in employee motivation: 11 (Task 3) 11 2.3 An analysis of the contribution of performance management techniques as organizational processes: 11 Task 4: 12 3.1 An analysis of the development of teams: 12 3.2an analysis of the roles and models of team leadership: 13 3.3 An evaluation of the role and usefulness of teams within the......

Words: 3519 - Pages: 15

Leadership and Management

...PMC3413924 The relationship between managers' leadership styles and emergency medical technicians' job satisfaction Azimeh Ghorbanian,1 Mohammadkarim Bahadori,2* and Mostafa Nejati3 1. School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran 2. Health Management Research Centre, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 3. School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia Corresponding Author: Mohammadkarim Bahadori Health Management Research Centre, Baqiyatallah University of medical Sciences Tehran Iran Email: moc.liamg@htlaehirodahab Author information ► Copyright and License information ► Copyright © Australasian Medical Journal This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Go to: ------------------------------------------------- Abstract Background/Aims Leadership plays a crucial role in many professions, especially in challenging positions such as emergency medical service jobs. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between managers' leadership styles and emergency medical technicians' job satisfaction. Method This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study that was carried out in 2010. The research population included 21 managers and 87 emergency medical technicians working in 23 stations in Isfahan city, Iran. The main tools used for data accumulation were the Multiple Leadership Questionnaire for evaluating leadership styles and the Job......

Words: 3344 - Pages: 14

Management and Leadership

...Identifying Leadership and Management Styles Crystal Chandler King University HCAD3320-LEC T0702BB150Q: Management and Leadership Instructor (E): Sheri McRae November 1, 2015 Identifying Leadership and Management Styles Identifying leadership and management styles that did not work in particular situation took some thinking but then this is what situation I decided to tell everyone. It all started when the pharmacy department was having a hard time keeping up with the volume of prescriptions we were sending them to fill from the hospital. After a couple of weeks, I decided to step in and speak to my supervisor about the situation and in return they called a meeting including all of us from the hospital and pharmacy. During this meeting, our supervisor went over roles and responsibilities of everyone in both departments. He also talked to the pharmacy manager stating that he needed to be more on top of things and if he seen an issue arise he needed to step in quickly to fix the problem. When the supervisor laid out the rules and responsibilities, you could tell that some employees did not like what they were hearing from the supervisor and felt that some things he was saying should be part of their jobs. The style of leadership used in this situation would have to be command and control. The reason for this leadership style did not work because many employees felt as though they were being pushed back into a corner without a voice to be......

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Management and Leadership

...Management and Leadership In this paper the learner will differentiate between management and leadership at Safelite Auto glass. The learner will describe the roles and responsibilities that organizational managers and leaders play in creating and maintaining a healthy organization culture. The paper will evaluate the effect of globalization and management across borders and recommend strategies that organizational managers and leaders can use to maintain a healthy organizational culture. The strategies are supported by class discussions, textbook information, and personal experiences. Management Management at Safelite Auto glass controls the process of the organization through the power of a few small groups instead of input from the whole team. The small groups are broken down by service representatives, repair technicians, installation technicians, and dispatchers. According to Batemen & Snell (2009) effective management is achieving goals by minimal waste of resources: money, time, materials, and people. Safelite’s management makes sure that all products are accounted for by inventory control and only technicians who have jobs are on the clock. Management also, keeps track of warranties and damage reports that occur during services. Leadership Leadership at Safelite Auto glass involves the leaders interacting with the team members. Leaders help guide, instruct, and motivate team-members. They also offer training where......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Management and Leadership

...Management and Leadership Teresa Moore MGT/330 May 27, 2012 Mike Dillhyon, Jr. Management and Leadership It takes both great management and great leadership to run any successful company. According to Bateman and Snell (2009), “management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals,” and “a leader is one who influences others to attain goals.” Effective managers do not always equate to charismatic leaders. People in administrative and supervisory positions who successfully perform their roles and responsibilities do this without being great leaders. Though the two go hand in hand they play different roles within the company. Managers keep the company working like a well-oiled machine, while leaders empower their staffs with visions to what may come in the future because of their hard work. When done properly a company with great management and leadership chemistry is unstoppable. The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) has been just that – unstoppable. The YMCA is a cause-driven organization focusing on youth development, healthy living, social responsibility, and tackling the nations’ epidemic on obesity and inactivity. The YMCA was started in 1844 by a young farmer boy, George Williams, who became a department store worker in London, England. He organized the first YMCA along with 11 friends which began as a Bible study and prayer meeting for young men and evolved into a community outreach program. The......

Words: 1678 - Pages: 7