Organizational Change

In: Business and Management

Submitted By indsin64
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A Process for Changing Organizational Culture

Kim Cameron University of Michigan Business School 701 Tappan Street Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 734-615-5247 kim_cameron@umich.edu

To be published in Michael Driver (Ed.) The Handbook of Organizational Development 2004

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A Process for Changing Organizational Culture Kim Cameron University of Michigan Much of the current scholarly literature argues that successful companies--those with sustained profitability and above-normal financial returns--are characterized by certain well-defined external conditions. These conditions include having (1) high barriers to entry (e.g., the difficulty of other firms entering the market, so few, if any, competitors exist), (2) nonsubstitutable products (e.g., others cannot duplicate the firm’s product, and no alternatives exist), (3) a large market share (e.g., the firm can capitalize of economies of scale and efficiencies by dominating the market), (4) buyers with low bargaining power (e.g., purchasers of the firm’s products become dependent on the firm because they have no other alternative sources) (5) suppliers with low bargaining power (e.g., suppliers to the firm become dependent because they have no other alternative customers), (6) rivalry among competitors (e.g., incentives to improve are a product of rigorous competition), and (7) rare products or services (e.g., offering something that no other company provides) (Porter, 1980; Barney, 1995). Unquestionably, these are desirable features that clearly should enhance financial success. A substantial amount of research supports the importance of these factors. However, what is remarkable is that the most successful U.S. firms in the last 20 years have had none of these competitive advantages. The top five performers in the last two decades of the twentieth century—before the dot.com bubble—who literally blew away the…...

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