Organizational Theory

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Organizational Theory

Angele Muhammad

February 5, 2014

Assistant Professor Darren Gil

Southern University at New Orleans

Abstract I will discuss the basis of an organizational theory as it applies to the criminal justice system. I am discussing and giving a clear understanding of the criminal justice system as an organization of a bureaucratic management system with hierarchies and processes of inputs, processes, and outputs within one aspect of the criminal justice system i.e. police, within one city. I will also discuss how New Orleans Police Department was created throughout history and what organizational theory has been implemented. This is a brief history of the New Orleans Police Department and why a bureaucratic management system is the basis for this organization.

Organizational Theory

Understanding that Organizational theory is the study of organizations in the aspect of design, structure, the relationship of the organization and the external and internal environment including the behavior of the hierarchy within the organization. The police, courts and parole, which are the criminal justice agencies, fit the description of being an organization. They consist of having a process of input, processing and outputs.
This system desires to process and close cases that will stay closed within a hierarchy frame. They all have sets of written rules and specialized training within a hierarchy of authority that desires the bureaucratic structure to become efficient. These systems also have various divisions, each division having different functions with the necessary authority to complete each process that stresses continuity. The criminal justice system as a whole is greater than its parts and it thrives off competence and efficiency.

The New Orleans Police Department

Police agencies from conception strived to provide structure…...

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