Pediatric Oncology

In: Other Topics

Submitted By PaigeD
Words 1226
Pages 5
Many people think of leukemia as a death sentence. Thousands of adults and children are diagnosed with this disease every single year and many of them are survivors thanks to the growth and advancement of the medical field.
Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.When you have leukemia, the bone marrow starts to make a lot of abnormal white blood cells, called leukemia cells. They don't work as the normal white blood cells should, they grow much quicker than normal cells, and they don't stop growing when they should. Over a period of time, leukemia cells will crowd out the normal blood cells. This can lead to serious health problems such as anemia (a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin), bleeding, and infections. Leukemia cells can also spread to other organs and cause swelling or pain. There are many different types of leukemia including acute or chronic. The first type, acute leukemia gets worse quickly and may make you feel sick instantly whereas chronic leukemia gets worse and worse over time and may not cause symptoms for years. Other than being acute or chronic, leukemia can also be either lymphocytic or myelogenous. The four main types of leukemia are, Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML), Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). The most common type of leukemia in children is Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Lymphocytic leukemia affects white blood cells called lymphocytes. Myelogenous leukemia affects white blood cells called myelocytes.
Experts are not exactly sure what causes leukemia, but there are definitely some potential risk factors. Some risk factors include, having some type of chemotherapy to treat another cancer,…...

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