Psycholinguistics

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Fabia
Words 1127
Pages 5
Fabiola Burandt

Wpływ dwujęzyczności na zdolności językowe i poznawcze.

Wiele badań prowadzonych przez naukowców dotyczy często badań monolingualizmu, jednak są niejednokrotnie błędnie interpretowane, gdyż nie bierze się pod uwagę faktu, że jest dość powszechnym, aby ludzie nabywali umiejętności w swoim życiu dzięki posługiwaniu się drugim językiem.

Przykładem w tej kwestii mogą być dzieci, które uczą się innych języków wraz z wejściem do szkoły oraz otrzymaniem statusu ucznia. Podobnie, możemy brać pod uwagę osoby, które są wystawione na długie działanie drugiego języka, zarówno dorosłych jak i dzieci, poprzez emigrację, adopcję lub życie w innym społeczeństwie przez krótki okres czasu, np. studia za granicą, podróżowanie lub interesy międzynarodowe. Wystawienie jednostek na działanie innego języka stało się wydarzeniem zglobalizowanym i raczej nieodwracalnym. Mimo tak wielkiego spektrum działania innych języków na poszczególne osoby, ciężko jest określić odsetek ludzi bilingualnych w skali światowej.

Jak należy rozumieć pojęcie bilingualizmu? Typowo myśląc o osobie nazywanej bilingualną mamy na myśli osobę, która mówi oraz rozumie dwa języki. Często jednak są osoby, które nie mogą zostać przypisane do tej definicji posiadając tylko pewne umiejętności, np. czytania języka bez jego mówienia itp. Biorąc pod uwagę bilingualizm powinniśmy też rozważyć stopień zaawansowania osoby posługującej się dwoma językami. Procesy poznawcze są tu często warunkowane tym, jaki kontakt z danym językiem jednostka posiada, tj. czas kontaktu z językiem, częstotliwość używania języka, itd.

Ze względu na wiele aspektów wpływających na znajomość i użycie języka nie dziwi fakt, iż każda jednostka będzie w różnym stopniu posiadać biegłość języka. Bycie wystawionym na działanie języka w różnoraki sposób będzie warunkowało to, w jaki sposób język zostanie…...

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