Quarantine and Isolation

In: Science

Submitted By TermPaper2011
Words 1356
Pages 6

The statutory authority for imposing quarantines and isolations in the United States originally began at the local level in colonial times. The federal statutes came into existence at approximately the same time (1796). Later the federal statute was replaced by maritime quarantine inspection system (JAMA, 286/21/2711. downloaded 06/15/09). A far cry from the operations in place for quarantine and isolation in modern society, the institutions of the past, run by the local governments, consisted of, what was known as pest houses. People with contagious diseases were isolated in these institutions to prevent the spread of such diseases as, cholera, smallpox, typhoid, or yellow fever. Pest houses functioned mainly in seaport areas to prevent disease from entering the large cities. Contagious-disease and tuberculosis hospitals were to become the next means of infection control, and are the predecessors of the modern quarantine and isolation practices used today.
Quarantine and Isolation are the most common public health strategies used to protect the general public by reducing and preventing the exposure, and spread of deadly, or infectious agents. Medical quarantine and isolation safeguards and prevention practices of today have evolved into strategic operations that are well planned, well designed, with a defined organizational structure that strives to meet the needs of public infection control. The federal, state and local governments each have their own authority, but sometimes these powers overlap and require cooperation, and coordination of efforts between them.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, “911”, and threats of bioterrorism, the recent SARS epidemic, and H1N1 pandemic, has bought about the inclusion of new practices and safeguards in quarantine and isolation.

Definition of Quarantine, Isolation, and Deadly Agents:
Isolation is…...

Similar Documents

Effects of Isolation in the Yellow Wallpaper

...The Effect of Isolation Through out the story “The Yellow Wallpaper,” written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and the film, “Santa Sangre,” the main characters finds themselves led into a state of insanity. In the story “The Yellow Wallpaper,” the narrator explains that she is suffering from post partum depression, leaving her husband to treat her with rest cure or bed rest. During this time, she is placed in a solitary room with walls covered in yellow wallpaper. Similarly, through out “Santa Sangre,” Phoenix grows up with his family in a circus, only to end up losing them. He was locked in a trailer as his father had an affair, murdered his mother by cutting off both her arms and then committed suicide in front of Phoenix. He is then forced to be on his own and grow up living an introverted life away from society. The over abundance of social isolation these characters experience leads to their states of insanity. Through out “The Yellow Wallpaper,” the narrator is locked away in an isolated room, which was supposed to cure her disorder, but instead, the treatment makes her worse. With the locked door and barred windows, she is secluded from the real world and what was once supposed to refresh her mind, dulls it. She finds herself only exposed to the yellow wallpaper that surrounds her, which is explained as a scattered and unorganized pattern. The constant isolation, time for examination and reflections of this wallpaper causes her to become further insane. “On a......

Words: 1229 - Pages: 5

Isolation Leads to Prosperity

...JoAnne Castonguay Professor Brooks Introduction to Geography GEO-102/Z1 19 October 2013 Isolation Leads to Prosperity Iceland is a highly urbanized Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean, known for beautiful glaciers, ice caps and volcanoes. It is a country of pure contrast in climate, geography, and culture. “A place where ice and fire co exist”, ("The Big Picture") Iceland has been shaped by forces of nature with active volcanoes, roaring rivers, and glacier cut fjords. Island isolation has allowed Iceland to develop a highly prosperous country, the most distinctive culture of the Western world, and the world’s oldest parliamentary democracy, where everyone is treated equally regardless of gender. Iceland’s 320,000 close knit homogenous population is primarily Icelandic with a primary language of Icelandic, a North Germanic language. Icelanders are primarily a mix of Scandinavian and Celtic cultures that discovered their isolation on an island to be advantageous, not only to keep enemies away but to establish and maintain their culture. Even the name Iceland was chosen to deflect visitors. Icelandic blood lines have been so stable geneticists use them to study the human genome. ("Iceland Society and Culture Complete Report”) Extremely urbanized, at 94%, most of the population lives in the country’s capital, Reykjavik (118,000), and other cities Kopavogur (30,000), Hafnarfjordur (25,000), Akureyri (17,000), Reykjanesbaer (14,000). The......

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Isolation: Real or Imagined?

...In The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz, isolation is a common theme that contributes to character development throughout the novel. Junot Diaz, in his narration of Oscar’s life through the eyes of Yunior, induces the idea that isolation is a self-imagined way for a character or person to justify his/her differences from society and the people around them. While there are outside forces that contribute to the feeling of isolation, such as cultural differences, immigration, and gender stereotypes and expectations; in the end, Diaz firmly believes that a person’s feeling of isolation is a crutch to reason why he/she does not fit in. Diaz believes that the feeling of isolation is a self-imagined feeling that helps a person justify why he/she is an outcast in society. In the novel, the theme of isolation is common throughout all the main characters; Oscar, Lola, and Beli. To start with, Oscar begins as a typical Dominican male. As a child, Oscar was considered “a Casanova” who was “a ‘normal’ Dominican boy raised in a ‘typical’ Dominican family” (11). Oscar eventually grows “fatter and fatter,” develops “zits,” and gets “self-conscious” because his “interest in “Genres...bec[o]me[s] synonymous with being a loser...” (16, 17). Because Oscar suddenly turns into an outcast, he blames his dorkiness and homely appearance for his lack of acceptance by the outside world. What Diaz underlines, though, is that Oscar has control over his life, but isolates himself by......

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Technology and Isolation

...TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL ISOLATION It is too hard to imagine a world without the Internet. It has revolutionized the way our culture treats almost everything from watching television to socializing. It has affected the globe economy & has been a boon for corporations & independent entrepreneurs alike. Technology and human life can't be differentiated; society has a staggering reliance on innovation. We utilize innovation, rely on upon engineering in our everyday life and our needs and requests continue climbing. The age old tenet has been overlooked since our reliance on engineering, "with incredible force comes extraordinary obligation" (Stan Lee "Stunning Spiderman"). We have disregarded the cautioning signs, the mental wellbeing issue that have raised their terrible heads as a consequence of our reliance. The contention for innovation is the increment of criminal arraignment in light of social networking; long range interpersonal communication makes new social associations. Understudies are improving in school, better personal satisfaction, online networking as a wellspring of work, yet the negatives are difficult to simply clear under a carpet. Understudies who are investing a lot of time on online networking destinations have lower scholastic evaluations, social networking is the reason for less eye to eye correspondence, social average locales in charge of the ascent in tormenting that has gone digital and the suicides from that new......

Words: 1894 - Pages: 8


...Rachel Murrell Brown girl, Brownstones Isolation is an important issue that the narrator highlights in the novel ‘Brown Girl, Brownstones’. Discuss the importance of isolation in the novel using textual evidence from the novel. One of the themes in the novel ‘Brown Girl, Brownstones’ is the issue of isolation. The narrator skilfully crafts a riveting story about a group of Bajan immigrants in 1939 who make Brooklyn, New York their home. The narrator employs a range of narrative techniques to highlight this important issue, however there is a heavy dependency on setting, language and characterisation which simultaneously bring to the forefront the several forms of isolation encoded in the novel. The narrator details the isolation and plight of the Bajan community who have come to New York. Set against the backdrop of the effects of World War ІІ and the Great Depression, the narrator pays great attention to the Bajan community by observing the inter-relationship of the Boyce family members and the friendship of the Bajan women. The narrator uses setting as a narrative technique in highlighting the important theme of isolation in the novel. She has placed the Boyce family in Brooklyn where they lease a brownstone house. Both the Boyce family and Bajan community altogether live and share close relationships with one another but it seems that the immigrants are secluded from the wider city. The narrator’s description of their community depicts a sense of segregation......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

Quarantine and Isolation

...Isolation is used to separate ill persons who have a communicable disease from those who are healthy. Isolation restricts the movement of ill persons to help stop the spread of certain diseases. For example, hospitals use isolation for patients with infectious tuberculosis. Quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of well persons who may have been exposed to a communicable disease to see if they become ill. These people may have been exposed to a disease and do not know it, or they may have the disease but do not show symptoms. Quarantine can also help limit the spread of communicable disease. The issues I chose was yellow fever. Yellow fever is a viral disease that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Yellow fever occurs in tropical regions of Africa and in parts of South America. Although yellow fever is rare here in the US I feel it is important for it to be regulated by US public health law because with the laws in place it could make it mandatory for US travelers to get vaccinated against it instead of just having it highly recommended for travelers. If this vaccination was mandatory not only for US travelers but also for those individuals residing in the area were yellow fever is prone we could prevent this disease from becoming an epidemic. This is important because without knowledge and education and a standard put into place we could be affecting more people with the unknown without even knowing it. I feel very......

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Ebola: Quarantine to Control the Outbreak

...EBOLA: Quarantine to control the outbreak One evening, as I sat on the couch relaxing from the stressful day I had; my eleven years old daughter came to me terrified saying, "mom I'm afraid, the Ebola is here". I immediately comforted her while silently worrying about the virus to myself. That made me pursue information about the virus and learn how to protect my family from the outbreak. Ebola is an awful virus which has many symptoms among bleeding causing death. There is currently no vaccine or cure for Ebola, the cost to treat the virus can be very high, and many medical centers may be ill-equipped to handle Ebola patients. After learning how deadly the virus can be that's when I decided that anyone entering the country from affected countries should be on a mandatory quarantine for twenty-one days to ensure they are Ebola free before possibly exposing any Americans to the virus. Ebola, also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River; thus how the virus was named. Since its discovery outbreaks have occurred intermittently of the years in Africa. The natural host of the Ebola virus remains unknown to this day. Although, many researchers believe that the virus likely came from bats. There are a total of five strains of the virus; four of which are known to infect humans. Nonhuman primates such as monkey and gorillas can be infected by all five strains. According to the CDC, scientist believe that the first patient becomes......

Words: 1351 - Pages: 6


...29, 2015 Essay 2 Modernism/Post-Modernism World Lit Isolation Various radical and utopian influences stimulated by new ideas in psychology, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and political theory were influential to various modernist works. Franz Kafka's, “The Metamorphosis”, which was written during the era of Modernism, provides dynamic visuals meant to awaken its readers to the frightening isolation of individuals in the modern, bureaucratic state, as well as providing an autobiographical undertone. Moreover, the work is reportedly one of the few stories that satisfied him enough that he desired that it be published. In order to truly appreciate Kafka's work it is important to understand who he was and what his state of mind and overall disposition was when he wrote “The Metamorphosis”. In many regards his own personal background mirrors the character Gregor in the story. Although Kafka was intelligent, he lacked confidence and assertiveness in his daily interactions with others. It could be speculated that he felt like an outcast being a German-speaking Jew living in Prague. Throughout the story his inadequacy is represented by the theme of isolation. The insect that Gregor has transformed into following some unpleasant dreams could signify his self-concept, but also his desire to convey the target audience's sense of isolation in the modern, bureaucratic state. There are several themes of isolation that occur during the story. Gregor feels isolated from......

Words: 927 - Pages: 4

Isolation of Mitochondria

...light because the are undergoing photosynthesis at a faster rate. However, some of the cuvettes went down in absorbance that were placed in the light because they had herbicides in them. This would cause the plants that were under going photosynthesis faster to completely stop because the herbicide has more to inhibit. But, the plants in the dark did not have that same problem because they were not undergoing photosynthesis as much as the plants in the light so the herbicides did not have as much to inhibit. By adding these specific herbicides, the rate of electron did decrease. These herbicides induced electron transport and therefore cause the absorbance of the solutions to go down. References Biol 230w Laboratory Exercise #3: Isolation of Chloroplasts: Salisbury, F.B., and Ross, C.W. (1985). Plant Physiology (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing). Calculations Estimated size of chloroplast: 2.0 nm + 1.5 nm + 1.9 nm / 3 = 1.8 nm Chloroplast in homogenate: 400 (average number of chloroplast) X 10^2 (Buffer solution) X 10^4 ( Hemocytometer grid) = 400,000,000 chloroplast Tables...

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Mentoring and Isolation

...Mentoring and Isolation Name: Institutional Affiliation: Mentoring Mentoring is defined as a process of encouraging other people to be in a position of managing their learning to maximize their potential, improve their performance as well as develop their skills and become the person that they want to be (Gloria & Irene , 2009). It is a powerful empowering and personal development tool that help individuals to progress in their career. Mentoring is recently becoming popular as its potential is being realized. Mentoring is referred to as a mutual relationship that exists between two people. (Mentor and Mentee). A mentor is a person who is mentoring while mentee is the individual being mentored. The two individuals are usually in the same field or are sharing similar experiences. The mentor guides mentee in finding the career direction as well as solving career issues along the process. They usually rely on experiences that are similar to gain empathy and understand issues with the mentee. The whole process provides an opportunity to the mentee to evaluate their career progress and options. A mentor helps to boost the confidence of mentee and to believe in themselves. The mentoring process has several...

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

Isolation Is Not Happiness

...Comparative Analysis Isolation is not Happiness Who would want to be isolated from the world and not have anyone there to experience life’s course? Chris McCandless and the shell collector lived a life of solitude because they didn’t want to face life’s challenges as they were. They were selfish and had no reason to excommunicate themselves from the people who truly loved and cared for them. They soon came to realize that isolating themselves from humanity wasn’t the way to go about in life. But their realization came too late and neither of them got a chance to tell their loved ones how they felt. Jon Krakauer’s national bestselling novel, Into the Wild, and Anthony Doerr’s short story of, “The Shell Collector” have a similar theme in the characterization of the protagonist, in the purpose of isolation, and in the realization of needing people in the end. The protagonist, Chris McCandless, from Into the Wild, never had a stationary lifestyle because he was always moving from place to place. He was a very nomadic person because he loved to explore nature and he did in a way that made him travel to different parts of the United States. Chris didn’t have just one way of getting around, he often hitchhiked, walked, or hopped on a train in hopes of not getting caught (Krakauer, p. 32-37). His way of living consisted of sleeping in the street, making friends at a trailer park, or finding a scenic area where he could settle in for a couple days. He never spent more than a......

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7


...Lastly, droplet (influenza) and airborne (tuberculosis) precautions are initiated when infection is probable through respiration (Siegel et al., 2007). While droplet precautions are much more extensive than contact precautions, both require the patient to be isolated in a separate room with use of all PPE. Isolation precautions pose a logistical and safety problem to the clinic, as well as posing a risk to the patient’s psychological health, and his/her right to consistent and thorough medical care. The clinic has the task of identifying those who should be placed on isolation precautions, which can be inefficient due to culture testing times, which can yield results up to 24 hours after culturing. Another problem is the lack of accountability of the patients, their family, and caregiver’s activities when not at the clinic. Long wait times force the patients to be interspersed in the waiting rooms with access to shared materials, such as magazines and books. Once in the clinic, the isolation precautions are not always instituted due to miscommunication, lack of space, or lack of appropriate supplies. It was documented by many studies that if patients were placed in an isolation room with the proper signage, compliance was still low. Nurses felt the time requirement to put on the proper PPE was too extensive, and the masks and goggles were causing a problem with vision. These obstacles compromised the time...

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Isolation and Revolution

...hormonal imbalances, develop mental illnesses, have cognitive decline, and are more likely to be put in a geriatric home at an earlier age. Lonely people are less likely to exercise and survive a serious operation. Despite all the ill effects of isolationism, the average American saves and spends their money with the goal of this isolation in mind. Those with money leave the city to get a larger house in the suburbs, or even a mass-produced mansion in the exurbs. Once they flee the city, they get to spend more time alone in their car commuting back to the city. This American value of solitude reaches back to the pilgrims, who left their structured European society for the far away New World. Americans tend to place so much emphasis on being self-sufficient and individual that they are willing to take the loneliness that comes along with it (March 4). With the American initiative to find isolation and the ill health effects of the loneliness that accompanies it, society has difficulty uniting and supporting itself. Over all, isolationism is a detriment to society. It inhibits meaningful revolution and damages people’s health. Yet, Americans seek isolation and view it as a privilege. Technology has only made our loneliness worse. By uniting together people can make good changes in their society, but they have to get over the differences that first divided them....

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

United States Isolation Policy

...The US foreign isolation policy consists on focusing the interest in the internal affairs of the country in search of prosperity, and to ensure safety. It was against of making alliance with other nations, or the participation in international conflicts outside the United States (United States History, n.d.). The US Isolation policy started during the presidency of G. Washington, who placed it in his Farewell Address. Later on, in 1823, Monroe established the Monroe Doctrine, which shared the same ideology as Washington (United States History, n.d.). However, when the Democratic party took the presidency of US failed in her aim of making the nation a protector of the world’s peace and democracy, which gave the power to the Republican party of reestablish the distrusted Isolation policy. When Woodrow Wilson entered to power, who was from the Democratic party, and this policy changed. He distrusted the Neutral policy, and took US into the First World War in order to “make the world safe for democracy”. He thought that it was a responsibility of the US to aimed it (The White House, n.d.). Nonetheless, because the great number of american soldiers dead casualties during the war, economic depression in an international level, and the need for increase attention to internal/domestic problems led the Republicans to argue against Wilson’s desire of enter into the the Covenant of the League of Nations (US Department of State: Office of the Historian, n.d.). Moreover, after the......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

A Study of Civilization and Isolation

...A Study of Civilization and Isolation Transformations in the way early humans developed their culture and society led to the marked distinctions that define their civilization. Intellectual, cultural and material developments are the driving factors behind the formation of the Mesopotamian civilization. Civilization in the West states that the Mesopotamians had survival in mind when they began forming a civilization ; however, I believe that they envisioned a greater existence in forming a civilization. The Minoan civilization was destined to remain isolated on the island of Crete. In contrast, the Mesopotamians' option of migrating anywhere in the Middle East proves conclusively that they sought a better life for themselves through the formation of a centralized civilization. Mesopotamia is considered the first civilization ever created and it was no accident that it formed. One could say that the people of Mesopotamia came together to fight the powers of Mother Nature. It was obvious that Mother Nature was not on their side, whether it be the thin soil in the north or the lack of rain in the south. Mesopotamians that once settled in scattered towns and villages came together to form small settlements and towns that they used to build irrigation systems. In centralizing their population, they benefited from the additional manpower that was necessary to carry on the irrigation systems that gave them a better day to day life. Organization of an agriculture system was...

Words: 1406 - Pages: 6