Speech Guidelines

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sanojio
Words 1647
Pages 7
BCOM 3950 PROFESSOR TERESA LOWERY FALL 2013

SPEECH OPENINGS AND CLOSINGS (SOME SUGGESTIONS)

Aristotle was the first (recorded) rhetorician to name the three parts of a speech: the Introduction, the Body, and the Conclusion. Here are some suggestions about opening your Informative Speech (as well as other types of speech). Also included: Conclusions and the Question-Answer Period.

Openings:

1. If you choose to begin with a humorous story, never tell a funny story for the mere sake of humor. It has to be relevant or illustrate a point. Remember: never use distasteful or insulting language. Avoid curse words. Tiptoe around body functions. Ask yourself, what does the audience think is acceptable when speaking of body fluids or private parts? Don’t tease anyone in your audience unless you are speaking at a roast. Never ever use ethnic, racial, or religious humor, unless you are making fun of yourself, which must be crystal clear to your audience. Don’t go overboard with the humor: you are a speaker not a comedian. Also: Try using a pun or play on words (a “fun” humor strategy). Example: When is a door not a door? When it’s ajar.
2. Tell a joke on yourself (called self-effacing humor); studies have shown that this almost always provokes a laugh. Depict yourself in some ridiculous or embarrassing situation. This is the very essence of humor. Poking fun at yourself can also lower the barrier between the speaker and audience by showing the audience that you are an ordinary, fallible human being – just like them. Successful topics for self-effacing humor? Your job, family, various funny experiences and even failures. Warning: be careful that you don’t poke TOO much fun at yourself. You don’t want to damage your…...

Similar Documents

Speech

...Journal #1 My speech wasn’t as bad as I thought it was going to be, but it could have been better if I put more time into getting more information from my partner. The body paragraphs needed to give more information and go into more detail. Although it wasn’t that bad of a speech giving the thought that we met up for about thirty minutes. Back in high school when someone was giving a speech, we, the audience always tried to make them laugh, or simply just didn’t pay attention to the speaker and did something else. Now the audience was paying attention and being respectful which calmed me down when giving my speech. As the speaker I needed to be more enthusiastic while giving my speech, because how is the audience going to be interested if I don’t even seem interested. I noticed very few people glancing at their phones or just with a blank look in their face; this made me relax a little more for some reason. Even though I could have had more information and gone more into detail, my speech did flow from the thesis statement to my conclusion paragraph. I was getting more nervous as the names kept getting closer to mine, once my partner Aldo, brought me up when he gave his speech, which calmed my nervousness down a bit because it wasn’t that bad being in front of the class and having everyone’s eyes looking at you. Once my turn came to speak, I took deep breaths as I made my way to the front of the classroom, and once there I paused, and took one last deep breath, and......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Guidelines

...Research Paper Guidelines Use the following guidelines for your English 272 paper: 1. Topic: Must be a work or author from your textbook’s table of contents, but this work/author must not be on the syllabus nor discussed in the video lectures. The topic must also be approved by your instructor, and you must focus your paper’s content on some aspect of the writer’s work, not his/her life. You must also NOT provide a book report merely discussing the plot of a work. 2. Length of Paper: 4 pages minimum; 7 pages maximum 3. Formatting Standard: MLA (Modern Language Association) 4. Sources: 5 minimum – all academic sources (no .com sites) 5. Line spacing: Double 6. Margins: 1” (top, bottom, left, and right) 7. Font: Times New Roman 12 8. Header: Your last name and page number (in the top right corner of each page) 9. Title Page: None 10. First Page Additional Information: Type beginning on line 1 and double space: Name – Turnitin.com ID number Mrs. Long ENG272 Online Date 11. Parenthetical Citations: These are necessary for all quoted, paraphrased, and summarized material. Place the parenthetical citation after source’s material. Place the period after the parenthetical citation. 12. Works Cited page: Sources in alphabetical order, double spaced, with hanging indent. 13. Grading: 1/3 grammar 1/3 content (length, number of sources, depth of research, relevance to course, level of work) 1/3 style (MLA) MLA Hints (for Works Cited......

Words: 379 - Pages: 2

Guidelines

...General Format MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers. If you are asked to use MLA format, be sure to consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). Publishing scholars and graduate students should also consult the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd edition). The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style. Paper Format The preparation of papers and manuscripts in MLA style is covered in chapter four of the MLA Handbook, and chapter four of the MLA Style Manual. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style. General Guidelines • Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper. • Double-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font (e.g.......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

Guidelines

...GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT 1. ARRANGEMENT OF CONTENTS: The sequence in which the project report material should be arranged and bound should be as follows: 1. Title Page 2. Declaration / Supervisor Certificate 3. Acknowledgement 4. Table of Contents 5. List of Tables 6. List of Figures 7. List of Symbols, Abbreviations and Nomenclature 8. Abstract 9. Chapters 10. Appendices 11. References The table and figures shall be introduced in the appropriate places. 2. PAGE DIMENSION AND BINDING SPECIFICATIONS: The dimension of the project report should be in A4 size. The project report should be bound using flexible cover of the thick white art paper. The cover should be printed in black letters and the text for printing should be identical. 3. PREPARATION FORMAT: 3.1 Cover Page & Title Page – A specimen copy of the Cover page & Title page of the project report are given in Appendix 1. 3.2 Declaration / Supervisor Certificate – A specimen copy of the Cover page & Title page of the project report are given in Appendix 2. 3.3 Acknowledgement: 3.4 Abstract – Abstract should be one page synopsis of the project report typed double line spacing, Font Style Times New Roman and Font Size 12. 3.5 Table of Contents – The table of contents should list all material......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Guidelines

...-FORMAT- Guidelines for Writing an Action Research Project The basic steps 1. Review your current practice 2. Identify an aspect that you want investigate 3. Collect and Organize data 4. Interpret data and imagine a solution or a way forward 5. Try it out and take stock of what happened 6. Monitor what you do 7. Review and evaluate the modified action The Contents: The Manuscript will include the following items: (Cover Page Title information, name, date) Table of contents (list the items with appropriate page numbers) Introduction: Objectives -Clearly describe the purpose of the study and its significance - Introduce factors that initially prompted you to ask this question. How did the idea Originate? -Describe how answering the question might improve your practice. Related Literature Review: -Identify the aspects of your research question. -Introduce the main theories that allow you to discuss your project. -Define the basic terminology and concepts related to discuss your project. -Summary of the state of the art presents the Literature for each part of the question Methodology and work plan: -detail and justify the method and the work plan you put forward. The Study: The Context (Provide a brief description of your site) -Clearly describe the chosen setting (Classroom, school etc.) Include all pertinent information available. -Situate the question in......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Documentation Guidelines

...Documentation Guidelines Respiratory Problems Respiratory rate, pattern, lung sounds, presence of cough or congestion, sputum, sternal retractions, unequal chest expansion, nasal flaring Skin color: color of lips and nail beds, cyanosis Use of O2, rate, delivery method, frequency of use,SPO2 (on RA on O2, after exertion, at rest) Weaning off O2 Use of Brochial Dialators and other respiratory medications, response to medications, Neb Tx, suctioning, IPPB Activity tolerance Causes of onset of SOB, how long does it take for relief use of high fowlers position Goals set by resident and staff teaching performed, to resident and or family Orthopedic surgery/fracture ADL: describe what they cannot do Assistance needed with what? Bathing, dressing, shaving, oral care, bed mobility, toileting (continent, incontinent, foley, bladder retraining, constipation. Transfer (lift 1-2 assist) Ambulation w/wo devices (walker, cane, w/c, distance in feet) Attending PT, OT - frequency and time, check therapy progress notes and compare to progress on the unit (tolerance) Incision: Intact, well approximated, sign of infection, treatment Cast, splint care: neuro/ vascular checks Presence of PAIN, if present what time of day, durning what activity, relief measures (medications/effectiveness) Abductor pillow, hip precations, CPM, polar ice, ted hose, PAS stockings, Goals set by resident and staff Teaching performed to resident and or family, ability to learn Diabetes Doctor...

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Guideline

...Term paper guidelines * Length of paper * Structure * Title page * Table of contents * Inappropriate table of contents * Appropriate table of contents * Table of contents in brief * Introduction * Literature review * Methodology * Results * Discussion * Conclusion * Bibliography * Appendix * Citation guidelines * Quotations * Referencing * Second-hand quoting/ referencing * Style/ accuracy * Presentation/ formating * Inclusion of examples * Use of footnotes/ endnotes * Comments on plagerism * Major pitfalls of writing term papers * Assessment sheet * Links to term paper guidelines * Further readings * References to possible ideas for projects in linguistics * The University of Maryland Undergraduate Essay Prize in Linguistics   Length of paper Proseminar: The paper should be type-written (1.5 spaced) and between 10 and 15 pages in length. Hauptseminar: Papers should be type-written (1.5 spaced) and between 20 to 25 pages long. Structure Term papers should be composed of the following sections: Title page Table of contents Introduction Literature review Methodology Results Discussion Conclusion Bibliography Appendix Generally, the introduction and theoretical part should account for a third of the paper and...

Words: 5706 - Pages: 23

Speech

...Erinn Elledge COMS203-1501A-08 Laticia Dezell 01/23/2015 Speech # 1 I Have a Dream August 28, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. The speaker gained the attention of the audience of all the people who joined in the demonstration for freedom for the Negro’s. The topic of his speech is for freedom for the Negro, the Emancipation Proclamation. He is trying to stop discrimination for those of color. The facts and explanations that support his arguments are Constitution and Declaration of Independence are two very important explanations of the freedom all men even black. Civil Rights are a good example of his speech. Martin Luther King Jr. delivery of this speech was very good. He not only emphasized with loudness but you could hear the trembling in his voice when he would say something that was of great importance and he would raise his voice even higher. He was very enthusiastic when speaking of the freedom that the people should get and how some day he hoped the children would be able to walk the streets just as white people were able to. Martin Luther King Jr. reminded people throughout his speech that “I Have a Dream” he wasn’t talking only of himself but for all blacks in our nation. He emphasized what he wanted to see some day. His hopes and dreams for a better country. I believe in this speech he did well throughout, there really isn’t just one section or another that I liked better it was all wonderful....

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Guideline

...capital flows to capital market reforms including India. And two, to understand the investment allowing private mutual funds to operate, behaviour of foreign portfolio investors through allowing investment in Indian firms an analysis of the portfolios of five US-based by foreign investors and allowing India specific funds. Such an exercise, it is increased access to world capital hoped, would explain the relationship between markets for Indians (emphasis added).3 foreign institutional investments and trading pattern in the Indian stock market better than Attracting foreign capital appears to be the aggregate level analysis. main reason for opening up of the stock markets for FIIs [Lalitha, 1992]. The Government of India issued the relevant Guidelines for FII investment FPI and India on September 14, 1992. Only a few days prior to While foreign portfolio investments are not this, a statement attributed to IFC suggested that new to the Indian corporate sector, the India would have to wait for some years importance of portfolio investments received before the expected large foreign investment [Financial Express, 1992]. special impetus towards the end of 1992 when materialises Regarding the entry of FIIs the then Finance the F oreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) such as Pension Funds, Mutual Funds, Investment Minister said at a meeting organised by the Institute of International Affairs Trusts, Asset Management Companies, Royal (London) that the decision to open up the stock......

Words: 14542 - Pages: 59

Guidelines

...Plan Name Institution Professor Course Date Guidelines for Confidentiality During the systemic referral process, disseminating research findings without disclosing personal identifying information is vital in order to enhance information security. Secondly, there is need of storing research records securely and limiting access to the unauthorized personnel that include removing, disguising, and coding personal identifying information (Reamer, 2000). Thirdly, since some data is very sensitive in relation to privacy, obtaining written information, need consent from various people who live in my town with special reference to disseminating findings that include video images and recordings that might reveal personal information during the referral process. In order to enhance confidentiality during this community resource co-ordination, Paper records containing personal information, should be secured in folders during the referral process, kept under the constant control and co-ordination. Lastly, during the dissemination of information during the referral process from one agency to another, it will be absolutely unethical and unprofessional if cell phone conversations are dominant. Individuals using higher technological devices because, cell phone conversations can be easily overheard or rather intercept this (Reamer, 2000). Guidelines for making, tracking, and assessing the success of referrals to each agency Making When I will be defining and making a referral, I...

Words: 1088 - Pages: 5

Speech

...The Longest Day, the Shortest Speech http://vsotd.com/featured-speech/longest-day-shortest-speech#sthash.5hXfbsUi.dpuf "The troops, the air and the Navy did all that Bravery and devotion to duty could do." Address by Dwight D. Eisenhower Written in case of failure of D-Day Invasion, Normandy, France on June 6, 1944 In my analysis of this speech, I have found that the speech fails to adhere to the guidelines of informative speech. Although it meets a few of the guidelines, the speech overall is unsuccessful in the essence of providing the vital information needed to make it a worthy informative speech. In it’s opening sentence, the speech violates the guideline “Don’t be too technical”. The speaker’s use of words such as “landings” and “foothold” are technical jargons that the ordinary audience would not be able to fully comprehend. His speech is more directed towards the military savvy audience than the common citizen and leaves a lot to be desired. The speaker could have improved his speech by using less specialized words. Although sometimes, it becomes difficult to put military terms in easy to understand language, the speaker could have used words such as “attack” in lieu of “landings” and “control” instead of “foothold”. This would have made it much easier for the audience to understand and relate to the scene. Also, in the opening sentence, the speaker violates another guideline “Don’t overestimate what the audience knows” about the topic. He refers to......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Guidelines

...GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING PROJECTED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Before entering into the nitty-gritty of the precautions to be taken by the professionals, first of all, I would like to throw some lights on the definitions of the basics of the Projected Financial Statements: WHAT IS FINANCIAL FORECASTS AND PROJECTIONS? Financial forecasts and projections are two types of prospective financial statements that attempt to reflect a company’s expected financial position and expected results of operations. FINANCIAL FORECAST A financial forecast reflects, to the best of the company’s knowledge, the expected financial results of a future period. It is based on expected conditions and expected courses of action. It is to be noted that in almost all situations, the party responsible for the prospective financial statements is the management of the company. FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS A financial projection is different than a forecast in that it is based on hypothetical assumptions. A projection reflects the financial position and results of operations based on a “What if” type of scenario. It is to be noted that only a financial forecast is appropriate for general use. Now, I would like to touch upon those areas, which needs to be taken care of and needs some fine-tuning before accepting any assignment of preparing/compiling of projected financial statements. PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN BY THE PROFESSIONALS BEFORE COMPILING PROJECTED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1. Make sure that...

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Guidelines

...Thesis Format Guidelines UGC approved: April 28, 2006 These guidelines are designed to provide the formatting requirements for all theses and project reports submitted to Mewar University. It contains the basic structure, layout, form, and style are required for the purpose, however, Candidates/ Departments may use additional requirements, if needed, provide that does not conflict with the guidelines contained in this document. 1. Thesis and Project Report Arrangement Assemble the thesis/project report in this order: 1. Cover page: includes the title, author, degree (“Thesis/Project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Ph.D. of … in …”), and date. 2. Cover page color: Pink 3. Thesis/Project Approval Form. 4. Plagiarism policy compliance statement. 5. Copyright page that grants MU the right to use and reproduce fully or partially the work being presented. 6. Dedication page (optional). 7. Acknowledgments page (optional). 8. Abstract: a concise summary of the essential information of the work being presented, namely of the study’s scope, purpose and results. The reference-free single spaced abstract should not exceed two pages. 9. Table of Contents: includes all the subsections of each chapter and the list of appendices (if applicable) and page numbers. 10. List of Figures: includes figure number, caption, and the page number. 11. List of Tables: includes table number, caption, and the page number. 12.......

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Guidelines

...My Leadership SMART Goal: Guidelines Purpose The purpose of this assignment is to develop a SMART-formatted goal related to your professional leadership applicable to your current practice setting or future leadership aspirations. This goal is about YOUR leadership development, not those of the organization or the department where you work. Many organizations have developed the SMART-goal framework as they strive for performance improvement. Your goal may tie to one of the departmental or organizational SMART goals but the components of the goal are about YOUR leadership development The Institute of Medicine’s quality initiative has identified five core healthcare profession competencies. This assignment focuses on only two of those initiatives. Either Patient-Centered Care or Working in Interdisciplinary and/or Interprofessional Teams will serve as a framework for identification of YOUR leadership SMART goal. Course Outcomes Completion of this assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes. CO 1: Apply leadership concepts, skills, and decision making in the provision of high quality nursing care, healthcare team management, and the oversight and accountability for care delivery in a variety of settings. (PO #2) CO 4: Apply concepts of leadership and team coordination to promote the achievement of safe and quality outcomes of care for diverse populations. (PO #4) CO 5: Apply improvement methods, based on data from the outcomes of care......

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Guideline

...GUIDELINES ON FOODS, DRINKS AND GOODS UTILIZED BY MUSLIMS INTRODUCTION The majority of processors of food and goods utilized by Muslims do not fully comprehend the meaning of the labels 'HALAL'(Permisible), 'CERTIFIED HALAL', 'FOOD FOR MUSLIMS' and other similar labellings as provided for in the 'Trade Description Act(Usage of Statement'HALAL/Permissible') 1975' Thus, these guidelines are prepared to interpret and explain, to processors and the public, the halal and haram aspects as stipulated in Islamic laws.It covers foods, drinks, slaughtering and utensils used by muslims. These guidelines contain the following particulars: * Important definitions as provided for in the Trade Description Act ( Usage of Statement 'HALAL') 1975 * Sources of foods and drinks * Slaughtering * Presentation and Storage * Processing and cooking of food * Hygiene * Utilized Goods * The Label Halal(Permissible) * Conclusion 1.IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AS PROVIDED FOR IN THE TRADE DESCRIPTION ACT [ USAGE OF STATEMENT HALAL (PERMISSIBLE) 1975] 1.1 ISLAMIC LAWS(SYARIAH LAWS) Islamic laws as stipulated in 'Fiqh Shafie' or laws as contained in any one of the fiqh of Maliki, Hambali or hanafi which are approved by the King and enforced in the Federal Territory, Malacca, Pulau Pinang , or approved by any other ruler to be enforced in any other state. The sources of these Islamic laws are the Al-Quran, hadis, Ijma' and Qiyas.Whichever food substance......

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6