Steps in Sociology Research

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Steps in Sociological Research

Karl Marx the founder of the sociological perspective quoted, "Opens a window into unfamiliar worlds-and offers a fresh look into familiar ones", his quote peratins to sociology and its ability to research new ideas. So, how does research work? Sociological research is based on the use of Empirical data. . Empirical data are facts that are viewed, measured, and validated by ones senses. which involves demonstrating theories, and concepts, along with evaluating hypothesis. heres how it works. First the concept is introduced, which usually involves some condition of the world.
Then a theory is developed. A theory is an official statement that tries to demonstrate an incident by connecting it to a certain relationship with a group of concepts. Then comes the hypothesis,which is a educated guess about how two or more incidents relate to eachother that is stated in a testable form. Once the researcher has a question and some concepts and theories he or she must decide what type of data analysis will be the best. Some some levels analysis are: Units of Analysis- The specific social entiy in which data will be collected. Cross-sectional study- One time point is used for data. Longitudinal study- Several points in time are used for data. Next is the methods of gathering data, this can be done by random sample which includes getting a list of all population you are researching, or a stratified random sample which narrows the population. Also, are surveys which fall under qualitative research involves asking people questions either verbally or on a questionnaire. Also surveys can be more detailed with lengthy questions which usually is an open-ended discussion. Then we have participant observation which is field study this is where the researcherobserves and interacts with…...

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