Team

In: English and Literature

Submitted By rico0925
Words 316
Pages 2
Sample 1
According to a PowerPoint presentation from the National Security Council (2007), the United States has succeeded in reaching many of the objectives outlined at the start of the war with Iraq, including the capture of Saddam Hussein.
Sample 2
The United States has succeeded in reaching many of the objectives outlined at the start of the war with Iraq, including the capture of Saddam Hussein (National Security Council, 2007).
Sample 3
According to a PowerPoint presentation from the National Security Council (2007), “Winning in Iraq will not end the War on Terror, but it will make success in the War on Terror much easier” (slide 3).
Reference Page Citation
National Security Council. (2007, January). Highlights of the Iraq strategy review [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from

http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/iraq/2007/iraq-strategy011007.pdf
[Note: If the presentation is accessible from your course website, complete the reference entry following the format for online course materials.]
________________________________________
Personal communication
Sources that the general reader cannot access should be cited as a personal communication. This can include information from interviews, emails, newsgroups, letters, memos, lectures, and Microsoft® PowerPoint presentations.
A personal communication is cited only within the text because items in the reference list at the end of the essay are reserved for sources that can be retrieved by the reader.
In–Text Citation
Sample 1
According to Smith (personal communication, September 3, 2006), pit bulls are no more dangerous than German shepherds.
Sample 2
Pit bulls are no more dangerous than German shepherds (G. R. Smith, personal communication, September 3, 2006.)
Sample 3
Smith stated, “Pit bulls are no more dangerous than German shepherds” (personal communication, September 3, 2006).

[Note:…...

Similar Documents

Team

...Team and Team Working – Practical Prescription or Problematic Panacea Complication: * Lack of ownership at all levels within the team * Lack of visibility on tracking delivery * Lack of team cohesion Result: * Generic goals therefore lack of focus * Too many layers of team hierarchy leading to overlapping roles and responsibility * Degrading quality of deliveries * Loss of productivity and margins The above has been used as a working example in the essay which aims to discuss what makes an effective delivery team and enables productive teamwork in an IT service company (described in the previous section). Team and Teamwork Team (Together Everyone Achieves More). A team can be said to be comprising of a group of people linked in a common purpose. Team for some is a four lettered word which at times is used too much or too less. The business definition of teamwork relates to the collective decision making processes that lead to goal oriented relationships formed between all participants. Generally, what is required from teams are the integration of work from the people involved, the generation of motives and solutions to the problem concentrated on, high involvement, team leadership and continuous encouragement. In an interview with J. Richard Hackman by Daine Coutu published in Harvard Business Review, May 2009, the discussion reveals that teams and teamwork may not always work. Problems with co-ordination, keeping......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Team

...team What We Learned RoShawn Sheppard, Maurice Schneider, Everett Richardson BIS/220 October 21, 2013 Tracey Ragin What We Learned During the past week we learned how the younger generation is coming up with different ways to communicate with each other. With children today they are becoming more advanced as the technology becomes smarter and more accessible. We discussed how the kids are coming up with their own text language because they use phones to communicate rather than using the face to face method. Knowing what kids do with the technology that’s coming and going has made us understand how they think. Understanding how much they can do and create shows us how we can communicate with our children in the future. In week one of BIS 220, we introduced ourselves to the class and instructor. We went over many different things but the main thing that stood out is the way that the children of today communicate. With the advances in technology and comprehension, today’s children are even smarter than we were growing up. Their ability to multi-task and have an almost intuitive understanding of new technologies that are introduced daily puts them well ahead of the older generation when they were their age. It seems that children are developing a comprehensive ability to operate and master new technologies. Having developed a profound language that only they can understand is definitive proof that they are the wave of the future. The children have a way of......

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Team

...Team My Portion Week 5 Riordan Manufacturing Enterprise Resource Plan BSA 400 June 18, 2012 John Shrewsbury Riordan Manufacturing Enterprise Resource Plan Riordan products are manufactured to the highest quality standard that have satisfied customers since 1991, and was founded by a chemist name Dr Riordan. Currently Riordan Manufactures headquarters are located in San Jose, California with three plants that are located in Albany, Ga., Pontiac, MI., and Hangzhouz, China. Each plant is responsible for different production lines. The R & D department which is located at headquarters is responsible for the research of medical equipment. Albany, Ga. Plant is responsible for the production of plastic bottles. Pontiac, MI. is responsible for the production of custom plastic fabrication. Hangzhouz, China is responsible for the production of electric fans. With each plant having a different inventory and a different production line, Hugh McCauley, COO, and Mark Neitzel, VP Operations submitted a service request for an Enterprise Resource Plan so that all information that is generated throughout the different locations integrated into one computer system. With this service request, it would allow visibility of all raw materials, and finished product inventory.  Statement of Scope and Goals Project Overview Riordan Manufacturing desires a new ERP (enterprise resource planning) system to replace the existing computer systems. The COO, Hugh McCauley, and by the VP of......

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Team

...in business, in sports or in family, teams can play a significant role in the success of a purpose. In academia, teams come together to complete learning projects. In sports, teams are formed to win championships. In business, teams may be created to meet a specific objective. Men and women marry, have children and become teams within their community with goals specific to their core values. One common denominator that all these teams require for success is effective communication.  In business, the benefits of a successful team are many. Projects gain the benefit of expertise and strength of several instead of one. Teams can come together and offer brainstorming solutions – something a single individual cannot provide. Flaws in ideas and design are more likely to be discovered in groups. Teams can bond workers together in a common goal, thereby improving loyalty and moral for a company.  According to best selling authors Peters and Waterman (2004) In Search of Excellence the true power of small groups in business lie in their flexibility. Teams can be formed for specific purposes and do not need to fit into any one specific division, and this lack of formality allows them to become an effective problem-solving tool. They have the empowerment necessary to make change and provide implementation without the bureaucratic overhead found elsewhere.  Men and women come together with a common purpose, but rather than using words like “teams”, terminology changes to words......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Team

...Team Development (Questions 1, 11) Teams do not become effective overnight. Team building is a process that requires due attention and care. If you try to skip over important development stages, you risk not forming the solid foundation needed when trouble or setbacks occur. To build, lead, or participate in a team requires an understanding of the stages of team development. Through extensive research, it has been found that successful teams have certain aspects of their development paths in common. The one that most people are aware of is Tuckman's Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing model. Two other factors that significantly increase a team's chances of being effective are having a well thought out team orientation process, and developing a clear team charter. Both of these help you establish clear guidelines and set clear expectations. When the individuals on a team all know what they are supposed to be doing and how they are to go about doing it, you give the team a good start on maximizing performance. To read more about these processes see the Mind Tools articles onSuccessful Induction and Team Charters . Feedback (Questions 2, 13) One of the best ways of improving people's performance is by providing information to team members about their individual performance, as well as the overall team performance. After all, how do you know what is working and what isn't if no one gives you an objective summary? There are usually plenty of people around who......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Team a

...of competitors. Because United States consumers have so many choices, businesses who fail to differentiate themselves from the competition struggle to survive. However, an effective differentiating strategy can help a small business not only to live, but also to thrive in the marketplace. The entrepreneur is the pioneer, the managers the applier of existing best practices. The entrepreneur engages in strategic activity, the managers need to focus on tactical or operational activity. The entrepreneur formulates a strategy, the manager implements that strategy. Business success will depend on the continuing renewal and application of the entrepreneurial spirits. Business success depends on the application and an efficient management team. The attrition rate of any new business is extremely high. In the US, the supporter of the entrepreneurial spirit, numerous new enterprises will fail each year. However in a long-term historical perspective, business success is short-lived. Only a handful of the largest companies with break even status existing in any country at the beginning of the twentieth century will exist today. Even those enterprises that is likely to be unrecognizable as the original creations. The causes of small-business failure depending on the study cited range from inadequate accounting systems to inability to cope. Finally Growth of underlying problem appears to be an overall lack of strategic management beginning with an inability to plan at strategy to......

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Team, Collaboration and Team Members

...TEAM, COLLABORATION AND TEAM MEMBERS None of us are as smart as all of us; this is a Japanese proverb which is perhaps at the heart of why different people with diverse identities, distinct cultures and value systems come together in order to achieve a desired outcome. Humans are by nature the primordial team players. Our uniquely complex social relationships have served as a crucial survival advantage for us coupled with co-operation. This view of human relationships and co-operation in evolution is perhaps a radical rethinking of just what the famous phrase “Survival of the Fittest” means wherein today the definition of the term “fittest” is gradually taking the form of this esoteric quality of a group or an individual to consistently deliver. It is believed that more knowledge has been generated in the twentieth century alone than in all of the history before and the rate of increase continues to accelerate as we enter the twenty first century and as a result the network or team of people to whom we can reach out for information and expertise is vital. We’ve come to depend on the group mind as never before. Subsequently in today’s workplace, this interdependence is a fundamental fact and as much as all of us would like to rely on ourselves, each of us has only a part of the information or expertise we need to get our jobs done and efficiently. Therefore if we do have to work in teams, the logical question that arises is “What does an ideal team comprise of?” Is it made......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

Teams

...___________________________ Week_________ Using the scale below, individually rate each member of your learning team, including yourself (please use the Collaboration Guide on the next page for a more detailed description of each category). 4 = Excellent 3 = Good 2 = Fair 1 = Poor 0 = None |Learning Team Evaluation |Team |Time |Establishing and |Professional |Team |Collaboration | |Form |Involvement |Management |Following Guidelines |Communication |Contributions |Comments | | | | |(Helped to define and | | | | | |(Active and |(Supported team |adhere to the goals, |(Communicated clearly and|(What did each team member contribute to |(Please include any comments describing | | |substantively involved|timeline) |roles, and |professionally) |the assignment? What value did that |why each person received the | | |in the team | |responsibilities of the| ......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Teams

...institutional capability by ensuring that both understand their roles and how they relate to each other, and to the goals of the organization. As seen in the example of Grupo Financiero Serfin, to help negotiation teams carry out their strategy, the company set up a systems for sharing successful practices (Ertel, 1999). The PM should always strive to have the line managers as allies in this type of organization if he wants to succeed; this could be done by following the tips listed in the “Ten Tips for Negotiating in 2014” article (Brodow, 2012). In a perfect world, they work together to manage projects and resources to the benefit of all. 2. Who should have more of a say during negotiations for the resources: the project manager or the line manager? In a weak matrix organization, the line manager will always have more leverage during resource negotiations since he manages the people under his functional area. The line manager is also aware of all the different projects that the company is currently involved, as well as all of the future work. Ideally, the project manager should have a say in the assembly of his project team since he is familiar with the customer requirements, and has a better understanding of which resources will work well together in his team. As seen in this case study, Mr. John Thorton was assigned to the project by the line manager even though the......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Team of Teams

...Ayla Kohler Professor Golden Executive Forum CRN 97499 December 3rd, 2015 General McChrystal’s book, Team of Teams, contains chapters with examples of war and business strategies that provide valuable lessons.  I will present seven important lessons that stood out to me in the book, Team of Teams. In the first chapter a practical lesson the author addresses is understanding the environment an opposing force operates in and adapting to that environment to overcome the challenge. Overall we must embrace change, it does not matter how well you can play a game, if you’re not playing an opponent, you will never win. A well known company that is a perfect example that absolutely failed to embrace this lesson, is Blockbuster. Blockbuster failed to adapt and change to the technology their customers demanded. They were excellent at offering movie rentals, they had a wide selection and affordable prices but their competitors were changing to the environment and profited, whole Blockbuster went bankrupt. A second lesson that is important to remember in any industry is that efficiency is necessary but not sufficient. An example McChrystal gives is the construction of the “Maginot Line, the modern day Chinese Wall”. Although its purpose was to avoid trench warfare it was insufficient to airplanes and new tech tanks. France was the host country of the Maginot Line and surrendered after only two months during World War two. A third lesson McChrystal explains is “ in spite of our......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Team

...• How will group and team collaboration facilitate the success of training? This organization changed its business strategy and each employee needs to contribute to generate the profits. In order to accomplish successful project and help a company makes more profits with new strategies, the company needs to give proper trainings to each employees. With proper training, team or group can do a project and In order to have success training and accomplish projects, individuals need to collaborate for assigned project during training and working for project. The definition of collaboration is that team needs to work together. In collaborating, the team intends to solve a problem by clarifying differences rather than by accommodating various points of view. All members of a group or team must share a common purpose, trust each other, and work together for one goal to effective collaboration. A team needs to develop where team members recognize that all members are very important in each group and valuable for a project. Some people can be a leader among a team and some people’s idea will increase company’s profits. Each member needs to expand their thinking and it will be possible to generate a collaborate team. Team leader needs to assign members to various tasks and will increase team collocation. • What tactics will be used to identify and minimize conflict? It is important to make sure that a team is getting along as well as possible in order to......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Team

...Team Building and Conflict Resolution Team Building and Conflict Resolution Organizations with dysfunctional conflict impede productivity. Dysfunctional conflicted organizations needs team building exercises to establish a cohesive productive workforce. Conflict resolution is a driving force in creating positive results. AT&T project managers and the sales force they support encounter miscommunication and conflict. The proposed team building exercise will address communication issues and the necessary establish expectation to form a more cohesive team. AT&T’s project management team designated to support the organizations sales force has communication issues. Communication and lack of established expectations create a hostile working arrangement. When the sales force corresponds with the project managers regarding an order for services miscommunication begins and expectation are not met. The correspondence concerning a sale does not always provide the required elements to initiate a customer service order. Tension and frictions begins to occur and the compounding issues propagate dysfunctional conflict. Dysfunctional conflict is conflict that impedes an organizations goal (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009). The dysfunctional conflict between project managers and the sales force disrupts customer’s service orders. The disruption trickles down to the operations and installation teams. The necessary information required for issuing service orders could be misunderstood...

Words: 1315 - Pages: 6

Teams

...Team-two or more people who work interdependtly over some time period to accomplish common goals related to some task oriented purpose special type of group deeper dependence work teams-permanent, produce a good or service, full time commitment management teams- permanent, coordinating activities of organizational subunits parallel teams- members from various jobs, recommendations to managers project team- one time tasks, complex, lots of input, action team- limited in duration, highly visible, challenging task interdependence- degree to which team members interact with and rely on other team members for information, materials, and resources needed to accomplish work for the team. Pooled interdependence- lowest degree of required coordinattion, work completed independently and then pooled together to represent group's output sequential interdependence- different tasks done in a prescribed order, interact with person next to you in sequence recipricol interdependence- specialized to perform sepcific tasks, interact with subset of other members to complete work comprehensive interdependence- requires highest level of interaction and coordination, disrection with what you do and who you interact with in course of collaboration goal interdependence- shared vision of goal, formalized mission statement outcome interdependence- share in rewards, pay, formal feedback, recognition team composition- mix of ppl who make up the team role- behaviors person is......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Teams

...Teams Alexandria Aguirre Dr. Nate CotePrinciples of Supervision 1 (D50)Dona Ana Community College | What are teams? Why are they important? When you think about teamwork, you may recognize effective, productive teams. You may also recognize groups of individuals who have been put together to work on a task who just don't seem to make the same progress. Your answer as to what a team is may be working together with other people to figure out a problem; and you are exactly correct. Teams are better in some situations, but not necessary needed in all. In fact, they may have some disadvantages that are inappropriate for the work place. Teams typically outperform individuals when the tasks being done require multiple skills, judgment, and experience, but when the individual isn’t a team player, teams are just about as good as the individual himself. (Robbins and DeCenzo 275-84) Many times, teams are often confused with groups. Teams and groups are similar, but not completely. What differentiates both is that in a team, the members are committed to a common purpose, have a set of specific performance goals, and hold themselves equally responsible for the team’s results. A group is individuals working interdependent who come together to reach a particular objective. There are four types of teams that carry different level of effectiveness. They are: a working group, a pseudo team, a potential team, and a real team. In a working group, there is no work or opportunity to......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5

Team and Team Processes

...Team and Team Processes Shelitta Myers MHA601: Principles of Health Care Administration Dr. Bob 2 July 2012 Team and Team Processes In the following paper I will identify a minimum of three interventions to recommend that address the concerns expressed by Nurse B. The following are the three interventions that I will speak about: conflict management, role conflict, and striving toward the same goal. In closing I will support the recommended interventions with justification/explanation. A group consists of two or more people who interact with each other and share a common purpose (Erofeev, Glazer, & Ivanitskaya, 2009). A team is a type of group (Erofeev, Glazer, & Ivanitskaya, 2009). Teams are an essential part of any organization, especially within the healthcare organization. Each individual on a team plays a vital role in ensuring that all needs are met, task are completed daily and patients are being cared for properly. Teamwork and collaboration between all health professionals results in high quality clinical care, and increased job satisfaction for staff (Begley, 2009). When team members do not agree on the same goal, conflicts will arise. It is important for healthcare managers to control and management all conflicts within the organization. The key to successful conflict management is for both sides to try and solve the problem instead of trying to prove the other side wrong. In the case study presented, Nurse B voices concerns about......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5