The American Soldier 1860-1920

In: Historical Events

Submitted By johnnyburns
Words 1795
Pages 8
HS 383
Dr. Geib
March 8, 2011 Paper 2 The American Soldier, 1860-1920 The philosophy and makeup of the United States military underwent more drastic changes during the sixty years between the outbreak of the Civil War and the conclusion of World War I. During this time period, the military went from small, localized, unprofessional and poorly trained groups to large, centralized, professional military units that rivaled the best militaries in the world. The transition of the U.S. Military started when the United States’ foreign policy increased their interests worldwide following the Civil War, engaging in conflicts in both the Caribbean and in Asia, culminating when the United States entered World War I not in their own interest, but rather in the interest of protecting European allies. This signaled the U.S.’s new role as a world power that has interests in global stability and maintaining strong alliances. However, none of these military advancements would have been likely to take place had the initial priority to increase military operations hadn’t occurred solely to preserve the Union.
The Civil War began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April 1861, but both the Union and Confederate armies were not prepared to fight a ground war at that time, as armies had to be raised, mobilized, trained, and supplied for the upcoming war. The first ground battle of the war, the Battle of Bull Run, was not fought until more than three months after the attack on Fort Sumter, and even then those armies were disorganized and ill-prepared for war. The Union Army consisted of only 16,000 men when the South seceded, but then underwent the monumental task of mustering 500,000 troops by the end of the year. Due to the fairly organized militia system, most of these men were enrolled from the local volunteer armies, with only 50,000 men being conscripts. The…...

Similar Documents

Blacks in Paris During the 1920s

...Blacks World Spotlight: on the International Stage in the 1920s During World War I the United States bought nearly 200,000 African-American soldiers to France. Majority of the African American soldiers were from the southern region of the United States of America. Many Blacks stayed after the war, generating a permanent Black population in France. The ending of the First World War also marked the beginning of the New Negro Movement or Harlem Renaissance in the United States. During this time African Americans emerged as talented, creative intellectuals leaving their footprint on 1920s America. While much focus of the New Negro Movement is centered in the United States, it indeed was an international affair. The purpose of this research is to examine how a number of African Americans launched their creative debut from the international stage of Paris, France. Additional focus will center on black artists turning to Africa as a source and facture in the art. Last but not least, the effort of Author Schomburg to collect and house international works about blacks will be addressed. Utterly intrigued by African Americans and thoroughly consumed with their talents, the French displayed a respect for Blacks unseen in the United States. While a great number of African-American soldiers remain in Paris, many journeyed back to the United States. Those soldiers certainly were not greeted by change. The United States remained the same racially tensed nation. If there was any change,......

Words: 3126 - Pages: 13

American Soldier

...Italy. Everyone was worried and tensions rose the closer we got. The rumors all died down when we first saw the statue of Liberty for the first time. It was a sign of better things to come. When the ship first pulled in we were all told to stay where we were so we could be examined. They walked around testing and checking all of us for hours and did not finish until the sun was already set. They let the other classes off on a different path to us and walked them all straight off the island. They were gone from sight before any of us were even at the interviews. We waited for a long period of time just to get a view of the outside of the ship. When we finally arrived in Manhattan we all left the ship and exchanged the money we brought for American money. We then went to our housing in New York. It was good to be in our new home despite how cramped it was. I had already lined up a job in a factory for extremely low pay. We will struggle but will succeed in fulfilling our dream. The people here treat immigrants as though we are lesser people. They talk down to us and disrespect us with every chance they get. This is not what I pictured for my family when we were first planning on moving. We will have to make the opportunities for ourselves with hard work and dedication. The factory is dangerous and loud. The people are mean and treat the immigrants with no respect. We have to earn our place in this society. We will make the best of this. This is what we wanted. The hours are......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Soldier

...19 July 2012 The Joy of becoming a Soldier     This essay will tell you how to become a soldier starting at the Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) all the way to Advanced Individual Training (AIT). The MEP station is where your life changes from being your name to a number. Basic Combat Training (BCT) is just the start of the never ending training. As a soldier your mind to places it never been and put your body in positions it never seen. Becoming a soldier you become part of something more than just yourself. The first step to becoming a soldier is going through the MEP station. The MEP station is where you enter into a new life, where you last name becomes your first name. At the MEP station you take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test. The importance of the ASVAB is to determine if an individual has the mental capacity to enlist into the military and to assist the branch of their choice to find a Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) that you are mentally capable of doing. This test can either be done on paper or computer. The ASVAB is a group of test that the Department of Defense established (DoD). The test consists of 9 timed subtests such as, word knowledge (WK), mathematics knowledge (MK), general science (GS), mechanical comprehension (MC), and electronics information (EI). Once your in-processing is complete at MEPs, you will prepare yourself to leave for BCT. Basic Combat training is the initial training......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

The Boom in the 1920s

...The effects of the “Boom”- USA 1920s The 1920s was a time in America of extreme changes in society as well as in lifestyles and industries. New inventions were made. It was the time when the USA experienced its Boom, but what was the Boom, and did everyone gain of it? During the Boom USA underwent huge changes. It was experiencing a decade of a great business boom in almost every industry. New Jobs were created because things like radios, TVs Hoovers, washing machines, refrigerators were produced. Since the people were employed they could spent more money, and simply buying something had a major economic impact. It was all a circle. Someone had to produce what was bought meaning people were employed, he would then earn money for his work and usually spent some of it, buying goods produced by someone else introducing that someone into the cycle. Henry Ford also noticed that the demand for his cars rise, which lead to him producing more cars. As a consequence he introduced a whole new production way, called mass production. Mass production is the creation of many products in a short period of time, it’s a technique that aims for low unit costs and high output. Other industries took up his system and shopping habits changed as chain stores like Woolworth established. So people bought cars which caused an overflow in cars in the traffic system. Highways were built amongst them the famous Route 66. The Highway is also known as “the mother road” it runs through the USA, from......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Bibliographic Essay on African American History

...African American History Introduction In the essay “On the Evolution of Scholarship in Afro- American History” the eminent historian John Hope Franklin declared “Every generation has the opportunity to write its own history, and indeed it is obliged to do so.”1 The social and political revolutions of 1960s have made fulfilling such a responsibility less daunting than ever. Invaluable references, including Darlene Clark Hine, ed. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004); Evelyn Brooks Higgingbotham, ed., Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001); Arvarh E. Strickland and Robert E. Weems, Jr., eds., The African American Experience: An Historiographical and Bibliographical Guide (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001); and Randall M. Miller and John David Smith, eds., Dictionary of Afro- American Slavery (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1988), provide informative narratives along with expansive bibliographies. General texts covering major historical events with attention to chronology include John Hope Franklin and Alfred A. Moss, Jr., From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000), considered a classic; along with Joe William Trotter, Jr., The African American 1  Experience (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001); and, Darlene Clark Hine, William C. Hine, and Stanley Harrold, The African American......

Words: 6155 - Pages: 25

Courage of the American Soldier

...Courage of the American Soldier Courage of the American Soldier What comes to mind when you hear the word courage? Bravery, fear, or may be…nothing at all. To me when I hear the word courage or even courageous I think of the American Soldier. Courage can often be hard to define and or even harder to demonstrate. As an American Soldier of the United States Army we live by seven Army Values, which I believe are all equally important. The seven values that I am speaking of are Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and the seventh value "Personal Courage". Personal Courage as defined by the Army is to face fear, danger or adversity which I believe is the same as being courageous. In my 24 years of service, I have encountered numerous situations that have required me and other Soldiers to be courageous on several occasions. To be courageous does not mean you have to be heroic or do something grand, it can be small things. Examples I retain are having to leave home and face an unknown enemy and not even know if you will return. This is what makes the American Soldier a person of great courage. Every Soldier has been raised by their parents with a different set of moral values and beliefs which can affect what they find "courageous". But to me, being courageous professionally is to know what your duty is in relation to yourself, the Army and the people......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

1920s and 30s

...The 1920s were a decade characterized by great change. Even though it was the decade after world war 1, it was almost 10 years of improvement for many Americans. Industries were still thriving in America and they were actually richer and more powerful than before World War I. So what event made the 1930’s so different? The Great Depression quickly turned those carefree years into ones of turmoil and despair. The decade after the first world war ever saw tremendous change. Progressivism was a leading factor of World War 1 and in the 1920’s the evidence can be seen. Industries were making their products at an increasing rate. Products that were not popular before World War I were now used by millions of Americans. Cars were only used by about 9 million Americans and by the end of the roaring 20’s that number had reached over thirty million. Also many new inventions were created making life for Americans much easier. Radios, vacuum cleaners, irons, washing machines, and refrigerators were the new electronics that everyone had to have. Refrigerators allowed for better production and transportation of food products. This allowed you to keep food cold and fresh making exporting food a valuable part of the economy. These new inventions were making home life easier for men and women. Not only were American families buying these new items but they also started purchasing stock in companies at an increased rate. Buying stocks was available before the war but was not really done. Soon...

Words: 1680 - Pages: 7

Honorable Style in Dishonorable Times: American Gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s

...Beshears, Laura: Honorable Style in Dishonorable Times: American Gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s Journal of American Culture (33:3) [Sep 2010] , p.197-206. Honorable Style in Dishonorable Times: American Gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s Laura Beshears. The Journal of American Culture. Malden: Sep 2010. Vol. 33, Iss. 3;  pg. 197, 10 pgs Abstract (Summary) Prohibition, which came into effect in July of 1920 with the passing of the Eighteenth Amendment, also illustrated the progressives' idealism, as many believed that the elimination of alcohol, because it allegedly created "poverty, marital distress, and negligence," would cleanse society (Mordden 141). [...] the birth of the radio and the movies as well as the development of flight induced excitement and fostered a vision of a society engaged in perpetual technological advancement (Mordden 47). [...] Horatio Alger, Jr. and his late nineteenth-century books- portraits of men who, born underprivileged, rose to wealth and success through hard work, honesty, self-confidence, commitment, and a bit of luck (Weiss 53-54) - characterized the progressive spirit, as it encouraged people to work hard for a better future and for the fulfillment of the American dream. Full Text  (5892  words) Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Sep 2010 "You don't need to be ordering fancy duds," Frankie Rio advised his boss as a tailor took measurements of Capone's swollen physique at the Lexington Hotel. "You're going to prison. Why don't......

Words: 6179 - Pages: 25

Why Did American Industry Boom in the 1920's?

...The following were reasons why American industry boomed in 1920’s. i. The Impact of the car ii. Credit iii. Policies of the Republican Party. Which of these reasons do you think was the most important? Explain your answer referring only to the three points stated above. (10) I think the most important reason why the American industry boomed in the 1920’s was the impact of the car. Ford was the first car and it was founded in 1903 by Henry Ford in Detroit, Michigan but it business really boomed from 1918 onwards. The first car produced was the ‘Model T’. Its first cost was $1200 but by 1928 it was reduced to $295 meaning it was affordable for all families so most people’s quality of life was improved. Due to the low prices and the new technology of the car, it appealed to lots of families meaning mass production was to occur to have the supply to meet the demand consequently leading to more employees for cheap prices doing small jobs. Not only did the car supply all of this but in the mid 1920’s Ford cars consumed 90% of petrol, 80% of rubber and 75% of plate glass which increased other industries profits too triggering the boom. All of these......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

American History Turning Points

...Major Historical Turning Points of America: Essay I Brian Tui Strayer University Dr. Donna Reeves History 105 January 19, 2013 Abstract What are the major turning points in American’s timeline that helped shaped it into the amazing country that it is today? What was the impact of those turning points on today’s American culture? This essay will give us a tour through two major turn points in America. The first being the “Turning point of the civil war” and the second being the “Turning point of Industrialization and Urbanization”. In the “Turning point of the civil war” we will peer into several possible outcomes of the “Reconstruction Period had Abraham Lincoln survived”. In the “Turning point of Industrialization and urbanization we will also investigate “Industrializations effect on the average working American” and touch on “How state courts served to discriminate against non-white citizens and immigrants”. Finally we will conclude with “The New America”. My view on how the events of the past shaped America into the wonderful nation I am so proud of today. Turning Point of the Civil War America could not be the honored country that it is today had it not been for the turning point of the civil war. In the mid-1800s the Northern and Southern states were divided on many differences. A major difference that lingered after the signing of the Constitution was slavery. You have the Northern statesmen who firmly oppose slavery and the Southern......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

African Americans in Period 1800-1860

...successes of African Americans in the period 1800-1860 include: • Mathematician and surveyor Benjamin Banneker published an almanac and helped lay out the new capital in the District of Columbia. • Joshua Johnston won praise for his portraiture • Merchant Paul Cuffee acquired a small fortune from his business enterprises. • Throughout the North, largely unknown men and women founded schools, mutual-benefit organizations and fellowship groups, often called Free African Societies. Discriminated against white Protestants, they formed their own congregations and new religious denomination – the African Methodist Church, headed by Bishop Richard Allen. • The Ohio Constitution outlawed slavery. It also prohibited free blacks from voting. The Ohio Legislature passed the first “Black Laws” which placed other restrictions on free African Americans living in the state. • The Lewis and Clark Expedition explored newly purchased Louisiana and the Pacific Northwest. An African American, York, is prominent in the expedition. • Great Britain abolishes the importation of enslaved Africans into its colonial possessions. • The United States government abolished the importation of enslaved Africans, however, the ban is widely ignored. Between 1808 and 1860, approximately 250,000 blacks are illegally imported into the United States. Slave trading within the states (the domestic trade) continues until the end of the Civil War. • Previously independent African American schools......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

1920s Fashion

...* 1920's Dresses were lighter (due to less material and new synthetic fabrics) and brighter and shorter than ever before. Fashion designers played with fabric colors, textures and patterns to create totally new styles of dress. Evening dresses, coats and jackets were often trimmed with fur. Hemlines rose for most of the decade but dropped slightly toward the end. * Shoes and stockings assumed a greater prominence now that they were more visible. Silk stockings in all the colors of the rainbow, often with patterns, were designed to match the coordinated outfits * It didn't matter if there wasn't a department store in your town or city where you could shop for clothes or accessories as all the big department stores had mail-order catalogs where you could order clothes for men, women, and children for delivery by post. This meant country people had easy access to city fashions for the first time. * The hairstyles of Hollywood stars were copied by women all over the world and womens magazines carried articles on how to achieve the current look. Hairstyles were much shorter than the previous decade and styles like finger waving, the Marcel wave and permanent waving were in vogue * changed as a result of this move towards practical clothing, with corsets becoming smaller and more flexible, and modern style bras being introduced. The new bras provided shape and support whereas the older style tended to flatten breasts and constrict the chest. * the Roaring......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

1920's

...Kyle Carey 1920s Research paper Mrs. Staples March 17, 2015 The 1920s was a time of prosperity and economic growth. It was a time right after the end of WW1 which was a factor in the immigration controversy during this time period. There was a large amount of controversy on immigration in the 1920s, many of it because of WW1 the thought of our enemies living in our own country scared us. Although there were some negative things that happened in the Roaring Twenties, there were many positive things that happened. Women started getting jobs that only men had before, and the assembly line made it easier to mass produce household appliances and cars, and instead of those things being luxuries like they had been before, they became necessities. After the war people started perceiving the world in different ways. The First World War had a tremendous impact on the women in the 1920s. Because when many men were off to the war someone had to fill those jobs, those people turned out to be women. This made women realize that they could do the same things as men; it made them want the same rights. They reacted to this realization by protesting about how they weren’t represented in government because of their inability to vote. One of the main suffragettes was Alice Paul, she began her push for women’s suffrage in America in the early 1900s with The National American Woman’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA).Then she eventually decided they weren’t doing enough......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

The 1920's

...Did the 1920’s Roar? The 1920’s were an interesting time in history, soldiers were returning home from war and people had a reason to celebrate and thus the decade roared. Many women went back to working out of the home but women became more liberated after experiencing independence of working during the war. Women wanted to work, dress more modern, get educated and have the right to vote. Families reunited and enjoyed sitting around the living room listening to new inventions like the radio and the record player. People had more money and they wanted to have fun and live beyond their means spending money on convenience items like washing machines, sewing machines, and vacuums. Middle class wanted to live like the rich and enjoy luxuries like cars, fine clothes and entertainment like Jazz, movies and gambling. Mass production and advertising was making items more accessible and desirable and everyone was investing their savings on the rising stock market. In many ways the 1920’s were a positive period full of fun and fads and the decade roared but there were also negative events throughout the 1920’s, most notably the 1929 stock market but also political and labour unrest, racial discrimination and the onset of Residential Schools, which made the 20’s, not roar. All the new fads and fashion trends made this period a time for change and growth. Many ladies in the 1920’s wanted to be liberated and challenge the status quo on acceptable dress and conservative hair......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Military Leaders Contributions to the American Military Tradition, American Culture, American Way of War, and the Exhibiting of Christian Values

...MILITARY LEADERS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE AMERICAN MILITARY TRADITION, AMERICAN CULTURE, AMERICAN WAY OF WAR, AND THE EXHIBITING OF CHRISTIAN VALUES ***** ******* HIUS 380– Spring B02 March 11, 2016 The United States of America has exemplary Divisions of Armed Forces where many outstanding members have stood courageous and resilient in their service to this country and the protection of others. General John J. Pershing, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, and General Matthew B. Ridgway are three of the military leaders which this paper will depict and associate while expounding upon the way each contributed to the American Military Tradition. Continuing in how these individuals were or were not representative of an American culture or an American Way of War as interpreted in this course of study. Also, an opinion will be offered regarding such persons as to whether or not each was an appropriate Christian role model. No matter the similitudes or dissimilarities of the individuals each will prove to be distinguished and accomplished in their innovative and outstanding leadership and service to this country. Military Tradition in the United States of America is a frequent reference to relationship and affiliation through the ancestral line of a serviceman and an individual’s advancements and accomplishments as soldiers. American Military Tradition will endeavor itself to change as new technologies and ideologies transpire. The reflection of change or enhancement will reveal......

Words: 3342 - Pages: 14