The Legacy of the War on Poverty

In: Social Issues

Submitted By dli8687
Words 1326
Pages 6
Fred Johnson
MLS 673: Dr. Beggs
M2A1 Essay
“The Legacy of the War on Poverty: Abandonment or Failure?”
In 1964 vast stretches of America were living in abject poverty- Appalachia, the Mississippi Delta, Texas-Mexico border, Indian reservations, central urban areas, etc. Many lacked indoor plumbing, and some individuals were literally starving. On January 8, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson declared an “unconditional war on poverty” in his State of the Union Address. Johnson’s original intent was the eradication of poverty in America (Sparks 1). 50 years later the policies and programs that were established in 1964 have remained largely unchanged in spite of the fact that the dynamics of child poverty have significantly shifted. Medicare, Medicaid, Head Start and college-grant and school nutrition programs were developed under the Johnson administration. They have been the keystone for the war on poverty. In the past two decades opponents of social welfare programs have vilified them citing that they perpetuate the cycle of poverty. Critics of social welfare also point to long-term abuse of government funds and a bloated bureaucracy that is necessary to support it. The legacy of the war on poverty is one of failure or of abandonment depending upon your perspective.
It is difficult to gage how effective the War on Poverty has been over the past five decades. Principally, the metrics for measuring poverty utilized in the 1960’s versus what political think tanks, academia and the Congressional Budget Office employ today vastly differ. Based upon U.S. Census Bureau data, approximately 23% of children lived in poverty in 1964- roughly 16 million children. Using Census Bureau Data, child poverty dropped in the 1960’s and 1970’s. However, there were steady increases throughout the years to 2012 when the census data indicated 22% of children living at the poverty…...

Similar Documents


...| Economics vs. Poverty | | | Cindy Moore | 12/2/2012 | | Poverty has several definitions however it basically means “a state of privation or lack of the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.” There is no universally accepted definition of “socially acceptable money or material possessions” that exists because poverty is a relative concept. In other poorer countries it is said to mean living at the brink of subsistence, while in America many suffer from undernourishment, not many confront starvation. A key concern in the area of poverty is the reality of inequality. Inequality has been and continues to be a problem in all societies. There is no society that distributes income evenly. In spite of all the theoretical and technical problems of measurement, the government has developed a widely cited poverty index that reflects the diverse intake requirements of families depending on their size, sex, age and family location, while also surveying the gender of the head of household. Based on previous surveys, the creators of the poverty index determined that families of three or more persons would spend approximately one-third of their income on food. Based on the poverty index the poverty level for these families would be set at three times the cost of the economy food plan. For smaller families and people who lived alone, the cost of economy food plan were multiplied at higher factors taking in consideration larger......

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

The Legacy of the Vietnam War

...The Legacy of the Vietnam War The Legacy of the Vietnam War University of Phoenix The Legacy of the Vietnam War The Vietnam War (1965-1975) was fought between the North and South Vietnam. The North was called Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the South was the Republic of Vietnam which was supported by the United States. The Vietnam War brought so many mixed emotions, fear from communism, and many lost lives. The Vietnam War was also very costly the war had spending over $140 billion dollars, the war seemed to start with good intentions that seemed to get lost in the lengthy battle for the North’s freedom, unity, and hopes that America would put a stop to the continuing communistic presence from taking over in Indonesia. In this paper we will review the following: ·       Nixon’s foreign policy team (Kissinger) and the team’s actions ·       Nixon Strategy ·       Détente ·       Election of 1972 ·       Antiwar demonstrations and marches on the White House ·       The Silent Majority ·       Cambodia “invasion” ·       Kent State ·       Vietnamization and Laotian incursion ·       The My Lai Massacre ·       SALT Treaty I ·       The diplomatic strategies of the Paris Accord ·       Prisoners of War (POWs) ·       Vietnam Syndrome ·       Specific political and military legacies of the Vietnam War, both in America and globally Nixon’s Foreign Policy and Actions and Strategy Looking to end the war Nixon made several speeches to the public urging...

Words: 2297 - Pages: 10


...POVERTY A MAJOR ISSUE Poverty is lack of basic human needs like health, education, clean water, nutrition etc. It is a condition in which one income is not sufficient enough to fulfill his basic needs. It is curse and something like nobody would want to own. In Pakistan it is not a yesterday born issue, it is eating up Pakistan and now it has spread out its circle to a larger radius now. Historically it began just with independence because of lack of proper resources at that time. In 1980 there was a slight decline in its level but the level again risen up after 1990 and till now it is rising with fluctuation of time. Currently about 35% of Pakistan population lives below the line of poverty. Mostly people of rural areas live below the line of poverty and two third of our population live in rural areas. Scenario is also not different in urban areas where 40% population of urban area live below the line of poverty. Currently poverty is the cause behind many critical problems in Pakistan on one hand but it is also outcome of many other problems. There are a lot of reasons behind poverty. Mostly people blame politics and politicians as one of the reason for prevailing poverty. Some call it lack of good leadership, some call it bad government policies and some call it bad politics but they all are same in one. Politicians are some time not sincere for eradication of poverty and some do not have proper plan for its solution. The policies adopted by different government only......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5

War on Poverty

...More children are living below the poverty line in America today than when the war on poverty began almost fifty years ago. Despite consistent efforts by the government, nonprofit organizations, and the people themselves, poverty rates in 2012 are very similar to the early 1960s. Social security and Medicaid have reduced the number of seniors living in poverty, but the plight of children has worsened. Several factors have contributed to this problem. As measured by inflation adjusted dollars, wages of low-skill jobs have declined. The number of families headed by unmarried mothers has risen, and large numbers of immigrants with little education have entered the U.S. The combination of these factors have resulted in approximately 20% of our country’s children living in poverty, which is 50% higher than 1969. Historically, the foundational basis for lifting the disenfranchised out of poverty is education. One of the first steps of the civil rights movement was a grassroots movement educating the poor and disenfranchised to a level of literacy that would enable them to register to vote. This strategy was led by Stephen Currier and his wife, Audrey Bruce, the granddaughter of Andrew Mellon, during the early 1960s. Their Taconic Foundation brought the leading civil rights groups together with other foundations including the Stern, Rockefeller, and Norman foundations. The funding to civil rights advocacy associations was matched with volunteers throughout the South who......

Words: 4030 - Pages: 17


...POVERTY AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WHITES IN LATIN 2 AMERICA AND THE UNITED STATES Abstract This article reports the relationship between the United States immigrant and African- American families presented by Daniel Patrick Moynihan in his 1965 report to President Lyndon Johnson remains the most popular folk model for explaining success, failure and mutual aid in “poverty.” The Moynihan model is an enduring part of popular discourses on race, intensified by contemporary immigrant successes narratives. The participant observation research among homeless African-American families and Latin American families had participated in a small business creation in New York City which happened more than three years ago. When kinship norms are typically American, it is said that certain immigrant family forms are more suited to mutual aid crisis. The African- American family is misused as being dysfunctional. It gives an overview of the demographic of “poverty” and how these demographics have changed since 1979. It also considers trends that have emerged over the last few decades and reconsiders the successes and failures of past public policy. It also identifies the growing feminization of poverty and the growing Latino population as the primary challenges currently facing public makers...

Words: 2585 - Pages: 11


...11/14/13 Review on Poverty Definition: the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor.  deficiency of necessary or desirable ingredients, qualities, etc.: poverty of the soil.  scantiness; insufficiency: Their efforts to stamp out disease were hampered by a poverty of medicalsupplies.  Causes of Poverty Poverty is the state for the majority of the world’s people and nations. Why is this? Is it enough to blame poor people for their own predicament? Have they been lazy, made poor decisions, and been solely responsible for their plight? What about their governments? Have they pursued policies that actually harm successful development? Such causes of poverty and inequality are no doubt real. But deeper and more global causes of poverty are often less discussed. Behind the increasing interconnectedness promised by globalization are global decisions, policies, and practices. These are typically influenced, driven, or formulated by the rich and powerful. These can be leaders of rich countries or other global actors such as multinational corporations, institutions, and influential people. In the face of such enormous external influence, the governments of poor nations and their people are often powerless. As a result, in the global context, a few get wealthy while the majority struggle. Poverty Facts And Stats Most of humanity lives on just a few pennies a day. Whether you live in the wealthiest......

Words: 1756 - Pages: 8

Social Characteristics of Poverty, Illiteracy and the Civil War in El Salvador

...| Social characteristics of Poverty, Illiteracy and the Civil War in El Salvador: | EL Salvador | | BY: Yvette Rodriguez | | While El Salvador is the smallest nation in Latin America, it has been plagued with a myriad of issues that affect many third world countries. The social issues stem from a long history of violence and government mandated reforms. Civil unrest for decades led to a twelve year civil war, this being the most defining issue in El Salvador’s history. The affects of the war are still present today, such as high poverty rates, illiteracy, high crime rates, and public health concerns. Michael Ring, director of U.S. El Salvador Sister Cities is quoted saying; Since the January 1992 signing of the historic United Nations-sponsored Peace Accords, El Salvador has experienced a series of dramatic changes-some contributing to peace and development, other’s threatening the lives of El Salvador’s majority. The sociological perspective of El Salvador is formed by these effects, as that they are still prevalent today. Conflict and revolution are significant factors in shaping a national consciousness in third world countries; consequently the consciousness of the people of El Salvador is still divided. Externally, the large group of migration to the United States in the last two decades has added to the sometime rocky relationship between the U.S. and El Salvador. Aid from the United States influences current practices in the struggling nation and......

Words: 2533 - Pages: 11


...however when the topic of generational poverty and socioeconomic backgrounds are approached it seems to fall to choice more often than not.  If we can agree that a child can be born into affluence, why then is it so difficult to believe a child can inherit poverty as well?(Beegle, D. 2007)  Generational Poverty is a complex issue requiring a holistic approach.  Upcoming generations must actively work against the cycle of poverty. There are so many stigmas attached to devastating issues that it is difficult to identify the causes. It would seem that the major focus is the effects of poverty, not the causes. This is the case with generational poverty which is saddening; if the why is not identified, how then can a course of action be set into motion? Too often it is said, “Poverty is a choice, it’s their fault” and this could not be further from the truth. One of the most difficult issues around generational poverty is the way it is viewed by society and the other is the way political parties pass the buck back and forth. These views keep the issue stuck in the problematic zone, where no one is accountable and nothing can be done. (Search for Clarity and Truth. Pitts, S., Conservative. Kalamaya, R., Liberal.). So once the buck stops, if it stops at all, only then can the causes can be addressed. Where exactly does poverty stem from and what are the barriers that prevent people from escaping this inheritance? In his article “Poverty, Family Stress and Parenting”, Dr.......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6


...Poverty and Terrorism (main) Poverty and Terrorism Poverty is the root cause of terrorism. (MSS) End Poverty Will End Violence Poverty as well as ignorance can be wiped off the face of earth. Then VIOLENCE will be unheard of. (MSS) Ending Terrorism by Ending Poverty Terrorism will vanish when its root cause, poverty, is eliminated. That poverty can be eliminated through higher levels of education, which enables true truths to flow, and greater knowledge of what can be achieved in life for the individual, replacing the falsehoods and evil that rise in the soil of poverty and ignorance. The world has to come together to try to figure out a way for these countries (plus the countries of Africa, and the many pockets of misery elsewhere) to emerge from their neglect, so that fundamentalism and terror will evaporate, and that the energies of angry men and women can be absorbed for productive and happy lives. End of Hold of Religion Behind Terrorism through Prosperity, Education, & Enlightened Mind After the end of the Cold War, we see ferocious animosities focussed at precise undefined points in the shape of terrorist explosions. Presently the world is finding it difficult to come by a satisfying answer to this phenomenon. Marx's description of religion as the opium of the masses deserves consideration here. Opium intoxicates in usual doses, destroys in overdoses. What is a usual dose of a drug to a cultivated mind is an overdose to a superstitious mind.......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2


...Legacy/Children of Alumni Assignment Instructions: Read all of Chapter 9a. Then answer questions 1-8 below in number format on the short story entitled “ONE MORE TIME” about Legacies/Children of Alumni on p. 403. To make sure you have the correct story, it begins with “I know a lot of people who whine and complain about the children of alumni…..” *See screenshot (file attached) Note: Do NOT answer the questions on any other story or a zero will be given. 1. What’s the issue at hand (question at issue)? 2. Is it significant? 3. a. List the claims being made (you need to find 6 + claims) b. Is there a factual basis to the claims? Why or why not? c.What kind of evidence is being provided in support of the claims? d. Is the use of statistics or other numerical evidence credible? 4. How credible is the speaker as well as the sources cited? 5. What assumptions are underlying any claims being made? (at least 3 + assumptions) 6. Is the language that is being used loaded or slanted in any way? (at least 3 +) 7. Are there any logical fallacies (pp. 396-399) in the argument? (you need to find at least 6+ fallacies). You need to identify which sentences in the story are fallacies and specify which fallacy (or fallacies) they violate. For example: “If we cut down on the number of legacy admissions, what would happen to the college budget? We might not even be able to keep things running!” Slippery Slope 8...

Words: 439 - Pages: 2


...War on Poverty Begun officially in 1964, the War on Poverty was an ambitious governmental effort to address the problem of persistent poverty in the United States. Over the next decade, the federal government—in conjunction with state and local governments, nonprofit organizations, and grassroots groups—created a new institutional base for antipoverty and civil rights action and, in the process, highlighted growing racial and ideological tensions in American politics and society. Marked by moments of controversy and consensus, the War on Poverty defined a new era for American liberalism and added new layers to the American welfare state. Legislatively, the first two years were the most active. Between President Lyndon Johnson’s State of the Union address in 1964 and the liberal setbacks suffered in the congressional elections of 1966, the Johnson administration pushed through an unprecedented amount of antipoverty legislation. The Economic Opportunity Act (1964) provided the basis for the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), the Job Corps, Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), Upward Bound, Head Start, Legal Services, the Neighborhood Youth Corps, the Community Action Program (CAP), the college Work-Study program, Neighborhood Development Centers, small business loan programs, rural programs, migrant worker programs, remedial education projects, local health care centers, and others. The antipoverty effort, however, did not stop there. It encompassed a range of Great......

Words: 3201 - Pages: 13


...Issues Spring ‘16 Gerald Hunt The War on Poverty: Are There Any steps to Success? In 1964, the president of the state of unions, Lyndon B. Johnson spoke out and said “This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war of poverty. Taxpayers spent twenty-two trillion dollars on anti-poverty programs, and this doesn’t include the help from social security or Medicare. This is three times more than the cost of all United States Military wars since the American Revolution. President Johnson’s goal was to reduce the cause of poverty rather than the consequences thereafter. The United States Census Bureau is scheduled to do an annual poverty report in 2014, which marked the 50th anniversary of when President Johnson launched the “War on Poverty”. Some say the lack of self-sufficiency is majority the welfare systems fault. From 1967-2015 the percentage of Americans citizens who were poor by the official poverty standards, are averaging close to the same. Although when the economy was doing well (2000-2010) the poverty rate would increase by two to three percent, but the economy is near rock bottom due to the poverty level rises to a similar amount (since the 1960’s). Before then the poverty level was at its high of 32.2 percent, during the first year the “War on Poverty” began to operate the percentage of Americans in poverty cut to 17.3 percent and never went that high since then. For the past 45 years the consistency of the poverty level stumped, because of the......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5


...PAD-201: Social Change 24 March 2015 Poverty Introduction In order to define and understand what poverty is, we can consider about conditions of having a little or no money, goods or means of support, state of being poor and lack of vital resources such as education, healthcare, food, clean water and safety. According to Feed America analysis, there were around 14.5% of population (43.5 million) who lived in poverty in 2013 whereas 15.1% lived in poverty in 2010. Thus we can see that poverty rate among United States slightly decreased due to powers applied by different sectors of country, such as government, business and society/non-profit organizations. United Nations organization states that about 21,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes, it means that there is one person die every four seconds. It is very sad because children die most often. Today, poverty is a huge issue which affects global economy and wealth of the whole population. Moreover, we see high level of inequality, there are people who earn couple dollars a day, whether they live in wealthiest nation in the world or poorest, the difference is real. Many people feel that high level of inequality will affect social cohesion and lead to problems such as increasing crime and violence. Moreover, the poorest part of people always has less access to health, education and other services provided by government and private businesses. Some of these people cannot even afford......

Words: 2913 - Pages: 12


...phenomenon let us think of the word “poverty”. Certainly, poverty exists in different aspects in sub-Saharan Africa, and it also has many negative reasons. Firstly, poverty is resulted from epidemics which are AIDS, plague and other ills. A research points out that tens of thousands of people have HIV in that region. Furthermore, more and more people died of AIDS/HIV results in enormous numbers of families without incomes, children having lost their parents and nations having many incapable workforces. All these lead to poverty. Secondly, these nations use a mass of national founds to repay their liabilities though nations have limited assets, thus, this situation places an unmatched burden on nations’ economic structure. What’s more, using foreign aid unjustly pushes nations into poverty more seriously. To resolve the problem of poverty, Bono and Anita Roddick who are famous persons use their influence and methods severally. Bono calls others together to establish an organization, and their target is to eradicate poverty. They say that using foreign aids transparently, helping nations eliminate debts and fighting against AIDS are the main ways of the war on poverty. Similarly, Anita Roddick utilizes her business-The Body Shop to help destitute people from rural communities. In addition, her business has been involved in Community Trade program. The program let consumers acquire environmental cosmetic, also, it helps rural communities get rid of poverty while they are......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

The Legacy Contoversy

...Chris Rollins English 102 Shannon Garland 02/21/2009 The Legacy Controversy You’ve just completed four grueling years of high school. You have a 3.5 grade point average and figure getting into the University of Virginia will be no problem. You and your best friend have planned on going to Virginia since you were kids; his father attended and has told you many stories of his escapades while there. One problem, your best bud only has a 2.5 GPA, and hasn’t exactly applied himself during high school; he may not get in. You rush to the mail box everyday hoping for an acceptance letter, and this day it’s there. You eagerly rip into it only to read “We are sorry, but you have not been accepted to this year’s freshmen class”; you are heartbroken. The phone rings, you answer to the sounds of your best bud screaming “we’re going to Virginia baby!”; how can this be? The answer, he’s a legacy and you’re not. Legacy admission practices have long been a topic of controversy. Many claim they are unethical and violate anti-discrimination laws while others claim they are a financial necessity and help boost school loyalty. Each side has valid arguments, deciding who’s right or wrong is up to you. The article “The curse of Nepotism”, featured in The Economist, paints a jaded picture of the Legacy admission practices of Universities across the country. The article reminds us that this country was founded on the idea that you can achieve your goals by working hard, and being honestly......

Words: 1570 - Pages: 7