The Rwandan Genocide

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The Rwandan Genocide (1994)


Grade Course
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1. Introduction
A. Definition of genocide
B. Overview of the genocide
2. The Historical Rivalry between Hutu and Tutsi A. Background of Hutu and Tutsi B. Effect of the West in Rwanda
3. The Massacre
A. The mass killings
B. The Perpetrators
C. Women and Children in the genocide
4. The Aftermath
A. Tutsi Government
B. Economic Recovery
C. Physical and Psychological effects
5. Conclusion
A. Personal Opinion
B. Recommendations

Introduction The genocide concept comprised two words, genos, a Greek word meaning tribe or race and cide a Latin word meaning killing of pointed out by Polish Jurist Raphael Lemkin. According to the definition agreed upon on the United Nations Genocide Convention, the term means “Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious groups, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group” (Hinton 3). The Rwandan genocide involved group killings and physically harming individuals in a specified ethnic community. It is the worst occurrence in the modern history. Rwanda, a colony of Belgium is approximately a third of its size. Rwanda acquired independence in nineteen sixty two. The 1994 Rwandan massacre which happened in a span of a hundred days where about eight hundred thousand Tutsis were murdered happened from around April to June. This number adds up to approximately ten percent of the entire Rwandese population. The catalysts of the violence were the…...

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Rwanda Genocide

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Rwandan Genocide

...distinguish them from the Hutu Subclass. During this period racial tensions mounted as the Hutus were oppressed. During the 1950s, the Tutsi Elite began to strive towards independence and lash out against the centralized belgian rule in Rwanda. In an attempt to silence this movement, the Belgian Government shifted their support towards the Hutu Majority who lacked experience in domination. Soon after, with the Communist nations in the United Nations supporting Rwandan Independence, Clashes between the weaker Tutsis and the now Dominant Hutus broke out. In 1959 without intervention from either the UN or the Belgian Government, Hutus began to Burn down Tutsi villages, and kill freely. This conflict left an estimated 300 Tutsi Civilians dead. In the Early 1960s, Belgium began to replace most Tutsi tribal chiefs with Hutus, resulting in an uneven balance within Rwanda. With the Hutu Majority in Power, the systematic persecution of Tutsis began. The United Nations began to promote a peaceful resolution in order to gain Rwandan independence, But Belgium fearing further UN interference, allowed for a legal military coup within Rwanda. The Hutus, hoping to further their dominance in Rwanda, continued to oppress the Tutsi population. After gaining independence from European rule, the Hutus began to drive Tutsis out of Rwanda. The Hutu Elite began to limit Tutsi participation in schools, civil service and government participation. By the end of 1964, there were over 336,000......

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