The Three Learning Stages of Memory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By kristahorn15
Words 564
Pages 3
The Three Stages of Memory
Krista Horn, Kaiulani Kuehnel, Kelsey Moilanen, Ashley Mays
PSY/211 Essentials of Psychology
March 18, 2014
Sarah James-Felton

The Three Stages of Memory
There are three stages to using our memory. The first memory stage is the sensory stage. A person is constantly using their sensory memory which takes snapshots of a person’s surrounding environment, focuses on an object, looks over the details, and stores this information temporarily. This temporary memory lasts between a quarter of a second to three seconds, or until the brain finds something else to focus on and replaces the last memory. It is the mind’s natural way of skimming through life. When the brain registers the information an individual has focused on, the information is transferred into the next memory stage, which is the short-term memory (Huckenbury & Huckenbury, 2014).
Short-term memory enables a person to temporarily store information. Short-term memory permits a person to read a book and understand what they are reading or remember directions to the grocery store. Most things fade from the short-term memory unless the information is consistently repeated, like a person’s phone number when it is dialed. People get bombarded with new information every day. When the new information is processed, the brain makes a decision to keep the information or toss it. If the information is not dedicated to long-term memory it remains no longer than 20 seconds, then quickly fades away and replaced with new information. If the memory is committed then it transfers to the next stage, long-term memory (Huckenbury & Huckenbury, 2014).
Long-term memory is a complex holding cell for information, which can stay for a lifetime. Information transfers between short-term and long-term memory during everyday activities such as remembering friends’ names and the route to…...

Similar Documents

Exploring the Brain - Memory and Learning

...Exploring the Brain – Memory and Learning EDGR 535 – Theories of TCHNG/LRNING Danielle Rivera Exploring the brain and all of its facets is such an intriguing topic– ranging from understanding brain development, to being enlightened about visual processing, touch and pain, and acquiring knowledge about learning, memory and language. In my opinion, one of the most fascinating things about the brain is that “the brain has multiple memory systems supported by distinct brain regions.” (P.25). This multiple memory theory is built on evidence that different components of the brain store information based on the type of information it is. After reading Brain Facts: A primer on the Brain and Nervous System, it led me to many wonderings–How come we can remember events from when we were 5 years old or details from yesterday, but seem to forget things we read an hour ago? What is a memory defined as, and exactly how are memories stored in the brain? What is the difference between a memory and learning? And, finally, how are memories related to learning? There have been numerous years of research, which have provided evidence that support the idea that “memory involves a persistent change in synapses, the connections between neurons.” (P. 25) The most basic explanation states that memories are essentially stored as “minute chemical changes” between the billions of neurons in the brain. As we constantly take in new information each day, this information travels within various......

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Learning, Memory and Motivation of Consumer Behaviuor

...1) Introduction 2) Learning and Memory Theory 3) Motivation Theory 4) Conclusion 5) References 1) Introduction The communication message we have chosen is an advert promoting a facial product known as the ‘PerfectaWash’ which dispenses the perfect amount of face wash. We have chosen this message as it utilises effective methods for consumers to not only remember the advert, but also to feel motivated to make a purchase. 2) Learning and Memory Theory Learning’s defined as ‘a relatively permanent change in behaviour which is linked to experience’. The term “encompasses the total range of learning, from simple almost reflexive responses to the learning of abstract concepts and complex problem solving (L. Schiffman & H. Hansen, 2008. A)”. Within learning theory, there are two key approaches; behavioural learning which focuses on conditioned learning and cognitive learning which assumes a conscious process occurs through learning. The advert begins with a woman walking up to a mirror, examining a spot on her face whilst the narrator states ‘when it comes to clear skin, the right amount of the right face wash is key’. The product is then introduced as a solution to the woman’s problem whilst the narrator explains its features to viewers and its unique selling point; it dispenses the adequate amount of face wash to cleanse, but not too much to dry out skin. This is vital to the adverts message as the behavioural theory operant conditioning ‘associates responses with......

Words: 1174 - Pages: 5

Three Stages of Memory

...Three stages of memory By Ruvim korchuk Memory is very crucial to all our lives. Without a memory of the past, we cannot operate in the present or even begin to think about what the future has in store for us. We would not be able to remember what we did the day before, what we have done today or what we want to do tomorrow or the day after. Without memory we could not learn anything at all, learning would be completely void without memory. The definition states; the mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recalling or recognizing previous experiences. Memory is constantly involved in processing vast amounts of information. For psychologists in the field the term memory covers three very important aspects of information processing, of which include. One ,Encoding and memory, When information comes into our brain/ memory system, it needs to be changed into a form that the system can cope with, so that it can be stored. The three main ways information can be encoded are, Visual (pictures), acoustic (sound), semantic (meaning). For Example, how do you remember lyrics to your favorite songs, if you’re reading the lyric that’s visual encoding, if you’re memorizing by sound that’s acoustic encoding. Two, Storage and memory, this concerns the nature of memory stores, where the information is stored and how long the memory lasts for. There has been tons of research about the differences in long and short term memory. Most...

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Three Learning Environments or Technologies

...Innovative learning environments or technologies are bad in need in the developing or underdeveloped countries which are accountable for 2/3 rd of the world population. Human resource scaling depends upon the elementary education after which a country can develop through encouraging that resource by giving wide exposures at the level best. I have great experience on the education at secondary school level, from standard V to standard IX,( age between 10-15 years). Over crowded classes (180:1,student teacher ratio) , first generation learners, ignorance of parents as well as the society, very poor financial condition, superstition, under aged marriage of girls are the hindrance of the education. I am facing every day being the Head of an educational institute. More over the drastic shortage of teachers in the Govt. Aided institutions, political interference, lack of infrastr4uctures, lack of financial aids are very painful for proper educational development. There are other problems also. But within these adverse situations the education system need to be nourished by developing proper learning environments or technologies. From my experience I think the followings are the major environments or technologies need to be developed. 1. To develop centralized monitoring system and centralized addressing system: As this system is well known in developed countries but it is not well practiced in developing or underdeveloped countries. Due to shortage of teachers, class rooms, over...

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Learning and Memory

...MARY ANN A. ARNAIZ 1. How is Learning related to memory? Learning is a process that will modify a subsequent behavior while Memory is the ability to remember past experiences. We can learn a new language by studying it, but you then speak it by using your memory to retrieve the words that you have learned. Memory is essential to all learning, because it lets you store and retrieve the information that you learn. Memory is basically nothing more than the record left by a learning process. Thus, memory depends on learning. But learning also depends on memory, because the knowledge stored in your memory provides the framework to which you link new knowledge, by association. And the more extensive your framework of existing knowledge, the more easily you can link new knowledge to it. 2. How do boys learn to be men and girls to be women? In the world of today the role of each sex is unclear and many parents find it hard to know how raising a girl is different from raising a boy. During the years of 4 and 5 a child will normally identify himself or herself as a male or a female. What they need from their parents is a good model to imitate. For this reason they become dramatically involved with mom and dad because It is very important for a girl to learn how to be a woman from her mother and a boy to learn how to be a man by imitating his father. Obviously people mature at their own rates- my mother admits herself she's still not really an adult at the age......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Three Stages of Memory

...Introduction Memory is the most important and essential aspect of human nature, without memory would not be the individuals we are today. A person's memory is like their own internal filing system that allows you to retain everything you have learnt, smelt, touched, tasted, seen and felt. The human brain can store enormous amounts of information that is learned throughout the lifetime of an individual. The current activity we are working on is possible because memory organized the information so that we could retrieve it. Explain the three stages of memory Memory is what we use to remember past information that might be necessary for us to use in our lives in the future. It is unfortunate that our memory may not always be so great and can be lost. There are three important stages of memory learned in this week's reading. Sensory memory is the ability to catch a large group of information in only a very short period of time, typically only lasting three seconds. While thinking or concentrating on an ideal, short term memory last about 20 seconds and stores only the information. The memory that can last a life-time is the long term memory. To remember this information from short term memory once moved over to the long term memory can be challenging as we get older. How might understanding how our memory works help us learn? Being able to understand how our memory works can help us throughout life when having to remember important information. We learn our short term......

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Learning and Memory

...Learning and memory are both processes controlled by the brain (Okano et al, 2000). The brain is the source of the ability to learn and memorize, think, feel, want, perceive curiosity, and behavior and without memory we are capable of nothing but simple reflexes and stereotyped behaviors (Okano et al, 2000). In examining the relationship between learning and memory from a functional perspective, researchers often discuss the reasons learning and memory are symbiotic, and in doing so, have engaged in countless case studies in an effort to understand the learning-to-memory-link. However, to comprehend the functional relationship between learning and memory we must first define learning and memory. Learning is described as the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by being taught while memory is defined as the expression of what is acquired (Byrne, 2014). Learning and memory can be distinguished by the speed with which they happen. If a new ability or information is attained gradually and arduously, this is learning. If attainment occurs instantly, that is making a memory (Learning and Memory). In relation to the case study, The Woman Impervious to Pain and the disorder associated with her, her learning from life events and other influences including culture, environment, biological state, mental abilities, and societal advancement might have played a significant role in supporting her disorder. This knowledge might have......

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Memory Stages

...Three Stages of the Memory Virginia Ontiveros, Erika Garcia, Candelaria Miramontes, Maria Aguilera PSY/211 April 24, 2013 Mari Klang Three Stages of the Memory The human memory consists of three different stages. All three stages have different functions; these three stages are as follows; Sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Sensory Memory The first stage of memory is recognized as sensory memory. Sensory memory handles all information that an individual senses that is going to happen in the present. It registers what an individual smells, feels, sees, tastes, and hears for a very momentary period of time. Then it substitutes the information with new sensory information or interprets it to short-term memory if you comprehend something as important, such as a gorgeous flower bouquet or an unclear address. Normally, visual data is recorded for only about 500 milliseconds before it is lost. Other sensory data is detained for only about one or two seconds before it is replaced. The sensory memory processes huge quantities of information every day, but this information is interpreted. It is like an enormous quantity of raw data that is continuously being handled and replaced ("What Are The Three Stages Of The Memory Process? Read More: What Are The Three Stages Of The Memory Process? | Ehow.com Http://www.ehow.com/info_8413619_three-Stages-Memory-Process.html#ixzz2rrgf69if", 1999-2013). Short-term memory Amongst sensory memory and long-term......

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

3 Stages of Memory

...The first stage of memory is called sensory memory. Sensory memory registers a great deal of information from the environment and holds it for a very brief period of time. After three seconds or less, the information fades. Think of your sensory memory as an internal camera that continuously takes snapshots of your surroundings. With each snapshot, you momentarily focus your attention on specific details. Almost instantly, the snapshot fades, only to be replaced by another. During the very brief time the information is held in sensory memory, you select, or pay attention to, just a few aspects of all the environmental information that’s being registered. While studying, for example, you focus your attention on one page of your textbook, ignoring other environmental stimuli Many researchers believe that there is separate sensory memory for each sense- vision, hearing, touch, and smell. . The information you select from sensory memory is important because this information is transferred to the second stage of memory, short-term memory. Short-term memory refers to the active, working memory system. Your short-term memory temporarily holds all the information you are currently thinking about or consciously aware of. That information is stored briefly in short-term memory—for up to about 20 seconds. Because you use your short-term memory to actively process conscious information in a variety of ways, short-term memory is often referred to as working memory Imagining,......

Words: 433 - Pages: 2

Memory and Learning

...not heard in years, or we see a particular thing we have seen before, there is a sense of familiarity about it, and we recognize it. These examples reflect the informational processing known as memory (Memory Versus Learning, 2014). Memory can be defined as “the ability to recall previously acquired information” (Ormrod, 2012, p. 158) and refers to the processes used to “acquire, store, retain and later retrieve information”(Cherry, 2014, para. 2). Learning, on the other hand, is “the acquisition of new information or skills” (Ormrod, 2012p. 158) that is “reflected in a person’s behavior” (Ormrod, 2012, p. 4). Learning is not concerned with storing information, but is about behavior (Memory & Learning in the Brain, 2008). Learning involves not only types of complex activities such as memorizing factual information, images, or impressions, but requires understanding, organizing, managing, and putting into practice the stored information (Learning Versus Memory, 2014). Learning is acquiring new information, and memory is the ability to store and retrieve the information. Memory processes must be functioning for learning to take place, as learning implicates and requires memory (Stone, 2011). I teach women breast self-exam (BSE) as part of my job. Through this process, learning occurs. Most often, the women I teach are familiar with BSE, but unsure how to do it properly. Written and verbal information is given, along with the availability of viewing a video on......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

He Relationship Between Learning and Memory

...Learning to tie shoes and ride a bike requires the encoding, storing, and retrieving of past observations of the procedure. With a lot of practice, children master these skills so well that they are able to remember them the rest of their lives. Memory is the storing of information over time. It is one of the most important concepts in learning; if things are not remembered, no learning can take place. As a process, memory refers to the "dynamic mechanism associated with the retention and retrieval of information about past experiences" (Sternberg 260). We use our memory about the past to help us understand the present. The study or memory in psychology is used in different ways, as well as there are many different ways to study how memory works in humans. In psychology there are many tasks used to measure memory, and different types of memory storages that human's use, such as sensory storing, or short term storing. There are also a lot of techniques that humans use to improve their memory, which they can use to learn, such as mnemonic devices. All these things can be classified as important issues in the study of human memory and ways of learning. In studying memory, researchers have devised various tasks that require participants to remember "arbitrary information" (Merkle). Memory tasks typically involve either recall or recognition. In recall memory you would be asked to give a fact, a word, or an item from memory. In recognition memory you are asked to identify from......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Three Stages of How People View Me

...Vyacheslav Shulikov CMST& 210 23rd January, 2015 I did not know that it was possible for me to be three different people while remaining in my own body the whole time. The purpose of this paper is to show the different views people have of one another, and how the relationship between the two people affects how one views another. In this paper I would like to discuss the views of three different people and how the closeness of my relationship with these people affected their view of me and my view of them. In three situations I was viewed differently by three different people that either knew me very well, knew me just enough to be friends, or did not know me at all and were a stranger that I met at a coffee shop minutes earlier. While conducting my research for this paper and getting questionnaires filled out I noticed that the closer of a relationship I had with someone the more accurate were the questionnaire results. For example when I had my significant other fill out the information about me, only one of the answers was something that was in the unknown to me. However when I asked my casual friend to answer a few questions and I did the same about him I found the results to be rather different than either of us expected and not too accurate. When I finally asked a stranger at a coffee shop to answer a few questions about their first impression of me and I did the same about them, the answers......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Learning and Memory Worksheet

...University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Classical and operant conditioning are two important concepts central to behavioral psychology. While both result in learning, the processes are quite different. In order to understand how each of these behavior modification techniques can be used, it is also essential to understand how classical conditioning and operant conditioning differ from one another. Classical conditioning theory involves learning a new behavior via the process of association. In simple terms two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or animal. There are three stages of classical conditioning. At each stage the stimuli and responses are given special scientific terms. In stage one the unconditioned stimulus produces a unconditioned response in an organism. In basic terms, this means that a stimulus in the environment......

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Hr Technology Case Scenario: Three-Stage Project Objective

...HR Technology Case Scenario: Three-Stage Project Objective http://homeworklance.com/downloads/hr-technology-case-scenario-three-stage-project-objective/ Objective |Guidelines for All Papers |Case Scenario: Fictitious Business Description |Grading Rubrics Objective Back to Top Apply the theories reviewed in class related to analyzing an HR function and determining the type of HRIS application necessary to automate and create a strategic alliance for this HR department. Students will have an opportunity to apply theoretical concepts to a professional business application. Guidelines for All Papers Back to Top • This project is completed in three stages. • The first two assignments (Stages I and II of the project) are worth 100 points each. • The final project (Stage III) is worth 280 points. • Stage I is due Week 2. • Stage II is due Week 5. • Stage III, the Final Project, is due Week 7. • Theory : There should be theory provided throughout all stages of this business plan to substantiate decisions made. All theory must be cited following APA format guidelines (APA Manual, fifth or sixth edition). Anything copied word for word must be inside quotes and properly cited in text and on the reference list according to APA format guidelines. Any information that is not your own thought (theory) must also be cited. There should be no more than 5% of quoted material (information copied word for word) in any of these three assignments. • Introduction : The purpose is......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Stages of Memory

...STAGES OF MEMORY DWIGHT CALDWELL Aspects of Pyschology-SSCI-1202B-01 Geoffery Hackert AIU May 17, 2012 The mind is designed to process thoughts, emotions and has the ability to maintain and reproduce memories. To fully understand the memory process one must look at how memory starts and how each stage is used to complete the process of memory. The model that this paper will discuss will provide definitions and examples of each stage and how the mind uses each to process each stage. The minds are somewhat like a Central Processing Unit that has the ability to multi-task and complete different assignments at a time. The first stage of memory is called sensory memory. This is when sensory information that comes from our five senses is stored for a brief period of time, which generally for no longer than a half-second for visual and information and 3 or 4 seconds for auditory information. We attend to only certain aspects of this sensory memory, allowing this information to pass into the next stage-short term memory (www.psychology.about.com/2012). An example of sensory memory would be a person smelling or tasting something that they did not like and being able to have a feeling of pleasure from the memory or a feeling of disgust because of the initial contact with the food or odor. Short-term memory also known as active memory, this is the process of information that we are aware of or are currently thinking about a certain thing. In language that is more......

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5