Theories of Communication in Latin America

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kiwicha91
Words 2820
Pages 12
Essay for
NRC CCOM-183: 1988
Professor: Dr. Atilio León Rubio

PRIVATE UNIVERSITY ANTENOR ORREGO
FACULTY OF COMMUNICATION
PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL OF COMMUNICATION SCIENCES

NOVEMBER, 2013

INTRODUCTION
This paper aims to describe and analyze the main theoretical currents of communication in Latin America from two main aspects: first, the current state of research and production on the subject exists in some Latin American countries and on the other, the sense that scores from the beginning of the last decade, the curriculum reform in schools of communication in Latin America and, consequently, in the definition of the subject matter of the communication.
Since the nineties, academic and research application of the theory of communication in Latin America has experienced a renewal, healthy and necessary overcoming change. This change starts mainly from overcoming the tendency to ascribe the declining communication studies to a single discipline and go creating a growing awareness of their status and disciplinary forms revolutionize approaches to the analysis and production, dissemination and reception the message. These changes, in fact, the main underlying theoretical and communication research in Latin America current.

ANTONIO PASQUALI
Arnaldo Antonio Pasquali Greco, born in Rovato, Italy; on June 20, 1929, is a Venezuelan social communicator. He is considered one of the introducers of thought in Latin America Communication underlying theoretical sources of the Frankfurt School.
To Pasquali, humans develop the ability to communicate in the highest degree, as a means of interaction, discovery of the presence of the "other."
Communication thus understood is bivalent, so who can receive and transmit the recipient must be able to transmit. In this is a dialogic nature, that between individuals with ethical autonomy.…...

Similar Documents

Basketball in Latin America

...In Latin America, the popularity of the sport is growing rapidly and the most recent of talent into the NBA is migrating from Latin America. The cultural popularity of the sport was growing exponentially and is well documented in China with the likes of Yao Ming and Jeremy Lin who are Asian sensations. With Latin American backgrounds integrating into the game of basketball, I wonder how these international translations are in turn changing the game we see at home. In Latin America, where the climate and geographies are so much different than the one in the United States, we find growth in basketball. Though the NBA in Latin America is growing, it is still not a hit in Central and South America. Though whenever you go either it is Latin America, China, America, etc… there is always someone playing the game. Even in the likes of Mexico, they are mostly known for militant based political revolution than anything else, but basketball courts do exist. The courts might be used for other things like farming during the day, but you will always see some kid playing and working on his game. Just like what I do when I am in my hometown hooping outside of my house, no court just the concrete and the hoop I have next to my garage. The growth of basketball throughout Latin America region is unexpected, only because they compete for national attention in their number one sport soccer. Basketball has to compete in Central American countries like El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba,......

Words: 4536 - Pages: 19

Revolts in Latin America

...Revolts in Latin America I. Discontent Fans the Fires • Spanish born peninsulares dominated Latin American political and social life. • Many creoles resented their second-class status. • Creoles were European-descended Latin Americans. • Mestizos were people of Native American and European descent. • Mulattoes were people of African and European descent. • Mestizos and Mulattoes were angry because they were being denied the status, wealth and power that the white people had. • Enslaved Africans that worked on plantations wanted freedom. • In the 1700s, educated creoles became Enlightened as they watched colonists in North America throw off British rule. However, many creoles were reluctant to do anything. • Napoleon’s invasion of Spain in 1808 sparked the rebellion in Latin America. II. Slaves Win Freedom for Haiti • Revolution had erupted in a French-ruled colony on the island of Hispaniola. • French planters in Haiti owned very profitable sugar plantations. • The half a million slaves who worked on these plantations were overworked and underfed • The rebels were fortunate to find an intelligent and skillful leader in Toussaint L’Ouverture. • Toussaint L’Ouverture was a self-educated former slave but he was untrained. However, he was a brilliant general and inspiring commander. • Toussaint’s army faced many enemies like when the mulattoes joined French planters against the rebels. • Napoleon Bonaparte sent a large army to reconquer the former colony.......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Poverty in Latin America

...Inequality: The Most Pressing Problem in Latin America Throughout the years, Latin America has experienced dramatic political, social, and economic changes amongst it’s numerous countries. As time went on, various leaders brought grand ideas to the table in hopes of bettering the region. However, in most cases, the outcome was far from grand, failing to address social conflicts that derived from deep inequality and high levels of poverty. Without successfully conquering the underlying causes of conflict within the region, change in a positive direction for Latin America does not exist. This paper will define inequality as the most pressing problem that Latin American countries continue to face, and how inequality, discrimination, poverty, and crime violence stem from the underlying problem of inequality. As a result, social programs currently in place fail to properly address the issues of inequality and poverty within Latin America, thus being unsuccessful. In their literature review of the Southern Commands, Jorge Castaneda and Patricio Navia remind the reader that, “be it in the Caribbean heat or in the Andes-mountain cold, the uniform and lasting defining characteristic of Latin America is inequality” (82). They continue to explain that, “Latin America brings together – often within the same countries, same cities and occasionally even the same neighborhoods – the wealth and prosperity of the most-industrialized nations in the world and the dispossession, despair and......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Latin America

...| 2012 | | Core 8 [FOreign Policy in latin America](Paper taken to writing clinic: hannah) | | Every country’s foreign policy consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve its goals within international relations. Its goal is to interact with other countries and non-state actors. Foreign policies are designed by the government through high-level decision making processes. The US has been involved in foreign affairs with Latin America for some time now. How are the US and Latin America with Foreign Affairs? Are Latin Americans’ Intellectual Properties being robbed? Are Latin American countries being restored and growing? There are many other questions to ask regarding the foreign policy issues concerning Latin America. One huge problem with Foreign Affairs/Policies is the Drug Trafficking from Latin America into the United States. Cuba is not necessarily a drug producing country but it is a transit one. In 1998 nearly 7.2 metric tons of cocaine were seized in Colombia on its way to Cuba. Also, there was a 50% increase in drug over flight, which includes people carrying drugs as mules on planes and the dropping of drugs into American water from Cuban planes heading to the States (House Government Reform Committee) Castro had once said that he did not want the United States interfering with Cuban drug relations. Most American government officials believed him to be the main cause of drug......

Words: 4057 - Pages: 17

Latin America

...LATIN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS LATIN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WIND INSTRUMENTS WIND INSTRUMENTS STRING INSTRUMENTS STRING INSTRUMENTS PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS LATIN -AMERICAN MUSIC LATIN -AMERICAN MUSIC LATIN AMERICAN MUSICAL STYLES LATIN AMERICAN MUSICAL STYLES Tango Tango During the "belle epoque" (1890s), the working class of the "Boca" of Buenos Aires (Argentina) invented a new rhythm, the tango. Tan-go was the name given to the drums of the African slaves, and the music was influenced by both the Cuban habanera and the local milonga. The choreography originally devised in the brothels to mimick the obscene and violent relationship between the prostitute, her pimp and a male rival eventually turned into a dance and a style of music of a pessimistic mood, permeated by a fatalistic sense of an unavoidable destiny, a music of sorrow enhanced by the melancholy sound of the bandoneon. When lyrics were added, they drew from "lunfardo", the lingo of the underworld (the term originally meant "thief"). Tango was embraced enthusiastically in Europe and landed in the USA in the 1910s. The Viennese waltz and the Polka had been the first dances to employ the close contact between a male and a female. The tango pushed the envelope in an even more erotic direction. One of the earliest hits of tango was pianist Enrique Saborido's Yo Soy La Morocha (1906). By that time, tango had already established itself as a major genre among young Argentinians.......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Latin America

...an ambiguous one leading to portray the image of a single state with homogenous attributes, which is vastly different from the actual standing. On the contrary, the North-East India largely bears the tenets of diversity and distinctness. The North-East India unfortunately is not free from many evils and is often thwarted by gruesome happenings retarding the pace of development. The Look-East Policy is being embarked upon with the presupposition that the improving trade ties between India and ASEAN will certainly elevate the North- East out of the menace of insurgency, poverty and economic backwardness. The Look-East Policy is expected to usher in a new era of development for the North East through network of pipelines, connectivity, communication and trade. i The ASEAN-India car rally of 2003 was a notable initiative undertaken by the Indian government to emphasise on the geographic proximity between North-East India and South-East Asia. Moreover, India has undertaken some bilateral and multilateral projects for boosting connectivity between the North-East and South East Asia. The important ongoing and potential infrastructure projects in this regard are Moreh-Tamu-Kalewa Road, India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway, Trans Asian Highway, IndiaMyanmar rail linkages, Kaladan Multimodal project, the Stilwell road, Myanmar-IndiaBangladesh gas or oil pipeline, Tamanthi Hydroelectricity project and optical fiber network between North East India and South East Asia.ii But certain...

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

Inequality in Latin America

...Although Latin America has faced many social, political, and economic issues within the last three centuries, inequality remains one of the most important, historical, and omnipresent aspects of the region’s culture. As Europeans took over Latin America during the time of colonization, they implemented many elitist social structures that have held strong and are evident today (Harris). Income inequality is the most visible and greatest disparity that the region faces; yet inequality between gender, ethnicities, and education remain strong and significant problems with a necessity for improvement. Inequality of wealth and disparity of power and influence are Latin American’s greatest curses and are at the root of many of the developmental, social, criminal, and political problems that continue to plague the region (De Ferranti). Since inequality has pervaded into every feature of Latin American society, it is important to measure inequality accurately in order to obstruct the causes of the discrimination and prevent new ones from beginning. The Gini Coefficient is an effective way that people indicate the inequality of a country by measuring a frequency distribution of income or wealth. Using the "Gini Index" of inequality in the distribution of income and consumption, the researchers found that Latin America and the Caribbean, from the 1970s through the 1990s, measured nearly 10 points more unequal than Asia, 17.5 points more unequal than the 30 countries in the......

Words: 3191 - Pages: 13

Latin America

...Latin America Midterm I. Brief Identifications: 1. Indio’s- the Pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America. Also known as Pueblos, they are Spanish speakers and usually indulge in hunting and gathering as their tradition. 2. Creoles- an American-born Spaniard in Spanish colonies, descended from the original French settlers of the southern United States, especially Louisiana. II. General Identifications: 1. Conquistadors- A conqueror, the 16-century Spanish soldiers who defeated Indian civilizations of Central America. 2. Sapa Inca- the Inca was the powerful emperor and leader of the Inca people, which basically means emperor. 3. Cannibal Law 1503- In 1503 Queen Isabella of Spain, created a law that prohibited the arrest or capture of her new children stating further that, no harm or evil was permitted against their person or possessions. 4. Royal Fifth- An old royal tax that reserves to monarch for metals acquired by subjects as treasure or extracted mining, instituted in Muslim states. III. Specific Identifications: 1. Hernan Cortes- Spanish conquistador, who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico, led an expedition and brought large portions of mainland Mexico. 2. Hernando De Soto- Spanish explorer and conquistador while leading the first European expedition into territory of the modern-day United State. 3. Montezuma II- Last Aztec emperor in Mexico and was overthrown and killed by Hernando Cortés. 4. Francisco...

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Human Resources in Latin America

...17, 2014 Abstract Saint Leo University, founded in 1899, is a higher education institution located in the state of Florida. The University bases itself on its Benedictine tradition, and prides itself on a set of core values which are included in the institution’s mission statement. Although international business and trade is composed of various, vital elements, human resource management plays a major role in such transaction. Efficient HRM is essential for the success of any business both domestically and internationally. This research paper will address the institution’s human resource management (HRM) practices and policies on how these could be implemented or altered if Saint Leo University were to ever expand its services to Latin America. Furthermore, the paper will thoroughly analyze how Saint Leo University’s core value and mission statement is implemented in both domestic and international HR policies and procedures. Human resource management (HRM) can be defined as a set of strategic policies and procedures implemented by an organization in regards to employee’s management, performance, benefits, and success. By this, organizations and businesses can implement strategic HRM policies and procedures that best fits their needs and wants. In recent years, companies have expanded their services and production to foreign countries in order to increase their revenue and expand their customer market; such venture has allowed companies to expand their portfolio.......

Words: 4082 - Pages: 17

Latin America

...Recent Latin America HIST 620 Essay #1 Patterns for Wealth Piedmont College Heather Jackson The Americas provided a great deal of wealth and opportunities to the monarchs of Portugal and Spain. The main focal point for the monarchs, conquerors, and colonists alike was land acquisition. For each group, land acquisition meant wealth and security. Colonists, having less influence and prestige than the conquerors and monarchs, worked the land with the hopes of being independent of the landowners and to create personal wealth. For the conquerors it was all about wealth and prestige and the monarchs of Spain and Portugal profited from everyone else. Land grants were given to those influential conquerors with the expectation that they would cultivate the land and obtain a substantial profit in which taxes would be taken out for the crown. However, landowners soon realized that just having the land meant nothing if you had no one to work the land for you. The system of Ecomienda was the viable solution to the shortage of workers. The Ecomienda system was established by Queen Isabel to appease the landowners while still doing her “Christian duty” for the local “heathens”. Even though the system specified that the indigenous people were free, the reality was a life of hardship and forced labor. The system of ecomienda and its’ temporary flow of laborers did not satisfy the greed of the landowners. Many landowners sought out permanent ecomiendas that......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Latin America

...Latin America is more than just an exotic travel destination for Americans or any travelers from around the world for that matter. Though Latin America is filled with several breath-taking wonders of the world; including their crystal clear waters and beautiful sandy white beaches, tropical rain forests, and ancient historical landmarks. Latin America’s tranquil atmosphere should not be underestimated as the little more than underdeveloped sibling. After examining the history, politics, and economic stand point of the countries in Latin America, they have many similarities with the United States and several differences that should be taken into consideration when dealing with United States foreign policy with Latin American countries. What is Latin America? Where is Latin America? What countries are considered to be a part of Latin American? These are the initial questions a person thinks about when Latin America comes into a discussion. Around the world people will have their own ideas and stereotypes about Latin America, but here are the facts. The term Latin America is used to describe the countries in the sub regions of the Americas that were once the old colonies of European nations. The reference to Latin corresponds to the fact that as product of the colonization from the European nations the languages now spoken in these countries are Latin based. The languages spoken are derived from the so called “Romance tongues” of Spain, Portugal, and France. Latin America...

Words: 2616 - Pages: 11

Gdp Growth in Latin America

...Research project: The relationship between: the annual growth rate of GDP per capita and the public expenditure in Latin America. F29 F33 F43 O19 My goal for this research project is to examine the relationships that exists in between the annual growth rate per capita and public expenditure in Latin America. What I wanted to see is if a higher growth rate of GDP meant that a higher percentage was spent in the public sector. Data was gathered from the ECLAC, The World Bank and also the International Monetary Fund. Introduction The reason I was very attracted in this research is because as someone born in South America and lately Latin America has been doing better than before, and visiting South America the past year I have seen how infrastructure has improved lately so I was very interested in seeing how big of a role public expenditure plays in countries that are developing. Expenditure on welfare, health and education are an essential part of what governments do to enhance the quality of life of their citizens and the human capital base of their societies. My focus on public and social expenditure in Latin America is mainly guided by the concern of how Governments utilizes existing policies and seeing how these theories and policies have helped increase Latin America’s GDP. In Latin America we find a great variation in social policy regimes; ranging from Uruguay and Argentina, where a large majority of the population is covered by social policy and has......

Words: 2169 - Pages: 9

The Evolution of Liberalism in Latin America

...1 5114044 Liberalism was the dominant political and economic theory of the world throughout the enlightenment and that gave way to many economic and social advances. In particular the 19th century saw an increase both in the literature associated with this movement and the amount of leaders that nominally subscribed to this theory. In Latin America, specifically, liberalism took a very unique path that culminated in the abandonment and complete rejection of these theories. The adoption of liberal policies both economically and socially moved from adhering very strictly to the theory at first (whilst being disconnected from reality) to the eventual degradation and disassociation of liberal ideals around the 1930’s. The initial adoption was due to the closeness of Latin American intellectuals with their European and American counterparts, while the shift towards autochthonous movements was caused as a response against the ever-present influence of Europe over the Latin American subcontinent and the effects of positivism. Liberalism is defined by a set of policies, ideas, and beliefs that hold individual autonomy, equality, and freedom as the pillars of human life. From this basic concept the economic ideas of laissez-faire economics and free markets are developed. Further on, democracy naturally stems from this idea that people are autonomous, rational, free agents that are capable of having decision making power and thus elect the best person possible......

Words: 1593 - Pages: 7

Poverty in Latin America

...This paper will discuss the poverty in Latin America. Latin America has always been in poverty and although there have been some ups and downs, the poverty level remains great. First, we will discuss the region that is known as Latin America, the determining factors of poverty, the statistics and history of the poverty in Latin America and the future of the poverty in Latin America. Latin America refers to the areas of America in which the Spanish or Portuguese languages prevail. These areas include Mexico, most of Central and South America, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Brazil. Latin America can be subdivided into different regions, such as North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. (Wikipedia, Retrieved 2010). Latin America consists of many different ethnic backgrounds and races. It is one of the most diverse regions in the world. Some of the predominant races/backgrounds include European-Amerindians (Mestizo), Amerindians, European, Mulatto, Black, Asian and Zambo (mixed Black and Amerindian). Latin America continues to be challenged by inequality and poverty. Poverty is defined as, “the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.” (Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 2010). According to the World Bank, nearly 25% of the population of Latin America lives on less than $2.00 a day. At least 182 million people are living in poverty in Latin America and at least 68 million people are living in......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Latin America

...Latin America spent many years ruled by colonial government. After gaining their freedom they formed republics. This action led to liberal movements, reforming laws, and seeking equality &liberty. Latin America wanted to incorporate two liberalism theories by John Locke and Jean-Jacque Rousseau. John Locke was the English version centered on securing land and liberty. Jean-Jacque Rousseau wanted unity and democracy. This attempt failed and they came to have Callidos. Callidos are charming individual who usually gain leadership with force or illegal activity. The elite caudillos were very strict in ruling. The ruled with force and felt they were superior to their people. In this regard, the people annoyed by the chaos and anarchy that had taken hold since the early decades of the independence would have stability and order. The folk caudillos were much like the democratic president here, in the US. The folk group was the smaller of the two. The people felt there leader should be one with people and act in their interest. The benefits of this group were the people felt represented and felt their traditions were guarded. Burns, B. (2008.). As seen in history the Europeans moving into America was gruesome and bloody. They brought with them diseases and alcohol disrupting the lifestyle of the already developed Indians. This led to the extermination of the natives. However, when the Europeans first came over they were more civil offering gifts in exchange for land and other...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2