Urbanization/Case

In: Other Topics

Submitted By chausame
Words 3500
Pages 14
Urbanization
Insert Name Here
Insert Affiliation Here

Urbanization/CASE

Urbanization refers to the reallocation from a rustic to an urban social order due to shifts in global variants. It is a product of economic, political and social advancement that has paved the way for the emergence of large metropolis, cause a spike in the population density of the region. A survey predicted that half of the earth’s inhabitants would reside in urban centers towards the end of 2008 (United Nations). Intimately connected to the processes of modernization, industrialization and rationalization, the phenomenon has it genesis in the Renaissance period. Continuous attacks by the Turks caused the Christians to migrate from the east to the west of Europe. Consequently, the volume of trade rose and European cities besides the coastline progresses impressively. An additional push was given to urbanization upon the advent of the Industrial Revolution; the population density of European and American cities continued to intensify. For instance, the city of Chicago saw it population rise from fifteen individuals to over twenty million in a timeframe of seventy eight year. Yet, the phenomenon took hold of the Asian and African region only after sovereignty from colonial subjugation; in the first and second half of the 20th century, respectively (Howard Gillette Jr.). As mentioned before, the process of urbanization takes place when individuals abandon their rural lifestyle and migrate to developed cities in anticipation of a superior standard of living. This is typically the case with developing nations; residents of rural localities fall prey to volatile weather conditions and have to put up with natural disasters such as floods and droughts which have the potential to wreck havoc in their lives. As a result, the vast majority of farmers have started to move to developed…...

Similar Documents

Impact of Urbanization

... Introduction Urbanization has been a subject of heated discussion for a long time. It is important for our city and life. In a modern city, people are appreciating the convenience. Such as gas electricity and so on. You can see films visit exhibition and do whatever they wanted. If they want become scholar scientist, they can find what they need, and living in city, it is often easier to find work. As we all know, China is a developing country, so urbanization can quicken our pace to catch up with the developed country, urbanization also create many opportunities the unemployed. So these conveniences make people’s life more comfortable and easy. The research is about The Importance of Urbanization on Our Future. 1.1 Definition Urbanization generally refers to gather population to urban areas and rural areas into urban areas. Urbanization is the inevitable result of social and economic development and social progress. A national or regional urbanization level, showing its social and economic development level because the city is the economic center of regional development, to promote the development of the regional economy, and improve the level of regional economy and promote the development of the city   2.0 Findings 2.1 Impact of urbanization on the economy Urbanization of economy is described as the regional concentration of population and produces or benefit various activities. Because of the large number of people to focus on urbanization area, there......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Urbanization in India

...India is one of the countries in which urban centres and urbanization flourished as early as 3000 B.C. The urban centres of Mohenjodaro, Harappa and Lothal may be cited as the examples of pre-historic urbanization in India. During the ancient and medieval periods of Indian history, numerous towns and cities developed, mainly because of socio-economic, geo-political and cultural reasons. Most of them were walled cities like Delhi, Sirhind, Lahore etc. which were centres of regional powers and trade. The arrival of the East India Company led to the development of many cities and towns. The urbanization during this period is vastly different as the British developed towns according to their functions and were different from the earlier Indian cities. The major types of towns developed by the British can be classified into the following categories: 1. Cantonments at strategic places within India to contain disaffection by the rulers of states and principalities. Some of the major cantonments are Ambala, Ahmedabad, Agra, Jhansi, Meerut, Roorkce, Mhow etc. 2. Hill Stations in Himalayas and Western Ghats mostly as sanatoria where Europeans could brave out the harsh Indian summers. Shimla was developed as the summer capital of India. Other hill stations developed by the British are Mussoorie, Nainital, Kasauli, Darjeeling, Almora, Kodaicanal, Ooty etc. 3. Ports or Trading Centres to export Indian raw material and import English finished goods for redistribution in the Indian......

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Industrialization and Urbanization

...urban sociology Chelsea Ng Chapter 5 SA 364 301123322 Urbanization in the late 1800's gave rise to more expanded and populated cities. Such urbanization in the United States “benefited the economic and political opportunities (111)” by increasing the labour force and creating transportation efficiency. Although Chapter 5 primarily focuses on urbanization in the 1800’s of the United States, urbanization has also produced a multicultural connection of businesses. Urbanization in the United States has been shaped by immigration, and urban transportation. Roughly forty million immigrants settled in the U.S. between 1800’s and 1900’s. The increasing number of factories created an intense need for labour, providing opportunities for immigrants to work. Opportunities can be defined differently though because immigrants had worked in harsh and unlivable conditions due to their ethnicity. Nevertheless, population churning and immigration transformed United States from an agrarian to an urban nation. Immigration provides many opportunities since “each new immigrant had to be processed…meant more government jobs [were needed]…[created] specialized businesses catering to the needs of arrivals from foreign lands (111).” I can apply these growth opportunities to Richmond today. The more immigrants there are, more jobs are required to “cater to the needs (111)” of immigrants. There are increasingly......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Patterns and Process of Urbanization and Labour Migration

...THE PROCESS AND PATTERN OF URBANIZATION AND LABOUR MIGRATION IN NIGERIA By Anyaele Samuel O. Mabogunje (1968), defined urbanization as the process whereby human beings congregates in relatively large number at one particular spot of the earth surface. The particular spot is refered to urban centers. Urbanization simply put, is a demographical phenomenon charaterized with the movement of people from the rural settings to permanently dwell in the city (urban areas). Labour migration on the other hand, is the process through which an individual move from an administrative territorial community to another community in order to gain an employment. There are two types of labour migration namely; the contemporary labour migration which is also refered to as oversea or contract workers. Here, an individual migrates for a little period in order to send money back home. And the highly skilled and business migrants; here, people with qualifications like executives, technicians, professionals and its similar prowless move within the international or national labour market to gain employment. Urbanization process are those factors that facilitates a place to turn into urban center. These factors includes; migration (PUSH – PULL FACTORS), natural increase, government policies, exchange of trade etc. MIGRATION- migration is a rational movement that invovles a change in place of residence across a defined geo-political boundary. Migration is age, sex, destination and reason selective.......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Urbanization in the Third World

...Urbanization in simple terms is the rapid and massive growth of cities as the migration of people from the countryside in search of better jobs and living conditions occurs. Migration is defined as the long-term relocation of an individual, household or group to a new location outside the community of origin. As the process of internal migration increases within a country large masses of people are gathering in the densely populated and highly structured settlements of a country. Consequently, cities are growing significantly in size and number with the continuation of mass migration. At the start of the 20th century only about 17.8% of the entire population of a third world country lived in a city, but today the proportion of urban and rural dwellers is approximately equal, in-fact today 3 Billion of the world’s population are urban residents, accounting for half the world’s population at the rate of a 180,000 people moving into cities each day (60 Million a year). It is projected that at this rate many of the cities in developing regions of the world such as Africa and Asia may double in size to compensate to this process. Rapid urbanization has presented a series of issues in the third world and has thus been a leading factor in shaping third world politics. Urbanization in the third world has drastically increased by as much as 50% over the last century. For instance Bangladesh has an urbanization rate of 3.5% resulting in 27% of the country’s population being urban......

Words: 1796 - Pages: 8

Urbanization

...accessibility • Retail sometimes found in city fringes(decentralisation(hypermarts Transition • Functions overflowed frm CBD • Vacant lots and derelict sites • Poor quality residential areas Industrial zone • Used to be in city center in 1900s because of poor transport networks • Gradually moved out(decentralized • Most in industrial parks outside city • Light industries still exist in city centers or suburbs • ELDCs(still in CBD Residential • Higher income further away from city center • Old houses in inner city occupied by the low income • Better living conditions further from city(middle and high • Pattern reversed in ELDCs Discuss and compare the segregation of social groups in urban areas. [16m] Case Study of Latin American countries • The significant spatial concentration of upper class groups and the ascending middle classes to an extreme in only one zone of the city, with its apex in the historical center, and a clear direction of expansion towards the periphery. • The conformation of ample housing areas for the poor, mainly in distant and poorly serviced peripheral areas, but also in deteriorated sectors close to the city-center. • The significant social diversity of the “high-income neighborhoods”, where, along with virtually all of the upper class, certain middle and low class groups live, with the important exception of “laborers,” “informal dwellers” or “marginalized groups,” as they have dominated the poorest......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6

China Urbanization and Decline of Argiculture

...Urbanization is defined as a population shift from rural areas to urban areas. Due to China’s economic boom, China is currently experiencing a rapid movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. The article, “The End of Agricultural in China” estimates that one-quarter of China’s rural population, about 200 million people, are moving to urban areas in search of work. This movement of people has resulted in urban areas having to expand to in order to accommodate the increase in population. But as a law of physics states, with every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Therefore as urban areas increase in size and population this has resulted in rural areas both decreasing in size and in population. As globalization becomes more common, many businesses and companies have looked to China as a country that shows a great potential for expansion and investment. As a result China is experiencing a tremendous growth in their economy. Urban areas in China have expanded with new buildings and factories being built to keep up with demand. But this urban expansion has come at the cost of losing agricultural land. Many farmers who owned land in rural areas are losing their land as the government has mandated the land be sold to the state so the state can then turnaround and sell it to companies looking to build factories in China. This had led to farmland that was once abundant with agricultural crops, now being used to house factories. As the article states, seizure...

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

The Benefits of Urbanization Outweigh the Costs

...The benefits of urbanization outweigh the costs. Discuss. “Urbanization is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities” (Learn on the Internet, 2008). Globally, urbanization is increasing. For example, in 1950, the percentage of urbanization was 30%, now, it is around 55%, and by 2030, it may rise to 60%. (WHO, 2010). In addition, this phenomenon usually happens in developing countries. At present, urbanization is mostly happening in countries such as China and India (Learn on the Internet, 2008). For instance, in 1980, there were 501 million urban residents in low income countries, but in1995, this increased to 912 million. People move from the countryside to cities for several reasons. One reason may due to “population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas” (Learn on the Internet, 2008). A more positive reason may for this move be better opportunities which include higher salaries and health care. In spite of these benefits, there are also some costs. In this essay, the benefits and costs of urbanization will be discussed. It will first focus on three benefits then two costs. Urbanization has several benefits. Benefit number one is efficiency. Efficiency here means using less time to do more things. One example of efficiency is that recycling programmes can be carried out because of the concentrated population. People usually live in apartment complexes and there may be hundreds of people living in one block. Compared with......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Urbanization

...SCI/275 Assignment: Urbanization Urbanization is the process by which cities grow or by which societies become more urban. Urbanization is the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas which forms cities. Urbanization is the term used for the process of a society changing from rural to urban. Urbanization has its benefits as well as its challenges. As a number of people move into a city and make it urban, and expand urban centers, it begins to erase rural, agricultural, and forest lands. Many ecologist believe urbanization in abundance is ruining the environment ant the earth’s natural beauty. Studies have shown that children being raised in urban areas have the highest rate of respiratory problems than those living in rural areas. Ecologist think the urban activities like combustion, mass vehicular use, industrial activities, drilling, and other urban activities is the leading cause of high levels toxins being released into the air that is being breathed in. these toxins are linked to illness like bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, asthma, allergies, sinusitis, and other pulmonary conditions and diseases. Urbanization can also have a negative effect on the environment. All of the toxins released in the air do not only affect humans, but it isn’t healthy for delicate plants and animals. Urbanization destroys the natural habitats of many animals. Environmental specialist think that the increase in toxins......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Urbanization

...work is to look into urbanization trend in Pakistan and its socio-economic implications. The study would examine the effectiveness of a range of remedies applied in Pakistan, and as to how other countries are dealing with the problems arising due to urbanization. Based on analysis of the case of Pakistan and cross-country experiences, an attempt will be made to suggest remedies based on regulatory framework and various economic instruments to resolve the urbanization related issues. Urbanization is generally considered as a means and an end towards development. In Pakistan as well, the transition of a substantial portion of population to a largely urban population and the development of mega-urban regions/centers is being viewed as an engine of economic growth in the Government’s ‘New Growth Framework’. The success of this Growth Framework depends, to a large extent, on the speed with which the urban centers are transformed into dynamic, knowledge-based, productive, healthy and efficient centers. Urbanization is the process of a country becoming more industrialized from a previously agricultural dominated society; it is a cyclical process involving three essential aspects: behavior, structure and demography. Table of Contents Chapter Page 1. Introduction • Urbanization a......

Words: 12105 - Pages: 49

Urbanization in Africa

...MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY TOPIC: URBANIZATION IN AFRICA BY: SOLOMON T. JOHNSON 2012/1/41096MT COURSE: URBAN PLANNING SUBMITTED TO: DR. DUKIYA ABSTRACT Africa is urbanizing fast. Its rate of urbanization soared from 15 percent in 1960 to 40 percent in 2010, and is projected to reach 60 percent in 2050 (UN Habitat 2010). Urban populations in Africa are expected to triple in the next 50 years, changing the profile of the region, and challenging policy makers to harness urbanization for sustainable and inclusive growth. Although many have written about the phenomena, what is clear to us is that is impossible to deal with Africa’s growth and poverty challenges without managing urbanization. Urbanization is not a subȬ plot, but rather the main policy narrative for Africa. URBANIZATION IN AFRICA Challenges and Opportunities: Africa is urbanizing fast. Its rate of urbanization soared from 15 percent in 1960 to 40 percent in 2010, and is projected to reach 60 percent in 2050 (UN Habitat 2010). Urban populations in Africa are expected to triple in the next 50 years, changing the profile of the region, and challenging policy makers to harness urbanization for sustainable and inclusive growth. Although many have written about the phenomena, what is clear to us is that is impossible to deal with Africa’s growth and poverty challenges without managing urbanization. Urbanization is not a subȬ plot, but rather the main policy narrative for......

Words: 3479 - Pages: 14

Urbanization Analysis

...Urbanization Analysis, Green Options & Global Warming Strategies Part 1 GEO/215 A population trend that has been growing substantially over the last 100 years is called Global Urbanization. Living far from resources can make daily life hard for millions of people residing in rural environments, so they choose to move closer to cities where resources are easy to come across. This trend has led to the continuing growth of thousands of cities all over the world, but with these types of trends the pollution growth rate has been causing more issues with our atmosphere, such as Global Warming due to the high pollution rates in cities such as Atlanta, Georgia. Recently, I was given the assignment of planning out how to handle the climate changes the city may be facing due to growing concerns about city’s the high pollution rates, and the lethal effect it has on the environment. Changes have to begin being made to reduce pollution, and using more “green” energy would be ideal. Atlanta, Georgia is located in the Southeastern part of the United States. Georgia is a large state that is surrounded by several states including Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Alabama, and Florida. The Southeast corner of Georgia borders the Atlantic Ocean. (MCCrary, (n.d.)) Atlanta, Georgia is located further in land towards the Northwest corner of Georgia, and is just south of the Appalachian Mountain Range which means the city has a higher altitude then the cities south of Atlanta. Its......

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Urbanization, Industrialization, Popullation

...Group Presentation Report On topic: How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law? Student: Yen Hoang Keuka College How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law? Industrialization, Population Growth and Urbanization are in dynamic relationship with each other that also has been contributing to change various aspects of Social Relations, Social Control and Law. America is taken as the typical example illustrating this topic because this country is one of the pioneers starting up those processes and witnessing their pros and cons in spectacular aspects. First of all, industrialization is the transformation from an agricultural an industrial society, in which the new technology as well as mechanization of industry is dominant. It first took place in Britain from the middle of the 18th to the early 19th century and presented a prototype for industrial revolution spreading throughout Western Europe and North America afterwards. The greatest significance of this process is that it replaced manual labor by machinery as well as mechanical production took the place of manual production. Furthermore, the industrialization was made possible by the great, incredible and numerous inventions, such as steam engine technology, electric power, cotton gin, elevators, telegraph code, telephone, railroads, steel mills, refrigerator, washing machines...

Words: 1391 - Pages: 6

Urbanization Trends

...Urbanization Trends Ellin Jaquez SOC 120 November 18, 2011 Stephanie Fleming Urbanization Trends Urbanization can be defined as the increasing percentage of population in a given concentrated area during a specific period (Macionis, 2006). It occurs when there is a change in population and there is a need to move from rural areas in the outside of cities, to urban areas in the city. Many factors are taking into consideration before the big move range from climate change, geographical factors, clean water, education and employment opportunities. In South Africa the urbanization process is focus on the climate and geographical factors. According to Todes, Kok, Wentzel, van Zyl, & Cross “South African urbanization was shaped historically by policies to control the movement and settlement of black people. Apartheid policies attempted to limit access by South Africans classified as ‘Africans’ to cities, and to confine many of them to ‘homelands’, most of which were predominantly rural and with limited economic bases. These policies, however, began to break down from the 1980s as people moved to the cities, although some settlement patterns have been remarkably persistent and movement to cities has not been as rapid as was expected. As is occurring internationally, urbanization rates have declined, and are now lower than they were under apartheid” (2010). Most of Africa’s urban growth is likely to be accommodated in intense, unplanned settlements where most......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Impacts Urbanization

...Europeans colonial period indirect rule and direct rule, it has led to growth of capitalism which changes the face of South East Asia. This urbanization, the western economic activities such as cash crop production in South East Asia has attracted more people to migrate because of the opportunities for improving their standard of living, Job employment for example in Burma which was suitable for agriculture, the Burmese migrated to Burma Delta to work in the padi plantation, In Vietnam, the southern Vietnamese migrated to Mekong Delta which was suitable for agriculture. These migrations had led to plural society in within a country due to large number of immigrants coming to Southeast Asia countries, Burma for example Indians migrated to Burma to improve their standard of living as because of their home country (India) had suffered from British direct rule and over population by working in Burma delta basin to work in rice plantation,1852-1937 2.6 million Indians migrated to Burma. The Urbanization also made improvement in the communication in which railways were built, In 1904 Malaya there were 4.8 million travelled by train and in 1916, 14.7 million travelled by train. Another example in Burma 1896, 8.4 million people travelled by train and 1928, 27 million people travelled by train. Furthermore on the impact which caused by urbanization was the development of education under colonial government. In 19th century Education was given to South East Asians to make them as......

Words: 888 - Pages: 4