Why Develop and Use Theories

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jaredperry
Words 425
Pages 2
Why Develop and Use Theories?

First, theories tend to be more internally consistent than common sense. That is, a theory usually doesn’t contradict itself. Common sense, on the other hand, often contradicts itself. Second, theories tend to be more consistent with existing facts than common sense. Often, theories are constructed by collecting data. But even when facts do not play a dominant role in giving birth to a theory, facts will usually shape the theory’s development. So unlike common sense, theories do not ignore facts. Theories are a more educated guess and should have a greater chance of being correct than one based on common sense. Little agreement on team aims other than received from leader. Individual roles and responsibilities are unclear. Leader must be prepared to answer lots of questions about the team's purpose, objectives and external relationships. Processes are often ignored. Members test tolerance of system and leader. Decisions don't come easily within group. Team members vie for position as they attempt to establish themselves in relation to other team members and the leader, who might receive challenges from team members. Clarity of purpose increases but plenty of uncertainties persist. Cliques and factions form and there may be power struggles. The team needs to be focused on its goals to avoid becoming distracted by relationships and emotional issues. Compromises may be required to enable progress.
Agreement and consensus largely forms among the team, who respond well to facilitation by leader. Roles and responsibilities are clear and accepted. Big decisions are made by group agreement. Smaller decisions may be delegated to individuals or small teams within group. Commitment and unity is strong. The team may engage in fun and social activities. The team discusses and develops its processes and working style. There is general respect…...

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