An Ethical Flaw

  • An Ethical Flaw

    “THE FORTUNE 500” The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks the top 500 U.S. closely held and public corporations as ranked by their gross revenue after adjustments made by Fortune to exclude the impact of excise taxes companies incur. The list includes publicly and privately held companies for which revenues are publicly available. The first Fortune 500 list was published in 1955. 1) Walmart, is an American multinational retail corporation that runs

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw In 1994 it was discovered by Tim Coe of Vitesse Semiconductors, that there was a flaw with the Pentium chips & the 486DX that included a floating point unit (FPU). Intel’s FPU was built into the processing chip which did increase its computing speed, but it had errors on its instructions for division. When brought to Intel’s attention by math professor Thomas Nicely, Intel’s response was non chalant. Someone took his phone call, did the calculations with him & proved Mr. Nicely correct

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  • Pentium Flaw

    PENTIUM FLAW By Michael Carreathers Facts The “Pentium Flaw” was discovered June nineteenth nineteen nighty four by Professor Thomas Nicely. Basically Thomas was adding a Pentium system to some computers when he noticed some calculations were wrong. He then contacted Intel and told them about the problem. Ironically the person he contacted at Intel already knew about the problem but never said anything. He then contacted people to see if they were also having the same problem. After a couple

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Unit 5 Analysis 1 : Pentium Flaw The Pentium microprocessor is the CPU (central processing unit) for the widest selling personal computers. Unlike previous CPUs made by Intel, the 486DX and Pentium chips came along with a floating-point unit (FPU) also known as the math co-processor. Previous Intel CPUs did all their arithmetic using integers; programs that used floating-point numbers (non-integers like 2.5 or 3.14) needed to tell the chip how (for example) to divide them using integer arithmetic

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Torrente NT1110 Unit 5 Analysis Pentium Flaw Ariel Torrente NT1110 Unit 5 Analysis 7/27/2013 Pentium Flaw The Pentium flaw also nicknamed the Pentium FDIV bug, was an identified error in the Intel P5 Pentium floating unit. The presence of the bug can be checked manually by performing the following application that uses native floating numbers, including Windows Calculator or Microsoft Excel in Windows 95/98 (Pentium FDIV bug). The Pentium flaw was discovered byProfessor Thomas R.Nicely

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  • Flaws

    Unit 5 10/21/13 Intel engineers discovered a flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the Pentium microprocessor. Dr. Thomas professor of mathematics discovered the bug. He then tried to send intel a email about it and was waiting for a response. When there was no response after a few days he then went to the internet to spread the word of the bug he had found. Posting it on the internet the word got out fast and when the word got back to Intel they said “it was minor and not even a erratum”

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw From time to time we see stories on the news or on television that have to do with large international companies making mistakes that have effects that shake them to the very foundation on which they were constructed upon. This happened to Intel when they decided to release a microprocessor that they knew had a defect, but went ahead and released it anyway. In June 1944, Intel engineers discovered the flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the new Pentium microprocessor. “Under

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  • Pentium Flaw

    would only have a problem every 27,000 years, therefore they saw no reason to replace all of the defective chips. However if a user possessed a defective chip and could convince Intel that his or her calculations were particularly vulnerable to the flaw in the defective chip then Intel it would supply those people with a new chip. This attitude of 'father knows best' fostered by Intel created an uproar among users and owners of the defective chips. Six weeks after Mr. Nicely went public, IBM, a

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  • Pentium Flaw

    computer and controls all of the operations and calculations that take place. A flaw in the Pentium was especially important, since at that time it was the microprocessor used in 80% of the personal computers produced worldwide. Apparently, flaws in a complicated integrated circuit such as the pentium are not uncommon. Most of these flaws cant be detected by the user and do not affect the operation of the computer. The flaw that was discovered in 1994 was different. It caused wrong answers when performing

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The Pentium Microprocessor is the widest selling personal computers on the market. Intel created the 486DX and the Pentium chip that included Floating point unit (FPU). This FPU was known as a math co-processor. The problem arose in the fall of 1994, all the new Pentium chips were manufactured with an error in the FPU system. This error was in the FPU instructions for the division. This caused the chip to divide certain numbers incorrectly. Intel engineers discovered a flaw in the

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  • Pentium Flaw

    mistake was the so-called “Pentium flaw,” in which an obscure segment among the Pentium CPU’s 3.1 million transistors performed division incorrectly. Company engineers discovered the problem after the product’s release in 1993 but decided to keep quiet and fix the problem in updates to the chip. However, In 1994 American mathematician Thomas Nicely was using a personal computer equipped with the then new Pentium chip from the Intel Corporation when he discovered a flaw in the chip that was producing

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  • Microprocessor Flaw

    “In June 1994, Intel engineers discovered a flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the Pentium microprocessor. Under certain data dependent conditions, low order bits of the result of floating-point division operations would be incorrect, an error that can quickly compound in floating-point operations to much larger errors in subsequent calculations. Intel corrected the error in a future chip revision, but nonetheless declined to disclose it. In October 1994, Dr. Thomas Nicely, Professor

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  • The Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium Flaw Unit 5 Analasyis 1 The Pentium flaw is that on certain input data, the floating point divide instructions on the Pentium processor produce inaccurate results. Intel quoted an error rate of about 1 in 8.77*10^9 random divisions. The exact frequency depends on the type and precision of the operands; single-precision reciprocals, for example, are always returned correctly. (Nicely, 2011) This was first reported by Professor Thomas Nicely in October of 1994 by computing the

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The nature of the Pentium flaw is a floating point unit (FPU) First discovered by Thomas Nicely on June 13, 1994 after adding a 486- OX4s system. Nicely a professor of mathematics at Lynchburg College in Virginia noticed inconsistencies in his calculations. Nicely had written a code to enumerate primes, twin primes, prime triplets, and prime quadruplets when he noticed the inconsistences; Nicely reported it to Intel and sent out several emails out asking if anyone else had experienced

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  • Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium flaw was that the math coprocessor would have errors when dividing certain floating numbers. “The most famous example and the worst well-known case is 4195835/3145727, discovered by Tim Coe of Vitesse Semiconductors.” (Mark Janeba 1995). This error was originally found by Intel designer shortly after the release of the processor, but it was thought to be such a minor error that there was no need to worry about it. Later the problem was found by a college math professor, named Thomas

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  • Pentium Flaw

    In 1994, Intel released a microprocessor that had a major flaw that they dismissed as simple and not likely to replicate very often while in use. The Pentium microprocessor, used in both the 486DX and Pentium CPUs both included a floating point unit, also known as a math coprocessor, which was used to help spreadsheet users. Floating point units used non-integers in their arithmetic methods instead of integers, much like the previous CPUs. FPUs made the arithmetic must faster and allowed for more

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  • The Diamond Purchasing Process and Its Flaws

    From Dirt to Distribution: The Diamond Purchasing Process and its Flaws Gregory Greenberg SCM 302 Sullivan University Fall 2013 Abstract: The diamond industry has often time been at the center of controversy due to the way that diamonds are excavated, refined and purchased. The term “blood diamond” is often applied to those stones which are mined in area’s of Africa that suffer from civil war due almost entirely to bloodshed over diamond mine rights. In response the diamond industry enacted

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  • The Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium Flaw The Pentium Flaw is a prime example of what happens when a company ignores the users they sell their product to. The Flaw was in the 486DX processor chip, with the Floating point unit. The error in the unit would occur very rarely, when dividing non-integers. Intel’s testers knew of this issue before it was released, but they decided not to tell anyone outside of the company, this was their first and largest mistake. After the release of the chip, it was several months before

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Michael Rhodes NT 1110 Unit 5: Pentium Flaw The nature of the Pentium flaw is a floating point unit (FPU) First discovered by Thomas Nicely on June 13, 1994 after adding a 486- OX4s system. Nicely a professor of mathematics at Lynchburg College in Virginia noticed inconsistencies in his calculations. Nicely had written a code to enumerate primes, twin primes, prime triplets, and prime quadruplets when he noticed the inconsistences; Nicely reported it to Intel and sent out several emails out

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  • Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium Flaw was in Intel’s Pentium Chip. The flaw was in the chips floating-point unit around the 9th digit to the right of the decimal place. The flaw was discovered by Intel testers in June 1994. The company decided that this wouldn’t affect very many people so they decided to keep quiet about it. This would hurt them in the long run because it made people suspicious of them since they kept it a secret and it ended up costing the company millions. Wed Oct. 19 Dr. Thomas Nicely tests several

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  • The Pentium Flaw

    Collin Pannell Warwick NT 1110 October 22, 2013 The Pentium Flaw During the year of 1994 one of Intel’s processors called the Pentium microprocessor chip had a small flaw inside the chip. These Pentium processors included something new called a floating-point unit, which is also know as a math coprocessor. These Pentium processors had this floating-point unit built into the processors, which makes them much faster. These chips that were made had errors on the floating-point unit that corrupted

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Unit 5 Analysis 1: Pentium Flaw Intel Corporation discovered a design flaw in June of 1994 in its flagship Pentium Processor. For divisions involving a few specific numbers, the chip's floating point unit gave the wrong answer. Intel's tests showed that the error only appeared in the ninth significant digit of the answer and affected only a minuscule percentage of the possible division combinations. Intel did not handle the problem correctly, they consider the flaw to be “minor” .They said that

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  • Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium flaw was discovered in June 1994. The Pentium floating point flaw occurred in some models of the original Pentium microprocessor chip. Pentium processors with a clock speed of 120 MHz or higher are not affected by the flaw. The Intel Processor Frequency ID Utility checks for the floating point flaw on the affected microprocessors. Professor Thomas Nicely discovered the Pentium floating point unit flaw and emailed various contacts describing the flaw. Professor Nicely requested testing

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  • Pentuim Flaw

    Intel blamed the problem on a few missing entries in the lookup table used by the company. The error was discovered by Professor Thomas R. Nicely at Lynchburg College on October 24, 1994. The error was rarely encountered by users; however both the flaw and Intel's initial handling of the matter were heavily criticized. On December 20, 1994, Intel offered to replace all flawed Pentium processors on request, in response to mounting public pressure. Even though only a small fraction of Pentium owners

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The Pentium flaw was a bug within the Pentium CPU’s 3.1 million transistors that caused the transistors to perform division incorrectly. Intel’s engineers discovered the flaw after the product’s release in 1993 but chose to keep silent and attempt to correct the flaw in future updates to the processor chip. The flaw was discovered in 1994 by American mathematician Thomas Nicely. Nicely was using a personal computer equipped with Intel’s Pentium chip when he discovered a flaw in the

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  • Pentium Flaw

    technology and computers, you come to expect flaws and glitches seeing that these devices are manmade. One of the biggest computer flaws in computer history was the “Pentium Microprocessor flaw”; this was a bug in the Intel P5 Pentium floating point that caused the processor to return incorrect results for many calculations used in math and science. This bug was blamed on the fact that there were a few missing entries in the lookup table used by Intel. This flaw was exposed by Professor Thomas R. Nicely

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  • Pentium Flaw

    but in 1994 it had a flaw that was noticed by a mathematician from Lynchburg collage in West Virginia by the name of Thomas Nicely while doing some calculations on his PC. The Pentium flaw was the flaw in the Float-point unit would cause incorrect answers when preforming double precision arithmetic, which is a common operation. Intel’s first response to the problem was to deny that the problem did not exist. Then would later acknowledge the flaw. However state that the flaw was insignificant and

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  • Flaws in Pakistan Education System

    Flaws in Pakistan’s Education System Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences; Vo. 4 No.1 Flaws in Pakistan’s Educational System Hina Rehman* Dr. Nushad Khan† Abstract The paper aims to identify prevalent problems in the Pakistani educational system with a view to find out their solution. Education system of any country is meant to equip and facilitate the nation to pursue national goals and strengthen its ideological foundations. Presumably the existing education system of the country has

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Shaquitta Sparks July 14, 2014 The Pentium Flaw In 1994 Professor Thomas Nicely noticed some inconsistencies in his mathematics calculations. Found after he added a Pentium System to his computer group. Upon Further inspections and calculations, he contacted Intel with his results. Intel denied that there was a problem with their chips. When it became clear that their chips were flawed, and the accusations were true. Intel changed its policy, admitting that their chips

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  • Pentium Flaw

    In late 1994, Thomas Nicely, a mathematics professor at Lynchburg College discovered a flaw with the new Intel Pentium processor while he was trying to perform calculations. He had noticed that the answers to his calculations were coming back wrong. One example of the flaw was found where the division result returned by the Pentium was off by about 61 parts per million. He initially contacted Intel in which he would find out later that they were aware that there was a problem. At first Intel denied

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Computer Structure and Logic Unit 5 Analysis THE FLAW IN THE INTEL PROCESSOR CHIP Since computer evolution, various computer companies have made their marks on the shores of revolutionizing computer as we know it. Hence, Intel, one of the world’s computer company giants, is not an exception to the zeal of making computers more efficient as the world evolves with time. However in 1994, Intel was hit by a major setback related to a flaw in its P5 Pentium Floating Point Unit (FPU) rolled out

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  • Tragic Flaws

    Kaitlyn price [2a] April 15th, 2010 My Tragic Flaw I know everyone has one. A tragic flaw? Yes. I will admit…I do have one too. Mine? I am probably one of the most irritable human being you will know. It started a few years ago, I am assuming. Maybe around the time my brother was born which would make it seventh grade. I come from a big family; two brothers, a sister, myself, and my parents. Six people in a tiny house! Why yes, it is very loud. My mom has a low tolerance and I have inherited

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Intel greatest mistake was the so-called “Pentium Flaw,” in which an obscure segment among the Pentium CPU’s 3.1 million transistors performed division incorrectly. In 1994 American mathematician Thomas Nicely was using a personal computer equipped with the then new Pentium chip from the Intel Corporation when he discovered a flaw in the chip that was producing inconsistent results. Intel isolated their flaw, so their solution was to keep the information within the company and not disclose the information

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The nature of the Pentium flaw was a “bug” that the processor could return incorrect decimal results which made this hard to calculate and get the correct answer. This affected the fields in mathematics and science where they have to deal with a lot of math. The flaw was discovered first by Intel but they did not act on the problem, but a professor from Lynchburg College, Virginia called Dr. Thomas R. Nicely discovered the problem around June 1994 he was the one that noticed it in two

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Tiffany M Shamlee Unit 5 Analysis 1 NT1110 Pentium Flaw The Pentium flaw was discovered where the division result returned by the Pentium microprocessor was off by about sixty-one parts per million. When Intel discovered the flaw, their solution was to keep the information within the company. They did not want to disclose any of the information to the public, because of the negative publicity it would bring to the company. The flaw did not affect all microprocessors, only a very small number

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw There was a Pentium microprocessor flaw known as the FDIV bug. The bug is a flaw in the Intel P5 Pentium floating point unit. The bug causes the processor to return incorrect results for many calculations in math and science. Intel claims that it was a problem on a few missing entries in the lookup table used by the company. The flaw was rarely encountered by users. It was discovered by Professor Thomas Nicely, a professor of mathematics at Lynchburg College. He noticed the bug

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The Pentium Flaw, also known as the Pentium FDIV bug, was a bug located in the FPU, and certain floating point division operations performed would produce incorrect results, which includes decimals, addition and subtraction. These are mostly used in math and some science work. Intel was heavily criticized for the flaw, and the handling of this flaw, which caused them to recall every one of the processors. Dr. Thomas Nicely discovered the bug in 1994. After emailing Intel and receiving

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  • The Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium flaw was discovered by Thomas Nicely. The nature of the flaw was that it wouldn’t divide correctly using FPU (floating-point unit).The flaw was found in 1994, when he was computing the sum of the reciprocals of a large collection of prime numbers on his Pentium-based computer. Checking his work, he found the result differed from his original answer. He got correct results by running the same program on a computer with a 486 CPU, and finally tracked the error to the Pentium itself. Intel

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Unit 5 Analysis- Pentium Flaw NT1110 February 11, 2015 Instructor Sheila Pearson The Pentium flaw was when a segment among the Pentium CPU’s transistors performed division incorrectly. Engineers for Intel discovered the problem after the product was released in 1993 but they kept it hush hush and decided to fix the problem by using updates to the chip. A mathematician by the name of Thomas Nicely that worked for Lynchburg College in West Virginia also discovered the flaw. At first Grove, who was

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw Intel’s famed technical prowess was not without mishaps. Its greatest mistake was the so-called “Pentium flaw,” in which an obscure segment among the Pentium CPU’s 3.1 million transistors performed division incorrectly. Company engineers discovered the problem after the product’s release in 1993 but decided to keep quiet and fix the problem in updates to the chip. However, mathematician Thomas Nicely of Lynchburg College in West Virginia also discovered the flaw. Professor Thomas

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  • Pentium Flaw

    The Intel Pentium microprocessor had a design flaw in the mathematical division groupings. An internet blog site states, “Under certain data dependent conditions, low order bits of the result of floating-point division operations would be incorrect, an error that can compound in floating-point operations to much larger errors in subsequent calculations” (http://intelcorporation4uinfo.blogspot.com/2008/12/pentium-flaw.html). Due to not receiving a response from Intel on his findings, Professor Thomas

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw The Pentium microprocessor flaw was basically that the CPU didn’t know how to do arithmetic or math calculations, so it failed at calculating any type of math. The Pentium flaw was found in the summer/fall of 1994 by Thomas Nicely according to Mark Janeba from the article I read. Mark Janeba stated that Thomas Nicely was a math professor at Lynchburg College and that Thomas was computing the sum of the reciprocals of a large collection of prime numbers on his Pentium-based computer

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Pentium Flaw Assignment Requirements 1. Search the Internet for information about the Pentium microprocessor flaw, using keywords such as “Pentium microprocessor flaw.” 2. Determine the nature of the Pentium flaw, how it was discovered, when it was discovered, and Intel’s response to the flaw. * How it was discovered: Thomas Nicely, a math professor, was computing the sum of the reciprocals of a large collection of prime numbers on his Pentium-based computer. * When it was discovered:

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Shawn Kersh NT1110 July 20, 2015 PENTIUM FLAW The Pentium Flaw occurred when Intel’s Pentium CPU’s 3.1 million transistors performed division incorrectly. The problem was not only realized by Intel’s engineers after the release of the product in 1993, but it was also discovered by a mathematician at Lynchburg College in West Virginia by the name of Thomas Nicely. When the problem was discovered and brought to the attention of then CEO, Andy Grove, he resisted ideas to recall the product

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  • Pentium Flaw

    structure and logic Pentium Flaw In our society we make so many mistakes on a day to day basis. Let me start by saying nobody is perfect. We think computers will be perfect when will build them, but in reality the only way a computer is made is by humans because it’s a man-made device. That’s why we continuously make upgrades every year to system software and hardware. We realize that we can do a lot more things to make our lives easier, so we know that even our machines have flaws in them. That brings

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Rodolfo Ybarra Mr. Cunningham Pentium Flaw essay Intel’s greatest mistake was the so-called “Pentium flaw,”. Company engineers discovered the problem after the product’s release in 1993 but decided to keep quiet and fix the problem in updates to the chip. Mathematician Thomas Nicely of Lynchburg College in West Virginia also discovered the flaw. He didn’t want to recall the product. But when IBM announced it would not ship computers with the CPU, it forced a recall that cost Intel $475 million

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  • Pentium Flaw

    The Pentium processor flaw consisted of an error in the microprocessor of the computer in which it was installed, causing information to be miscalculated. These chips were installed in some residential and business computers. This flaw was found by Mr. Tim Coe in 1994 and brought to the company’s attention by Mr. Thomas Nicely, a mathematician, who repeatedly proved that this was a flaw. Intel did not immediately correct this flaw. After word of mouth, and a few emails, the company slowly came to

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  • Pentium Flaw

    Marcos Corpas 1/18/2016 NT1110 Unit 5 Analysis 1: Pentium Flaw The Pentium processor flaw was a flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the Pentium microprocessor. When certain conditions were met low order bits of the result of floating-point division operations would be incorrect, an error that can quickly compound in floating-point operations to much larger errors in subsequent calculations. Intel corrected the problem in a future revision, but they refused to disclose it. The mathematics

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  • An Ethical Flaw

    1) Although the main reason Mr. Garbo employed Amber was just to build more future business with Amber’s father’s company, Mr. Garbo made few mistakes. He was wrong by giving Amber a boring occupation, paying Amber much than she deserves, and ignoring Amber’s fault. Amber is smart, she was given a chance, she can promote herself anytime to show what she could do. However, she knew that Mr. Garbo employed her was not because of her knowledge background, so she became lazy and was not interested in

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  • Flaws of Gdp

    Flaws of GDP As a measure of economic development, GDP is a useful but fundamentally flawed statistic. Some examples of the deficiencies of GDP as a measure of economic development are detailed below. Imputations When computing GDP, goods and services sold in the marketplace are valued at market prices. However, some goods are not sold in the marketplace, and these do not have market prices. Thus the value of these items has to be estimated, or imputed. This is especially true of housing

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